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THE STONE AGES AND EARLY CULTURES - irsdsocialstudies Powered By Docstoc
					                      Bell Work
Homework: Start on Mini-Project

TODAY’S TITLE: #8 The First People

TODAY’S GOAL: Explain how geography can influence the development of
civilizations and cultures.

Pre-AP- Read the “Link to Today” box on page 33 and answer the question on
the bottom. “How do you think modern obsidian blades are different from
Stone Age ones?”
REG- Draw at least 2 “cave paintings” that show something from your daily
life. Then answer this question: “What would an archaeologist conclude about
your daily life if he discovered these paintings 2000 years from now?”
 Prehistory: the time before writing was
  invented, which includes the STONE
 The first humans lived during the Stone
 The Stone Age is divided into 3 periods
  based upon the type of tools that were
  made: Paleolithic, Mesolithic, and
 Tool: any handheld object that has been
  changed to help a person do a task.
  What is the Paleolithic
 AKA The Old Stone Age
 Lasted until about 10,000 years ago
 Tools were made out of sharpened stones or bones
 Most were used to cut food
 More advanced tools were made over time such as
  the hand ax and spear
 As tools developed, people formed societies,
  communities of people who share the same culture
  What is the Paleolithic
      Era? (cont.)
 Early humans lived in hunter-gatherer societies
 Spoken language developed over time
 Artwork during this time were carved figures made
  of stone, ivory or bone, and cave paintings, which
  may have had religious meaning
 Very little is known about their religious beliefs
CAVEMAN Charades!
                     Bell Work
Homework: Read WORKBOOK pages 10-11 and complete page 12.

Today’s Title: #9 Early Human Migration

Today’s Goal: Compare the lifestyles of hunter-gatherers with settlers
of early farming communities and use maps to trace migrations of
early humans

Pre-AP: How would early humans have to adapt to survive in colder,
more mountainous, and rocky environment?
REG: Read the “If you were there…” paragraph on the top of page 36
and answer the following question- “How would you feel about
moving to a new home?”
 Climate patterns around the world began to change
  the earth’s geography
 People had to migrate, or move to new places to
  What are the Ice Ages?
 1.6 million years ago, the Earth experienced long
  periods of freezing weather called the Ice Ages
 Ocean levels were lower than today and places that
  are underwater now used to be dry land!
 Land bridges were exposed allowing people to move
  more easily to other continents
Ex: The Bering Strait Land Bridge, which connected
Asia to N. America
 How did early humans
  settle in new lands?
 Migration took hundreds of thousands of years
 Began in Africa about 2 million years ago
 Early humans branched out to other continents such
  as Asia, Europe, Australia, and even on to North and
  South America
 Must have used land bridges to move around

Open your textbooks to page 37 and let’s analyze the
map of Early Human Migration.
  How did people adapt
  to new environments?
 Fire- kept people warm, but they didn’t know how
  to “make” it yet
 Sewed animal skins to keep warm
 Took up shelter in caves or built small dwellings
 Developed new types of tools during the Mesolithic
  Era such as hooks, spears, bow and arrow (still used
  stone and bone)
 Developed new technology such as canoes, pottery,
  and keeping pets for protection and hunting such as
                    Bell Work
HOMEWORK: Complete the Chapter 2 Study Guide

TODAY’S TITLE: #10 The Beginnings of Farming

TODAY’S GOAL: SWBAT describe how farming affected
settlement, population growth, and the beginnings of civilization.

WAR: Read pages 41-43 and answer your class’s question below.
Pre-AP: What do you think had more significant results?- the
domestication of animals or of plants?
REG: What was the Neolithic Revolution?
 Section 3: Beginnings of
 The discovery that plants grew from seeds was one
  of the major advances of the late Stone Age
 This created a tidal wave of changes and advances
  that swept across the world!
   What is the Neolithic
 AKA the New Stone Age
 began about 10,000 years ago in Southwest Asia
 Learned to make drills and saws out of stone and
  how to make fire
 This age ended when people began to make tools out
  of metal and how to produce food
       How was farming
 The climate began to warm up and new plants began
  to grow such as barley and wheat
 People began to settle where these new plants grew
 Soon learned they could plant seeds themselves
 This shift from gathering plants to planting them is
  called the Neolithic Revolution
 First occurred in Southwest Asia
 What is domestication?
 It is the process of changing plants or animals to
  make them more useful
 People began to plant only the largest grains and
  sweetest fruits, which led to agriculture, or farming.
 People also learned how to use animals such as
  keeping herds of sheep or cattle to use for food and
 Also used animals for heavy pulling or
 Using animals greatly improved farming
       How did farming
       change societies?
 Because of farming, people could focus on other
 People used plant fibers and domesticated animals to
  make cloth
 Began to build permanent settlements
 World’s population began to grow as people were
  able to control their food production
 Specialization in jobs (basket-weaving, tool-making,
    How did farming
 change societies? (cont.)
 Religious groups began to form and people put up
  megaliths, huge stones used as monuments
Ex: Stonehenge in England
 Prehistoric gods probably represented air, water,
  fire, or earth
 People prayed to their ancestors (ancestral worship)
  WIO (do as Bell Work)
Homework: Study for Chapter 2 Test for tomorrow!!!

Write a journal entry describing a day in the life of a
Neolithic farm family. Include details such as the crops
and animals on your farm. Reflect on how life has
changed since the “discovery” of farming.
         TODAY’S LIST OF
          THINGS TO DO!
1. HOMEWORK: Mini-Project due on Tuesday!!!!

2. Answer the following question in your notebook on the next page (it does
not need any labels like WAR, WOW, etc.):
How did humans’ ways of living change as they interacted and adapted?

3. Then, use our scale in the back of your notebook to give yourself a rating on
how well you think you answered the above question. You should start off
with “I give myself a _____ because…..”

4. Take Chapter 2 Test

5. Complete the Peace Day activity. Take a yellow paper from the chair and
follow the directions on it.

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