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Bureaucracy in Education

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					      Bureaucracy in Education
Federal government Department of education (No Child Left Behind)
         State Department of Education (DESE)
                    Board of Education
                     Superintendent
   Central Office Administrators Curriculum specialists, CFO
                 Building head principals
                    Assistant principals
                        Counselors
             Building instructional specialists
                         Teachers
                         Students
             Formal schooling
l   Education that is provided and regulated
    by society
          Ch12 Section 1
l   Advantages of formal education (aka
    bureaucratic or factory
    model)

Tendency to specialize in subject areas
Age based classrooms
Efficiency
Educate more students for less money
    Criticisms of Formal schooling
•   Children are not inorganic raw materials
    made to be molded into factory products
•   Too rigid
•   Too standardized ….b/c one-size does not
    fit all
•   Not individualized
           Your Opinions
l   List five things that are
    wrong with Ursuline



l   List five things that are
    right or
    positive
    about Ursuline
                    positive

l   Serviam                l   Teach values
l   Uniforms               l   Strict
                           l   No one left behind if they
l   Interesting teachers       ask for help
l   Pretty campus          l   Nice administrators
l   Math lab               l   Classes are fun
l   Advisement             l   Options with electives
l   Students are given
    Autonomy
l   Friendly environment
                    complaints

l   No discipline              l   Inflexibility
l   No options for classes     l   Too much busy work
    teachers don’t care        l   Little discussion ALL ppt
l   Bad food                   l   We get little respect
l   Lame teachers              l   Unhappy teachers
l   Aren’t flexible            l   Costs a lot
l   Laptops                    l   Too many movies
l   Little academic emphasis
Educational success
 and its obstacles

       parents




  students       teachers
School reforms
        Democratic reforms in the
Open classroom
               classroom
A non-bureaucratic
  approach to
  education based on
  democracy, flexibility
  and noncompetitive
  learning.
Enhances and
  reinforces creativity

Montessori philosophy –
  every child helps decides
  his-or her approach to
Cooperative
 learning
Pg 391


Instructional method that
  relies on cooperation
  among students

Students learn together
  and teach together
Integrative
  curriculum
Pg 391

an approach to
  education based on
  student-teacher
  cooperation
      Open Classroom experiment
1.    Pick a topic in sociology (in this chapter)

2.    Decide how you want to …
(a)   gain more knowledge about the topic and
(b)   demonstrate your knowledge

1.    Get it approved by ME then Begin the
      process
 Must have proof of work done
Topics must be connected to Sociology
Demonstration ideas
• Make a skit that exemplifies an idea or
  sociological concept
• Create poem that demonstrates idea
• Draw or illustrate ideas that typify a
  concept
• Write a story that uses sociological
  concepts
l Create a collage that exemplifies an idea
  or sociological concept
l Break down a story (from Am. Lit, for
  example) explain how it relates to
  concepts in sociology
        Assessment based on
Scope                   Depth

The area covered by a   How deep you go into
  given activity or      the content you cover
  subject                – the complexity of
                         the topic
     Back To Basics Movement
              pg 393
Gov. report A Nation at Risk
Stated that Gov. report A Nation at Risk

Stated that Americans were deficient in
  “education” and therefore were at risk of
  being taken over (economically) by world-
  wide competitors
Back to Basics
  Movement
prompted Schools to return back to teaching
  the “basics”
                   Example:
                 4-years math
                4-years science
             4 years reading/writing
            4 years of social studies
    School Choice Movement
l Voucher system
pg 393
A system by which public funds may be
  used to support tuition (payment) to a
  school of your choice
              Charter schools
                 pg 394
l   Publicly funded schools that operate like
    private schools by public school teachers
    and administrators
               Magnet schools
                  pg 394
l   Public schools that focus on particular
    disciplines or areas – fine arts, science,
    technology, etc…
For profit
 schools
Pg 394

Schools that are operated by private
 companies on government funds.
   Educational Tracking (398)
The European model of education
Schools place students in “tracked”
 programs according to their academic
 ability.
                                         Examples:
                              College-bound track
                             Service industry track
  School
                                   Carpentry track
                            Technical service track
                                      Nursing track
                                    Business track
School desegregation
 The achievement of racial balance in the
  classroom

 Multicultural
  education
 An education curriculum that emphasizes
  differences among gender, ethnic, and racial
  categories
Compensatory
 education

Specific curricular programs designed to
 overcome a deficiency
    ex. head start
              Pros and cons of
             educational reform
Using as graph, indicate (at least) one advantage
  and (at least) disadvantage of each educational
  reform movement

l   Voucher system
l   Charter schools
l   Magnet schools
l   For profit schools
l   Tracking
l   School desegregation
l   Multicultural education
l   Compensatory education
        Sociological perspectives

(1) Functionalists perspective
     emphasizes the positive functions of the educational system



(2) Conflict perspective
 emphasizes the inequities and negative aspects of the educational
 system



(3) Symbolic interactionism
     emphasizes how culture transmits attitudes and values
                Section 2

Functionalist …
       on education
 Schools serve a purpose; they create a
  common identity for all students

 Manifest functions – intended results
 Latent functions – unintended consequences
Page 400
Conflict perspective
l Popular conceptions about education are
  not necessarily true
                Theories
Meritocracy
A society in which social status is based on
  ability and achievement

Competition
A system in which rewards are based on
  relative performance
l   If one is rewarded for ACT scores, does
    this mean American education is a
    meritocracy?

l   Or are some at a disadvantage?
         Educational equality

l   An attempt to produce the same results for
    lower-class and minority children as it
    does for other children
              Intelligence
Cognitive ability
 Capacity for thinking abstractly

Cultural bias
  unfair measurement of the cognitive
  abilities of people in some social
  categories
http://wilderdom.com/personality/intelligence
  ChitlingTestShort.html
School
 desegregation
The attempt to achieve a racial balance in
 the classroom
Compensatory
 education
Specific curricular programs designed to
 overcome educational deficiency
Symbolic
 interactionism

“We don’t know how to learn, we learn how
  we know”
l   Hidden
    curriculum
    l The non-academic agenda that teaches
     discipline, order, cooperativeness, and
     conformity

      la    hidden agenda is also present in textbooks
            l   Espousing patriotism, civic duty and responsibility
Self-fulfilling prophecy
A prediction about oneself that results in
  behavior that makes the prediction come
  true

				
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