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Shelter in disaster response

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					     SHELTER
    Session for
     trainings




                          Emergency SHELTER in Natural Disasters

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Saving lives, changing minds.
     SHELTER
    Session for
     trainings
                     Shelter after disaster…

                        What is shelter
                        Emerging trends & challenges – the big picture
                        Phases in shelter
                        Shelter as a process not a product
                        Shelter in emergency operations
                        The shelter tools




                                                             Time: 90 minutes

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Saving lives, changing minds.
     SHELTER
    Session for
     trainings
                     Defining “shelter”…




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Saving lives, changing minds.
     SHELTER
    Session for
     trainings
                     Shelter concept on a disaster response…


                   Shelter and Settlements
                                            Emergency, early recovery, recovery

                      Community
                      participation

                     Organisational
                                        Housing and Urban issues
                     Development

                                           Land and
                      Cross-cutting         housing
                        issues…         property rights
                                                            Construction
                    Camp Management

                                                               Safe        Appropriate    Construction
                    Coordination with     Infrastructures   Construction   technologies   Management
                         others


                      Other issues…




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Saving lives, changing minds.
     SHELTER
    Session for
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                     Some shelter numbers…

                        66 million – people with houses damaged by 2007 Asia floods
                         (Nepal, Bangladesh, Pakistan, China, DPRK, Vietnam, India)
                        1.8 million – homes destroyed or damaged in Pakistan by the last
                         Floods in 2010
                        47.9% - housing as a percentage of total cost of tsunami damage in
                         Indonesia
                        CHF 100 million - IFRC spend on Aceh transitional shelter
                         programme
                        140,000 HH helped by RCRC in Haiti with Emergency Shelter
                         (covering kit, tents & STK)
                        CHF 310 - cost of a family tent to international specifications
                        CHF 100 – cost of air freighting one family tent
                        CHF 60 – cost of IFRC Shelter Kit
                        CHF 600 – cost of building materials, tools, fixings etc. for Pakistan
                         earthquake transitional shelter 2006

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Saving lives, changing minds.
     SHELTER
    Session for
     trainings
                     Disaster trends…



                                          Climate change
                                                 +
                                           urbanisation
                                                 +
                                social & economic marginalisation
                                                 =
                                   INCREASED SHELTER RISK


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Saving lives, changing minds.
     SHELTER
    Session for
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                     IFRC and shelter…

                        IFRC is the leading agency in the shelter sector
                         for natural disasters– and few other agencies
                         have shelter in their mandate

                        National Societies implement a wide range of
                         emergency, transitional and permanent housing.
                         However only since 2006 IFRC has created a
                         Shelter Department.




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     SHELTER
    Session for
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                       The process of sheltering…

                  Before disaster                           Beyond emergency
                                                           response
                                             Disaster
             Before disaster               & emergency        Beyond emergency
                                             response         response
             over time households
             build, extend and                                households will over time
             upgrade houses                                   extend and upgrade
             using materials,                                 shelter solutions provided
             cash, contracted                                 using materials, cash,
             local labour or self-                            contracted local labour
             help                                             or self-help

                    Emergency response should support the sheltering process
                    providing materials, cash, contracted local labour or self-help +
                    technical support as appropriate

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Saving lives, changing minds.
     SHELTER
    Session for
     trainings




                                                   Recovery
                                            shelter/housing
                                    Early
                                Recovery
                  Emergency       shelter
                     shelter
      Self
    recovery




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Saving lives, changing minds.
      SHELTER
     Session for
      trainings
                      Product vs. process…

Product / Phase
Approach



                     Tent                   Container     House


Process/ Needs
Approach:

                             Support    Money




                             Guidance   Materials Tools

 www.ifrc.org
 Saving lives, changing minds.
     SHELTER
    Session for
     trainings
                     Shelter Operations…

                      Assessments
                      Programming and Coordination
                      Implementation
                      Monitoring and Evaluation




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     SHELTER
    Session for
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                     Informed assessments

                        Assessments: Rapid, detailed, ongoing
                        What are affected households doing themselves
                         to meet their shelter needs and how can we assist
                         them? (use Sphere 2011 Shelter Checklist – adapt
                         as needed)
                        Consider separate needs of:
                            Those displaced temporarily or permanently
                            From those who can return to the site of their
                             damaged/destroyed home
                            The issues of tenure


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Saving lives, changing minds.
     SHELTER
    Session for
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                     Displaced and non-displaced population




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     SHELTER
    Session for
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                     Shelter Programming

                     Emergency Shelter (live saving) – 3 options:
                     1. Coverage kit: (2 tarps + rope)
                     2. Shelter Kit: (2 tarps + tools (includes rope + fixings))
                     3. Family tent (tents can delay recovery process)
                     + basic/simple technical advice
                     + complemented with NFIs + new HH kit.
                     Early recovery Shelter – 5 options:
                     1. Transitional shelter (T-shelter)
                     2. Construction material (roofing, walling, flooring)
                     3. Tools
                     4. Cash & Voucher/ credit card
                     5. Technical support/ awareness campaign (safe shelter)
                     Get Emergency Shelter going & move to Early Recovery ASAP

www.ifrc.org
Saving lives, changing minds.
     SHELTER
    Session for
     trainings
                     Coverage Kit

                     Contents:
                      2 tarpaulins (to specs) + 20 metres of rope (10 kg)
                      Technical advice (one pager on how to fix tarp to rope,
                       wood, and bamboo)


                     Cost: 40 CHF
                     Challenges: Rope has to be bought locally.
                     When to use:
                     • Need for quick, low cost response
                     • There are other materials available (salvaged…)
                     Plastic Sheeting Guidelines, Shade Nets Guidelines


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Saving lives, changing minds.
     SHELTER
    Session for
     trainings
                     IFRC Shelter Kit

                     Contents:
                      2 tarps + Shelter Toolkit (20Kg)
                      Technical advice (one flyer on how
                       to fix tarp to rope, wood, and
                       bamboo)

                     Cost: 60 CHF
                     Challenges:
                     Bulkier than coverage kit. Machetes.
                     When to use:
                     • Variety of situations, versatile
                     • There are other materials
                       available (salvaged…)
                     Shelter kit guidelines + SK training

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Saving lives, changing minds.
     SHELTER
    Session for
     trainings
                     Use of “Shelter Kit”…




                                       Repair or build




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     SHELTER
    Session for
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                     Family tent

                     Contents:
                      16m2 family tent (64 kg)
                      Technical advice (one-pager
                       on where to put the tent, how
                       to prepare the ground and how
                       to erect it)
                     Cost: 310 CHF
                     Challenges: difficult to combine, evolve, adapt
                     When to use:
                     • Life-saving need for quick answer and no materials available
                     • Big emergencies (all solutions are needed)
                     • Non-technical reasons
                     • Political issues (Gvmt/ HNS)
                     Tent guidelines (available with assembly instruction)

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     SHELTER
    Session for
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                     Implementation Shelter response…

                                                • Initial assessment – Initial POA
                                                • Identification needs STT
                     Shelter FACT               • Shelter Movement Coordination
                                                • Shelter Programme Manager IFRC

                     STT                        • Technical support to shelter
                     (Shelter Technical Team)     implementation


                     Logistic FACT -> ERU       • Coordinate/provide logistic support
                     SUPPORT SERVICES             technical programmes.


                                                • Coordinate/implement relief response,
                     Relief FACT -> ERU           including Emergency shelter/NFIs.


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Saving lives, changing minds.
     SHELTER
    Session for
                          Implementation EMERGENCY Shelter
     trainings
                          response…
                             ACTIVITY                WHO DOES         WHO                COORDINATES       WHO APPROVES
                                                                      SUPPORTS           WITH
                  Define EMERGENCY Shelter           Shelter FACT/    STT                Relief FACT       FACT TL/HoOp/HNS
                  Response                           HNS              IFRC ZO/HQ         Logistic FACT
                  - Initial assessments              Counterpart      (technical line)   FACT members
                  - identifying technical solution                    Relief ERU         RC/RC Movement
                  - target beneficiaries caseload                                        Shelter CLUSTER
                  - working plan & budget
                  PROCUREMENT                        Logistic FACT/   IFRC ZO/IFRC HQ    Shelter FACT/     FACT TL/HoOp/HNS
                  - national/international           RLU/ HNS         (logistic          STT TL            <50.000 Log FACT
                                                     Counterpart      departments)                         >50.000<400.000 RLU
                                                                                                           >400.000 IFRC HQ
                  DELIVERY                           Relief ERU/      Relief FACT        Relief FACT       FACT TL/HNS
                  - HH assessment for distribution   HNS              Shelter FACT/STT   Shelter CLUSTER
                  - registration & ticketing         Counterpart      Logistic ERU       RC/RC Movement
                  - volunteers training
                  - distribution and M&E
                  AWARENESS                          STT/ HNS         Relief ERU/ HNS    Shelter CLUSTER   Shelter FACT/ STT TL/
                  -develop material                  Counterpart      distribution       RC/RC Movement    HNS Counterpart
                  - volunteers training                               teams
                  - awareness campaign and M&E

www.ifrc.org
Saving lives, changing minds.
     SHELTER
    Session for
                          Implementation EARLY RECOVERY
     trainings
                          Shelter response…
                            ACTIVITY         WHO DOES       WHO                 COORDINATES         WHO APPROVES
                                                            SUPPORTS            WITH
                  -Define EARLY RECOVERY     Shelter FACT   STT                 Relief FACT/ERU     FACT TL/HoOp/ HNS
                  Shelter Response           or shelter     IFRC ZO/HQ          Logistic FACT/ERU
                  - technical solution       programme      (technical line)    FACT members
                  - target beneficiaries     coord/ HNS     MDAT (recovery      RC/RC Movement
                  - working plan & budget    Counterpart    surge capacity)     Shelter CLUSTER
                  PROCUREMENT                Logistic       IFRC ZO/IFRC HQ     Shelter FACT/       FACT TL/HoOp/ HNS
                  - national/international   FACT/RLU       (logistic           STT TL              <50.000 Log FACT
                                                            departments)                            >50.000 <400.000 RLU
                                                                                                    >400.000 IFRC HQ
                  DELIVERY                   STT/ HNS       Logistic FACT/ERU   Shelter CLUSTER     Shelter FACT/shelter
                  -Need/damage assessments   Counterpart    Relief FACT/ERU     RC/RC Movement      programme
                  - registration                            Shelter staff       FACT members        coordinator/HNS
                  - community mobilization                  Beneficiaries       (integrate
                  - volunteers training                                         approach)
                  - implementation
                  AWARENESS                  STT/ HNS       Shelter staff       Shelter CLUSTER     Shelter FACT/ STT TL/
                  -develop material          Counterpart                        RC/RC Movement      HNS Counterpart
                  - volunteers training
                  - awareness campaign

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Saving lives, changing minds.
     SHELTER
    Session for
     trainings
                     Other aspects to consider…

                        Lack of shelter counterpart within HNS
                        Shelter response should be linked with watsan, health,
                         livelihood (integrated approach) and general relief
                         programming.
                        Shelter is often a key component of recovery
                         programming – consider household livelihood activities
                         and potential local economic impact of shelter response.
                        Procurement & Logistics and relief are key to
                         successful shelter.
                        Gender and crosscutting issues
                        Include monitoring & evaluation of the solution in
                         budget.

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Saving lives, changing minds.
     SHELTER
    Session for
     trainings
                     Shelter resources and support

                        Globally pre-positioned tarps, shelter kits and
                         tents in Regional Logistics Units
                        Emergency Items Catalogue (ERIC) online
                         www.ifrc.org/emergency-items
                        FedNet & DMIS: tools and resources, guidelines,
                         videos, documents, examples
                        Technical focal points within Secretariat (ZO &
                         GVA) to support shelter response, specifications,
                         programming tools, guidance, and longer term
                         programming


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Saving lives, changing minds.
     SHELTER
    Session for
     trainings
                       Shelter & Settlement TECHNICAL support

                                IFRC HEAD QUARTER (GVA)                    IFRC ZONE OFFICES
                                                   Sandra D’URZO            Carmen FERRER
                                                         Policy
                                                                           Americas Zone , Panama
                                                        Americas

                                                 Ela SERDAROGLU            Gregg MCDONALD
                                                   Capacity Building          Asia Pacific DMU,
                  Graham SAUNDERS                 Asia Pacific & MENA          Kuala Lumpur
                   Head of Department
                                                 Corinne TREHERNE
                                                    Technical Support
                                                         Africa
                     Rea IVANEK
                    Senior Assistant
                                                     Marta PEÑA            Alberto MONGUZZI
                                                 Support Ops & Trainings
                                                                           Europe Zone, Budapest
                                                  Europe & Central Asia


                                                    Pablo MEDINA
                                                  Global Shelter Cluster


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Saving lives, changing minds.
     SHELTER
    Session for
     trainings
                     For more information…




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Saving lives, changing minds.
     SHELTER
    Session for
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                     Questions?




                                Thanks for your interest !

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Saving lives, changing minds.

				
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