Docstoc
EXCLUSIVE OFFER FOR DOCSTOC USERS
Try the all-new QuickBooks Online for FREE.  No credit card required.

Presentation on Green Economy Background paper for GC - ICTSD

Document Sample
Presentation on Green Economy Background paper for GC - ICTSD Powered By Docstoc
					Trade and the Green Economy
      Trade and Green Economy

  United Nations Environment Programme
        Dr. Moustapha Kamal Gueye
        Joint UNECA-UNEP-ICTSD event
UN Conference on Sustainable Development (Rio+20)
      Regional Preparatory Meeting for Africa
    19 October 2011 ~ Addis Ababa, Ethiopia
      What is a Green Economy?

A Green Economy is one that results
in increased human well-being and
social equity, while significantly reducing
environmental risks and ecological
scarcities.
A green economy stimulates growth,
    exceeding BAU over time…




                    GDP growth (%)
…while reducing ecological scarcities
     and environmental risks
Composition of exports in (monetary
   units) by world regions, 2006
  Share of NR in total value of Africa’s
                exports
              100%

               90%
                             Manufactured goods
               80%

               70%

               60%

               50%           Natural resources
               40%

               30%

               20%

               10%
                             Food products
                0%
                      1995             2000       2006
 Manufactured goods   24.3             21.5       18.0
 Natural resources    60.7             68.9       74.9
 Food items           15.0             9.6        7.1


Source: Aryeetey
Raw material extraction & trade
          Resource curse of leapfrogging?

  • Growing faster than ever before
  • Diversification, resource sector down to 24%
  • But primary resources still 80% of exports
  • Prices are too low
  • Resource rents not properly invested
  • Decoupling helps Africa to rethink development



Source: UNEP, International Resource Panel, 2011
  Green economy and trade: Linkages


• Trade effects
• Trade-related concerns
• Trade opportunities
• Trade tools
• Development needs
What does a green economy mean
       for trade in Africa?
• How might countries’ Green Economy
  strategies affect trade with and between
  African countries?

• What effects might a transition to a Green
  Economy have on Africa’s key economic
  sectors?
   – Agriculture
   – Natural resources
   – Services
   – Manufacturing
   Enabling Africa’s transition to a green
                 economy

• What policies and tools can facilitate a Green
  Economy transition in Africa?
  – Standards
  – Investment

• How do we achieve a Green Economy in an
  efficient and equitable manner?
   – Which actions should be prioritized?
Uganda – Sustainable agriculture

                                      48-68% less emissions and
                                      carbon sequestration
                        296,203 ha/
                        206,803
            60%/ 359%   farmers
            increase    (2008)
                                                The global
185,000 ha,
                                                market:
45,000 farmers                                  97% of buyers in
(2004)
                                                OECD countries;
                                                80% of
                                                producers in
                                                Africa, Asia and
                                                Latin America

                                                 A $ 60 bn
US$ 22.8 mil (2007/8)                            market growing
US$ 6.2 mil (2004/5)                             at 10% per year
US$ 3.7 mil (2003/4)
Role for the international community


• How could the multilateral trade
  framework support Africa’s transition to
  a Green Economy?
• Trade-related capacity building and
  development aid
  – What types of international support are
    most desirable?
      Thank you




www.unep.org/greeneconomy

				
DOCUMENT INFO
Shared By:
Categories:
Tags:
Stats:
views:0
posted:6/21/2013
language:
pages:15