U.S. Economic Imperialism in Latin America - Imperialism by pptfiles

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									U.S. Economic Imperialism
in Latin America

Imperialism in Latin America
Background
   Latin America was once in the hands of
    European powers but eventually became
    independent.
   The long struggle for independence left the
    new nations in crumbles.
    – Political instability and clashing social classes.
   The economy grew however, the nations
    borrowed money from other countries and
    were not able to pay them back.
Factors for imperialism

         Economic interest
  When the nations couldn’t pay back the
  loans, the providers threatened to
  forcefully collect the debt or take over the
  facility it had funded.

  Foreigners gained control of many of the
  industries in Latin America.
Who invaded?
           The United States
              of America
 Conquered… (direct)    Intervened in… (indirect)
  Puerto Rico              Cuba
  Guam                     Panama Canal
  Philippines              Central and South
  Northern third of          American countries
   former Mexico (now         (Roosevelt
   California and             Corollary)
   American
   southwest)
  Texas
U.S. Influence
       Panama Canal                     Monroe Doctrine and
                                          Roosevelt Corollary




 The Panama Canal was built by
 Americans in the early 18th
 century. Many of the workers died
 during the construction, due to        The United States decided to issue a
 diseases and such but the canal is     doctrine so that European countries
 now considered one of the world’s      could not reconquer the new
 greatest engineering                   republics, including itself. However
 accomplishments and the U.S.           the addition to the Monroe Doctrine,
 controls it. It allows for extremely   the Roosevelt Corollary states that
 faster travel and trade because        the United States has the right to be
 traveling all the way around South     an “international police power” in the
 America is not necessary               Western Hemisphere. Americans
 anymore.                               however used this to intervene in
                                        Latin American affairs.
Conflict…
                Spanish-American War
   Cubans fight war against Spain for independence
   U.S. joins Cuba and defeats the Spanish easily
   Cuba becomes independent however, the U.S. still
    intervened
                   The Texas Revolt
   American colonist moved to Texas, a Mexican
    territory
   Tensions arose between colonists and Mexicans –
    U.S. revolted
   Mexicans were defeated and the U.S. eventually
    annexed Texas
Effects: Positive
   U.S. controlled the Panama Canal which
    became a major trading region, for both
    hemispheres.
   The United States became a giant country
    with a great deal of influence in other
    regions.
   U.S. brought sanitation and material
    progress to the regions in intervened in,
    such as the Dominican Republic, Nicaragua,
    and Honduras
Effects: Negative

   Latin Americans protested the U.S.
    intervention
   In Mexico, political instability and
    unhappy citizens led to civil war
   Railroads in Argentina, controlled by
    Britain, did not allow the poor to
    benefit
What has happened
since?
   Cuba became
    officially
    independent
   United States
    became even more
    of a leading power
   Panama took over
    the canal in 1999
                      Former Mexico

United States today
Overall…

   Imperialism in Latin America had more
    disadvantages than it had advantages.
    So much conflict was created because
    of U.S. economic imperialism. As well
    as tensions between resistant
    inhabitants that led to war.

								
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