Paramapada sopanapatam by kalyan97


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									                                72                   71                     70                     69                    68                    67                   66                    65                     64

                           dull qualities      active qualities       good qualities        plane of creation       plane of Siva       plane of Vishnu        plane of bliss     plane of inner space    plane of nature

                                55                   56                     57                     58                    59                    60                   61                    62                     63

                               ego           plane of first sound       plane of air          plane of light        plane of truth      positive intellect   negative intellect       happiness               darkness

                                54                   53                     52                     51                    50                    49                   48                    47                     46

                         plane of devotion     plane of water        plane of violence            earth           plane of austerity      River Ganga          River Yamuna       Goddess of Wisdom          conscience

                                37                   38                     39                     40                    41                    42                   43                    44                     45

                             wisdom           plane of energy       plane of elimination   plane of circulation    creative plane         plane of fire        human birth         false knowledge        right knowledge

                                36                   35                     34                     33                    32                    31                   30                    29                     28

                              clarity           netherworld           plane of flavor      plane of fragrance      plane of devas        nature spirits      good tendencies          false faith            true faith

                                19                   20                     21                     22                    23                    24                   25                    26                     27

                          plane of karma           giving               atonement           plane of dharma        heavenly plane        bad company          good company              sorrow             selfless service

                                18                   17                     16                     15                    14                    13                   12                    11                     10

                           plane of joy            mercy                 jealousy             underworld          lower astral plane   higher astral plane         envy             devas of music          purification

                                 1                    2                      3                      4                     5                     6                    7                     8                      9

                               birth               illusion                anger                 greed               earth plane            delusion         conceit or vanity          avarice          plane of sensuality
a. manivel

             Hindu Games
                                                                    Snakes and Ladders
             The Western children’s game Snakes and Ladders, or Chutes and                                             move forward. Nowadays dice are used. If the player lands on a lad-
             Ladders, comes from the Indian game for adults called Gyan                                                der, he jumps to the square at the top of the ladder. If he lands on
             Chaupar, the “Game of Knowledge.” Gyan Chaupar teaches the                                                the head of a snake, he slides back down the snake to a low square.
             Hindu spiritual path to moksha, which is liberation from reincarna-                                       The object of the game is to land exactly on square 68, the center
             tion. There are 72 numbered squares on the board listing various                                          of the top row. This square represents liberation from rebirth and
             virtues, vices, states of consciousness and planes of existence. The                                      entry into heaven. If he lands past 68, he continues to play until he
             ladders start from squares with virtues, such as devotion, and move                                       reaches 72, which takes him back to 51 for another try. The game is
             the player up the board. Snakes are found on squares of vices, such                                       an entertaining way to learn about making progress on the spiritual
             as jealousy, and take the player back down the board.                                                     path. By cultivating a virtue, such as devotion, one advances. By
                Play begins at square one in the lower left corner. In the old                                         falling prey to egotism, one goes backwards.
             days, the player threw six cowrie shells on the floor. The number                                            Play the game online or download the board and full instructions
             of shells that landed upright indicated the number of squares to                                          at

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