Meet the Shirtless FBI Agent
from the Petraeus Love Pentagon
Flickr / cliff1066â„¢
Adam Clark Estes 11,425 Views Nov 14, 2012
Just a couple days after we learned about a nameless FBI agent who launched the investigation
that eventually uncovered David Petraeus's extramarital affair, we know that agent's name:
Frederick W. Humphries II. This is Jill Kelley's friend, the guy she called to look into a string of
harassing emails that turned out to be from Paula Broadwell and the one who sent her shirtless
pictures. He's the agent who grew "obsessed" with the investigation, and eventually called his old
contact Rep. Dave Reichert, a Republican from Washington State, to intervene. We imagined
this FBI agent to be a man of mystery, a maverick, maybe a little bit crazy. We hate to break it to
you, though. Frederick W. Humprhies II actually sounds like a bit of a Boy Scout. An obsessive
Boy Scout, but a Boy Scout, nonetheless.
Indeed, Humphries found his way into the Petraeus mess entirely by chance. It was hardly his
beat. Humphries, a former captain in Army intelligence, has been working on the FBI's
counterterrorism unit for over a decade, and based on what we know about his record, he's pretty
good at it. While working from the Bureau's Seattle office back in 1999, Humphries played a key
role in bringing down Ahmed Ressam, the terrorist also known as Benni Norris also known as
the Millenium bomber who tried and failed to bomb LAX airport that year under orders from
Osama bin Laden. Locals were still sweeping up the broken glass from the World Trade
Organization protests, when the Feds took the French-speaking Ressam into custody, but they
had no idea who he was. Humphries, who went to high school and learned French in Canada,
identified the suspect's accent as Algerian and the case unravelled from there.
A decade and change later, Humphries found himself working in Tampa, Florida, the hometown
of Jill Kelley. It's unclear exactly how the two met, but The New York Times, who first reported
on the agent's identity, described one episode in which a "disturbed knife-wielding man" attacked
Humphries at the gate of MacDill Air Force Base, where Kelley "worked" as an "unpaid social
liaison." Humphries shot and killed the man. This is perhaps part of how the paper came to
describe Humphries as "a solid agent with experience in counterterrorism, conservative political
views and a reputation for aggressiveness" based on interviews with his former colleagues. "Fred
is a passionate kind of guy," said one of the agents. "He's kind of an obsessive type. If he locked
his teeth onto something, he'd be a bulldog."
After speaking to Humphries, the FBI's general council Lawrence Berger was able to clear up
some of the confusion about the veteran agent's role in the Petraeus investigation. At first, aside
from relaying Kelley's reported harassment to the appropriate unit, Humphries played no role.
Berger told the paper that Humphries and his wife were "social friends with Ms. Kelley and her
husband prior to the day she referred the matter to him." Once the case began to grow into a
major political scandal, however, Humphries came back into the picture with his call to Reichert
and eventually a conversation with House Majority Leader Eric Cantor who eventually contacted
FBI director Robert Mueller. Nevertheless, Berger says that Humphries' actions "had followed
FBI protocols." Berger added, "No one tries to become a whistle-blower."
Now about those shirtless photos. It was evidently had nothing to do with the Petraeus affair
whatsoever. It was sent years before Ms. Kelley contacted him" about the harassing emails as
just part of some silly game that Humphries and Kelley were playing "in which the families
would exchange numerous photos of each other," Berger told The Times. It was a "joke." Just
Humphries "posing with a couple of dummies."
General David Petraeus is the most transformative leader the American military has seen
since the generation of Marshall. In All In, military expert Paula Broadwell examines
Petraeus's career, his intellectual development as a military officer, and his impact on
the U.S. military.
Afforded extensive access by General Petraeus, his mentors, his subordinates, and his
longtime friends, Broadwell embedded with the general, his headquarters staff, and his
soldiers on the front lines of fighting and at the strategic command in Afghanistan to
chronicle the experiences of this American general as they were brought to bear in the
terrible crucible of war. All In draws on hundreds of hours of exclusive interviews with
Petraeus and his top officers and soldiers to tell the inside story of this commander's
development and leadership in war from every vantage point.
When Petraeus assumed command in Afghanistan in July 2010, the conflict looked as bleak as
at any moment in America's nine years on the ground there. Petraeus's defining idea-
counterinsurgency-was immediate put to its most difficult test: the hard lessons learned
during the surge in Iraq were to be applied in a radically different theater. All In
examines the impact in Afghanistan of new counterinsurgency as well as counterterrorism
strategies through the commands of several Petraeus protégés.
"General Petraeus is one of the most important Americans of our time, in or out of uniform.
This riveting, insider's account of his life and education is at once instructive and
-Tom Brokaw, Anchor and Managing Editor, NBC Nightly News; author of The Greatest
"This majestic biography will set the standard for all future works about General Petraeus.
With superb narrative skill, Broadwell simultaneously provides an intimate look at Petraeus
the man, a fascinating account of modern warfare, and an elegant study of leadership."
(-Doris Kearns Goodwin, Pulitzer Prize-winning author of No Ordinary Time )
"Teddy Roosevelt once said that it is not enough to be intelligent; a leader must also be
honest and fearless. In General David Petraeus (himself a T.R. fan), America has been
fortunate to have a soldier-scholar who is all three. Paula Broadwell, soldier-scholar in
her own right, tells the Petraeus story masterfully, providing especially rich detail and
insight into his Afghanistan mission. This book helps us understand how Petraeus has become
the living legend he is."
(-David Gergen, author of Eyewitness to Power )
"Shirtless FBI Agent" - Frederick W. Humphries II
Jill and Scott Kelley have enjoyed consulate vehicle license plates for quite
awhile. Police are not supposed to ticket these
vehicles, or interfere with the vehicle driver or passengers if the vehicle
is being used to conduct "official" business at the
time. It's one of the perks given to friends of U.S. Military Officers and
Cryptome posts a list of a few of Jill Kelleys friends here.
Source Sends - If you watch the video closely near the end, you will notice
she is carrying a bag with a tag attached. That tag
is used to identify the bag and it's contents as private consulate material
and cannot be seized or searched. She's very smart.
Source Sends - The license plates are NOT Diplomatic plates, but your
average police officer might not know the difference which
is the point in this case. According to many news stories, Mrs. Kelley is
known to introduce herself as an Ambassador. She may have
gotten out of a few speeding tickets and other moving violations with those
Source Sends -
Jill and Scott Kelley
1005 Bayshore Ave.
Tampa, FL 33606
Source Sends - It's confirmed, Paula Broadwell is a Stratfor
Broadwell Residence. 1000 Mount Vernon Ave, Charlotte, NC 28203
All In - The Education of General David Petraeus Audio Book on TPB
Paula Broadwell's Website - It was up 24 hours ago, as of 11/10/2012 it is
David Petraeus resigns from CIA
Here is Petraeus' resignation letter:
HEADQUARTERS Central Intelligence Agency
9 November 2012
Yesterday afternoon, I went to the White House and asked
the President to be allowed, for personal reasons, to resign
from my position as D/CIA. After being married for over 37
years, I showed extremely poor judgment by engaging in an
extramarital affair. Such behavior is unacceptable, both as a
husband and as the leader of an organization such as ours.
This afternoon, the President graciously accepted my
As I depart Langley, I want you to know that it has been the
greatest of privileges to have served with you, the officers
of our Nation's Silent Service, a work force that is truly
exceptional in every regard. Indeed, you did extraordinary work
on a host of critical missions during my time as director, and I
am deeply grateful to you for that.
Teddy Roosevelt once observed that life's greatest gift is the
opportunity to work hard at work worth doing. I will always
treasure my opportunity to have done that with you and I will
always regret the circumstances that brought that work with
you to an end.
Thank you for your extraordinary service to our country,
and best wishes for continued success in the important
endeavors that lie ahead for our country and our Agency.
With admiration and appreciation,
David H. Petraeus
Petraeus resigns CIA, citing affair; FBI
The career of David Petraeus
Petraeus resigned as director of the Central Intelligence Agency on Friday after
revelations of an extramarital affair. A look back at his career.
Sources: Associated Press; Central Intelligence Agency website; USA TODAY research
Kevin Johnson, Tom Vanden Brook, David Jackson, Jim Michaels and Aamer MadhaniShare
In this Jan. 15, 2012 photo, Paula Broadwell, author of the David Petraeus biography
"All In," poses for photos in Charlotte, N.C. (Photo: T. Ortega Gaines AP)
11:15AM EST November 14. 2012 - WASHINGTON—CIA Director David Petraeus
announced Friday afternoon that he has resigned from his post, acknowledging that he
had shown "extremely poor judgement by engaging in an extramarital affair."
A federal law enforcement official said the relationship was discovered by the FBI during
the course of an unrelated security investigation. Subsequently, a number of e-mails
concerning the relationship were discovered, said the official who is not authorized to
comment publicly on the matter.
The bulk of the e-mails were believed to be from Petraeus to Paula Broadwell, a writer
and military analyst who wrote a glowing biography of the CIA director, the official said.
Aspects of the FBI investigation were continuing, but the official declined to comment on
possible targets of the inquiry.
In a letter to CIA personnel, Petraeus, 60, said he met with President Obama on
Thursday and asked to resign because of personal reasons. Obama accepted his
resignation Friday, Petraeus said.
ANALYSIS: Petraeus effective, kept low profile
STATEMENT: Petraeus' resignation
"Yesterday afternoon, I went to the White House and asked the President to be allowed,
for personal reasons, to resign from my position as D/CIA," Petraeus wrote. "After being
married for over 37 years, I showed extremely poor judgment by engaging in an
extramarital affair. Such behavior is unacceptable, both as a husband and as the leader
of an organization such as ours. This afternoon, the President graciously accepted my
Petraeus' wife, Holly, is an assistant director of the U.S. Consumer Financial Protection
Bureau, charged with advocating on behalf of military service members and their
Obama praised Petraeus in a statement Friday and said Michael Morell, Petraeus'
deputy, will step in as acting director.
PROFILE: Who is Holly Petraeus?
MILITARY RESIGNATIONS: Petraeus not first with messy exit
"David Petraeus has provided extraordinary service to the United States for decades.
By any measure, he was one of the outstanding General officers of his generation,
helping our military adapt to new challenges, and leading our men and women in
uniform through a remarkable period of service in Iraq and Afghanistan, where he
helped our nation put those wars on a path to a responsible end," Obama said. "As
Director of the Central Intelligence Agency, he has continued to serve with characteristic
intellectual rigor, dedication, and patriotism. By any measure, through his lifetime of
service David Petraeus has made our country safer and stronger.
STORY: Lockheed Martin ousts CEO-to-be over relationship
"Today, I accepted his resignation as Director of the Central Intelligence Agency. I am
completely confident that the CIA will continue to thrive and carry out its essential
mission, and I have the utmost confidence in Acting Director Michael Morell and the
men and women of the CIA who work every day to keep our nation safe. Going forward,
my thoughts and prayers are with Dave and Holly Petraeus, who has done so much to
help military families through her own work. I wish them the very best at this difficult
Morell is a career CIA officer and began his career at the agency as an analyst tracking
international energy issues, then worked for 14 years as an analyst and manager on
East Asia. He has held several leadership positions at the agency. Two administration
officials said it was too early to say who might be in line to replace Petraeus, and that
Morrell could serve as acting director for several months.
Petraeus, a retired four-star general who previously served as top commander in Iraq
and Afghanistan, was arguably the most vaunted military officer of a generation.
"From his long, illustrious Army career to his leadership at the helm of CIA, Dave has
redefined what it means to serve and sacrifice for one's country," Director of National
Intelligence James Clapper said in a statement.
The resignation comes at a difficult time for the agency and Obama administration,
which has been under intense scrutiny from Republican lawmakers for the September
attack on a U.S. facility in Benghazi, Libya, that left four Americans -- including the
Ambassador Christopher Stevens and two CIA contractors -- dead. Petraeus and other
top U.S. intelligence officials were scheduled to speak next week at a closed-door
session of the Senate Intelligence Committee about the Benghazi incident.
Petraeus took over as head of the CIA in September of 2011 following his tour as head
of allied forces in Afghanistan.
The CIA director's bombshell took former military colleagues by surprise.
Peter Mansoor, a retired Army colonel who served as Petraeus' executive officer in
2007 and 2008 during the surge strategy, said, "It just goes to show were all human."
Gen. Jack Keane, a retired Army general and longtime mentor to Petraeus, said he
learned about Petraeus' resignation from news reports this afternoon. Keane helped
formulate the surge strategy in Iraq, which Petraeus carried out.
Keane said he was saddened by the news and considers Petraeus "the most
accomplished general of ourgeneration" and compared his legacy to that of the
legendary battle leaders of World War II. Petraeus is responsible for "turning around two
wars," Keane said, referring to Iraq and Afghanistan. "Only Gen.MacArthur had that
opportunity and he only succeeded at one," he said. MacArthur was relieved during the
Keane said Petraeus would have wanted Obama to accept his resignation. "Knowing
Gen. Petraeus he would not want the president to do anything but accept the
resignation," Keane said. "He would not want to put the president in an awkward
Keane predicted that Petraeus may emerge later in a prominent role, though he is not
interested in elected office. "He's absolutely adamant about never desiring to seek
"The world has not seen the last of Dave Petraeus," Keane said. "He has far too much
Steve Boylan, a retired Army colonel who served as Petraeus' chief spokesman for
three years, said he "never would have expected" him to resign under these
"A lot of people have put him on a very high pedestal," Boylan said. "People tend to
forget that he is human and people do make mistakes….I can only suspect that in his
own mind he felt he was doing the honorable thing by resigning."
Several lawmakers praised Petraeus following the announcement he was stepping
"General David Petraeus will stand in the ranks of America's greatest military heroes,"
said Sen. John McCain, the ranking member of the Senate Armed Services Committee.
"His inspirational leadership and his genius were directly responsible – after years of
failure – for the success of the surge in Iraq. General Petraeus has devoted his life to
serving the country he loves, and America is so much the better for it."
In addition to Petraeus, two other top-level administration officials, Treasury Secretary
Timothy Geithner and Secretary of State Hillary Rodham Clinton, are also expected to
soon leave the Obama administration.
Attorney General Eric Holder said on Thursday he's also weighing whether he will
remain for Obama's second term.
Petraeus and Broadwell used common
Donna Leinwand Leger and Yamiche Alcindor USA TODAYShare
The FBI is wise to many of the tricks used by terrorists and others to
hide email trails
Some messages were composed using a "drop box"
Thousands of pages of e-mails are under investigation
Investigation has expanded to include Gen. John Allen
9:40PM EST November 13. 2012 - Paula Broadwell, ex-mistress of former CIA chief
David Petraeus, could have used several methods to hide her identity if she sent
anonymous, threatening e-mails to Tampa socialite Jill Kelley, experts say.
But the FBI has many techniques available to trace such communications, said Shawn
Henry, who retired in March as the FBI's executive assistant director in charge of all civil
and criminal cyber investigation.
"Somewhere along the way, her IP address was captured," Henry said. An IP address,
or internet protocol address, is a string of numbers unique to a particular computer or
device on the internet. With it, authorities can usually track the identity of the person
who sent an e-mail or visited a website.
Someone trying to remain anonymous can hide e-mails by routing them through
different servers and using public computers that don't keep activity logs, he said.
Broadwell may have thought she had done everything to hide her tracks, but often
people make mistakes, leaving their e-mails traceable by investigators, he said.
The Associated Press, citing a law enforcement source who declined to be identified,
reported that Petraeus and Broadwell apparently used a "dropbox" to conceal their e-
Rather than transmitting e-mails to the other's inbox, they composed at least some
messages and left them in a draft folder or in an electronic "drop box," the AP reported.
Then the other person could log onto the same account and read the draft e-mails,
avoiding the creation of an e-mail trail that might be easier to trace.
The scandal has widened, with the top U.S. commander in Afghanistan under
investigation for alleged "inappropriate communications" with Kelley.
Defense Secretary Leon Panetta revealed that the Pentagon had begun an internal
investigation into thousands of pages of e-mails from Gen. John Allen to Kelley. A
senior Defense official described the e-mails as "flirtatious."
It's not clear whether there was an effort to hide that e-mail trail, and Allen has denied
Covering up your online tracks can be time-consuming — even for high-powered men
who manage secret operations, said Janet Sternberg, a communication and media
studies professor at Fordham University.
"Being anonymous would take so much trouble, you wouldn't have time to do the
behavior you were trying to hide," said Sternberg, who argues that almost all forms of
electronic communication leave traces. "What's surprising is how much there is to
discover. Look at his (Petraeus') cellphone and text messages. If he left this evidence
around there is probably more evidence to discover."
With cloud services, long e-mail chains, and more storage capabilities, e-mail inboxes
and drop boxes can contain thousands of pages of e-mails that users may think are
gone but may simply be stored out of sight but within reach of searching authorities,
"Every circumstance is going to be a little different," Henry said. "It may have been
relatively easy or difficult for FBI investigators. It depends on how hard someone tried to
hide their transactions. And they can try really hard and then make a mistake."
The FBI would deploy its resources to uncover the sender of an anonymous e-mail
depending on the credibility of the suspicious e-mail, the severity of the threat and the
target, said Henry, who worked at the FBI for 24 years and is now president of
CrowdStrike Services, a cybersecurity firm.
"You absolutely would have to look at the totality of the situation," he said. "There are a
whole host of things you factor in."
Before pursuing any investigation, FBI agents would seek an opinion from a prosecutor
to determine whether it's possible that laws had been broken, he said.
"We would rarely pursue an investigation without going to an independent prosecutor,"
he said. "These types of cases are not atypical. They happen relatively frequently."
Usually, the cases are worked with local law enforcement, Henry said.
"If the bureau decided to work it, it would indicate to me that there was more to it,"
Henry said. "If the target is named and it's a high-level official, that would raise people's
attention. It indicates to me that there was more to this, not just a random e-mail."
How long such an investigation takes would vary with the number of leads that need to
be run down and the complexity of the cybertrail, he said.
"In these types of cases, there are many complexities," Henry said. "If they discovered
the director of CIA is involved you want to make sure you get all the facts because it's
going to impact a lot of other people. The bureau would want to collect all of the
evidence and really fully flesh this out before it went public."
In Petraeus' case, Sternberg and others believe e-mail hosts worked with authorities to
access the drop box he and Broadwell used. "You can tell that Google must have given
the government information about the IP address of every computer that ever accessed
that inbox," Sternberg said.
Google acknowledges that it does receive requests from government agencies around
the world to "provide information about users of our services and products," according
to a Google policy statement posted online.
The company scrutinizes such request to make sure it complies with local laws, and
"may refuse to produce information or try to narrow the request."
Of all the free webmail services, Google collects and correlates the most data from
users of its free Gmail service, including IP addresses, key words in e-mail text and
information from search queries and web page visits, said Caitlin Johanson, security
strategist at CORE Security.
The data is primarily used to profile users of Google's online services for advertising
purposes. It is technically feasible for the company to map out the successful login
activities of a Gmail account holder who is using several aliases and logging in from the
same network, Johanson said.
"The information is there for Google to get, but you just can't ask Google for it,"
Johanson said. "I believe you'd have to get a subpoena or supply enough information as
to why they should give you that documentation."
Orlando Scott-Cowley, an e-mail expert who works for Mimecast, a London-based cloud
e-mail management vendor, said he stresses to clients that e-mail — business and
personal — comes with limited privacy.
"When we talk to businesses about how they use e-mail, we teach users that e-mail isn't
secure and that you shouldn't use it to receive or send confidential information," he said.
It's the reason why credit card numbers and hospital patient information aren't sent via
e-mail, he added.
People have been trying to find a way to communicate secretly for years but have not
really achieved that goal, said Paul Hill, a senior consultant with SystemExperts, a
security consulting firm.
He said drop boxes have been used for years by people trying to hide information with
His advice: "Don't cheat on your spouse, and don't leave around all the evidence
because sooner or later someone is going to find it."
Of course, life isn't that simple.
For high-powered men juggling careers, frequent travelling and family responsibilities,
having an affair or sending inappropriate e-mails comes down to emotions and
attraction, says Sheri Meyers, who has a doctorate in psychology and works as a
marriage and family therapist.
Sending secure communications and coding e-mails to make them indiscoverable took
a back seat to passion.
"I blame it on humanity," she said. "There is a need for connection. Their arousal and
how good contact felt overruled all reason or worry that they were going to get caught."
Contributing: Byron Acohido
Jill Kelley ID'd as woman who sparked
Donna Leinwand Leger, USA TODAYShare
From left, David Petraeus, Scott Kelley, Jill Kelley and Holly Petraeus watch the
Gasparilla parade from the comfort of a tent on the Kelley's front lawn on Jan. 30, 2010,
in Tampa. (Photo: Amy Scherzer, Tampa Bay Times via ZUMA Press)
Investigators allege Paula Broadwell sent harassing e-mails to Jill Kelley
Kelley serves as an unpaid social liaison to MacDill Air Force Base
Gen. Petraeus and his wife attended a festival at Kelley's home in 2010
2:06PM EST November 12. 2012 - The woman who sparked the FBI investigation that
led to the resignation of CIA Director David Petraeus has been identified.
A senior U.S. military official identified the woman who allegedly received the harassing
e-mails from Paula Broadwell as Jill Kelley, 37, of Tampa, the Associated Press
reported. The AP had reported earlier that she worked for the State Department, but
that is not the case.
Kelley serves as an unpaid social liaison to MacDill Air Force Base in Tampa, where the
military's Central Command and Special Operations Command are located.
MORE: Petraeus' affair began after he left Army
STORY: Few answers in Petraeus sex scandal
The official spoke to the AP on condition of anonymity because he wasn't authorized to
discuss the case publicly.
Jill Kelley and her husband, Scott, hired Washington, D.C.-based crisis manager Judy
Smith and attorney Abbe Lowell.
Smith issued a statement on behalf of the family late Sunday: "We and our family have
been friends with General Petraeus and his family for over 5 years. We respect his and
his family's privacy and want the same for us and our three children."
Kelley, who is married to cancer surgeon Scott Kelley and has three daughters, hosts
frequent parties at her home, and newspaper accounts indicate Petraeus and his wife,
Holly, have attended.
The Tampa Bay Times reported in its Feb. 5, 2010, society column that Holly and David
Petraeus celebrated Tampa's Gasparilla Festival at Jill and Scott Kelley's million-dollar
"Gen. David Petraeus absorbed his first Gasparilla under a white tent on Jill and Scott
Kelley's front lawn," the newspaper wrote. "The CentCom commander and his wife,
Holly, arrived with a 28-cop motorcycle escort."
In a 2007 report, the Tampa Bay Times referred to the Kelley's "regal brick mansion,"
where they have lived since 2004.
Kelley, who grew up in Philadelphia, is of Lebanese descent. Her family, Maronite
Catholics, immigrated from Jounieh, Lebanon, in the mid-1970s, according to a 1988
article about her family's restaurant, Sahara, in The Philadelphia Inquirer. She has a
twin sister, Natalie, the article said.
Petraeus affair: Why do the powerful
Sharon Jayson, USA TODAY Share
Gen. David Petraeus joins a long list of leaders whose careers were
derailed by extramarital affairs.
David Petraeus submitted his resignation as director of the CIA on Friday, citing an
extramarital affair. (Photo: Chip Somodevilla, Getty Images)
Leaders whose careers were derailed by affairs include Edwards, Sanford
Such behavior can reflect the personality of a risk taker
Some see a level of arrogance in accepting the risks associated with an affair
12:41AM EST November 13. 2012 - David Petraeus is not your run-of-the-mill husband
with a wandering eye. He's not just another philandering politician or celebrity cheater,
like so many others whose indiscretions have come to light in recent years.
He's a retired Army general who designed and led the military surge in Iraq and was top
commander in Afghanistan. He had been deployed much of his career until he was
named CIA director last year. His abrupt resignation amid news of his extramarital affair
with a married Army Reserve officer brings a new wrinkle into an old story of why yet
another powerful man risks so much for a woman.
Yes, Petraeus joins the list of wayward sons: Arnold Schwarzenegger, John Edwards,
Mark Sanford and Eliot Spitzer — just to name a few.
Petraeus is another, says Frank Farley, a psychologist at Temple University who
studies such behavior.
STORY: Senator: Petraeus likely to testify on Benghazi
Risk takers "tend to believe they control their destiny or fate," Farley says. "The risk-
taking personality has a bold quality. It's at the heart of great leadership, and sometimes
it overrides what many Americans would call common sense."
Add in a dose of entitlement, suggests Mira Kirshenbaum, clinical director of the
Chestnut Hill Institute in Boston who has written books about infidelity.
"Power and success give people a sense of invulnerability," she says. "A lot of guys like
Petraeus have worked awfully hard, and yes, they have a lot to show for it, but day-to-
day mostly what they face is more hard work. Where's the big reward? An affair can
seem like a long-deserved perk."
But what's different in the Petraeus scandal are the greater questions his affair raises,
including national security and the potential for blackmail.
Petraeus' resignation letter, which cites "very poor judgment," is particularly troubling to
Dan Crum, a former CIA polygraph examiner and now consultant in Fairfax, Va.
"When he said he showed poor judgment, it minimizes the affair and characterizes it
more as a one time poor decision than an extended period of decisions to maintain and
continue the affair," he says. "It's almost like a 'How dare you?' response. It's part of that
almost arrogance — 'Who are you to question me? I'm the one giving the orders here.' "
Crum says the fact that there was an e-mail trail "demonstrates a level of arrogance and
a feeling that you're above the law."
"Anybody with even the most minimal training in covering things up or keeping things
secret would never have e-mails that can directly link back to you. Anybody who has a
concern over being caught is going to take more caution in maintaining the secret."
But John Caughlin, a professor of communication at the University of Illinois at Urbana-
Champaign who focuses his research on disclosure and secrecy, says there's a flip side
to that argument.
"There is a sense that if somebody goes out of their way to take extreme measures to
guard information — in some ways that indicates a sense of shame," Caughlin says.
"He probably knew it was wrong, but maybe not that wrong."
New research by sociologist Andrew London, a senior fellow at the Institute for Veterans
and Military Families at Syracuse University in New York, has found increased risk for
extramarital sex among veterans. One study online now in the Journal of Family Issues
used 1992 data from 2,308 ever-married people to find that more than 32% of veterans
reported extramarital sex -- about twice the rate among ever-married non-veterans.
A follow-up that includes data from 2010 finds "elevated odds for extramarital sex were
higher among both male and female veterans," he says. London, the lead author, also
finds that those who served in the military four years or longer had a particularly high
"We argue there could be things that predate military service — like being a risk taker —
that might lead someone into the military but also increase his likelihood of taking a risk
while married and having an extramarital affair," he says.
Cregg Chandler of Sumter, S.C., has seen it firsthand. He retired in 2007 after 29 years
in the Air Force, including the last nine as a chaplain at bases in the USA as well as
overseas in Korea and Spain. He says infidelity appears to have escalated in recent
years. That's why he wrote A Separation Survival Guide for Military Couples, out earlier
this year. He says military life often brings stress, isolation and frustration, which can
lead to infidelity.
Military separations, which are recurring and often long-term, create loneliness without
the family support system.
"They have a saying in the military: 'What happens TDY (temporary duty assignment)
stays TDY.' I'm not saying it's an overall mentality, but they have that saying."
Contributing: Nanci Hellmich
Petraeus' biographer Paula Broadwell:
Who is she?
Broadwell made multiple trips to Afghanistan, with unprecedented
access to Petraeus, and also spent time with his commanders across
In this Jan. 15, 2012 photo, Paula Broadwell, author of the David Petraeus biography
"All In," poses for photos in Charlotte, N.C. (Photo: T. Ortega Gaines, AP)
Petraeus resigned Friday after admitting affair
FBI discovered relationship by monitoring e-mail
The book began as research for Broadwell's dissertation
2:20PM EST November 10. 2012 -
WASHINGTON (AP) — Paula Broadwell first met fellow West Point graduate David
Petraeus in the spring of 2006, when she was a graduate student at the Harvard's
Kennedy School of Government.
He was a lieutenant colonel working on a counterinsurgency manual that would be
tested during his command in Iraq. The university had invited him to give a speech.
Broadwell was in the Army Reserve after being recalled three times to active duty since
the Sept. 11 attacks to work on counterterrorism issues and intended to return to active
duty or get into the policy world, according to the preface of the Petraeus biography she
would later write with a Washington Post editor.
Petraeus, who held much-praised military commands in Iraq and Afghanistan, resigned
Friday after admitting he had an extramarital affair, a disclosure that ended the retired
four-star general's civilian career as director of the CIA.
PETRAEUS: 'I showed extremely poor judgment'
MORE: Petraeus helped lead fight against global terrorism
STATEMENT: Petraeus resignation letter
He carried on the affair with Broadwell, now 40, according to several U.S. officials with
knowledge of the situation who spoke anonymously because they were not authorized
to discuss publicly the investigation that led to the resignation. The FBI discovered the
relationship by monitoring Petraeus' emails, after investigators were alerted that
Broadwell may have had access to his personal email account, two of the officials said.
Broadwell wrote in the preface to All In: The Education of General David Petraeus,
published by Penguin in January, that while at Harvard, Petraeus passed along his card
and offered to help her academic work on leadership.
"I later discovered that he was famous for this type of mentoring and networking,
especially with aspiring soldier-scholars," Broadwell wrote, adding that "I took full
advantage of his open-door policy to seek insight and share perspectives."
Broadwell is a research associate at Harvard's Center for Public Leadership and a
Ph.D. candidate in the Department of War Studies at King's College London, according
to her biography on Penguin's website. According to the Charlotte (N.C.) Observer, she
grew up in North Dakota and moved to Charlotte more than three years ago with her
husband, a radiologist, and their two young sons.
The book began as research for her dissertation, a case study of Petraeus' leadership.
It evolved into an authorized biography written with Washington Post editor Vernon
Loeb after President Obama put Petraeus in charge of Afghanistan in 2010.
Two years earlier, she wrote in the book's preface, while visiting Washington he had
invited her to join him and his team for a run along the Potomac River.
"I'd earned varsity letters in cross-country and indoor and outdoor track and finished at
the top of my class for athletics at West Point; I wanted to see if he could keep stride
during an interview. Instead it became a test for me," she wrote. He eventually
increased the pace "until the talk turned to heavy breathing, and we reached a 6-
minute-per-mile pace. It was a signature Petraeus move. I think I passed the test, but I
didn't bother to transcribe the interview."
In the Army Reserve, she specialized in military intelligence, spending time at the U.S.
Special Operations Command and the FBI Counterterrorism Task Forces before
pursuing an academic career, according to her Penguin bio. She "lived, worked, or
traveled in more than 60 countries during more than 15 years of military service and
work in geopolitical analysis and counterterrorism and counterinsurgency operations,"
her bio states.
Broadwell made multiple trips to Afghanistan, with unprecedented access to Petraeus,
and also spent time with his commanders across the country.
When Petraeus left the military and took the job at the CIA, Broadwell kept in contact
with him and sometimes was invited to his office for events such as his meeting with
actress Angelina Jolie.
"History has yet to fully judge Petraeus' service in Iraq and Afghanistan, his impact on
the U.S. military and his rank among America's wartime leaders," Broadwell wrote in the
preface. "But there is no denying that he achieved a great deal during his 37-year Army
career, not the least of which was regaining the strategic initiative in both wars" after
Sept. 11, 2001.
"His critics fault him for ambition and self-promotion. I will note in the pages that follow
that he is driven and goal-oriented, but his energy, optimism and will to win stand out
more for me than the qualities seized on by his critics."
With the book done, Broadwell told friends she was returning to her dissertation, using
part of her research on Petraeus to complete her doctorate.
Your Say: Petraeus human after all
Gen. David Petraeus speaks at Bagram Air Base, Afghanistan, on Dec. 3, 2010. (Photo:
JIM WATSON, AFP/Getty Images)
7:45PM EST November 11. 2012 - Retired general David Petraeus resigned as CIA
director Friday, citing an extramarital affair. Comments from Facebook:
If that — in and of itself — disqualifies a person from public service, many in Congress
should resign immediately as well.
It's refreshing to see that this man still understands that affairs have consequences.
Right: One consequence is that some religious zealots think it's their business and that
he should resign. Another consequence is that many people don't care if he had one
affair or a hundred, as long as he does his job.
When the head of the CIA has an affair, it has national security repercussions.
The timing is especially interesting. Was he engaged in an affair during the night of the
Libyan attack? Did he spill national secrets to a woman? Did the White House know
about this, too? Doesn't Petraeus have security guards close by at all times? Didn't they
know this was going on? Would they have been duty bound to report this? What. When.
Where. Who. Whatever the details of the affair are, Petraeus should still have to testify
about the Benghazi attack.
All those stars don't make a man smart! He is a cheater, and I don't feel sorry for him. I
hope his wife cleans him out.
Keep the public and private person separate. The fact is that the general made a
mistake but remains an American hero.
Only after we have an accurate assessment of the reality of extramarital affairs statistics
should we be placing judgment on whether it reflects on someone's ability to do his or
My hunch is that the percentage of people in positions similar to this, that have had
some type of extramarital affair, is very high. We are human after all.
Letter to the editor:
While retired general David Petraeus is always given credit for his handling of the surge
of our troops in Iraq, he also is entitled to the "credit" for his previous role, which might
have precluded the need for the surge.
Don't forget he was in charge of the training effort for the Iraqi military and police forces.
And in that role, in my opinion, he was an absolute failure. He failed to accomplish that
mission in the necessary time frame and with the required number of Iraqi forces being
properly trained to take over the mission.
I'm certainly sorry that his previously distinguished military and intelligence career has
come to this abrupt end because of his lack of good judgment. But I hope his entire role
gets appropriate coverage and recognition when the pundits and his supporters talk
Michael F. Vezeau; Bluffton, S.C.