The Greek Creation Myth by yurtgc548

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									 Classics 170 Greek and Roman
            Mythology
               Professor Hugh Lee
• Your first written assignment for discussion is on the
  syllabus, p. 5. It is due this Thursday/Friday.
• You must learn how to use WebCT.
   – Go to http://www.courses.umd.edu/
   – Click Student Resources.
   – Follow the instructions.
   – Get help at 5-1500(M-F 8-6) or e-mail Ulysses (see
     syllabus p. 1).
• Please note in your Classical Myth book
   – The chart of Greek and Roman gods. p. 681
   – Chronological chart, pp. 682-3
             Rooms for discussion sections.
•   0101 F 1 MMH 3418
                            • 0201 F 10 ARM 0120
•   0102 Th 11 JMZ 2207

•   *0103 Th 11 ARM 0105
                            • 0202 Th 10 JMZ 2207

•   **0104 Th 12 JMZ 0118   • *0203 Th 11 ARM 0103

•   **0105 Th 1 JMZ 0118
                            • 0204 F 9 MMH 0108
•   0106 F 10 ARM 0101
                            • 0205 Th 9 JMZ 2117
•   0107 F 11 HZF 0106
                            • 0206 F 12 TYD 2110
•   0108 F 12 ARC 1101

                            • *0207 Th 12 MTH 0303
   The Greek Creation Myth
• Myth and science try to explain the
  same phenomena: the world around us.

• Literary source: Hesiod (700 BC)
Zeus the Olympian.

   Red-figure
amphora, 480-470
      BC.
  Berlin State
   Museum.
 St. Michael the Archangel
      defeats Lucifer.

By Michelangelo Unterberger
        1695-1758.

   Nuremberg, Germany
Mt. Olympus in July.
 Map of
Hekataios,

c. 500 BC
     The Greek Creation Myth

• Hesiod (700 BC) composes two poems:

  – the Works and Days

  – the Theogony

     • theogonia = birth/origin of the gods

     • cosmogony = birth/origin of the world/universe

     • cosmos = order = beauty (cosmetics)=universe
•The opposite of cosmos = chaos.
•Chaos: two contrasting concepts
  •In Hesiod: yawning gap or void, chasm


  •In Ovid: jumble of elements which some
  deity puts into order (cosmos). Note that
  Ovid is pre-Christian.
Creation: Stage 1 (asexual)
Creation: Stage 2 (asexual)
Why a sexual model for Creation?
•How is life created in our experience?
•Society is agricultural.
•We are surrounded by forces which seem to
have a will of their own.
•What is the mechanism in the Bible?
 Nut (Sky) and Geb (Earth).
Egyptian painting, c. 1000 BC
Creation: Stage 3 (sexual)
Creation: Stage 3 (sexual)
  The Succession Myth
When do human beings
      appear?
Creation of Sun, Moon, Dawn
Helios.

 Red
figure
krater.
London,
British
Museum
 Herakles
     in
Helios’cup.

 Interior,
red figure
   cup.
 Selene
 (Luna).
Her lover
Endymio
  n(not
 shown
  here)

 480 BC
  Berlin
Charlotte
  nberg
Eos (Aurora) 480 BC. Boston, Museum of Fine Arts.
             with Tithonus? CM p. 79
 Final thought: Is Myth primitive science?

• Is Hesiod’s account of the creation
  scientific?
• Is it fair to compare it with science?
• Can the mythical and scientific versions
  coexist?

								
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