Esa Global Cover J. Bequignonl - European Commission

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Esa Global Cover J. Bequignonl - European Commission Powered By Docstoc
					                                   ESA Earth Observation

Europe’s expanding
capacity



 1991            1995              2002
 ERS 1         ERS 2              ENVISAT
   Oceans
    Sea Ice
               + Global Ozone      + Ocean colour
 Cryosphere
               + Terrestrial       + Atmospheric
Land Surface
                      biosphere    chemistry
 Climatology
                              The Earth Explorer Missions
Definition, development, launch and operations of EE missions
(platform, payload, ground segment)


                GOCE


                                                                7th EE
SMOS
                                                            EARTH
                                                            CARE
          ADM
         AEOLUS                              SWARM
                          CRYOSAT
                             2
                                     GMES Space Component

§ Sentinels – dedicated satellites
    2 x SAR imaging (S1)
    2 x Superspectral imaging (S2)
    2 x Ocean monitoring (S3)
   atmospheric measurements onboard a
   geo-stationary satellite (S4)
    atmospheric measurements on board a
   low orbit satellite (S5) preceded by a
   precursor satellite

§ Related ground facilities
§ FREE and OPEN data policy
§ Data access to satellites from Member
States, EUMETSAT, commercial partners
Global Land Cover at 300 meters
      (GlobCover project)
Ocean Colour pre-cursor (GLOBCOLOUR project)
     Global Ocean Colour for Carbon Cycle Research



                                  ESA GlobColour Project

                                  Global merged MERIS-
                                  MODIS-SeaWiFS ocean
                                  colour product (Chl_a)
                                  April 2003.

                                  Credit: ACRI, LOV, Univ. Plymouth,
                                  ICESS, NIVA, Brockmann Consult,
                                  DLR, ESA, NASA, GeoEye




            www.globcolour.info
               Climate Change Initiative (CCI)
   INPUT FROM
   Long Term Archiving Programmes
      Multi-mission infrastructure
      Re-processing ex archive
      (e.g. calibration)                                              Active
“Gather”                                                          Feedback Loop

                           ECV generation
                           (e.g. validation & bias)
               “Deliver”


                                              ECV assimilation
                                               & assessment
                                                                             OUTPUT TO
                                  “Exploit”
                                                       International Climate Programmes
                                                             EC & MS R&D Programmes
                                                                 IPCC Process, UNFCCC


                                                         Education & Awareness
                                                      “Show”
                               Satellite-based ECVs
                                Air Temperature; Precipitation ; Air pressure;
                  Surface
                                Water vapour; Surface radiation budget;
                 ( 0, 0, 6 )
                                Wind Speed & direction;
                                Cloud properties,
Atmospher
                Upper air       Wind speed & direction
   e
                ( 1, 1, 3 )     Earth radiation budget;
                                Upper-air temperature; Water vapour;
              Composition       Carbon dioxide Methane & other GHGs;
               ( 3, 0, 0 )      Ozone; Aerosol properties
                                Sea-surface Temp; Sea-level; Sea-ice; Ocean colour;
                 Surface
                                Sea state; Sea-surface salinity
                ( 4, 2, 1 )
Ocean                           Carbon dioxide partial pressure
               Sub-surface      Temperature; Salinity; Current; Nutrients; Carbon;
                ( 0, 0 , 7 )    Ocean tracers; Phytoplankton
              Glaciers & ice caps; Land Cover; Fire disturbance
              Fraction of absorbed photo-synthetically active radiation; LAI , Albedo
Terrestrial
              Biomass, Lake levels, Snow cover, Soil moisture
( 3, 7, 4 )
              Water use, Ground water, River discharge
              Permafrost and seasonally-frozen ground

   CCI First Steps (11 ECVs) : Later in CCI (10 ECVs) : Not in CCI (24 ECVs)

				
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posted:7/18/2013
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