Mexicano Contributions to the Southwest

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					Mexicano Contributions to the
        Southwest
          Chapter 17
         Pgs. 233 - 243
           17.1 Introduction
• The United States ____________________ many
  things from the _______________
  __________________
• Heritage - something that is ______________
  down from previous ____________________
  17.2 Mexicano Mining Contributions
Gold Mining:
Mexicans gave Americans the:
• ____________: The gold _________
• _______________ box: Separated ________ and
  _______________
• ________________: Crushed ____________ so
  Gold could be ________________
           17.2 Continued…
Silver and Copper Mining:
• Henry _______________ found silver in
   _______________
• Americans looked for ________________ for
   help when the mined for _________________
   in ___________________
          17.3 Cattle Ranching
• Cattle were very _________ with long
  ___________
The Rancho:
• The main ________________ produced on
  Ranchos were meat ____________ and
  _____________ (lard)
• _______________ (Cowboys)
  __________________ there
           17.3 Continued…
The Roundup:
• Vaqueros most important ________ were
  ____________ and the ______________
• They branded to _______ and ___________
  which ____________ was theirs so no one
  would ___________ them from them
• This is still __________ in today’s
  _______________ farming!
            17.4 The Cowboy
• American ________________ gained their
  ______________ from the Mexican
  ___________________
Cowboy Clothes and Gear:
• Cowboy hats came from the Vaqueros
  __________________
• Cowboys chaps came from the Vaqueros
  ____________________
• Cowboys boots came from the Vaqueros
  _____________
             17.4 Continued…
• Cowboys _________________ came from Vaqueros
  as well
• Vaqueros created the ___________ on the saddle
• Vaqueros also created the ____ ________

Cowboy Lingo:
• The ____________ that Americans Cowboys use
  come from ____________________ Words
• Example: Ranch came from ______________-
                     Questions
• Who did American cowboys gain their skills from?
• Describe what Spanish cattle looked like?
• What did Vaqueros do to their cattle to show that they
  belonged to them?
• Vaquero is Spanish for what English word?
• Something that is passed down from past generations is
  called a what?
• Draw Cowgirl Buzz and label the 5 items that she got from
  the Mexican Vaqueros.
• What were the three things that the Mexicans gave to
  Americans during the gold rush?
• When the Spanish came to Mexico what did they find
  instead of gold?
            17.5 Sheep Raising

Two types of sheep were raised
     1) ________________

     2) ________________
             17.5Continued…
The Spanish _____________ Raising System:
• Americans started _____________ sheep when
  they saw how much ____________ that they
  could make
Americans _____________ the Spanish System:
• Because of the ______________ sheep raising
  American __________ production went from ___
  Million to ____ Million pounds of wool in ____
  years
           17.6 Irrigated Farming

• When the _____________ moved _________they had
  to use _________________ because it did not
  _________ as much as it did in the ___________
The Mexican Style of Irrigation:
• They brought ____________ from ____________ by
  creating _____________
• They would fill up a _____________ of crops with
  water and when that was _______________ they
  would put a ______________ to spread the water to
  the next _______________ of ___________
           17.6 Continued…
America’s ______________Basket:
• Mexicans __________________
  Americans to many _______________ that
  could not be produced in the ___________
• ______________, Olives, _____________,
  Peaches, ________________, Limes, and
  _________________
             17.7 Mexican Food
The Food __________________:
• ________________ came to Mexico for
  _____________ but instead they found
  ________________ Food
• Corn, _____________, Chocolate, ___________,
  Vanilla, ___________, Squash, ______________,
  Coconuts, _______________ Seeds, and Chili
  ________________
• Spain took foods from ______________ but also
  brought some of _____________
           17.7 Continued…
A New Style of ___________________:
• When they combined _____________ and
  ____________ food they came up with
  _______________ food
• When ________________ adopted
  _________________ food to their
  _________________ they started combining it
  with American foods. This is called “______-
  _______”
                 Questions
• When farmers moved west, why did they use
  irrigation systems?
• What were the two types of Spanish sheep?
• What two types of food were combined in order to
  make Mexican food?
• When Americans combined their food with
  Mexican food it became known as what?
• What was the main reason that the Spanish
  started raising sheep?
• In a paragraph explain how the Mexicano
  irrigation system works.
    17.8 Spanish-style Architecture
• Homes were created to suit ______, _______ climates
  of the ___________________
____________ Building:
• ______________ was hard to get a hold of so they
  used adobe ______________
• Adobe: mixture of ___________, ____________, and
  ____________ baked in the ________
• Covered homes with _______ clay ___________
• Most homes had a ___________ and a
  _______________
• Newcomers adopt the _______________ Style
           17.8 Continued…
_________________ of Adobe Houses:
• ______________ in the _______________
  and _______________ in the
  ______________
• Can be made from _____________ materials
• __________’s nearly ___ million adobes were
  made
• Made for ____________, __________-houses,
  ______________ post, and post
  ______________
            17.9 Mexican Laws
• American _______________ tradition came from
  ________________ Law
• _________________ Legal tradition came from
  _________________ Law
________________ Law:
• Because of all of the miners, America came up
  with the “_________ of the mines” based on the
  ________________ mining laws
• These laws moved throughout _____________
             17.9 Continued…
_______________ Law:
• __________ Law: Water that was on a
  ___________ or moved _______________ a farm
  was that _______________’s water and could be
  used __________________ that they wanted it.
• Mexican/_____________Law: water belonged to
  _________________and ________________
  could use it
              17.9 Continued…
Community _________________ Law:
• _________ Law: Anything that a
  _______________ “owned” belonged to her
  _______________
• Mexican/__________ Law: “Community
  Property” Anything that a _____________ owns
  will be _____________ in half if that couple
  ____________________
• This law still is in most _________________ U.S.
  States
   17.10 Mexicano Entertainments
_______________ and Dancing:
• Mexicano music influenced ____________ and
  _______________ music in the Southwest
• Most important _________________ was the
  _______________ (A dramatic story accompanied
  by guitars)
• Mexican _______________ have also influenced
  America ( La ___________, Fanadango and
  ____________)
              17.10 Continued…
Fiestas and _______________:
• Largest religious ______________ is the one that
  honors Our Lady of _____________, the patron
  ____________ of ______________
• Largest celebrated holiday is El ____________ de
  ____________ (the __________ of _______)
• _____________ are a big part of Mexican
  _______________ and that has also spread into
  American __________________
                       Questions
• What is the largest celebrated holiday in Mexico?
• In order to make an Adobe brick, what three materials are
  needed?
• What are the two advantages of an Adobe house?
• Adobe homes were created to suit what types of climates in
  the Southwest?
• Who have Mexican dances influenced?
• The Largest Religious holiday in Mexico is to honor Our Lady of
  what?
• In a paragraph please explain the difference between the
  Water Laws in the East and the Mexican /West.
• In a paragraph please explain the difference between the
  Community Property Laws in the East and the Mexican/West.

				
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