The Constitution by yurtgc548


									The Constitution
      Parts of the Constitution
n   Preamble
n   Article 1-7
n   Amendments 1-27
 We the people of the United States,
   in order to form a more perfect
    union, establish justice, insure
 domestic tranquility, provide for the
    common defense, promote the
   general welfare, and secure the
 blessings of liberty to ourselves and
our posterity, do ordain and establish
    this Constitution for the United
          States of America.
     Article I. Legislative Branch
n   Makes the laws                     n   Senate
                                            • 100 members
    • Congress is made up                   • All states get 2
      of 2 houses:                            representatives
      n   House of                     n   Qualifications:
          Representatives                   • 30 years old
           • 435 members                    • US citizen for at least 9
           • based on state                   years
             population                     • Live in the state elected
      n   Qualifications:                     by
           • 25 years old
           • US citizen for at least
             7 years
           • Live in the state
             elected by
What does the Constitution say?
 n   Make laws
 n   Taxing & spending
 n   Borrow money
 n   Establish bankruptcy laws
 n   Coin, print, & regulate money
 n   Punish counterfeiters
 n   Regulate foreign & interstate commerce
 n   Establish laws of naturalization
 n   Establish post offices & post roads
 n   Grant copyrights & patents
 n   Create lower federal courts
 n   Govern Washington, D.C.
What does the Constitution say?
n   Declare War
n   Raise, support, & regulate an army & navy
n   Provide, regulate, & call into service a
    militia (National Guard)
n   Punish acts committed on international
    waters & against the laws of nations
n   Choose the President if a majority cannot
    be determined
n   Impeachment proceedings
n   Confirm Presidential appointments
n   Ratify treaties
n   Amend the Constitution
What does the Constitution say?
n   Elastic Clause: Provide for laws
    “necessary & proper” for carrying out
    all other listed powers
    • Article 1 Sc. 8
    • Example:
      n power to establish laws of naturalization –
        IMPLIES the power to limit the number of
        immigrants to the US
      n Power to call up militia – IMPLIES the right
        to draft people into service
Article II. Executive Branch
n   Enforce the laws
     • President & his cabinet
        n Cabinet – a group of advisors that

          help the president make decisions in
          certain areas.
        n President:

           • Qualifications:
               n 35 years old

               n natural born citizen

               n must live in the U.S. for at least

                 14 years
      Article III. Judicial Branch
n   Interpret the laws
    • Courts, judges, etc.
      n   Constitution only talks about the Supreme
          Court which is made up of 9 Justices.
           • Justices are selected by the President & approved
             by the Senate.
               n Cannot be removed unless they do something

Supreme Court
                 Article IV
n   Relations between the States
    • “full faith and credit clause” – states
      must honor the laws, court decisions, &
      records of other states.
                  Article V
n   Amending (changing) the
    • Step 1: Proposal
    • Step 2: Ratification
                 Article VI
n   National Supremacy
    • “Supremacy clause” – recognizes that
      the Constitution, laws passed by
      Congress, & treaties entered into by the
      US are the “supreme law of the land.”
                   Article VII
n   Ratification
    • Explains the ratification of the
      Constitution by 9/13 of states
      Major Principles of the U.S.
n   popular sovereignty
n   republicanism
n   limited government
n   federalism
n   separation of powers
n   checks & balances
n   individual rights

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