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UNDERSTANDING CULTURAL DIFERENCES

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									                On my honor,
      I will never betray my badge,
        my integrity, my character,
             or the public trust.
              I will always have
        the courage to hold myself
and others accountable for our actions.
  I will always uphold the constitution
my community and the agency I serve.

           So help me God
       End to old ideas
l Long Arm of the Law
l Police vs. “the bad guys”
l Kick Ass, Take Names - Not the
  philosophy for policing into the 21st
  century
l Code of Silence is no longer tolerated
l Officers have developed their own
  privately owned language (Cop Lingo)
  which might be judgmental and
  offensive to the community
             Cop Lingo
l Attitude adjustment?
l Physically harming a person to instill
  respect for the police
l Routine call?
l Service call with no extraordinary
  circumstances
l Good Rape?
l Rape with a credible victim
               Cop Lingo
l Crispy Critter?
l Arson or burn victim
l Stiff?
l Dead person
l Road Kill?
l Person who has died as
  the result of a crash
l Pigeon?
l Victim of a con artist
             Cop Lingo
l Cop Groupie?
l Woman who fraternizes with peace
  officers with the intention of having
  relationships with them
l Bean Hole?
l Food Port
l Snitch?
l Informant, good or bad
              Cop Lingo
l Crack Head?
l Addict
l Dirt Bag?
l Anyone officers don’t like
l Puzzle Palace?
l Headquarters
l Dick?
l Detective
              Cop Lingo
l 548?
l Calling someone an idiot by number
  (1096 = Mental patient)
l Dime?
l 10 years in jail or $10 in drugs
l Dope?
l Any illegal narcotics
l Dirty?
l Guilty of a crime
             Cop Lingo
l Hoopty or P.O.S.?
l Car in crappy shape
l On the Box?
l Lie Detector Test
l Whacked?
l Killed, hit, assaulted
l Bunko?
l Con artist & fraud
 What was the predominant
ethnicity of the first American
    police officers. Why?
 Black History Month Handout
l Read the handout in your group
  and decide on the possible
  negative/positive outcomes.
l What questions do you
  have about the columnist
  who wrote the article?
           HUMAN DNA
l If our DNA coding was stretched it
  would reach from New York to the
  California coastline.
l Our DNA coding would fill 200
  Manhattan size phonebooks with
  1,000 pages each.
l All 100,000 of your genes are
  crammed into the 23 pairs of
  chromosomes in the nucleus
  of each of your cells!
         HUMAN DNA
         share 99.5% of their
l Children
 parents DNA

lALL of God’s people
 share over 99% of
 the exact same
 DNA!!!
PURPOSE OF TRAINING IN CULTURAL
  DIFFERENCES AND DIVERSITY

l Pro-active approach enhances
  positive police-community relations
l Reduces lawsuits
l End to old ideas & myths
l Improves professionalism
  & understanding
          Ohio’s Diversity
l From 92 countries, 808 immigrants 
  became new American citizens at 
  Value City Arena in 2008.
l In 2004, Ohio processed 14,211 
  citizenship applications, triple the 
  number in 2003. 
l “Nationwide, 450,000                    
  immigrants are expected to                     
  take the oath this year.”
Diversity of the Dollar Bill?
  Who Was Haym Solomon?
l Polish Jew – Savior of a Nation?
l 1776 arrested as a spy as part of
  the Sons of Liberty, 18 months
l Later sentenced to death but
  escaped
l War Chest was empty
l $25 million in today’s $
l Bailed out the U.S. several
  more times
       SENSITIVITY
  The ability to consider the
feeling of others and address
 the party in a respectful and
    non-offensive manner
   CULTURAL AWARENESS
l The opening of our minds and
  hearts to the ways of others
l The mutual exchange of
  knowledge for the betterment
  of humanity
Are people a product of their
       environment?
  Why is cultural awareness
  important to you as a Law
    Enforcement Official?
A police officer pulled over a car for a 
  traffic violation. The driver appeared 
    to be non-American. He stopped, 
        then got out of the car and 
 approached the officer’s car, shouting 
    and waving his arms. The officer 
       wondered if this person was 
  dangerous or unstable, preparing to 
               attack him/her.
   In some cultures, you don’t 
inconvenience a police officer by 
making him/her get out of the car 
and come to you. Waiting for the 
officer or doing nothing is a tacit 
admission of guilt. In the context 
of the driver’s cultural norms, he 
was paying the officer the utmost 
  respect by stepping out of the 
car.  Waving his arms letting him 
       know he is unarmed.
 Diversity in
American Law
Enforcement
              1891 New York




1910 L.A.
Alice Wells
 Marie Owens – Chicago PD
l Detective sergeant in 1891
 Bass
Reeves
l Born enslaved in 1838 in Crawford
  County, Arkansas
l Fled north into Indian Territory and
  lived with Seminole and Creek Indians.
l Reeves and his family farmed until 1875
l Recruited by Judge Isaac Parker & U.S.
  Marshal James Fagan in 1875
l Reeves arrested over 3,000
  fugitives & killed at least 14
l At statehood became a member of the
  Muskogee, Oklahoma, police department
  at the age of 68
          Dayton PD
l First black police officer?
l Patorlman William Jenkins
  1897
l Lucius Rice 1909
  Sgt. 1915
  killed by gunfire 1939
          Sheriff Collins
      female Sheriff in Ohio – What
l First
 year?
 Understanding different life 
   practices relating to race, 
religion, gender, age, physical 
    ability/disability, sexual 
    orientation, validity and 
 integrity of those behaviors
       U.S. POPULATION

       As of Jan 11, 2006

      U.S.    305,600,000
      World 6,750,000,000

Source: http://www.census.gov
    THE WORLD’S POPULATION
If we could shrink the earth’s
population to the size of a
village of precisely 100 people,
with all the existing human
ratios remaining the same, it
would look something like the
following:
How Many Would There Be?
l Europeans   l How many
l Asians        males vs.
l Africans
                females
              l How many white
l From the
 Western        vs. non-white
 Hemisphere   l How many
                Christians vs.
                non-Christian
THE WORLD’S POPULATION

57 Asians
21 Europeans
14 from the Western Hemisphere,
      both North and South
 8 Africans
THE WORLD’S POPULATION
52 would be Female
48 would be Male

70 would be non-white
30 would be white

70 would be non-Christian
30 would be Christian
 How Many Would There Be?
l How many          l How many can
  heterosexuals       read?
  vs. homosexuals   l How many have
l How many will       malnutrition?
  live in           l How many have
  substandard         a college
  housing?            education?
l How many will     l How many own
  be wealthy?         a computer?
THE WORLD’S POPULATION

89 would be heterosexual
11 would be homosexual

 6 people would possess 59% of the
   entire world’s wealth all 6 would be
   from the U.S.

80 would live in substandard housing
     THE WORLD’S POPULATION

     70 would be unable to read
     50 would suffer from malnutrition

      1 would be near death
      1 would be near birth

1 (only) would have a
college education

      1 would own a computer
         OHIO POPULATION
TOP 10 COUNTIES, PERCENT CHANGE IN
      DEMOGRAPHICS 1990-2000
        DELAWARE    64.3%
        WARREN      39.0%
        UNION       28.0%
        NOBLE       24.0%
        MEDINA      23.5%
        BROWN       20.9%
        FAIRFIELD   18.7%
        HOLMES      18.6%
        CLERMONT    18.5%
        VINTON      15.4%
   PROACTIVE APPROACH

l REDUCED    POLICE/COMMUNITY
 CONFLICT: pro-active organization
 promoting understanding of inter-
 cultural communication reduce
 community conflict and
 misunderstandings
Police Code of Ethics
Police Code of Ethics
Police Code of Ethics
      POLICE CODE OF
         CONDUCT

l PRIMARY RESPONSIBILITIES OF A
 POLICE OFFICER: A police officer
 acts as an official representative of
 government who is required and trusted
 to work within the law
       POLICE CODE OF
          CONDUCT
l PERFORMANCE OF THE DUTIES OF
 A POLICE OFFICER: A police officer
 shall perform all duties impartially,
 without favor or affection or ill will and
 without regard to status, gender, race,
 religion, political belief or aspiration
        POLICE CODE OF
           CONDUCT
l DISCRETION:      A police officer will use
  responsibly, the discretion vested in the
  position and exercise it within the law
l USE OF FORCE: A police officer will
  never employ unnecessary force or
  violence and will use only such force in
  the discharge of duty as is reasonable
  in all circumstances
        POLICE CODE OF
           CONDUCT
l CONFIDENTIALITY:         Whatever a
  police officer sees, hears or learns of
  that is of a confidential nature will be
  kept secret unless the performance of
  duty or legal provision requires
  otherwise
l INTEGRITY: A police officer will not
  engage in acts of corruption or bribery
  nor will an officer condone such
  acts by other police officers
       POLICE CODE OF
          CONDUCT
l COOPERATION WITH OTHER
 OFFICERS AND AGENCIES: Police
 officers will cooperate with all legally
 authorized agencies and their
 representatives in the pursuit of justice
       POLICE CODE OF
          CONDUCT
l PERSONAL / PROFESSIONAL
  CAPABILITIES: Police officers will be
  responsible for their own standard of
  professional performance and will take
  every reasonable opportunity to
  enhance and improve their level of
  knowledge and competency
l PRIVATE LIFE: Police officers will
  behave in a manner that does not bring
  discredit to their agencies or
  themselves
l An  officer’s values and beliefs affect
  his/her conduct
l An officer’s conduct affects community
  perception of the police department
l Community perception affects an
  officer’s conduct
l Understanding cultural differences
  makes our job easier
DEFINITIONS
              RACISM
Prejudice and/or discrimination against
 people based on the social construction
     of race. Differences in physical
   characteristics (e.g. skin color, hair
 texture, eye shape) are used to support
          a system of inequities.
          Sikhism
l Monotheism - (Judaism,
  Christianity, Islam and Baha'i Faith)
l 5th largest in the world
l Principal beliefs are faith and justice
l "Realization of Truth is higher than all
  else. Higher still is truthful living“ – Guru
  Nanak
l God has no gender in Sikhism,
  God is “without form”
                Sikhism
l Equality of all humans and rejects
  discrimination on the basis of caste, creed,
  and gender
l A warrior culture with only 2% of India
  being Sikh; but make up nearly 30% of
  Indian Army officers
l Traditional weapons like sabres and
  chakram/quoits still used
l Congressional Medal of Honor, or
  equivelent, in every major war
Tajdeep Singh Rattan
           “I am willing to 
          lay down my life 
           for America. In 
             return, I ask 
             only that my 
           country respect 
               my faith”
   RELIGIOUS BIGOTRY
Prejudice and/or discrimination
  against people based on their
religious beliefs and/or practices.
HOMOPHOBIA/HETEROSEXISM
  Prejudice and/or discrimination against
people who are or who are perceived to be
    lesbian, gay, bisexual or transgender
 (LGBT). While homophobia is usually used
to describe a blatant fear or hatred of LGBT
   people, heterosexism is a broader term
  used to describe attitudes and behaviors
 based on the belief that heterosexuality is
   the norm and/or that homosexuality is
                    wrong.
       STEREOTYPE
An oversimplified generalization
about a person or group of people
   without regard for individual
   differences. Even seemingly
  positive stereotypes that link a
   person or group to a specific
 positive trait can have negative
           consequences.
           ABELISM
Prejudice and/or discrimination
   against people with mental
   and/or physical disabilities.
           AGEISM
  Prejudice and/or discrimination
against people because of their real
 or perceived age. Although ageism
is often assumed to be bias against
  older people, members of other
   groups, such as teens, are also
     targets of prejudice and/or
 discrimination based on their age.
         ANTI-SEMITISM
Prejudice and/or discrimination against
  Jews. Anti-Semitism can be based on
  hatred against Jews because of their
    religious beliefs and their group
         membership (ethnicity).
            CLASSISM
Prejudice and/or discrimination against
people because of their real or perceived
      social and economic status.
       ISLAMOPHOBIA
Prejudice and/or discrimination against
people who are or who are perceived
to be Muslim or of Arab
descent, and a fear or
dislike of Islamic culture.
Kareem Rashad Sultan Khan
            SEXISM
Prejudice and/or discrimination
against people based on their real
or perceived sex. Sexism is based
on a belief (conscious or
unconscious) that
there is a natural
order based on
sex.
      XENOPHOBIA
Prejudice and/or discrimination
against anyone or anything that
  is perceived to be foreign or
outside one’s own group, nation
    or culture. Xenophobia is
   commonly used to describe
    negative attitudes toward
   foreigners and immigrants.
   SILVESTRE S. HERRERA
l Drafted in 1944 at the age of 27 
  with his 4 th child on the way. Lived 
  in Arizona.
l ...."Son, you don't have to go, they 
  can't draft you”
l Not an American citizen
l Born in Camargo, Chihuahua, 
  Mexico
l Legally, Silvestre was a Mexican 
  National and didn't owe service to 
      SILVESTRE S. HERRERA
l   "I thought, I'm going anyway.  I didn't 
    want anybody to die in my place... I felt 
    that I had my adopted country that had 
    been so nice to me.  I thought, I have an 
    American wife and the kids and one on the 
    way."  
l   Part of the first American unit to have 
    landed in Europe during World War II
l   Under heavy fire his one man charge 
    captured 8 enemy soldiers.
l   When not in battle he studied to take          
    his citizenship test!
l Later they again came under fire by 
  a machine gun nest taking countless 
  American lives.  They were 
  separated by a mine field.
l Alone Silvestre entered the mine 
  field to attack the enemy.
l A mine exploded severing his leg 
  below the knee.
l He attacked again and another mine 
  exploded below him                       
  costing him his other leg. 
l Yet he continued to fight.
l Silvestre's courage and 
  fighting spirit became 
  legendary, but it also 
  presented the United States 
  with a problem.   The young 
  hero still was not an American 
  citizen.
l He was asked if he wanted to 
  call home to tell them he had 
  survived the attack?  
l He is the only person in the 
  world authorized to wear the 
  Medal of Honor and Mexico's 
  equivalent
l Pro-active approach enhances and
  embraces positive police-
  community relations
l Reduction in frequency of lawsuits
l Greater personal/organizational
  benefits
l End to old ideas
l Police image & perception.
          approach enhances and
l Pro-active
 embraces positive police-
 community relations
                  Hindu
l There  is one God, with many manifestations
  in different religions- all lead to God
l Eternal, unchanging, infinite, immanent,
  and transcendent reality which is the Divine
  Ground of all matter, energy, time, space,
  being, and everything beyond in this
  Universe
l Brahman religious belief is just seen
  as different paths to the one god
                  Hindu
l Is Christianity much different?
l Christians believe in angels, demons, and
  saints that are inferior to God
l Christians do not consider these beings as
  gods, though they are sometimes the object
  of prayer and veneration.
l Christians believe in the trinity
All forms of prejudice
can be both conscious
(overt and intentional)
and unconscious (tacit
      and based on
   assumptions and
       “norms”).
       ANTI-BIAS
 An active commitment to
    challenging prejudice,
stereotyping and all forms of
       discrimination.
              BIAS
An inclination or preference either
   for or against an individual or
     group that interferes with
         impartial judgment.
        BIGOTRY
An unreasonable or irrational
   attachment to negative
 stereotypes and prejudices.
         DIVERSITY
 Means different or varied. The
population of the United States is
 made up of people from diverse
  “races,” cultures and places.
      MULTICULTURAL
Means many or multiple cultures.
The United States is multicultural
because its population consists of
   people from many different
             cultures.
        PREJUDICE
Prejudging or making a decision
   about a person or group of
    people without sufficient
knowledge. Prejudicial thinking is
frequently based on stereotypes.
           CULTURE
The patterns of daily life learned
consciously and unconsciously by a
group of people. These patterns can
be seen in language, governing
practices, arts, customs,
holiday celebrations, food,
religion, dating rituals and
clothing, to name a few.
     DISCRIMINATION
   The denial of justice and fair
treatment by both individuals and
    institutions in many arenas,
including employment, education,
   housing, banking and political
 rights. Discrimination is an action
           that can follow
         prejudicial thinking.

								
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