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					Electronics PDR




 PALM-3000
   Stephen Guiwits
    Dean Palmer
    Ernest Croner
  023 Robinson Room
   January 21, 2009
PALM-3000
                                           Agenda

  •   Overview
      – Major sub-systems
  •   Real-Time Electronics (Computer Room)
  •   Active Mirror Electronics (Cassegrain Cage / AO Lab)
  •   AO Bench Electronics (Cassegrain Cage / AO Lab)
  •   Data Room Electronics (Data Room / AO Lab)
  •   Palomar Infrastructure Upgrades
  •   Milestones
  •   Costs
  •   Questions, Comments, or Suggestions




                                                             2
PALM-3000
            Overview
PALM-3000
                                 Real-Time Control Electronics

  •   Design
  •   Layout
  •   Racks
       – Make / Model
       – Capacity
  •   Computing Machines
       – Make / Model
       – PCI Cards
       – Cabling
  •   Switches
       – Quadrics
       – Network
       – KVM
  •   Uninterruptible Power Supply (UPS)
       – Make / Model




                                                                 4
PALM-3000
                              RTC Design

  • Cluster of 10 PC’s in the computer room
  • Real-time calculations performed on 16 Nvidia
    GPU’s
  • PC 0 provides the interface, central scheduling,
    and control of the cluster
  • PC 1 – PC 8 house the GPU’s
  • PC 9 is dedicated to telemetry recording
  • Cluster communication provided by the high
    speed Quadrics switch
  • 2 complete systems for production and
    development
                                                       5
PALM-3000
             Real-Time Control Electronics

  • Layout
PALM-3000
                             Real-Time Control Electronics

  • Racks
     – Make / Model
            • Shark Rack
            • T2 Base Rack (x 4)
            • Part Number: T2EC016-A

     – Capacity
            • 42U (1U = 1.75 Inches)
            • 37 Deep Frame
PALM-3000
                              Real-Time Control Electronics

  • Racks                                • T2
     – 4 Total
            • Production / Development
     – Front Door, Fully Vented
     – Rear Door, Fully Vented
     – 42U Mounting Rails
     – Fan Top Panel
     – 19 inch Fixed Shelf
       w/Adjustable Mounting
       Brackets
PALM-3000
                                Real-Time Control Electronics

  • Computing Machines
     – Make / Model
            • PC 0 – PC 8
               –   HP xw9400
               –   Two Dual Core AMD Opteron 2220, 2.80 GHz Processors
               –   4 GB (4x1GB) DDR2-667 ECC RAM
               –   80 GB SATA 7200 RPM HDD
            • Telemetry PC
               –   HP xw9400
               –   Two Dual Core AMD Opteron 2212, 2GHz Processors
               –   32GB (8x4GB) DDR20533 ECC
               –   160 GB SATA 10K RPM HDD
               –   NVIDIA Quadro NVS 285 Graphics Card
PALM-3000
                    Real-Time Control Electronics

  • Computing Machines
     – PC 9
PALM-3000
                        Real-Time Control Electronics

  • Computing Machines
       – PC 0


  For LGS
  •   UTT
  •   Slot 4
  •   IP Carrier Card
       –   Acromag
       –   APC8621A

  •   D/A
       –   Acromag
       –   IP 231E
PALM-3000
                    Real-Time Control Electronics

  • Computing Machines
     – PC 1 - 8
PALM-3000
                             Real-Time Control Electronics

  • Computing Machines
     – Cabling
        • Telemetry PC
            –   Standard power cable to power strip on the rack
            –   1’ Coaxial Cable from timing board to PC 0s timing board
            –   1’ SC-SC fiber cable from QLogic card to RAID system
            –   3M Quadrics cable from Quadrics PCI card to Quadrics switch
            –   3M RJ 45 cable from ethernet 1 to network switch (port 9)
            –   3M USB cable from USB 1 to KVM switch (port 9)
            –   3M DVI cable from DVI (graphics card) to KVM Switch (port 9)
PALM-3000
                            Real-Time Control Electronics

  • Computing Machines
     – Cabling
        • PC 0
            – Standard power cable to power strip on the rack
            – 300’ cross over cable from ethernet port 2 to ethernet port 2 on
              the cassegrain cage PC (pc <--> pc communication)
            – 1’ Coaxial Cable from timing board to PC Telem’s timing board
            – 1M Camera link cable from EDT PCI card to SciMeasure
              Optical Splitter
            – 3M Quadrics cable from Quadrics PCI card to Quadrics switch
            – 3M RJ 45 cable from ethernet 1 to network switch (port 0)
            – 3M USB cable from USB 1 to KVM switch (port 10)
            – 3M DVI cable from DVI (graphics card) to KVM Switch (port
              10)
PALM-3000
                            Real-Time Control Electronics

  • Computing Machines
     – Cabling
        • PC 0 (Continued)
            – 300’ fiber (lc-lc) from FibreExtreme port 1 (through cable wrap)
              to the custom HO DM I/F box located on DM Rack 1
            – 300’ fiber (lc-lc) from FibreExtreme port 1 (through cable wrap)
              to the custom HO DM I/F box located on DM Rack 2
            – 300’ fiber (lc-lc) from FibreExtreme port 2 (through cable wrap)
              to the custom LO DM I/F box located on DM Rack 2
            – 300’ fiber (lc-lc) from FibreExtreme port 3 (through cable wrap)
              to the custom TTM I/F box located on AO Control Rack 2
PALM-3000
                           Real-Time Control Electronics

  • Computing Machines
     – Cabling
        • PC 1 – PC 8
            – Standard power cable to power strip on the rack
            – 1M Camera link cable from EDT PCI card to SciMeasure
              Optical Splitter
            – 3M Quadrics cable from Quadrics PCI card to Quadrics switch
            – 3M RJ 45 cable from ethernet 1 to network switch (port <pc #>)
            – 3M USB cable from USB 1 to KVM switch (port <pc #>)
            – 3M DVI cable from DVI (graphics card) to KVM Switch (port
              <pc #)
PALM-3000
            Real-Time Control Electronics
PALM-3000
                                Real-Time Control Electronics

  • Switches
     – Quadrics
            • QsNet II (16 way solution)
            • 1064 Mbytes/s
            • 900 MB/S Sustainable


     – Network
            • EtherFast 4116 16-Port 10/100 Ethernet Switch
            • Model Number: EF4116
     – KVM
            • KVMS 16 port USB DVI KVM Switch
            • 17 Inch LCD Monitor / Keyboard drawer
            • Model Number: UNIMUX-DVI-16
PALM-3000
                                   Real-Time Control Electronics

  •   Uninterruptible Power Supply (UPS)
       – Make / Model
            •   American Power Conversion Corp (APC)
            •   APC AIS 3000
            •   Part Number: ISVT15KF2B4S
            •   18 minutes of uptime
            •   Allows for a little expansion if needed
            •   Cost: ~11,000 (if expansion desired)
            •   Cost: ~8,000 (no expansion)
PALM-3000
                   Active Mirror Control Electronics




            Active Mirror Electronics




                                                       20
PALM-3000
                                 Active Mirror Control Electronics
  •   Design
  •   DM Control
       –   DM High-Speed Data Link
             •   HO DM
             •   LO DM
             •   TTM
       –   DM Drivers
             •   Cabling
  •   Cooling
       –   Liquid
             •   Design
             •   Hardware
             •   Costs
       –   Air
             •   Design
             •   Hardware
             •   Costs
  •   Rack Locations inside the cassegrain cage




                                                                     21
PALM-3000
                                    Active Mirror Control Electronics

  •   HODM control through 8 Xinetics GenIII Driver Chassis each of
      which can control 480 Channels
  •   LODM control is provided by the existing JPL electronics
  •   Able to fit all DM driver electronics into two full size racks
  •   DM Driver Electronics require cooling
       – Intend to air cool them the lab during lab development
       – Air cooled design in place
       – Developing a liquid cooling design for location at cassegrain cage and AO lab
  •   Two phases of cabling
       – Phase 1: Lab Development
            • Use Xinetics provided interface panels with 99 omnetics connectors to the DM
       – Phase 2:
            • Build custom interface boxes to 16 custom cables that allow us greater flexibility in
              location of cables
  •   Provide serial interface to configure and monitor driver states
  •   Provide high speed SOR-422U interface for DM control

                                                                                                      22
PALM-3000
                                Active Mirror Control Electronics

  •   Provide serial interface to configure and monitor driver states
       – Currently planning on using a terminal server configuration to communicate with
         the driver
       – Xinetics is working on a master/slave configuration which would allow
         communication with each driver through the master. If this works, we will
         abandon the terminal server design.
  •   Provide high speed SOR-422U interface for DM control




                                                                                           23
PALM-3000
                                    DM High-Speed Data Link

  Transmit End
  •   Curtiss Wright FibreXtreme SL240 PCIe 2.5 Gb/s Data Link Card
      – Up to 247 MB/s per channel sustained data rate per channel
      – Low overhead ANSI/VITA 17.1-2003 Serial FPDP Protocol
            • Based on Fiber Channel. Uses similar ordered sets
      – Low latency (about 1us)
      – 4 independent channels




                                                                      24
PALM-3000
                                  DM High-Speed Data Link
  Receive End
  •   Curtiss Wright FibreXtreme SL240 CMC 2.5 Gb/s Data Link Card
      – IEEE P1386 Common Mezzanine Card form factor (same as PMC)
      – 32-bit parallel FPDP data bus @ 62.5 MHz




  •Custom Carrier Board
      –6U VME form factor. FPGA based.
      –Four SOR-422U parallel output ports for connection to Xinetics Drivers.
      –P1 port for connection to LODM and TTM amplifiers.
            DM High-Speed Data Link Architecture
PALM-3000
PALM-3000
                 Active Mirror Control Electronics
                          16 cables with 375-pin
                         Hypertronics connectors
            I/F panel


                                                       AO Bench
            I/F panel
 Rack 1




            I/F panel

                                                                 3668




                                       I/F box
                                                                actuator
            I/F panel
                                                                  DM


            I/F panel
                                                   99 cables with 51-pin
                                                   Omnetics connectors
            I/F panel
 Rack 2




            I/F panel




            I/F panel
PALM-3000
                      Active Mirror Control Electronics

  •   HO DM Cabling




                                                          28
PALM-3000
                      Active Mirror Control Electronics

  •   HO DM Cabling




                                                          29
PALM-3000
                      Active Mirror Control Electronics

  • Layout (Liquid: Rack 1)




                                                          30
PALM-3000
                      Active Mirror Control Electronics

  • Layout (Liquid: Rack 2)




                                                          31
PALM-3000
                      Active Mirror Control Electronics

  • Layout (Air: Rack 1)




                                                          32
PALM-3000
                      Active Mirror Control Electronics

  • Layout (Air: Rack 2)




                                                          33
PALM-3000
                             Active Mirror Control Electronics

  • Rack locations inside the cassegrain cage
     – DM racks located in 2 and 3




             1
                      2
                             3




                 West side
PALM-3000
                    AO Bench Electronics




            AO Bench Electronics




                                           35
PALM-3000
                                    AO Bench Electronics

  •   Design
  •   Layout
  •   Workstation Computer
       – Make / Model
       – PCI Cards
       – Cabling
  •   Motion Control
       – Make / Models
       – Cabling
  •   Monster Motor Cable
       – Design
       – Cable / Connector
       – Cost
  •   Rack Locations inside the cassegrain cage




                                                           36
PALM-3000
                       AO Bench Electronics

  • Two 24U Bud Industry Racks
  • Rack mounted PC provides supervisory control
    for AO bench devices
  • 4 Motion Controllers
  • 2 SciMeasure Controllers (1 NGS)
  • Light Sources (Laser and White Light)
  • New Monster Motor Cable
  • TTM Custom Interface Box



                                                   37
PALM-3000
                      AO Bench Electronics

  • Layout (Rack 1)
PALM-3000
                      AO Bench Electronics

  • Layout (Rack 2)
PALM-3000
                                      AO Bench Electronics

  • Computer
     – Make / Model
            •   Advanced Industrial Computer
            •   RMC-4S-2
            •   Rack Mount
            •   7 PCI Slots
            •   0C – 50C
     – PCI Cards
            • PCI IP Carrier Card
                  – Acromag
                  – APC8621E




                                                             40
PALM-3000
                                          AO Bench Electronics

  • Computer (Continued)
     – PCI Cards
            • Digital I/O
                –   IP470A
                –   48 bi-directional input/output channels
                –   TTL compatible inputs
                –   Extended temperature range
                –   $425.00
            • Connects to a custom board inside the monster motor cable
              box which is then routed to a break out box and connected
              to the white light source. We will re-use the existing
              hardware and cables.




                                                                          41
PALM-3000
                                         AO Bench Electronics

  • Computer (Continued)
     – PCI Cards
            •   Engineering Design Team (EDT)
            •   PCI DV C-Link
            •   Communication with the acquisition camera
            •   Direct 5M camera link cable connection




                                                                42
PALM-3000
                                     AO Bench Electronics

  • Computer (Continued)
     – Ethernet
            • Connects to PC 0 via a 300’ crossover cable
            • Gigabit Ethernet (For Video Data Transfer)
            • Connection through the Palomar cable wrap




                                                            43
PALM-3000
                                          AO Bench Electronics

  • Motion Control
     – Make / Models
            • Aerotech (2)
                –   Ensemble EPAQ
                –   6 Axis
                –   RS 232 communication
                –   6 ATS 50 motors (4 for stimulus, 1 for acquisition camera)
                –   1 ATS 100 (Stimulus fold mirror – Replaces current 850E)
                –   1 ATS 150 (HOWFS focus stage)
                –   4 AOM 130 (SSMs, each with external encoder)




                                                                                 44
PALM-3000
                                       AO Bench Electronics

  • Motion Control
     – Make / Models
            • Newport (2)
                –   ESP 300
                –   3 Axis
                –   RS 232 communication
                –   2 MFA-CC (HOWFS Lenslet Changer)
                –   1 UTS50CC (HOWFS Camera Focus)
                –   2 LTA-HS (Second ESP300 to support OAR experiment)




                                                                         45
PALM-3000
                                        Motor Cable Interface
  Cable Design
  •   We are not planning on reusing the existing cable.
       –   Not enough conductors.
       –   No shielded twisted pairs (desirable for encoder signals).
       –   Scheduling conflicts.
       –   Note: Could be made to work with secondary power cable
                 and remote sense encoder / limit switch power.
  •   Two Cable Design to separate power signals from low-level signals
       – Signal Cable (custom made)
            • 78 26 AWG shielded twisted pairs for encoder signals
            • 132 26 AWG single conductors for limit switches, hall sensors, etc.
            • 10 20 AWG single conductors for encoder, limit switch, and camera power
            • Hypertronics NPJY23 / 2HFR/1NMRR/4HFR/1NMRR/2HRF connectors
       – Power Cable (custom made)
            • 20 20 AWG shielded quads for motor power
            • 8 RG316 coaxes for PZTs
            • Hypertronics NPJY23/13NMRR/2VMR connectors
                                                                                        46
PALM-3000
                             Motor Cable Interface

  Interface Boxes
  • Rack Box
     –   +5V remote sense P.S. for encoders and limit switches
     –   +12V power supply for acquisition camera
     –   D-sub connectors to motor controllers
     –   Lemo connectors to TTM Interface
  • Bench Box
     –   Distribute +5V power
     –   D-sub connectors to motorized stages
     –   Lemo connectors to FSM
     –   Hirose connector to acquistion camera
PALM-3000
            Motor Cable Interface
PALM-3000
                                AO Bench Electronics

  • AO Bench Control Cassegrain Rack Locations
     – AO bench racks located in 4 and 6




            1
                     2
                            3




                West side
PALM-3000
                    Data Room Electronics




            Data Room Electronics




                                            50
PALM-3000
             Data Room Electronics

  • Design




                                     51
PALM-3000
                                      Data Room Electronics

  •   Make / Model
       – HP xw9400 Workstation
       – 4 GB RAM
       – $3,000.00
  •   Monitors
       – HP w2207h 22-inch Widescreen Flat Panel Monitor x 3
       – $300.00 each
  •   UPS
       – Back-UPS ES
       – $100.00
  •   Mobility
       – Custom made table that will move between the data room and the AO lab
       – Already built
  •   Locations
       – AO Lab
       – Palomar Data Room


                                                                                 52
PALM-3000
                     Palomar Upgrades




            Palomar Infrastructure




                                        53
PALM-3000
                                       Palomar Infrastructure Upgrades

  •   Palomar will require upgrades to handle the P3K AO System
       – Power at cassegrain cage
            •   ~10kW
       – Active cooling at cassegrain and AO Lab (if funded)
            •   Cooling lines
            •   Chiller
       – Routing of cables
            •   RTC – DM fibers
            •   RTC – Cassegrain Computer
            •   Cables must also run to the AO lab during non telescope time.
       – Cooling to computer room
            • RTC System produces a significant amount of heat
            • Power upgrades (~10kW)
       – Computer room reorganization




                                                                                54
PALM-3000
                                     Electronics Milestones


  •   RTC procured                                2/25/2008    þ
  •   Electronics PDR                             1/21/2009    þ
  •   DM racks integrated                         1/4/2009     ¨
       – HODM only, air cooled
  •   Control racks integrated                    10/29/2009   ¨
       – Cass PC, HOWFS, 2 motor controllers
  •   P3K closed-loop testbed complete            3/1/2010     ¨
  •   Pre-ship Review                             4/6/2010     ¨
  •   Production racks and cables integrated      8/10/2010    ¨
       – LODM, cable interfaces, stimulus, etc.
  •   PALM-3000 first light                       10/1/2010    ¨



                                                                   55
PALM-3000
                                   Costs

  • Costs spreadsheet
  • Comprehensive list of:
     – Electronic component
     – Price
     – Procured / To be procured
            Questions, Comments, Suggestions
PALM-3000

				
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