Road to Revolution

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					Road to Revolution

Proclamation of 1763

 § This law made it illegal for colonists to
   cross the Appalachian Mountains into the
   land just acquired form the French and
   Indian War.
Proclamation of 1763
§ King George III said the law was to
  protect colonists from Native American
  tribes upset at losing the war.
Colonial Reaction
§ Most colonists felt that King George III
  was punishing them for starting the war
§ Colonists at first complained about the
§ Colonists soon realized that there was
  nothing stopping them from going, and
  begin ignoring the law
Quartering Act
§ The King was not happy about the colonial
  reaction and sent 10,000 British soldiers to
  enforce the Proclamation
§ The King felt as if the colonies should have to
  pay for the troops because it was their fault that
  they were there.
§ The Quartering Act was passed in 1765, and
  required that the colonists provide room and
  board for the troops
 Colonial Reaction
§ Once again, the colonist complain about
  the new rules and regulations from the
§ Colonist begin to only provide basic room
  and board for solders, such as tents to
  sleep in and bread, water, and beans to
Sugar Act
§ The French and Indian War had cost a lot of
  money, and King George III wanted it repaid by
  the colonies.
§ His solution to this was to tax the colonists,
  with the tax money being sent directly to
§ The Sugar Act was the first tax, placed on
  sugar and molasses brought into the colonies.
Colonial Reaction
§ The colonies complained about the
  Sugar Act and tried to avoid paying
§ Smugglers brought in sugar from other
  locations and sold it with no tax
§ The King and Parliament could not
  believe the reaction to the Sugar Act, and
  the King vowed to punish the colonies
  even more
The Stamp Act
§ The Stamp Act required all paper to carry
  an official stamp declaring that a tax had
  been paid
§ Paper documents included in the tax
  were contracts, wills, newspapers, and
§ The stamp made it impossible to
  smuggle in goods
Colonial Reaction
§ Once again the colonies believed that
  this was uncalled for, and complained.
§ For the first time the colonies call a joint
  meeting of representatives from each
  colony….called the Stamp Act Congress
§ At this meeting, it is decided that all
  colonists should boycott paper goods
  with the stamp tax
England Backs Down
 § England is surprised by the colonies uniting
   against them, and call off the Stamp Act
 § At the same time, they issue a statement called
   the Declaratory Act, which states that
   Parliament had supreme authority of the
 § The colonies had won this round, but were
   being guaranteed that England would return
   with future laws against them.
The Townshend Acts
§ Passed 1767
§ Was a series of taxes on glass, paper,
  paint, lead, and tea.
§ The Writs of Assistance was passed at
  the same time, which gave British
  officials the power to search homes and
  businesses for smuggled goods.
Colonial Reaction
 § The first response was to boycott these
   British goods.
 § Secondly, groups such as the Sons of
   Liberty hold protests in the street to gain
   support for “Taxation without
The Boston Massacre
 § In 1770, a group of protesters gathered near a
   British dock across the street from a tax
   collection house
 § British troops were on guard at the office and
   were being insulted by the crowd.
 § A fight broke out and the British troops opened
   fire. Five unarmed men lay in the street after
   the smoke cleared.
 § The Townshend acts were repealed within a
The Tea Act
§ Passed in 1773
§ Forced colonists to buy tea only from a
  certain English tea company as well as
  placed a tax on the tea.
§ Once again, the colonists feel they are
  being punished and become angry. They
  feel England will back down once again.
The Boston Tea Party

 § On December 16, 1773, many members
   of the Sons of Liberty gathered in Boston
   Harbor dressed as Natives.
 § They boarded a British Tea ship, and
   dumped all of the tea overboard.
 § When they finished, they cleaned up the
   ship and made sure nothing else was
England Responds
 § England had enough of the colonies at this
   point and chooses to punish them more
   severely than ever before.
 § The Intolerable Acts are passed.
 § They included shutting down Boston Harbor,
   getting rid of the Mass. Colonial government,
   and allowed British troops to stay and do as
   they pleased without standing trial.
First Continental Congress

 § In Sept. 1774, a group of men
   representing all of the colonies met to
   discuss the response to the Intolerable
 § They agreed to boycott all British goods.
 § They also agreed to set up a militia in
   each colony just in case.
England Discovers the
 § Forming a militia to face the English army was
   treason, punishable by death.
 § England finds out about the militia in Mass.,
   and sends troops to find the leaders and arrest
   them as well as gather weapons.
 § When the British Army leaves Boston, several
   men ride out to warn people that the “British
   are Coming”
 § One of the men is Paul Revere
Lexington and Concord

 § The British troops arrive in Lexington on April
   19, 1775.
 § The militia is standing in the road when the
   British arrive. A shot is fired, and the war
 § The British move on past Lexington to Concord
   and are surprised attacked the entire way.
   They eventually have to retreat to Boston.

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