Global and Comparative Education

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					Global and Comparative Education
Ryan Guffey, PhD
Lindenwood University
Presentation Summary
vWhat is Global Education?
vTechniques for Global Education
vWhat is Comparative Education?
vThe Case of Azerbaijan and its Historical
vThe Differences in Cultural Education: The
 Macro Perspective in America and Canada
vHow my Home Institution, Lindenwood
 University, Addresses International
What is Global Education?
vUnderstanding of interaction of human
 society and environment
vExploration of change, interdependence,
 identity and diversity, rights and
 responsibilities, peace building, poverty and
 wealth, sustainability and global justice
vDeveloping skills of cooperation, shared
 responsibility, critical thinking,
vPositive and responsible values and attitudes
 and orientation to active participation.
             Aims of Global Education

Creating Global Citizens              Knowledge and Understanding
v Aware of the world around           v Interconnectedness and
  them                                  interdependence
v Respects and values diversity       v Environmental sustainability
v Takes action for human rights,      v Economic development
  social justice and sustainability   v Diversity
v Takes responsibility for own        v Change management
  actions                             v Conflict resolution and peace
             Aims of Global Education

Skills and Processes               Action and Participation
v Framework of knowledge           v Involvement
v Critical literacy                v Identify and investigate
v Develop and express point of       opportunities
  views                            v Consider consequences
v Identify unfairness and action   v Identify and overcome barriers
  to redress it                    v Cooperate and value
v Empathy for others and             participation of others
  environment                      v Reflect and evaluate action
v Cooperation
            Teaching with a global
Learning Processes              Across learning Areas
v An inclusive classroom        v Cross curricula units of work
v Participation for all
                                  (Interdisciplinary Learning)
v Student-centred learning
v Experiential learning         v Special projects and theme
v Inquiry-based learning          days or weeks
v Interactivity                 v Performance, excursions and
v Cooperative learning            incursions
v Building self-esteem          v Collaborative projects
v Enabling critical literacy
v Breadth, depth and sequence
v Using current issues
            Teaching with a Global
Dealing with Controversial        Challenging Stereotypes
  issues                          v Challenge recognized
v Balance study and critical        stereotypes
  appraisal                       v Analyze and discuss the bases
                                    and underlying causes of
v Develop individual informed       stereotypes
                                  v Use a wide variety of sources
v Skills to formulate arguments     and images to counter
  using evidence                    stereotypes
v Commitment to Human Rights      v Develop skills to question and
                                    critique stereotypes
  What is Comparative Education?
                            Comparative education

                                            International       Development
Comparative studies    Education Abroad
                                              Education          Education

                                        International   Study of work of
Comparative Pedagogy And intra-cultural
                                          pedagogy International organizations

                                     Halls typology of comparative
                                                                                                                                                                                         Ag           G
                                                                                                                                                                                             e           up
                                                                                                                                                                                                G            s

                                                                            Level 4: Districts

                                                      Level 5: Schools
                                                                                                                                                                                         Re           up
                                                                                                                                Level 2: Countries                                           lig

         Level 7: Individuals

                                Level 6: Classrooms
                                                                                                                                                                                         G             G
                                                                                                    Level 3: States/Provinces                                                                   de rou
                                                                                                                                                                                         O          rG
                                                                                                                                                                                           th          ro
                                                                                                                                                                                              er           up
                                                                                                                                                                                                   G           s
                                                                                                                                                     Level 1: World regions/continents

                                                                                                                                                                                          En rou
                                                                                                                                                                                              tir        ps
                            Curriculum                                                                                                                                                            e
                                Teaching Methods                                                                                                                                                           la
                                              Educational Finance                                                                                                                                                 n

                                                      Management Structures
                                                                         Political Change
                                                                                     Labor Market
                                                                                                 Other aspects
Bray and Thomas
          Required            Negotiated                           Introduced
           Under                Under             Borrowed           Through
Imposed   Constraint          Constraint          Purposely         Influence

          1)   Totalitarian/authoritarian rule, etc.
          2)   Defeated/occupied countries
          3)   Required by bilateral and multilateral agreements
          4)   Intentional copying of policy/practice observed elsewhere
          5)   General influence of educational ideas/methods

                         Source: Phillips and Schweisfurth 2007
Artice 26.
v (1) Everyone has the right to education.
  Education shall be free, at least in the
  elementary and fundamental stages.
  Elementary education shall be compulsory.
  Technical and professional education shall be
  made generally available and higher
  education shall be equally accessible to all on
  the basis of merit.
v (2) Education shall be directed to the full
  development of the human personality and to
  the strengthening of respect for human rights
  and fundamental freedoms. It shall promote
  understanding, tolerance and friendship
  among all nations, racial or religious groups,
  and shall further the activities of the United
  Nations for the maintenance of peace.
v (3) Parents have a prior right to choose the
  kind of education that shall be given to their

Azerbaijan in the World
Azerbaijan & its Neighbors
The Case of Azerbaijan
vDivision of Azerbaijan between the Russian and
 Iranian empires in 1828
vEducational development in Northern
 Azerbaijan from 1828 to 1918 (The period of
 Russian empire)
vAzerbaijan's two-years of independence (1918-
 1920) (The period of the First Republic)
vUSSR occupation of Azerbaijan from 1920-1991
vIndependent self-rule in Azerbaijan from 1991-
          Cross-Cultural Education
          Philosophy: America and Canada

America as a “Melting          Canada as a “Tossed
Pot”                           Salad”
vPromotes homogenization       vPromotes
vFocuses on creating a         heterogenization
standard culture in terms of   vFocuses on the cultural
values, integrity, history,    uniqueness in terms of
and norms.                     values, integrity, history,
vSeeks a shared vision for     and norms.
advancement                    vSeeks diversity to progress
                               cultural advancement
            Lindenwood University and
            International Education
v 976 International Students       v 50% of the undergraduate
  from 91 different countries        degree programs require 25%
v Over 70 international faculty      of the courses be international
  between full-time and part-        in nature.
  time faculty.                    v Provides substantial
v Holds faculty exchange             scholarship opportunities for
  programs with 14 universities      applicants with high academic
  in 10 countries.                   marks from developing
v Offers 11 faculty lead study       nations.
  abroad experiences per year in
  addition to 18 semester
  exchange program

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