Pros and Cons
Why might people argue against the
How might limiting expenditures and
contributions be positive? Negative?
Loopholes/Issues of BCRA
Purpose: outlaw use of soft money (fed. elections)
• 527 committee—unregulated
interest groups focusing on a
• Continuous re-writing of FEC
• Unlimited state-to-state
transfers of money
• Honor system vs. realistic
• Constitutional violations
• 501c committee—tax-
Why is there campaign reform,
Most contributors give to support parties or candidates
with whom they are already in agreement.
• However, public perception= donors expect illegal
gov’t favors in return (such as specific legislation
being enacted or defeated)— “buying” influence
Some believe campaign finance is political
• Many want the government, rather than private
individuals/organizations, to provide funding for
– democratic countries have differing regulations on types of
donations to parties and campaigns
Eliminate soft money completely
Define what would this Define what NOT having
reform mean? this reform would mean?
• Tries to avoid limits on • First amendment!
hard money • Contrary to Buckley
• Decreases overall cost of ruling!
campaigning • Weakens political parties
• Less concern about • Money is only one step
“buying” influence removed from contributor
• More disclosure of fund to decision-maker
Limit independent expenditures
• Could be used to avoid • First amendment!
limits on hard money • Contrary to Buckley!
• “Levels the playing field” • Might lessen grassroots
• Could reduce negative participation in
issue ads campaigns/support
• Candidates want to
control their own
Raise limits on contributions
• Limits don’t account for • Allows the rich to have
inflation more influence
• Candidates can spend • Already too much money
less time fundraising in the process already!
• Decreases PAC influence • Drives up cost of
• Decreases restrictions on campaigns
First Amend. rights
Let’s see what happens when
donations are made…