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PLACE-BASED STATISTICS EDUCATION HARVESTING DATA IN OUR BACKYARD Daniel Showalter, Ohio University Place-Based Mathematics Education Place-based mathematics education (PBME) is instruction that “considers the unique history, geography, culture, and community of a place to be valuable resources for enhancing, and being enhanced by, students’ learning of mathematics.” (Showalter, 2012) Brief History of PB(M)E Research Term introduced in 1990s Increase student quality of life (Haas & Nachtigal, 1998) Place vs. standards (Kannapel, 2000) 100 days of PBE (Lewicki, 2000) Cultural investigations, environmental education, solving local issues, economic studies, and public policy involvement (Smith, 2002) Critical pedagogy (Gruenewald, 2003) Call for research on PBME (Bush, 2005) Teacher-student from hierarchical to collaborative (Smith, 2007) Five years of community values (Takano et al., 2009) Seven site study on PBME (Howley et al., 2011) From PhD to practice (Showalter, 2012) Water Quality Testing Boat of Knowledge High school – university collaboration Interdisciplinary (books.ohio.edu) Local Social Justice Issues Tostudy economic disparities in the region, math methods teacher collected data with students. Mathematical modeling; choosing a model to tell a story. (Showalter, 2012) Local Needs College statistics Class met with a local festival committee to discuss what data would prove helpful for local businesses. The class then designed a study based on surveys and interviews in order to gather the desired data. (Showalter, 2012) Community Cash Flow Analysis South Dakota town High school seniors used statistical surveys to analyze community cash flow. Theirsubsequent reports led to an estimated infusion of $6 million into the local economy. (Long, Bush, & Theobald, 2003) Incorporation Issues How does a focus on the local place affect acceptance/learning about other cultures? What about students who are not from the area? Can this work at the post-secondary level? Whose interests should you gear lessons towards? References Haas, T., & Nachtigal, P. (1998). Place value: An educator’s guide to literature on rural lifeways, environments, and purposes of education. Charleston, WV: Eric Clearinghouse on Rural Education and Small Schools. Howley, A., Showalter, D., Howley, M. D., Howley, C. B., Klein, R., & Johnson, J. (2011). Challenges for place-based mathematics pedagogy in rural schools and communities in the United States. Children, Youth and Environments, 21(1), 101–127. Kannapel, P. J. (2000). Standards-based reform and rural school improvement: Finding the middle ground. Journal of Research in Rural Education, 16, 202–208. Lewicki, J. (2000). 100 days of learning in place. Westby, WI: Author. Long, V. M., Bush, W. S., & Theobald, P. (2003). “Place” value: The rural perspective. Athens, OH: Appalachian Collaborative Center for Learning, Assessment, and Instruction in Mathematics. Smith, G. A. (2002) Learning to be where we are, Kappan, 83, April, 548–594. Smith, G. A. (2007). Place-based education: Breaking through the constraining regularities of public school. Environmental Education Research 13(2):189–207 Takano, T., Higgins, P., & McLaughlin, P. (2009). Connecting with place: Implications of integrating cultural values into the school curriculum in Alaska. Environmental Education Research, 15, 343–370.
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