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APA

VIEWS: 2 PAGES: 19

									Library, Campus, and Internet
          Resources
HS 1 Understanding Your Health
Assessing Credible Internet
Resources
l   CARS
    l   Credibility
        l An authoritative source, a source that supplies some good
          evidence that allows you to trust it
    l   Accuracy
        l A source that is correct today (not yesterday), a source that
          gives the whole truth
    l   Reasonableness
        l A source that engages the subject thoughtfully and
          reasonably, concerned with the truth
    l   Support
        l A source that provides convincing evidence for the claims it
          made, a source you can triangulate (find at least two other
          sources that support it)
When researching….
l   Wikipedia is NOT appropriate for academic papers
l   Do NOT use .coms
l   Use sources such as:
l   .gov, .edu, .org
l   Scholarly Peer Reviewed Journals



l   A great place to start is WWW. CDC.gov
Why Use APA Format?

              l   Allows readers to cross-
                  reference your sources
                  easily
              l   Provides consistent
                  format within a discipline
              l   Gives you credibility as a
                  writer
              l   Protects yourself from
                  plagiarism
Cross-Referencing Your Sources
                 Cross-referencing allows
                   readers to locate the
                   publication information of
                   source material. This is of
                   great value for researchers
                   who may want to locate
                   your sources for their own
                   research projects.
Using a Consistent Format
                Using a consistent format
                   helps your reader
                   understand your
                   arguments and the
                   sources they’re built on.
                It also helps you keep
                   track of your sources as
                   you build arguments.
Establishing Credibility
                  The proper use of APA
                    style shows the
                    credibility of writers;
                    such writers show
                    accountability to their
                    source material.
Avoiding Plagiarism

               Proper citation of your
                 sources in APA style
                 can help you avoid
                 plagiarism, which is a
                 serious offense. It may
                 result in anything from
                 failure of the
                 assignment to expulsion
                 from school.
Where Do I Find APA Format?

          l   Publication Manual of the American
              Psychological Association, 5th ed.
          l   www.apastyle.org
          l   Composition textbooks
          l   OWL (online writing lab) website:
              owl.english.purdue.edu
APA Style: Two Main Concerns


l Reference
  Page
l Parenthetical
  Citations
Reference Page

l   A list of every source that you
    make reference to in your essay.
l   Provides the information
    necessary for a reader to locate
    and retrieve any sources cited in
    your essay.
l   Each source cited in the essay
    must appear in the reference
    list, and vice versa (sources
    cited in the body of the text must
    be included in the reference list.
Reference Page APA Style
l   Most references should contain the following basic
    information:
l   Author’s name (last name & 1st initial of 1st name)
l   Date
l   Title of Article
l   Publication information
l   Ex- McCarthy, M., & Smith, J. (2009). Suicide
                Prevention. Centers for Disease Control.
                Retrieved March 9, 2009, from
                http://www.cdc.gov
Reference Page


Most citations should
  contain the following
  basic information:
l Author’s name

l Title of work

l Publication
  information
Reference Page
                 What other types of
                  sources might you need
                  to list on your reference
                  page?

                 Study the basics of APA
                   citation format. When
                   something odd comes
                   up, don’t guess. Look it
                   up!
When Should You Use Citations?

              l   When summarizing facts and ideas from
                  a source
              l   Summarizing means to take ideas from a
                  large passage of another source and
                  condense them, using your own words
              l   When using statistics
              l   Cite ALL statistics unless it is a general
                  fact i.e. the majority of women are
                  childbearing.
              l   Suicide is the 11th leading cause of death
                  (CDC, 2009).
When Should You Use Citations?

            l   When summarizing facts and ideas
                from a source
                l   Summarizing means to take ideas from a
                    large passage of another source and
                    condense them, using your own words
            l   When paraphrasing a source
                l   Cite all statistics unless it is a general fact
                    i.e. the majority of women are childbearing.
                l   Suicide is the 11th leading cause of death
                    (Centers for Disease Control, 2009)
Citations in the body of the
text
  Use author’s LAST NAME, Date (Hales,
   2009)
  l Multiple authors (Smith, McCarthy & Brice, 2009)
  l Websites- (Centers for Disease Control, 2009)
  Then abbreviate (CDC, 2009).

  DO DO DO NOT NOT NOT USE .COMS IN YOUR
    RESEARCH PAPER. ONLY PEER REVIEWED
    JOURNALS & WEBSITES (.GOV, .EDU, .ORG)

  No WebMD.com allowed!!!!!
Handling Quotes in Your
Text
     l   Author’s last name, publication year, and page
         number(s) of quote must appear in the text
         Caruth (1996) states that a traumatic
         response frequently entails a “delayed,
         uncontrolled repetitive appearance of
         hallucinations and other intrusive
         phenomena” (p.11).

         A traumatic response frequently entails a
         “delayed, uncontrolled repetitive appearance
         of hallucinations and other intrusive
         phenomena” (Caruth, 1996, p.11).
   Reference Page
ü Alphabetize

üUse initials of author(s) first name(s) (do not
spell out their first name) Ex McCarthy, M.
üDouble space
üUse BLACK ink only (NO BLUE ink when
listing Internet sites)
üUse the word References and center in the
middle of the page
üNumber the reference page

								
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