George Orwell 1984 PDF
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In 1984, London is a grim city where Big Brother is always watching you and
the Thought Police can practically read your mind. Winston is a man in grave
danger for the simple reason that his
memory still functions. Drawn into a
forbidden love affair, Winston finds the
courage to join a secret revolutionary
organization called The Brotherhood,
dedicated to the destruction of the Party.
Together with his beloved Julia, he
hazards his life in a deadly match against
the powers that be.
George Orwell's final novel, 1984, was written amidst the anti-communist
hysteria of the cold war. But unlike Orwell's other famous political satire,
Animal Farm, this novel is filled with bleak cynicism and grim pessimism about
the human race. When it was written, 1984 stood as a warning against the
dangerous probabilities of communism. And now today, after communism has
crumbled with the Berlin Wall; 1984 has come back to tell us a tale of mass
media, data mining, and their harrowing consequences.
It's 1984 in London, a city in the new überstate of Oceania, which contains
what was once England, Western Europe and North America. Our hero,
Winston Smith works in the Ministry of Truth altering documents that
contradict current government statements and opinions. Winston begins to
remember the past that he has worked so hard to destroy, and turns against
The Party. Even Winston's quiet, practically undetectable form of anarchism is
dangerous in a world filled with thought police and the omnipresent two-way
telescreen. He fears his inevitable capture and punishment, but feels no
compulsion to change his ways.
Winston's dismal observations about human nature are accompanied by the
hope that good will triumph over evil; a hope that Orwell does not appear to
share. The people of Oceania are in the process of stripping down the English
language to its bones. Creating Newspeak, which Orwell uses only for
examples and ideas which exist only in the novel. The integration of Newspeak
into the conversation of the book. One of the new words created is
doublethink, the act of believing that two conflicting realities exist. Such as
when Winston sees a photograph of a non-person, but must reason that that
person does not, nor ever has, existed.
The inspiration for Winston's work ,may have come from Russia. Where Stalin's
right-hand man, Trotzky was erased from all tangible records after his
dissention from the party. And the fear of telescreens harks back to the days
when Stasi bugs were hooked to every bedpost, phone line and light bulb in
His reference to Hitler Youth, the Junior Spies, which trains children to keep an
eye out for thought criminals- even if they are their parents; provides evidence
for Orwell's continuing presence in pop culture. "Where men can't walk, or
freely talk, And sons turn their fathers in." is a line from U2's 1993 song titled
Orwell assumes that we will pick up on these political allusions. But the
average grade 11 student will probably only have a vague understanding of
these due to lack of knowledge. It is even less likely that they will pick up on
the universality of these happenings, like the fact that people still "disappear"
without a trace every day in Latin America.
Overall, however, the book could not have been better written. Orwell has
created characters and events that are scarily realistic. Winston's narration
brings the reader inside his head, and sympathetic with the cause of the
would-be-rebels. There are no clear answers in the book, and it's often the
reader who has to decide what to believe. But despite a slightly unresolved
plot, the book serves its purpose. Orwell wrote this book to raise questions;
and the sort of questions he raised have no easy answer. This aspect can make
the novel somewhat of a disappointment for someone in search of a light read.
But anyone prepared to not just read, but think about a novel, will get a lot out
1984, is not a novel for the faint of heart, it is a gruesome, saddening portrait
of humanity, with it's pitfalls garishly highlighted. Its historic importance has
never been underestimated; and it's reemergence as a political warning for the
21st century makes it deserving of a second look. Winston's world of paranoia
and inconsistent realities is an eloquently worded account of a future we
thought we buried in our past; but in truth may be waiting just around the
About the Author
GEORGE ORWELL (1903–1950) was born in India and served with the Imperial
Police in Burma before joining the Republican Army in the Spanish Civil War.
Orwell was the author of six novels as well as numerous essays and nonfiction
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