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Zimbabwe Council for Higher Education _ZIMCHE_


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									Zimbabwe Council for Higher
    Education (ZIMCHE)
           Presentation by Mr. G. T. Gurira
      Principal Director HR, Admin and Finance
        Role of Higher Education in
          National Development
• The role of higher education in national development is uncontested

• Higher education and its constituent institutions have an immense
  social and public responsibility

• Higher education avails to society a critical mass of citizenry who
  possess the capability to engage the most intractable problems of

• It produces the skilled graduates, professionals and intellectuals with
  the stamina to drive economic, social and political development
  The Zimbabwe Higher Education
The Zimbabwe higher education sector has undergone massive
  expansion since 1980

From one public university at independence it now has 15 universities,
  nine (9) public and six (6) private

The system is expected to grow even larger in 2012 with the addition of
  three new public universities and probably one private university i.e.
  the Reformed Church in Zimbabwe

The current enrolment in our higher education system is in excess of
            THE CHALLENGES
 The effects of massification i.e. increased numbers in
  higher education is a world wide phenomena from
  which Zimbabwe and other developing nations have
  not been spared
 Increased enrolments have a direct bearing on quality
 The major challenge is how do you provide quality
  education in a context of increased numbers against a
  background of limited and dwindling funding
             Challenges (cont.)
 Currently the entirety of our public higher education
  institutions are heavily dependent on the fiscus for capital
  and recurrent expenditures
 On average it is estimated 80% of budgetary support is
  from the fiscus, 15% fees and 5% from other sources
 This is obviously unsustainable: there is need for HEIs to
  diversify funding sources especially in a context where the
  cake is getting smaller
 The crisis of our institutions is worsened/exacerbated by
  the formidable economic, social and political challenges
  encountered by our nation in the ten years following the
  onset of the land reform programme (2001 to 2010).
Challenges cont....
 When the macro economic environment took a nose dive, the
  institutions could not escape the irresistible vortex triggered by
  the land revolution.

 Resultant scenario:
       - massive brain drain
       - lack of infrastructural development (given that
          most of our institutions were born during this
          most challenging period in the history of our
       -inability of higher education institutions to deliver on v
         their mandates.
        -low staff morale
The three pillars of a successful
higher education system
1. Planning(ensuring all planning documents align
    with educational planning).i.e. Higher and
    Vocational education
2. Quality assurance (as discussed)
3. Funding
  - Percentage of national budget that goes to higher
  -Institutional funding arrangements
  -Student educational support arrangements
 Situation in institutions has slightly improved
  following the signing of the Global Political
  Agreement (GPA)
 Institutions are back to the normal semester system
  and enrolments have improved.
 The real challenge is to prepare our HEIs for global
 Public HEIs and private HEIs are expected to be
  innovative in devising funding strategies if they are to
Funding strategies (cont.)
Suggested strategies:
 PPPs – where private player performs service delivery on
  administrative function and assumes associated risks in return for a
  predetermined fee
 PPPs described by the Honourable Minister S. Mudenge as one of the
  practical and viable strategies to mobilise resources for our HEIs
 Joint Ventures (JVs) with willing partners in academic related ventures
  e.g. Printing Press and Publishing House
 Commercial Agriculture – example of Chinhoyi University joint
  venture with Chinese firm.
 Short courses/ programmes
 Collaborative Research/Consultancies
 Centres of excellence
 Industrial doctorates and incubation centres
 Fundraising e.t.c e.t.c
Thank you

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