Rainfed agriculture_ policy learning for inclusive innovation - _SIID_

Document Sample
Rainfed agriculture_ policy learning for inclusive innovation - _SIID_ Powered By Docstoc
					Rainfed agriculture:
 policy learning for
inclusive innovation
Paper presented at the SIID Project Workshop,
          NIIM, Zhejiang University
              Hangzhou, China
            22-24 February 2012




                                         R. S. Raina, SIID Project-CPR,
                        22-24 Feb 2012   CSIR-NISTADS
   India-China: 49-51% of global chronic
    poverty, 55 % of global extreme poverty
    (McKay and Baulch, 2004)
   India-China – PERSISTENT RURAL poverty
    (Glauben et al, 2012; Planning Commission, 2010)
   Regional differentiation – higher
    -
  dependence on agrarian incomes
 India – higher probability to remain poor
  for longer
         MESSAGES - INNOVATION AND DEVELOPMENT

                 India-China:
             poverty amidst plenty
                                                     R. S. Raina, SIID Project-CPR,
                                    22-24 Feb 2012   CSIR-NISTADS
   From secondary data – the rainfed farming
    states , plantations and Northeastern states
   Rainfed farming innovation systems - 2
    chronic poverty states – AP and MP – 2
    districts Low-Low and Low-High (rainfall and
    irrigation) intensity
   From case analyses – Private groundwater
    sharing project (Kadiri, Anantapur – AP),
    Chetna organics (Adilabad- AP), pulse
    production systems in tribal villages (Dewas
    – MP), organic kodu rice systems (East
    Nimad – MP).

             SIID Module 2 A –
analysis based on evidence of exclusion and
               innovation -
                                            R. S. Raina, SIID Project-CPR,
                           22-24 Feb 2012   CSIR-NISTADS
Comparing persistent poverty India-China
 - remote rural - rainfall matters- private
 investment mobilization
Regional differences between
 Zhejiang-Hubei- Yunnan
 Haryana-Andhra Pradesh-Madhya Pradesh
Farm + non-farm income streams
Options for escape from poverty –
 innovation capacities


        Rainfed agriculture –
         spaces of exclusion
                                        R. S. Raina, SIID Project-CPR,
                       22-24 Feb 2012   CSIR-NISTADS
                 R. S. Raina, SIID Project-CPR,
22-24 Feb 2012   CSIR-NISTADS
Groundnut farmers' suicide worries agri dept
TNN Jun 13, 2011, 12.23am IST
  http://articles.timesofindia.indiatimes.com/2011-06-
  13/hyderabad/29652421_1_groundnut-farmers-groundnut-crop-
  private-moneylenders

ANANTAPUR: Even as the kharif season has started
 with the timely rainfall in the drought-hit
 Anantapur district, the recent incidents of
 suicides of groundnut farmers are ringing alarms
 among the agriculture department officials....



             Nothing new(s)!

                                                 R. S. Raina, SIID Project-CPR,
                                22-24 Feb 2012   CSIR-NISTADS
Agriculture - declining contribution to national GDP




                                                    R. S. Raina, SIID Project-CPR,
                                   22-24 Feb 2012   CSIR-NISTADS
Figure 2: Capital formation in agriculture
and allied sectors




                                      R. S. Raina, SIID Project-CPR,
                     22-24 Feb 2012   CSIR-NISTADS
                   All-India Area, Production and Yield of Major Crops and proportion of area Irrigated over time
                                               (Source:: Agricultural Statistics at a glance)
  Crop       Area (Million Hectares)    Production (Million tonnes)                   Yield (Kg/hectare) Area under Irrigation
                                                                                                                 (%)



           1960-    198    2000-   2008-    1960-   1980-    2000-01   2008-    196    198    200    200    196    198    200    200
           61       0-81   01      09       61      81                 09       0-61   0-81   0-01   8-09   0-61   0-81   0-01   7-08

Food       115.58   126.   121.0   122.83   82.02   129.59   196.81    234.47   710    102    162    190    19.1   29.7   43.4   46.8
                    67     5                                                           3      6      9
grain

Rice       34.13    40.1   44.71   45.54    34.58   53.63    84.98     99.18    101    133    190    217    36.8   40.7   53.6   56.9
                    5                                                           3      6      1      8
Wheat      12.93    22.2   25.73   27.75    11.00   36.31    69.68     80.68    851    163    270    290    32.7   76.5   88.1   90.9
                    8                                                                  0      8      7
Coarse     44.96    41.7   30.26   27.45    23.74   29.02    31.08     40.04    528    695    102    145    7.7    9.2    12.5   14.2
                    8                                                                         7      9
cereals

Total      23.56    22.4   20.35   22.09    12.70   10.63    11.08     14.57    539    473    544    659    8.0    9.0    12.5   16.2
                    6
Pulses

Major      13.77    17.6   22.77   27.56    6.98    9.37     18.44     27.72    507    532    810    100    3.3    14.5   23.0   27.1
                                                                                                     6
Oilseeds

Cotton     7.61     7.82   8.53    9.41     5.60    7.01     9.52      22.28    125    152    190    403    12.7   27.3   34.3   35.1


Sugarcan   2.42     2.67   4.32    4.42     110.0   154.25   295.96    285.03   455    578    685    645    69.3   81.2   92.1   93.5
                                            0                                   49     44     77     53
e


                                                                                               R. S. Raina, SIID Project-CPR,
                                                                         22-24 Feb 2012        CSIR-NISTADS
                                                Spearman's Rank Correlation Coefficient


                  GIA/GCA and Value of Output    NIA/NSA and Value of Output      Cropping Intensity and Value of Output


         States    1980-83          2003-06       1980-83          2003-06            1980-83               2003-06


Andhra Pradesh       0.73            0.46           0.77             0.60                 0.67                0.43


Gujarat              0.69            0.03           0.71             0.11                 0.70                0.27


Karnataka            0.00            0.26           -0.09            0.25                 0.16                0.48



Madhya Pradesh
& Chattisgarh        0.23            0.27           0.24             0.35                 0.03                0.28


Maharashtra          0.43            -0.22          0.46            -0.12                 0.12                0.69


Orissa               0.55            0.68           0.54             0.70                 0.70                0.09

Rajasthan            0.52            0.68           0.64             0.67                 0.41                0.47


Tamil Nadu           0.14            0.15           0.35             0.22                 0.16                0.21



                                                                                          R. S. Raina, SIID Project-CPR,
                                                                  22-24 Feb 2012          CSIR-NISTADS
                 R. S. Raina, SIID Project-CPR,
22-24 Feb 2012   CSIR-NISTADS
                 R. S. Raina, SIID Project-CPR,
22-24 Feb 2012   CSIR-NISTADS
                 R. S. Raina, SIID Project-CPR,
22-24 Feb 2012   CSIR-NISTADS
                   State-wise proportion of area under dominant crops
                   and fertilizer use (Source: DES, 2010; Beiintemma et al, 2008)
                                               100.00
and Fruits & Vegetables in GCA - 2006-09 (%)




                                                90.00                                                                                Bihar                    Punjab
                                                                                                                     Uttar Pradesh
                                                80.00
      Total area under 5 major Crops




                                                                                                                           West Bengal
                                                70.00                            Orissa                                                           Haryana
                                                                                                                                                            Andhra Pradesh
                                                60.00
                                                                                                                                                   Tamil Nadu
                                                                                 Madhya Pradesh
                                                                                                           Maharashtra Gujarat
                                                50.00

                                                40.00                                                              Karnataka

                                                30.00                      Rajasthan

                                                20.00

                                                10.00

                                                 0.00
                                                     0.00                50.00                    100.00                 150.00                   200.00                 250.00
                                                                                      Fertilizer Consum ption - 2006-09 (Kg/Hectare)
                                                        Andhra Pradesh      Bihar                      Gujarat                    Haryana                    Karnataka
                                                        Madhya Pradesh      Maharashtra                Orissa                     Punjab                     Rajasthan
                                                        Tamil Nadu          Uttar Pradesh              West Bengal                All india                  All india




                                                                                                                                              R. S. Raina, SIID Project-CPR,
                                                                                                                    22-24 Feb 2012            CSIR-NISTADS
   AP and MP – two states – two districts
    each of LH and LL (rainfall-irrigation)
   Over 90 % public investment – in
    irrigation
   LH and LL districts alike – low public
    investment
   LH districts – high private investment
   LL districts – non-farm livelihoods emerge


Assured irrigation – defining the
socio-technological paradigm
                                           R. S. Raina, SIID Project-CPR,
                          22-24 Feb 2012   CSIR-NISTADS
 Excluded from mainstream public sector
  agricultural S&T, administrative and
  investment support
 Differential private investment patterns
 3 distinct combinations of farm-non-farm
  livelihoods
  -farm + migration
  -farm + rural enterprises
  -farm + education/services

Innovation systems – 4 rainfed
agriculture districts
                                        R. S. Raina, SIID Project-CPR,
                       22-24 Feb 2012   CSIR-NISTADS
Innovation – technological +institutional
  changes (40 households primary survey)
 Persistent poverty – kharif assurance
 Groundwater norms
 Protective irrigation
 Farmers-water owners-WASSAN in resource
  constraint + threat contexts
 Investment and infrastructure development
 Legal and institutional
 Scaling-up: line Department


            Anantapur
  – private groundwater sharing
                                         R. S. Raina, SIID Project-CPR,
                        22-24 Feb 2012   CSIR-NISTADS
 State / line department – enabling or
  scaling-up
 Mainstream innovation system
  components - legal and institutional
  changes
 Agricultural administration – Central,
  State, District, Block levels
 Policy making – learning constraints in
  macro-economic, planning and investment
     Institutional innovations –
    transformative potential for
               inclusion
                                       R. S. Raina, SIID Project-CPR,
                      22-24 Feb 2012   CSIR-NISTADS

				
DOCUMENT INFO
Shared By:
Categories:
Tags:
Stats:
views:2
posted:6/24/2013
language:English
pages:18