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Goals of HIV_AIDS Education for Early Elementary Students

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					 Michigan Model for Health
      for Grades K-6
    Training of Trainers

           Assignment 9:
           HIV Education
in the K-6 Michigan Model for Health
     Goals for This Assignment:


J Update on adult information about HIV
     Goals for This Assignment:


J Update on adult information about HIV
J Gain familiarity with the HIV
 prevention lessons for grades 4 and 5
     Goals for This Assignment:


J Update on adult information about HIV
J Gain familiarity with the HIV
 prevention lessons for grades 4 and 5
J Prepare to conduct teacher training on
 HIV education
     Goals for This Assignment:


JUpdate on adult information about HIV
J Gain familiarity with the HIV
 prevention lessons for grades 4 and 5
J Prepare to conduct teacher training on
 HIV education
JIdentify reliable sources of information
 about HIV
     What Do Teachers Need?


ØMotivation to address the topic
     What Do Teachers Need?


ØMotivation to address the topic
ØFacts to increase competence
     What Do Teachers Need?


ØMotivation to address the topic
ØFacts to increase competence
ØSkill development to increase comfort
     What Do Teachers Need?


ØMotivation to address the topic
ØFacts to increase competence
ØSkill development to increase comfort
ØDevelopmentally appropriate lessons
    to teach
            HIV Huddles

ØWhat did you hear about HIV or AIDS
    initially, and how did you feel about that
    information?
             HIV Huddles

ØWhat did you hear about HIV or AIDS
     initially, and how did you feel about that
     information?
ØWhy do you think young people need to
     know about HIV and AIDS?
             HIV Huddles

ØWhat did you hear about HIV or AIDS
     initially, and how did you feel about that
     information?
ØWhy do you think young people need to
     know about HIV and AIDS?
ØHow can you help prevent young people
     from getting infected with HIV?
      HIV Staff Development Issues

-Adults still lack accurate information.
      HIV Staff Development Issues

-Adults still lack accurate information.
-Teachers are not comfortable with the topic, but
      believe it is important.
      HIV Staff Development Issues

-Adults still lack accurate information.
-Teachers are not comfortable with the topic, but
    believe it is important.
-Teachers need to know their boundaries as set by
    state law and school policy.
      HIV Staff Development Issues

-Adults still lack accurate information.
-Teachers are not comfortable with the topic, but
    believe it is important.
-Teachers need to know their boundaries as set by
    state law and school policy.
-Teachers need to gain confidence in responding to
    student questions & comments.
      HIV Staff Development Issues

-Adults still lack accurate information.
-Teachers are not comfortable with the topic, but
     believe it is important.
-Teachers need to know their boundaries as set by
     state law and school policy.
-Teachers need to gain confidence in responding to
     student questions & comments.
-Skill building is often lacking.
      HIV Staff Development Issues

-Adults still lack accurate information.
-Teachers are not comfortable with the topic, but
     believe it is important.
-Teachers need to know their boundaries as set by
     state law and school policy.
-Teachers need to gain confidence in responding to
     student questions & comments.
-Skill building is often lacking.
-HIV should integrate with other curriculum.
      HIV Staff Development Issues

-Adults still lack accurate information.
-Teachers are not comfortable with the topic, but
     believe it is important.
-Teachers need to know their boundaries as set by
     state law and school policy.
-Teachers need to gain confidence in responding to
     student questions & comments.
-Skill building is often lacking.
-HIV should integrate with other curriculum.
-Guest speakers must be carefully selected.
    HIV/AIDS Prevention Laws*
           HIV education is required...


¬ At least once a year at every building
  level




                                          *Michigan law
    HIV/AIDS Prevention Laws*
           HIV education is required...



¬ Trained teachers
  ¬ Accurate adult level information
  ¬ Curriculum specific
  ¬ Developmentally appropriate strategies



                                          *Michigan law
    HIV/AIDS Prevention Laws*
            HIV education is required...


¬ Parental rights–
  ¬ Advance notification
     ¬ Content
     ¬ Preview materials
     ¬ Observe instruction
     ¬ Excuse child without penalty



                                           *Michigan law
    HIV/AIDS Prevention Laws*
          HIV education is required...


¬ Approval process:
  ¬ Two public hearings
  ¬ School board approval




                                         *Michigan law
   HIV/AIDS Prevention Laws*
           HIV education is required...



¬ Required Content–
  ¬ Abstinence
  ¬ Best methods for restriction and prevention
    of disease




                                          *Michigan law
    HIV/AIDS Prevention Laws*
           HIV education is required...


¬ Prohibited Content or Actions–
  ¬ Abortion cannot be taught as a method of
    reproductive health or family planning
  ¬ Dispense or distribute family planning drug
    or device in school or on property



                                          *Michigan law
Take a Break
            HIV Quiz Bowl

Question # 1:
• What are the four stages of HIV
  Disease?
            HIV Quiz Bowl

Question # 1:
• What are the four stages of HIV
  Disease?
Answer:
• Acute HIV Infection
• Asymptomatic HIV Infection
• Chronic Symptomatic HIV Infection
• AIDS or Advanced HIV Disease
          LEVELS OF HIV DISEASE




   Acute            Flu-like illness or None
HIV Infection
          LEVELS OF HIV DISEASE




Asymptomatic
                  None
 HIV Infection
           LEVELS OF HIV DISEASE



                fatigue
                 cough
  Chronic         night sweats
Symptomatic         swollen glands
                     weight loss
HIV Infection         bleeding
                        diarrhea
          LEVELS OF HIV DISEASE
           Pneumocystis carinii pneumonia
   AIDS    Kaposi’s Sarcoma
            Tuberculosis
 Advanced Candidiasis
HIV Disease Dementia below 200 … and more
               T cell count
           LEVELS OF HIV DISEASE
           Pneumocystis carinii pneumonia
   AIDS    Kaposi’s Sarcoma
            Tuberculosis
 Advanced Candidiasis
HIV Disease Dementia below 200 … and more
               T cell count

                   fatigue
                    cough
  Chronic            night sweats
Symptomatic            swollen glands
                        weight loss
HIV Infection            bleeding
                           diarrhea

Asymptomatic
                               None
 HIV Infection


    Acute                          Flu-like illness or None
 HIV Infection
                 All categories are INFECTIOUS!!!
            HIV Quiz Bowl
Question # 2:
• How long is the window period between
  infection with HIV and a positive test?
            HIV Quiz Bowl
Question # 2:
• How long is the window period between
  infection with HIV and a positive test?

Answer:
• 25 days to 3 months
               Stages of HIV Disease
                                    HIV exposure
       1-2 weeks
                                                             Remain HIV free
     1. Acute HIV Infection
           Able to transmit
      (becomes communicable)         May have flu-like
 Window Period :
                                       symptoms
25 days to 3 mos.

          HIV+ if tested
     (positive HIV antibody test)



     2. Asymptomatic HIV                                     3. Chronic
           Infection                                        Symptomatic
                                                            HIV infection

                    11 years average                     4. AIDS or Advanced
                                                             HIV Disease
          HIV Quiz Bowl
Question # 3:
• What cells does HIV prefer to attack?
          HIV Quiz Bowl
Question # 3:
• What cells does HIV prefer to attack?


Answer:
• Helper T Cells (WBC)
• Macrophages (WBC)
• Glial cells (brain)
   Human Immunodeficiency Virus
      Characteristics of HIV
1. Retro virus –
      • RNA virus
      • Entwines itself into the genetic materials of cells
2. Lente virus –
      • May live dormant for years
3. Outer protein coat –
      • Changes rapidly
      • No vaccine
4. Attacks certain cells –
      • Helper T Cells (WBC)
      • Macrophages (WBC)
      • Glial cells (brain)
           HIV Quiz Bowl
Question # 4:
• Which body fluids have been confirmed
  to transmit HIV?
                 HIV Quiz Bowl
Question # 4:
• Which body fluids have been confirmed
  to transmit HIV?

Answer:
•   Blood
•   Blood products
•   Semen
•   Vaginal secretions
•   Cervical secretions
•   Breast milk
    INFECTIVITY OF BODY FLUIDS
Confirmed Risk =

  Actual, documented
  cases
      Blood
      Blood products
      Semen
      Vaginal secretions
      Cervical secretions
      Breast milk
    INFECTIVITY OF BODY FLUIDS
Confirmed Risk =            Theoretical Risk =

  Actual, documented          Possible, highly unlikely,
  cases                       No documented cases
      Blood                       Urine
      Blood products              Feces
      Semen                       Vomit
      Vaginal secretions          Tears
      Cervical secretions         Saliva
      Breast milk
           HIV Quiz Bowl
Question # 5:
• What are the four ways HIV is
  transmitted?
           HIV Quiz Bowl
Question # 5:
• What are the four ways HIV is
  transmitted?

Answer:
• Pregnant woman to unborn child
• Contaminated blood or blood products
• Needle sharing
• Intimate sexual contact
       HIGH RISK BEHAVIOR –
  Pregnant Woman to Unborn Child
ELIMINATE RISK:
• Don’t become pregnant if HIV infected.
• Get tested for HIV if there is a history of high-risk
  behavior.
REDUCE RISK:
• Accept HIV testing offered during pregnancy.
• Take antiretroviral medicine if HIV infected.
• Don’t breast feed if HIV infected.
      HIGH RISK BEHAVIOR –
Contaminated Blood/Blood Products
ELIMINATE RISK:
• Prepare autologous blood donations.
• Use synthetic clotting factor.
REDUCE RISK:
• Select donors from friends and family.
• Know the blood supply is tested.
     HIGH RISK BEHAVIOR –
           Sharing Needles
ELIMINATE RISK:
• Abstain from using injected drugs.
• Don’t share needles or syringes.
REDUCE RISK:
• Clean needles between users.
• Abstain from using non-medical drugs.
      HIGH RISK BEHAVIOR –
        Intimate Sexual Contact
ELIMINATE RISK:
• Abstain from intimate sexual contact.
• Commit to lifetime monogamy.
REDUCE RISK:
• Use latex condoms correctly and consistently.
• Use a water- or silicone-based lubricant.
• Limit the number of partners.
• Know the sexual history of partners.
• Stop high-risk behaviors.
Take a Break
Teacher Skills Needed

ØAnswering student questions
ØAccessing accurate information
ØLeading discussions
ØKnowing when and how to refer
What Do Students Need?
  Goals of HIV/AIDS Education for Upper
  Elementary and Middle School Students
• Develop an understanding of…
  …the epidemiology of HIV Disease and AIDS.
  …HIV transmission.
  …prevention of HIV infection.
  Goals of HIV/AIDS Education for Upper
  Elementary and Middle School Students
• Develop an understanding of…
  …the epidemiology of HIV Disease and AIDS.
  …HIV transmission.
  …prevention of HIV infection.
• Balance recognition of susceptibility with a
  sense of personal control in preventing infection.

        Personal                     Personal
         Control                   Susceptibility


                          HIV
                       Infection
     HIV Prevention Topics
               Grades 4 & 5

ØDefine HIV and AIDS

ØIdentify how HIV is and is not
transmitted
ØIdentify ways to protect from HIV and
other blood-borne infections
ØExplain ways to befriend someone with
HIV infection
  Safeguards in the HIV Lessons

-Extensive review during lesson development
-Local district approval process
-Required teacher preparation
-Parental rights and involvement
-Age-appropriate content and strategies
-Abstinence-centered approach
               Your Assignment:
1. Answer the questions on slide #12.
2. Review the HIV lessons for 4th and 5th grades. Write a
   short explanation describing how you would prepare
   teachers to teach these lessons.
3. Locate websites that contain reliable information about
   HIV and your state’s laws related to HIV education.
   Include two state websites and two national websites.
   Describe how you will use these resources to deepen
   your background in HIV prevention and effectively train
   educators in the Michigan Model.

				
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posted:7/17/2013
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