Homework: Start on Mini-Project
TODAY’S TITLE: #8 The First People
TODAY’S GOAL: Explain how geography can influence the development of
civilizations and cultures.
Pre-AP- Read the “Link to Today” box on page 33 and answer the question on
the bottom. “How do you think modern obsidian blades are different from
Stone Age ones?”
REG- Draw at least 2 “cave paintings” that show something from your daily
life. Then answer this question: “What would an archaeologist conclude about
your daily life if he discovered these paintings 2000 years from now?”
SECTION 1: THE FIRST
Prehistory: the time before writing was
invented, which includes the STONE
The first humans lived during the Stone
The Stone Age is divided into 3 periods
based upon the type of tools that were
made: Paleolithic, Mesolithic, and
Tool: any handheld object that has been
changed to help a person do a task.
What is the Paleolithic
AKA The Old Stone Age
Lasted until about 10,000 years ago
Tools were made out of sharpened stones or bones
Most were used to cut food
More advanced tools were made over time such as
the hand ax and spear
As tools developed, people formed societies,
communities of people who share the same culture
What is the Paleolithic
Early humans lived in hunter-gatherer societies
Spoken language developed over time
Artwork during this time were carved figures made
of stone, ivory or bone, and cave paintings, which
may have had religious meaning
Very little is known about their religious beliefs
Homework: Read WORKBOOK pages 10-11 and complete page 12.
Today’s Title: #9 Early Human Migration
Today’s Goal: Compare the lifestyles of hunter-gatherers with settlers
of early farming communities and use maps to trace migrations of
Pre-AP: How would early humans have to adapt to survive in colder,
more mountainous, and rocky environment?
REG: Read the “If you were there…” paragraph on the top of page 36
and answer the following question- “How would you feel about
moving to a new home?”
SECTION 2: EARLY
Climate patterns around the world began to change
the earth’s geography
People had to migrate, or move to new places to
What are the Ice Ages?
1.6 million years ago, the Earth experienced long
periods of freezing weather called the Ice Ages
Ocean levels were lower than today and places that
are underwater now used to be dry land!
Land bridges were exposed allowing people to move
more easily to other continents
Ex: The Bering Strait Land Bridge, which connected
Asia to N. America
How did early humans
settle in new lands?
Migration took hundreds of thousands of years
Began in Africa about 2 million years ago
Early humans branched out to other continents such
as Asia, Europe, Australia, and even on to North and
Must have used land bridges to move around
Open your textbooks to page 37 and let’s analyze the
map of Early Human Migration.
How did people adapt
to new environments?
Fire- kept people warm, but they didn’t know how
to “make” it yet
Sewed animal skins to keep warm
Took up shelter in caves or built small dwellings
Developed new types of tools during the Mesolithic
Era such as hooks, spears, bow and arrow (still used
stone and bone)
Developed new technology such as canoes, pottery,
and keeping pets for protection and hunting such as
HOMEWORK: Complete the Chapter 2 Study Guide
TODAY’S TITLE: #10 The Beginnings of Farming
TODAY’S GOAL: SWBAT describe how farming affected
settlement, population growth, and the beginnings of civilization.
WAR: Read pages 41-43 and answer your class’s question below.
Pre-AP: What do you think had more significant results?- the
domestication of animals or of plants?
REG: What was the Neolithic Revolution?
Section 3: Beginnings of
The discovery that plants grew from seeds was one
of the major advances of the late Stone Age
This created a tidal wave of changes and advances
that swept across the world!
What is the Neolithic
AKA the New Stone Age
began about 10,000 years ago in Southwest Asia
Learned to make drills and saws out of stone and
how to make fire
This age ended when people began to make tools out
of metal and how to produce food
How was farming
The climate began to warm up and new plants began
to grow such as barley and wheat
People began to settle where these new plants grew
Soon learned they could plant seeds themselves
This shift from gathering plants to planting them is
called the Neolithic Revolution
First occurred in Southwest Asia
What is domestication?
It is the process of changing plants or animals to
make them more useful
People began to plant only the largest grains and
sweetest fruits, which led to agriculture, or farming.
People also learned how to use animals such as
keeping herds of sheep or cattle to use for food and
Also used animals for heavy pulling or
Using animals greatly improved farming
How did farming
Because of farming, people could focus on other
People used plant fibers and domesticated animals to
Began to build permanent settlements
World’s population began to grow as people were
able to control their food production
Specialization in jobs (basket-weaving, tool-making,
How did farming
change societies? (cont.)
Religious groups began to form and people put up
megaliths, huge stones used as monuments
Ex: Stonehenge in England
Prehistoric gods probably represented air, water,
fire, or earth
People prayed to their ancestors (ancestral worship)
WIO (do as Bell Work)
Homework: Study for Chapter 2 Test for tomorrow!!!
Write a journal entry describing a day in the life of a
Neolithic farm family. Include details such as the crops
and animals on your farm. Reflect on how life has
changed since the “discovery” of farming.
TODAY’S LIST OF
THINGS TO DO!
1. HOMEWORK: Mini-Project due on Tuesday!!!!
2. Answer the following question in your notebook on the next page (it does
not need any labels like WAR, WOW, etc.):
How did humans’ ways of living change as they interacted and adapted?
3. Then, use our scale in the back of your notebook to give yourself a rating on
how well you think you answered the above question. You should start off
with “I give myself a _____ because…..”
4. Take Chapter 2 Test
5. Complete the Peace Day activity. Take a yellow paper from the chair and
follow the directions on it.