S Asia religons 1011.ppt - cwhg

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					Religions in Europe, Asia,
        and Africa




             Major religions in
                   Europe,
              Africa, and Asia
More facts to know about Hinduism:

l One of the world’s oldest religions
l About ________followers
  worldwide
l Place of origin: _______________
l Founder: ____________________

   ABOUT 80% OF HINDUS LIVE IN INDIA
                 Vedas
The ancient scriptures of Hinduism. A collection
of hymns, prayers, rituals, chants, etc… They are
not the only sacred writings of Hinduism, but
the original ones.
 Brahman

Supreme Creator




part of the
“supreme trinity”
 Shiva

“the GIVER god”


also part of the
“supreme
trinity”
    Vishnu

“preserver of the world”


 also part of the
 “supreme trinity”
                                  Nandi




The “vehicle” of Shiva- helps to explain why cows are sacred.
           sacred animals




Hindus believe that
all living beings have
a soul
dharma

    The ethical way of living as suggested
    in the Vedas. Laws are not universal-
    they vary depending on the individual
    and class in society (we will cover
    the caste system later)
                         fate

If one fulfills their “dharma” well, then their “karma”
will give them good reincarnation in the next life.
             Samsar
             a




Sanskrit word referring to the wheel of reincarnation.
The caste system is a type of SOCIAL ORDER
in which a person’s occupation and position
in life is determined by the circumstances of
           Traditional
his/her birth.
         Caste System in
           South Asia
Brahmans             Kshatriyas




            4 Original
           Levels of the
           Caste System


Vaisyas                    Sudras
                                       MOKSHA – EXIT THE CYCLE
Showing the                            OF LIFE
original caste
levels in the pyramid
shape symbolizes “status”     Brahmans
from highest to lowest,
but also represents
the the portion of
the population
fitting into each level.    Kshatriyas

**Remember that
this social order
is not based                 Vaisyas
on how much
$$ you have



                            Sudras
                                                               Largest %
                                                               of population
            Untouchables are NOT a part of the caste system.
Brahmans: priests/ scholars
Kshatriyas: warriors
Vaisyas: farmers and merchants
sudras
(artisans and
laborers)
untouchables
                           Vaisyas: Merchants & farmers
                           (most Woods families here)
Sudras: laborers

                   Comparisons
                   in the “West”


Kshatriyas: Military
leaders and politicians.      Brahmins: Religious leaders &
                              scholars
Sacred Ganges River
Hindus cremate their dead.
                     significance of the
                          swastika




A divine symbol
which represents
driving away evil.
                        Bindi




The bindi is applied on the woman's forehead for good
fortune. It is placed on a special “pressure point” that
helps focus concentration. Also can mean a woman is
married.
  Other religions of South Asia




Jainism             Europeans brought
                    Christianity to South
                    Asia.
                                       The religion seems to
                                       have elements of both
                                       Hinduism and Islam.
                                       The spiritual leader of
                                       the Sikhs is called a
                                       “Guru.”

The Golden Temple in Amritsar                  SIKHS
There are a bout 20 million Sikhs in Punjab,
India. Millions more have immigrated to the
USA.
The religion does not
believe in the caste
system.
 Pakistan, Bangladesh, and the Maldives are
 predominantly Muslim.
 There are over 200 million Muslims in India.




With independence in 1947, Muslims
in Pakistan did not want to be ruled
by Hindus. After much violence,
Britain divided India into Pakistan
(East and West) and India. In the
1970’s, East Pakistan broke away
and formed Bangladesh.
Buddhism was
founded by the
Indian Prince
Siddhartha Gautama.

Buddhism rejects
the caste system,
but does believe in
reincarnation and
finally
enlightenment.
 BUDDHIST BELIEFS

§ Buddhists believe in reincarnation
§ After many cycles of reincarnation, a person
  might achieve Nirvana- freedom from
  suffering
§ In order to achieve
  nirvana, one must follow
  the eightfold path which
  includes three parts:
  – Wisdom, Morality and
    Meditation
They are
recommendations,
not
commandments.
Believers are
expected to use
their own
intelligence in
deciding exactly
how to apply these
rules.
Tibetan Buddhists
 believe the Dalai
    Lama is…
-The reincarnation
 of Buddha.




                     Tenzin Gyatso- the 14th Dalai Lama

				
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posted:7/20/2013
language:English
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