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Slide 1 - Northwestern University

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									         Freight Data for the Future
                                   Report From the
                      TRB CFS Conference
                               July 8-9, 2005
                            Joseph L. Schofer
                          Northwestern University



                                                     1
TRB CFS Session 414 January 2006
                         Going Beyond CFS

• Loving & hating CFS
    – TRB SR 277:
         • CFS … until something
           better comes along
         • Clarity on CFS limitations
• Cottage industry evolved
  to make CFS useful
• It’s time to talk about
  something better
    – Needs, opportunities
      beyond 2007                           2
TRB CFS Session 414 January 2006
                             Freight Data for
                            Decision Support
                                   • Support the policy debate
                                   • Infrastructure assurance
                                     –   Assessment
                                     –   Planning
                                     –   Management
                                     –   Security
                                   • Economic development
                                     – Competitive edge
                                     – Growth & change
                                   • Managing private, public &
                                     shared facilities
                                                            3
TRB CFS Session 414 January 2006
                      Road to a Better FDB
•   Why?
     – Avoid CFS flaws
          • Coverage
          • Aggregation
          • Context information
     – Better support for key facility &
       service decisions
     – Respond to new issues, challenges
•   What?
     – A new product – post 2007
•   How?
     – New motivation
     – New methods
     – Use our accumulated knowledge
•   Who?
     – Coalition of users, providers
       needed to effect change
                                             4
TRB CFS Session 414 January 2006
                 Not Just Your Father’s CFS

• It’s not just about data collection
                                                               People &
   – Must understand process, causality      Infrastructure
                                                              institutions
• Freight/logistics process is
  complex
   – Concerns both commodity and
     multimodal vehicle flows
                                       Vehicles                         Products
   – Jointly owned – public, private
     interests
• No dedicated (federal)
  investment program to drive
  decision needs                                  Modes       Shipments
• Data targets – decision &
  decision makers – not clear
                                                                             5
  TRB CFS Session 414 January 2006
                  Context, Complexity & Needs
•   Evolving context
     – Global economy
     – Intermodalism
     – Technology revolution (IT – more info)
•   Complex process, complex information
     –   O-D x commodity x mode (x mode x mode)
     –   Vehicle flows as well as shipments
     –   Routes & LOS
     –   Shipper, receiver attributes
•   Expanded coverage & detail
          •   More industries                        Maersk
          •   Exports & imports
          •   3PLs & warehouses
          •   Geographic detail – SMA to SMA flows
•   Accessible database                               BNSF
                                                              6
    TRB CFS Session 414 January 2006
                          Defining the Future
                           Freight Database
TRB should lead definition • Build support for FDB
 of next FDB                 – Learn from threat to 2007
  – Forum for users, providers,       CFS
    governments, industry,
    researchers                     – Show FDB around to
                                      gather support
• SAFETEA-LU mandates                 • Trade groups & industries
  Transportation                      • State & local governments
  Information Needs                   • Congress…
  Assessment Study
  – By NAS–TRB Studies &
    Info Services Division
  – Broad input from TRB
    technical committees
  – Speak with coordinated voice      Get Coalition on the bandwagon 7
 TRB CFS Session 414 January 2006
               Think Broadly: Data Types,
                   Sources, Methods
                                   •   Shipper survey is not enough
                                       – Shipper can’t always know freight
                                         path (determined by carrier, 3PL)
                                           • Load consolidation
                                           • Real-time mode choice
                                           • Intermodalism
                                   •   Tracking the supply chain
                                       – Private sector collaboration
                                       – Protecting confidentiality
                                       – Tracking the products (RFID)
                                   •   Multi-perspective data collection
                                       & fusion
                                       – Add shipper, receiver, LOS data
                                       – To understand causality
                                       – To build forecasting models
                                   •   Continuous data collection            8
TRB CFS Session 414 January 2006
             Coalition to Communicate Needs
• Users
     – Government
     – Industry
• Providers (OEM)
     – Government
          • Census
          • DOT
          • Others…
     – Industry
• Cottage industry
  (modifiers)
• TRB Role
     – SAFETEA-LU study
     – Ongoing effort

                                         9
TRB CFS Session 414 January 2006
                    Moving to the Future…




                                            10
TRB CFS Session 414 January 2006

								
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