Overview of ANAFE and its Programme for
  Strengthening Africa’s Strategic Agricultural
Capacity for Impact on Development (SASACID)

   Presentation for Sida, Nairobi, 12 October
          Outline of Presentation
•   ANAFE view on TAE in Africa
•   About ANAFE
•   External Evaluation of SASACID
•   Partnerships
•   Conclusion
         ANAFE View on TAE in Africa
 The enormous potential of the agriculture sector in Africa to drive
  improved livelihoods and development (thus contributing to
  achievement in one way or another to most of the Millennium
  Development Goals (MDGs)) is vastly underutilized today.
 A major contributing factor to underutilized and untapped
  potential is that agricultural education in its current form is poorly
  targeted and structured to adequately respond to the challenges
  for achieving food security, eradicating malnutrition, alleviating
  poverty, preserving the environment and spurring development in
  rural Africa.
 Vertical linkages of TAE to lower levels of education remains weak.
 It is time to invest in change, more specifically in the
  transformation of TAE. Well-designed, well-targeted TAE can
  provide scientific expertise, technical innovations and training in
  strategic areas of education for rural people, industry and policy
         ANAFE View on TAE in Africa
 It is important that TAE transformation in Africa be African-
  owned and African-implemented to ensure that results are
 African Heads of State have endorsed CAADP for the
  development of Agriculture , but TAE institutions are still not
  properly involved in CAADP processes
 ANAFE, the African Network for Agriculture, Agroforestry
  and Natural Resources Education, is an established network
  of 132 African institutions of higher learning across the
  continent that works actively to transform TAE
     What is ANAFE?
Created in 1993 by 29 TAE        ANAFE Member
institutions                   Countries in 2012 (in
                                  dark green)
In 2012: the network is
made up of 132 Agricultural
Colleges and Universities in
35 African countries

Mission Statement: “To
improve the quality,
relevance and application of
tertiary agricultural
education in Africa”

ANAFE relies on regionalized
approach for decision
making, planning,
implementation, monitoring
and control
                        General Meeting of


                                                   Small Executive
                            ECA-RAFT                 Secretariat


              NAFT                      AHT-RAFT
 Decide on policies,
   strategies and            MEETING                                                                              Make decisions and
 leadership: Elects
  Board members                                                                                                   coordinate

                                                                                                                    Advise and give

 Overall Financial and           BOARD
   administrative                 Board
Network Management
                                Committees                                 Make decisions
                                                                           and coordinate
                                                                          regional activities

                                                                                                                 Make policy links, conduct
                                                                                                                situation analysis and needs
                                                                                                                assessment and implement
 Implement Board’s                                                                                                        activities
   decisions and             Executive
 supervise activities                                                         RAFTs


                                                                                        RAFTs’ decisions
                                                       FIs and SEFs

FI, Focal Institution; SEF, Senior Education Fellow; RAFT, Regional Agricultural Forum for Training; NAFT, National Agricultural Forum
for Training
    The ANAFE Results Chain for Tertiary Agricultural
          Education (TAE) and Development
  Long-term    • Poverty in rural areas of Africa alleviated

Medium-term    • Good performance of the agriculture sector contributing
                 significantly to growth, food security and increased income
  Impact         for small-holder farming households in rural areas of Africa

               • Improved capacity of African TAE institutions, and their
                 faculty, staff and graduates to work with key agriculture
 Short-term      and rural development (ARD) sector stakeholders to
   impact        improve agricultural production, productivity,
                 sustainability, and marketing mechanisms benefiting small-
                 holder farming households in rural areas of Africa

               • Improved quality, relevance and application of tertiary
Outcome          agricultural education (TAE) in Africa
 ANAFE Strategy for Achieving its Stated Outcome
                  and Impacts
 The ANAFE 2008-2012 strategy focuses on improved quality,
  relevance and application of TAE.
 The strategic approach to be followed calls for work on three
  fronts to simultaneously improve:
       (1) TAE in higher institutions of learning,
      (2) the context and links of TAE with rural and agri-business
       development objectives, and
      (3) the relevance of TAE through applied research and development
       (R&D) benefiting small-farmer households in rural areas.
  “Strengthening Africa’s Strategic Agricultural
 Capacity for Impact on Development” (SASACID)
 Has been prepared and presented to Africa Development
  Bank (ADB) and to Sida.
 Endorsed by the AU Commission, Department of Rural
 Responses from all parties have been positive.
 While SASACID will cover most of the external financing
  requirements of ANAFE’s “Transforming Agricultural
  Education in Africa” Programme, ANAFE will seek and/or
  have other sources of funding/collaboration to linked to
  SASACID programme-related projects.
                        Why SASACID
• TAE poorly articulated
• Curricula still largely unsuitable and incoherent
• The tools, methods and quality of teaching and learning are weak,
  especially with respect to practicum
• There is poor understanding of the integrative nature of land use
• The business and industrial development aspects are not well articulated
  particularly in academic research
• Local innovations and links with communities are very weak, at a time
  when the population of jobless rural youth is growing
• Women represent only 15-18 % of the student population
• For countries emerging from civil strife, the capacity of their TAE
  institutions has been greatly weakened
“Strengthening Africa’s Strategic Agricultural Capacity for
      Impact on Development” (SASACID): Projects

  Project 1:          • Refocusing Agriculture Education Objectives and Improving

                      • Establishing the Capacity of Agricultural Scientists to Develop
  Project 2:            Relevant Learning Resources Based on African Knowledge and

                      • Building Capacity for Innovations Systems Approaches: Linking
  Project 3:            agricultural policy with research, education, industry and

                      • Strengthening Capacity for Agri-Business Education and Training,
  Project 4:            Particularly Strengthening the Interest and Capacity of Women
                        and Youth to take up Agricultural Careers
               SASACID Projects (contd)
   Project                           • Managing Risk and Uncertainty in
                                       Agriculture, Including
                                       Agrochemicals, Biosafety and
     5:                                Climate Change

   Project                           • Strengthening Methods for
                                       Teaching and Learning and
                                       Enhancing Agricultural Information
     6:                                and Knowledge Management

Counterpart contributions to both ANAFE in total and SASACID in particular are in the form of
in-kind contributions by ANAFE institutions (e.g. faculty time, facilities, local transport, per diems
sometimes, etc.). About 20 percent of total Budget
          Projects and expected outputs
Project                                     Expected Output
Refocusing agricultural learning            Refocused agricultural education objectives and
objectives and improved curricula           improved curricula
Establishing the capacity of agricultural   High quality and locally contextualised agricultural
scientists                                  learning resources
Building capacity for innovation systems    Synergy and institutional links in agricultural policy,
approach                                    research, education, industry and practice
Strengthening capacity for agribusiness     Graduates with knowledge and skills in agricultural
education and training                      business enterprising
Managing risk and uncertainty               Resilience: Increased capacity on managing risks and
                                            uncertainty in agriculture
Strengthening methods of teaching and       Teaching and learning methods and tools and sharing
learning                                    of agricultural information enhanced
      External Appraisal of SASACID by Sida

Done by Independent Consultants:
• Prof Ulf Magnusson from SLU, Sweden
• Prof Amon Z. Mattee from Sokoine University
  of Agriculture
     External Appraisal of SASACID by Sida
General Assessment:
1. SASACID Proposal targets one of the most
   important elements for poverty alleviation,
   hunger reduction and economic
   development in Africa: Building African
   human capacity within the field of agriculture
2. SASACID aligns with the Swedish programme
   on refocusing on poverty and hunger
 External Appraisal of SASACID by Sida (Cont.)
What was appreciated within SASACID:
1. SASACID is a huge commitment with high
   ambitions for Africa
2. SASACID wants to use holistic and
   comprehensive approaches
3. Importance given to the Regional approach with
   initiatives coming from member institutions
4. Clear inter-connectedness and synergies of the
 External Appraisal of SASACID by Sida (Cont.)
General Recommendations:
1.   SASACID should also work on gender issues and strengthen
     interventions aiming to get more women in more senior positions
2.   Use the regional approach for peer pressure
3.   Include Agribusiness elements in curricula and develop good links
     with the private sector
4.   Develop links to other disciplines (Not Forestry and Agroforestry
     alone) within Research and Extension
5.   Refine the programme during the initial phase to achieve optimal
6.   Involve Leaders from national members, policy makers and other
     stakeholders in regional meetings and activities would strengthen
     linkages and boost their interest for TAE.
 External Appraisal of SASACID by Sida (Cont.)
Recommendations for Implementation:
1. RAFTs should be more proactive, take care of
   synergies, boost regional cooperation and use peer
   pressure (RAFTs Chairs will make presentations).
2. Need for a result –based Management framework
   based on sharpened log frame and indicators (will be
   presented by James and Andy)
3. Need for the ANAFE Secretariat to have a strong,
   professional and transparent mechanism for
   accounting of funding (presentation on accounting by
  External Appraisal of SASACID by Sida (Cont.)
Recommendations for Implementation:
1. Make better use of the potential synergy at
   regional levels and the peer pressure
   generated through cross institutions’
2. Develop the element of climate change and
3. Make the log frame sharper, particularly the
   “means of verification of outputs”.
  External Appraisal of SASACID by Sida (Cont.)
Recommendations for Implementation:
1. Best process is for SASACID to work with a pilot list
   of members in each region, and implement all the
   projects with them.
2. Continue to work with short courses and workshops on
   annual basis to include maximum number of
3. Continue to use curriculum assessment and
   development as a working tool, and include
   agribusiness, involvement of women/gender
   perspective, climate change as cross cutting issues in all
   assessments ad development
  External Appraisal of SASACID by Sida (Cont.)
Recommendations for Implementation:
1. Establish a process to select 2 – 3 (4) pilot institutions
   per regions (similar to that when selecting regional
   Focal institutions); Criteria for selection include top
   level management with clear institutional and political
   support; be already engaged in at least 2 to 3 activities
   linked to the SASACID projects.
2. Pilot institutions should report to the General Assembly
   about their experiences and progress within SASACID
3. Sida will commission an independent mid term review
   of SASACID in 2013
          SASACID Funded Activities

• See document with budget
 ANAFE officially selected as a key implementer of TAE under
  CAADP Pillar IV. Key Member of TEAM Africa.
 ANAFE works with others on important major education and
  capacity-building initiatives in Africa: Partners with African
  TAE organizations (AAU, AVU, RUFORUM, CAMES,
  CORAF/WECARD, SADC), Political Organizations ( AUC,
  NEPAD, FARA, ACTS, FANRPAN, AFF, CTA) national Research
  Institutes (KARI, INRAN, INERA), CGIAR Centres (ICRAF,
  Bioversity International, ICRISAT, AWARD, etc.) UN Agencies
  (FAO, UNEP, World Bank, etc,), Northern partners (SLU,
  AGRINATURA, APLU, Nebraska University, Montpellier
  SupAgro, Danish Universities, Finish Universities, NORAD,
 The funds allocated by Sida for the Preparatory Phase of
  SASACID allowed ANAFE to get RAFTs and member
  institutions ready for the full implementation of SASACID.
 The Preparatory Phase has built an enormous hope and
  enthusiasm within the member institutions.
 Various aspects of the SASACID projects were funded by
  various funding sources such as DFID through the Association
  of African Universities (MRCI 1,2), DANIDA through FARA
  (UniBRAIN), UNEP and FAO (Climate Change).
 This support from Sida will allow the implementation to take
  place and bring new donors and partners on board.

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