Identifying the Elements of A Plot Diagram Part I Student Notes Plot Diagram 3 4 2 1 5 Plot (definition) • Plot is the organized pattern or sequence of events that make up a story. Every plot is made up of a series of incidents that are related to one another. 1. Exposition This usually occurs at the beginning of a short story. •Here the characters and setting are introduced. •Most importantly, we are introduced to the main conflict (main problem). 2. Rising Action This part of the story begins to develop the conflict(s). •A building of interest or suspense occurs. •Problems arise making the conflict difficult to resolve. 3. Climax This is the turning point of the story (where EVERYTHING changes). •Usually the main character comes face to face with a conflict. •The main character WILL CHANGE IN SOME WAY. 4. Falling Action All loose ends of the plot are tied up. •The conflict(s) and climax are taken care of. 5. Resolution • The end of the story! Putting It All Together 1. Exposition Beginning of Story 2. Rising Action 3. Climax Middle of Story 4. Falling Action End of Story 5. Resolution Conflict • There are 4 (four) different kinds of conflict a person can face: • 1. Character vs. Character • 2. Character vs. Nature • 3. Character vs. Society • 4. Character vs. Themselves Character vs. Character • A character in the story has a problem with another character in the story. Character vs. Character • Physical fight • Verbal fight • Good vs. Evil Example: • Superheroes fighting off the villain. Now you think of an example… Character vs. Nature • When the character faces a problem that is with nature; it is beyond anyone’s control. Can you think of an example? Character vs. Nature • Blizzard Examples: The Wizard of Oz • Flood The Perfect Storm • Storm Titanic • Landslide • Avalanche • Animal attack • Tornado • Hurricane • Ocean troubles Character vs. Society • When a character has a problem with society as a whole. • If society is stopping someone from reaching their goal. Character vs. Society • Gay marriage • Inter-racial marriage • Racism • Prejudice • Religion • Political reasons • War • Examples: Brokeback Mountain, Hotel Rwanda, the 1960s counterculture, Civil Rights, Avatar Character vs. Themselves • If the character is not reaching their goal because of an inner conflict/struggle within themselves. Character vs. Themselves • Some moral struggle. • When you want to do something but you hold yourself back. External vs. Internal Conflict • The four types of conflict can be labeled as either external conflict or internal conflict. • External = outside of yourself (outside force) • Internal = inside of yourself (inside force) External vs. Internal Conflict • Guess if the conflict is external or internal: • Character vs. Character à external • Character vs. Nature à external • Character vs. Society à external • Character vs. Themselves à internal Let’s Practice Plot and Conflict with Cinderella! • 1. Exposition • 2. Rising action (Conflict) • 3. Climax • 4. Falling Action • 5. Resolution • Conflict Elements of Plot: Part II Student Notes CHARACTERIZATION ü Creating & developing a character. ü The author tells what the character looks like, does, says, or how others react to him/her. THEME • Central message of the story SETTING • Time and place of the story. POINT-OF-VIEW üFirst Person – a character in the story is telling the story. (“I” am #1!) üThird Person – told through the eyes of ONE character/narrator. (Uses “he/she”) üOmniscient – the “all-knowing” narrator. - Knows EVERYTHING about EVERY character.
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