EOC Review

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					EOC Review

   Goal 2
          Objective 2.01
      Federal               State
      Powers               Powers

• Which term best completes this
  a. Reserved powers
  b. Balanced powers
  c. Delegated powers
• The president’s authority to
  veto laws is an example of
  which principle of the U.S.
 a. Separation of powers
 b. Checks and balances
 c. Federalism
• Which power do state
  governments have under the
  U.S. Constitution?
 a. To control trade with foreign
 b. To coin and print money
 c. To declare war
 d.To conduct elections
• The Constitution delegates
  specific powers to Congress,
  including which of the following
 a. Regulating drivers’ licenses
 b. Conducting city council
 c. Providing for public schools
• Which principle in the U.S.
  Constitution means that all
  government power comes from
  the people?
 a. Checks and balances
 b. Separation of powers
 c. Popular sovereignty
          Objective 2.02
• How is the separation of powers
   emphasized in the structure of the
  a. By giving each branch of
     government its own article
  b. By describing all government powers
     in one article
  c. By writing a definition of
• Which power of Congress
  would help it pay the bills for
  supporting the military?
 a. Regulate commerce
 b. Declare war
 c. Establish post offices
 d.Collect taxes
• What is the role of the executive
  a. To interpret the laws passed by
  b. To make the government more
  c. To limit the government’s ability
     to concentrate power in one
  d. To carry out the laws passed by
• Under the Constitution, who has
  the power to declare war?
 a. The president
 b. The Supreme Court
 c. The Attorney General
          Objective 2.03
• Which is the most likely reason that
   the Constitution limits the president’s
   power to conduct foreign affairs?
  a. To allow Congress to make some
     foreign policy decisions
  b. To prevent the president from
     acting entirely on his/her own
  c. To prohibit international trade
  d. To encourage treaties
• Which term names a
  congressional check on
  presidential power?
 a. Power to declare war
 b. Power to override vetoes
 c. Power to impeach judges
 d.Power to raise taxes
• What is the role of the judicial
  branch of government?
 a. To carry out laws passed by
 b. To approve presidential
 c. To rule of the validity of acts
    of the president
 d.To interpret the laws passed by
• Under the Constitution, which
  branch has the power to
  approve international
  agreements such as the North
  America Free Trade Agreement
 a. Judicial
 b. Executive
 c. Legislative
 d.President’s cabinet
        Objective 2.04
• Which of the following is the
  formal way of changing the U.S.
 a. Congressional legislation
 b. Judicial interpretation
 c. Custom and tradition
• What happens if a proposed
   amendment is not ratified by ¾ of
   the states?
  a. It could be ratified by 2/3 of the
  b. The president could ratify the
  c. Congress could ratify the
  d. The amendment would not be
     added to the Constitution
• Which parts of the government
  are involved in the amendment
 a. Congress and the states
 b. Congress and the president
 c. The president and the Supreme
 d.The Supreme Court and the
• Which article of the Constitution
  describes the amendment
 a. Article II
 b. Article V
 c. Article VII
 d.Article III
• Which of these constitutional
  amendments was passed as a
  result of the Civil War?
 a. 14 Amendment
 b. 1 Amendment
 c. 12 Amendment
 d.10 Amendment
        Objective 2.05
• The separate but equal doctrine
  in public facilities was
  established by which Supreme
  Court decision?
 – Plessy v. Ferguson
 – Gibbons v. Ogden
 – McCulloch v. Maryland
 – Korematsu v. U.S.
• In Korematsu v. U.S. why did
  the Supreme Court declare the
  government’s action
 a. It happened during wartime
 b. It involved navigable waters
 c. It concerned children
 d.It was an executive order
• Which case best illustrates the
  idea that the Supreme Court
  sometimes changes earlier
  decisions regarding
  interpretation of what is the
  supreme law of the land?
 a. Gibbons v. Ogden
 b. Marbury v. Madison
 c. Swann v. CMS
 d.Brown v. Board of Education
• Which Supreme Court justice
  most contributed to the
  establishment of judicial review?
 a. Thurgood Marshall
 b. Roger B. Taney
 c. John Marshall
 d.Earl Warren
• Which Supreme Court case did
  not involve a law concerning
  racial segregation?
 a. McCulloch v. Maryland
 b. Plessy v. Ferguson
 c. Swann v. CMS
 d.Brown v. Board of Education
         Objective 2.06
• The Supreme Court addressed
  the issue of the free speech
  rights of students in which case?
 a. Stanford v. Kentucky
 b. Tinker v. Des Moines
 c. Gideon v. Wainwright
 d.Roper v. Simmons
• What individual right was
  involved in Texas v. Johnson
  concerning the right to burn the
  U.S. flag?
 a. Freedom of religion
 b. Right to a jury
 c. Freedom of speech
 d.Right to an attorney
• Which Supreme Court decision
  concerned the rights of persons
  accused of a crime?
 a. Miranda v. Arizona
 b. Plessy v. Ferguson
 c. U.S. v. NY Times
 d.Brown v. Board of Education
         Objective 2.07
• Which of the following has
   undercut the constitutional
   principle of popular sovereignty in
   recent years?
  a. Controversy over states’ rights
  b. Judicial activism
  c. Decline in presidential vetoes
  d. Low voter turnout
• A candidate must win which of
  the following to be elected
 a. A majority in Congress
 b. A majority of the popular vote
 c. A majority of the electoral
 d.The popular vote in Florida
• Opponents of the PATRIOT Act
  would most likely argue that it
  violates which part of the U.S.
 a. Protection against unreasonable
 b. Guarantee of a republican form
    of government
 c. Freedom of speech
 d.Right to bear arms
        Objective 2.08
• What is the purpose of most
  U.S. tariffs?
 a. To give citizens tax exemptions
 b. To regulate trade
 c. To increase tax deductions
 d.To influence domestic policy
• Which statement is true about a
  progressive tax?
 a. The higher the income is, the
    higher the tax rate is
 b. It benefits the wealthy more
    than the poor
 c. It is a tax on the sale of goods
 d.Interest is taxed at a higher
• Which result is most likely when
  high tariffs are applied to foreign
 a. Fewer imported goods
 b. Increased exports
 c. Lower prices for American-made
 d.Low wages for American
• What method do governments
  often use to borrow money for
  expensive projects?
 a. Raise taxes
 b. Increase fees
 c. Apply tariffs
 d.Sell bonds
        Objective 2.09
• Which of the following terms is
  used to describe government
 a. Profit
 b. Revenue
 c. Deficit
             Meet foreign leaders
  ?          Maintain embassies
              Negotiate treaties
• Which executive department best
   completes the diagram above?
  a. Dept. of State
  b. Dept. of Energy
  c. Dept. of Defense
  d. Dept. of Agriculture
• Under which circumstances does a
   government have a balanced
  a. When income is greater than
  b. When income equals expenditures
  c. When the government increases
  d. When the government reduces
• What power do all independent
  regulatory commissions have in
 a. Power to determine the
    national budget
 b. Power to make and enforce
 c. Power to approve new taxes
 d.Power to investigate Congress
• Which is a frequent topic of
  debate concerning the federal
 a. Whether to increase tariffs
 b. Whether to increase tax
 c. Whether to sell stocks
 d.Whether to change priorities

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