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Overpopulation_ A Cultural Issue_1_

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					The Inca Empire
            The Inca Empire

► At their height of power in 1500, there were
approximately 12,000,000 Incas living in South
America spreading halfway down the western
side of South America through the Andes
mountains.
► There were three major classes to the Inca
  civilization
                 Incas and family




                        Nobles



                              Poor
► The Inca spannedSouth America from present day
  Colombia through Ecuador, Peru, Bolivia, and Chile


► By the time the Spanish arrived in the early 1500s, the
  Inca Empire was at the height of its power

► 3 Rules of Living
  - Don’t be a thief
  - Don’t be a liar
  - Don’t be lazy
                 Architecture
► They were great builders who always lived
  harmoniously with nature, using fallen stones
  for their walls.
► They were efficient at diverting water, using it
  for irrigating crops, cooking, drinking, and
  ceremonial baths.
► All walls and angles on Incan buildings are built
  at 13° because they felt that angle was the
  strongest.
Nestled in the Andes lies the lost city of
             Machu Picchu.
                 Incan Cities
► The cities themselves were reserved only for
  Incas and nobles.

► Most Incan cities have four major sectors:
     - military
     - urban
     - agriculture
     - religious
                      Religion
► The Inca believed in reincarnation




                         - The Cross of the Inca
      above ground
                         - represents the cycle of
      underground        rebirths
                         - climb the steps of life, then
                         die and reborn again
              3 Messengers…
There are three gods, levels, or messengers
of the Inca:
►The snake     – close to the earth; the shape
               of a sacred river in the Andes;
               – represents the past
►The puma      – the strongest animal on land in
               South America;
               – represents the present
►The condor    – strong, large, powerful bird; carried
               spirits to heaven;
               – represents the future
                  Machu Picchu
► Built approximately AD 1460 (took ~ 80 years to build)
► There was a huge network of stone trails connecting
  Machu Picchu to other cities in the Andes.
► The indigenous people of the Andes (the Quechua)
  long knew of Machu Picchu before any Europeans
  “discovered” it.
► The first foreigner to discover the lost city of Machu
  Picchu was Hiram Bingham, a professor at Yale, in
  1909.
► He knew there were many Incan cities, but on many
  trips to Peru could not find the lost city itself.
► During that specific trip, he was actually looking for
  another Incan city in the jungles called Vilcabamba.
► He found a farming family living close to the site. They
  asked Mr. Bingham why he was there and when
  Bingham said he was looking for the lost city, the
  farmer knew where it was.
► Rumour has it, Bingham paid the farmer 1 sole (~$0.35
  cents) for the location of Machu Picchu.

				
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posted:6/20/2013
language:English
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