Chapter 9 Section 1 and 2

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					Chapter 9 Section 1 and 2
Presidential Powers
It is the Presidents right to:

“do anything that the needs of the Nation
  demanded, unless such action was
  forbidden by the Constitution or by the
  laws.”
              ~ Theodore Roosevelt, 1908
Define 5 Terms (Pg. 245,250,252, or 259):
Ch. 9 Section 1 and 2
1) Reprieve *

2) Amnesty *

3)

4)
I. A Brief History

1) The Articles of Confederation were
   weak and lacked a strong central
   government.

2) With no strong executive it would
   be hard to respond quickly to
   problems and enforce laws.

* THUS- A need for a strong Executive
II. Increase of Presidential Power
A. 1803 – Thomas Jefferson
     Louisiana Purchase from
     France (This expanded the
    Territory of the United States)

                           Def: Inherent Powers
                           Powers that were not
                           specifically defined in
                           the Constitution, but
                           implied.
B. Abraham Lincoln - 1861
1) Suspended the writ of Habeas
   corpus (jailed opponents of the
   Union without a trial)

2) Raised an army without Congress’s
   approval

3) Blockaded Ports in South

   Did this to preserve the Union!!!
C. Franklin D. Roosevelt - 1933

1) Expanded role of Federal Govt in
   the nation’s economy.

2) New social and economic
   programs Social Security and
   Fireside Chats.

3) Created Federal jobs.
III. Limits on Presidential Power

A. Power for Congressional Override
     The Constitution gives congress
   the power to override a president’s
   veto.

IE. 1973 Congress overrode
    President Nixon’s veto of
    the War Powers Act.
Limits:

B. Senate’s confirmation power

C. The power of the Purse

D. Power to impeach the President

E. Public Opinion
     Lyndon Johnson *
Section 2 Roles of the President:
I.   Roles of the President

A)   Head of State

     1) More than just a
        Politician

     2) The President is the United
        States.

     3) The image of the United
        States.
B. Chief Executive
1) Sees that the laws of congress are
   carried out. “The laws be Faithfully
   Executed.”

2) Uses Tools

   a) Executive Order
   b) Presidential Appointments
   c) Removal of Appointments
   d) Impoundments of Funds

3) Amnesty can be granted
C. Economic Planner
1) Council of Economic Advisors:
   They study the economy and help
   prepare the report for the president.

2) Since 1946 Congress has continued to
   pass laws giving presidents more power
   to deal with economic problems.

3) Prepares the Federal Budget every year.
D. Commander in Chief

                        1) Power to make
                           war (Needs
                           congressional
                           approval)

2) Responsible for key military decisions

3) Has the authority to order the use of
   atomic weapons
Questions to Answer: (Pg. 250)

#1
#3
Questions to Answer: (Pg. 259)
#5
Pg 746 Presidents # 31-45 Name of
  President and 3 facts about the
  President NOT his date of birth and
  death.

				
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posted:7/18/2013
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