Road to Revolution
Proclamation of 1763
§ This law made it illegal for colonists to
cross the Appalachian Mountains into the
land just acquired form the French and
Proclamation of 1763
§ King George III said the law was to
protect colonists from Native American
tribes upset at losing the war.
§ Most colonists felt that King George III
was punishing them for starting the war
§ Colonists at first complained about the
§ Colonists soon realized that there was
nothing stopping them from going, and
begin ignoring the law
§ The King was not happy about the colonial
reaction and sent 10,000 British soldiers to
enforce the Proclamation
§ The King felt as if the colonies should have to
pay for the troops because it was their fault that
they were there.
§ The Quartering Act was passed in 1765, and
required that the colonists provide room and
board for the troops
§ Once again, the colonist complain about
the new rules and regulations from the
§ Colonist begin to only provide basic room
and board for solders, such as tents to
sleep in and bread, water, and beans to
§ The French and Indian War had cost a lot of
money, and King George III wanted it repaid by
§ His solution to this was to tax the colonists,
with the tax money being sent directly to
§ The Sugar Act was the first tax, placed on
sugar and molasses brought into the colonies.
§ The colonies complained about the
Sugar Act and tried to avoid paying
§ Smugglers brought in sugar from other
locations and sold it with no tax
§ The King and Parliament could not
believe the reaction to the Sugar Act, and
the King vowed to punish the colonies
The Stamp Act
§ The Stamp Act required all paper to carry
an official stamp declaring that a tax had
§ Paper documents included in the tax
were contracts, wills, newspapers, and
§ The stamp made it impossible to
smuggle in goods
§ Once again the colonies believed that
this was uncalled for, and complained.
§ For the first time the colonies call a joint
meeting of representatives from each
colony….called the Stamp Act Congress
§ At this meeting, it is decided that all
colonists should boycott paper goods
with the stamp tax
England Backs Down
§ England is surprised by the colonies uniting
against them, and call off the Stamp Act
§ At the same time, they issue a statement called
the Declaratory Act, which states that
Parliament had supreme authority of the
§ The colonies had won this round, but were
being guaranteed that England would return
with future laws against them.
The Townshend Acts
§ Passed 1767
§ Was a series of taxes on glass, paper,
paint, lead, and tea.
§ The Writs of Assistance was passed at
the same time, which gave British
officials the power to search homes and
businesses for smuggled goods.
§ The first response was to boycott these
§ Secondly, groups such as the Sons of
Liberty hold protests in the street to gain
support for “Taxation without
The Boston Massacre
§ In 1770, a group of protesters gathered near a
British dock across the street from a tax
§ British troops were on guard at the office and
were being insulted by the crowd.
§ A fight broke out and the British troops opened
fire. Five unarmed men lay in the street after
the smoke cleared.
§ The Townshend acts were repealed within a
The Tea Act
§ Passed in 1773
§ Forced colonists to buy tea only from a
certain English tea company as well as
placed a tax on the tea.
§ Once again, the colonists feel they are
being punished and become angry. They
feel England will back down once again.
The Boston Tea Party
§ On December 16, 1773, many members
of the Sons of Liberty gathered in Boston
Harbor dressed as Natives.
§ They boarded a British Tea ship, and
dumped all of the tea overboard.
§ When they finished, they cleaned up the
ship and made sure nothing else was
§ England had enough of the colonies at this
point and chooses to punish them more
severely than ever before.
§ The Intolerable Acts are passed.
§ They included shutting down Boston Harbor,
getting rid of the Mass. Colonial government,
and allowed British troops to stay and do as
they pleased without standing trial.
First Continental Congress
§ In Sept. 1774, a group of men
representing all of the colonies met to
discuss the response to the Intolerable
§ They agreed to boycott all British goods.
§ They also agreed to set up a militia in
each colony just in case.
England Discovers the
§ Forming a militia to face the English army was
treason, punishable by death.
§ England finds out about the militia in Mass.,
and sends troops to find the leaders and arrest
them as well as gather weapons.
§ When the British Army leaves Boston, several
men ride out to warn people that the “British
§ One of the men is Paul Revere
Lexington and Concord
§ The British troops arrive in Lexington on April
§ The militia is standing in the road when the
British arrive. A shot is fired, and the war
§ The British move on past Lexington to Concord
and are surprised attacked the entire way.
They eventually have to retreat to Boston.