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					IT Pro Day


Windows Server 2012 VDI/RDS :
Myth or Reality

Vincenzo Barbieri & Andreas Felix
DL Groupe
vb@dlge.ch & af@dlge.ch
Company Profile



Microsoft Competencies
 Centralized                                                Anywhere,
Management                                                  Any Device


                    VDI helps deliver on this promise.

        Windows Server 2012 provides a scalable, easy to manage,
                     and high fidelity VDI solution.



   Data
                                                               BYOD
  Security
                                             Powered by Windows Server 2012
                                                Remote Desktop Services
                                   Desktop Sessions    Pooled VMs        Personal VMs
Corporate
Office



 Branch
 Office
            FIREWALL


                                     1 platform | 1 experience | 3 deployment choices
                                                   Efficient Management
                                                     Best Value for VDI
Home                   Library /
                       Coffee                   Rich Experience everywhere
                       house
Simple to deploy, intuitive to manage, easy to expand at scale

                   Set up a simple VDI deployment easily and quickly
                   Wizard-based setup and deployment for multiple scenarios
                   Automatic creation of VM with settings
Easy Deployment


                   One, integrated console for roles, servers, collections, users, and VMs
                   Consistent publishing apps and desktops
Unified            Automate and manage at scale with Powershell
Administration


                   Master images for personal and pooled VMs
                   Avoid patch storms by queuing maintenance updates
Streamlined VM     Streamlined VM mgmt: Fast sysprep, optimized logon, auto rollback
Management
DEMO
Interface
Getting started with
VDI/RDS
Key Platform Capabilities

A   B   C           User disk enables personalization on pooled VMs or sessions.
D   E   F           User data and settings are stored on a separate vhd.
User Disks          Simplifies deployment of lower cost VDI (pooled VMs / Sessions)

                    Fairshare ensures high performance across all user VMs / Sessions
                    Dynamically distributes resources (bandwidth, CPU and I/O)
Fair Share          Applicable to both Sessions and VMs

                    Direct Attached Storage, Network Attached Storage, and Clustered/SAN
                     Storage
                    Configuration options to optimize for tiered storage
Storage             Reduce storage cost while maximizing IOPS

                    Active/Active Broker
                    Scale-out File Server, HyperV Clustering
                    Up to 32 nodes and 4000 VMs per cluster with Hyper-V
Highly Available    Increase density further by using RDSH (>2X compared to VMs).
Component Architecture
                                                  Remote Desktop
                                      Server     Virtualization Host
                                     Manager




                                Remote Desktop
               Remote Desktop     Connection
                 Web Access         Broker


                                 SQL             Remote Desktop
                                Databas            Session Host
                                   e

                  Remote
                  Desktop
                  Gateway
                                Remote Desktop
                                   Licensing
                          Personal VM Collection                                      Pooled VM Collection
                    •   VMs created in bulk from gold image               •       VMs created in bulk from gold image
Creating VMs
                    •   A full clone of gold for each VM                  •       A diff disk chaining to gold for each VM

                                                                          •       Update in bulk by modifying gold image
                    •   Each VM updated individually
Update / Patch                                                            •       VMs are recreated as users log off
                    •   VMs queued to avoid patch storms
                                                                          •       VMs retain identity

Importing                                                                 •       Update / Patch disabled for collections with
                    •   Fully Supported
existing VMs                                                                      imported VMs.

                    •   Each user is automatically assigned a dedicated   •       User Profile Disk retains user data, settings
                        VM at first logon                                 •       User connects to a fresh VM at each logon
Personalization
                    •   User can be local admin, e.g. install apps        •       VMs rollback at logoff
                    •   Practically identical to physical PC              •       User cannot install apps


                    •   High-end desktop for knowledge workers                •     Knowledge worker desktop
Typical Use Cases   •   Dev/test offshore development                         •     Task worker desktop
                    •   Engineering workstation                               •     Legacy app hosting
Benefits:                           What should I deploy?

Available with Pooled VM             User Profile Disk with every VM
collections and RDSH collections    Pool and RDSH Collection

Stores all user settings and data    UEV to roam settings across
Container for:                      collections
   Roaming User Profile
   Folder Redirection cache
                                     FR to roam user data across
   User Environment Virt.
                                    collections
Roams with user within collection    FR to centralize user data
                                    backup
Appears as local disk, improves
app compat
New in WS2012:                                                        RDVH         RDVH           RDVH          RDVH




                                                            HyperV
                                                            Cluster
Storage Spaces
                                                                      RDVH         RDVH           RDVH          RDVH
SMB3, HyperV SMB support
Cluster Storage Volume
Scale-out File Server
                                                                       File         File           File          File




                                                            Cluster
                                                                      Server       Server         Server        Server




                                                             SOFS
VDI Storage Configuration:                                               //CSV1/        //CSV
                                                                                                            //CSV3
                                                                                                           /UserDs
                                                                          Parent        2/VMs
                                                                                                               k
Direct Attached, Central SMB, or Central CSV / SAN
Storage location of User Profile Disks, Parent VHD, & VMs                 JBOD          JBOD               JBOD
can be configured separately for each collection                           SSD              15K             10K




                                                            Spaces
Optimum use of high IOPS vs. high volume storage                           SSD              15K             10K
                                                                           SSD              15K             10K
                                                                           SSD              15K             10K


                                                                          An example configuration
DEMO
Pool
                                                                    New in WS2012:
                        Remote Desktop
                       Remote Desktop          Remote Desktop       Active/Active HA
                                                                    mode for Broker
                           Connection
                      Remote Desktop
                         Connection          Remote Desktop
                                              Virtualization Host
                             Broker
                        Connection         Remote Desktop
                            Broker          Virtualization Host
                          Broker          Virtualization Host
   Remote Desktop
 Remote Desktop
     Web Access
                                                                    Scale out and
Remote Desktop
   Web Access         Remote Desktop
  Web Access            Connection
                           Broker
                    SQL Cluster
                                                                    resiliency
                      Databas
                         e                                          Requires SQL Server
                                          Remote Desktop
                                            Session Desktop
                                           Remote Host
                                              Session Desktop
                                              Remote Host
                                                Session Host        Automatic data
  Remote
    Remote                                                          migration from single
  Desktop
      Remote
   Desktop
  Gateway
     Desktop
   Gateway
                      Remote Desktop
                       Remote Desktop
                                                                    instance to HA
                         Licensing
                         Remote Desktop
     Gateway               Licensing
                             Licensing
DEMO
HA
End User Experience
RemoteFX delivers a consistently rich user experience to users over LAN or WAN
                      (irrespective of deployment model)
                                                                        RemoteFX

             Corporate LAN
                                     Hardware and Software GPUs
                                           Rich multimedia
                                                USB
                                             Redirection


                                             Multi Touch
                                          WAN acceleration
               Internet or
                                            Single Sign On
                  WAN
CPU-Emulated DirectX 11 software GPU provides 3D capabilities to
sessions and VMs at high scale



RemoteFX vGPU provides a virtualized hardware-accelerated DirectX 11
GPU for VDI, optimized for
By default, RemoteFX balances bandwidth and scale to give best
UX

Group policies help customize deployments differently




New performance counters to monitor and troubleshoot
bandwidth and UX
Multi-Touch and Graphics
Touch friendly app UI

Full multi-touch and gesture remoting

Features like Touch Pointer make slate experience delightful

Aero always on, rich Metro-style UX

Adaptive graphics remoting based on content type

Text kept crisp always
 Windows Metro style UI and Applications (HTML, XAML, Native, etc..)
                                                                         Apps and
                                                                         Desktop

                    RemoteFX Intelligent Caching                         RemoteFX
RemoteFX         RemoteFX            RemoteFX             RemoteFX       Adaptive
  Media
Streaming
                 Progressive
                 Rendering
                                    Optimized Text
                                       Codecs
                                                         Calista Codec   Graphics
                    RemoteFX Protocol Encoding


                                                                         RemoteFX for
                   RemoteFX for WAN Transports                           WAN
Text Content

Image
Content

Video /
Animation
Text remains
clear while
images are
progressively
refined
WAN Experience
                                                Limited
       Latency             Packet Loss
                                               bandwidth

End to end delay/ping                     E.g. < 2 Mbps vs. 100
                        Burst or Random
(e.g. 100 ms RTT)                         Mbps for LAN
Combines RemoteFX Adaptive Graphics with intelligent
WAN aware transports


Goal: Deliver a great user experience beyond corporate
networks



Balance bandwidth and scale to give best UX
Windows Media redirection support

Server-side video detection for all other media types

Audio and video use new dynamic bit-rate codecs

Up to 90% drop in bandwidth consumption

Quality audio, good FPS video with A/V sync even on WAN

Better VoIP support
                                               Guest VM




                                               User Experience




                                               Customizations




*PCoIP numbers from
http://www.vmware.com/files/pdf/techpaper/PCoIPvHDXsinglesession03-05-12.pdf
DEMO
Touch & Windows 8
RemoteApp and Desktops
Easy to get Remote Desktop app from the Windows Store

End users just need to know their e-mail ID to subscribe

Automatic discovery and Start screen integration

Full single-sign on

RemoteApp programs integrate seamlessly with local desktop

Best way to serve out desktop apps to your Windows RT slate users

Reconnect feature makes it easy to move between devices
DEMO
RemoteApp
Common Pitfall
Latency can source from multiple locations.



Logon time~30 seconds.
Most required resource is IOPS
Desktop Workloads are highly random
Most IOs are write IOs (be aware of RAID penalty)
Use modern storage capabilities to absorb peaks
Storage Tiering to optimize cost/performance ratio
Good                 Sessions   Pooled VMs   Personal VMs
Better

Best




Personalization

App Compatibility

Image Management

Cost Effectiveness
        Simplified                         Best VDI Platform                           Rich Experience
       Management                                Value                                   Everywhere

                                                                                              Support WAN
Single management UI for Simplified    Increase use cases for pooled desktops
                                                                                            Adaptive Encoding
Scenario and advanced administration        Cheaper storage alternatives
 Active/Active Connection Brokering    Simplified VM creation, assignment, and                 Multi-Touch
                                                       patching
Powershell administration across RDS                                             USB remoting for Sessions, VM’s, Physical
                                          Fair share: network, disk I/O, and
Reduced number of roles to manage                      processor                    Simplified user discovery and SSO
                                        GPU optional, synthetic GPU supplied
                                                                                 RDWeb Folders and file type association
                                           Full partner extensible platform
                                                                                 Easily extended by partners & customers

				
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posted:6/27/2013
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