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WWI and American Culture - mcneff

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					WWI and American Culture
WWI Culture

• War of Firsts
  – Technology
  – Combat
  – Weaponry
• Countries had to adapt how they fought
  – Required more soldiers
  – Selective Service
WWI Culture

• Countries also had to adapt at home,
  especially U.S.
• Three major groups changed in order to
  help war effort
  – African Americans, Women, Industry
WWI Culture

• African Americans
  – Migrated
     • Had to go where the jobs were
  – Fought
     • Segregated army
     • Used war as a way to prove how important their
      role in society was
WWI Culture

• Women
 – Worked
    • Had to replace the men
 – Served in military
    • Nurses and secretaries
WWI Culture

• Industry
  – War Industries Board
     • Told manufacturers what to produce and how
       much
     • Very powerful
  – Chart on p. 459
  – Great Migration
     • New employees
WWI Culture

• Public Support
  – Victory Gardens
  – Victory/Liberty Bonds
  – Committee on Public Information
     • Had to sell the war to the American people
     • Celebrities and well know business men
  – Propaganda posters
WWI Culture
 – Espionage and Sedition Acts
    • Made any opposition of war illegal
 – Schenck v. the United States
    • Supreme Court decision that outlawed speech that
     posed a “clear and present danger”

				
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posted:7/4/2013
language:English
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