Practice with Objectives Jim Marshall San Diego State University Parts of an Objective & Examples Audience - chefs-in-training Behavior - turn a radish into a rose Conditions - on a pitching ship, with a paring knife, in dim light Degree/Criteria - in <30 seconds and to the applause of customers Requirements for Objectives Objectives should: be stated from an INDIVIDUAL LEARNER'S point of view, NOT the teacher's or instructor's; state what knowledge, skills, or attitudes (outcomes) a learner should have attained by the END of instruction, NOT the activities or lessons which occurred DURING the instruction; state the performance the learner is to attain in OBSERVABLE or MEASURABLE terms. Common Errors 1. VASTNESS Restating the goal Too broad in scope Must be reduced 2. COMPLEXITY Includes more than one objective 3. WEAK CRITERIA Criteria must be: reasonable specific useful measurable Error types 4. FALSE GIVENS Statement of learning setting or method 5. DOMAIN CONFUSION Goal and objective must match 6. EARNESTNESS Promises too much and not in behavioral terms. Practice – Identify A, B, C and D 1. Given a paragraph of at least three sentences but without a topic sentence, the student will be able to add one that satisfies Mr. Quartarraro, the English teacher. 2. The student will be able to write a letter to the editor based on a news article assigned by the teacher which will have the five parts identified on p. 11. 3. Given a request by a taxpayer and the tool provided by the IRS, the telephone assistor will be able to answer the question about residency status correctly in under 3 minutes and with an accuracy rate of 90%. 4. For a given set of objectives, the professor will be able to write a test which matches on all four parts of an objective. Practice – Identify A, B, C and D 5. Given the sales reference manual and question from a customer , the employee will be able to name the three most printers used most often with HP computers. 6. Without the use of any job aids, the instructional designer will be able to define the term, “multimedia.” 7. The secretary will choose to recycle computer paper each day when access to a recycling bin is within 50 feet of his/her workstation. 8. Using results from a spreadsheet printout, the personnel manager will require fewer than 5 minutes to identify all employees who have failed to achieve their production quota. What’s wrong? Make better. 1. Given an email from a customer with a specific set of requirements, the new sales people will learn how to select the best product for this customer. 2. Executives will take time to get to know all of their employees. 3. Without any materials for reference, the new trainee will be fully cognizant of all potential problems associated with trouble-shooting a malfunctioning workstation. 4. After a scintillating class about ethics, the auditor will be able to compose an email that identifies potential auditing problems for a given company and audit. For each goal, write an objective 1. The third grader will know how to write a short friendly letter. 2. The EDTEC graduate student will know how to create good behavioral objectives. 3. The first grader will know about the parts of the body. 4. The new immigrant will ‘get’ baseball. For each goal, write an objective 5. The journalist-in-training will know how to write a headline. 6. The grad student will know how to research a potential employer. 7. The EDTEC graduate student will know how to ‘produce’ an appealing resume. How do you like these? Label parts and improve where needed: 1. Given a pile of life vests in various states of repair, the passengers will watch the educational video to learn how to put them on in >2 minutes so that they float when thrown in the water. 2. The ship’s junior officers will be able to tell which life jackets need repair, and identify the nature of the repair, when given a pile of life jackets. How do you like these? Fix, please. 3. The officer will be able to plot where the ship is to within 25 yards of its actual longitude and latitude. 4. The maitre’d, when provided with passenger preferences and reasons for the trip, shall create menus that are just right for each individual and couple. These too. 5. The captain will choose to make each individual feel welcome so that they will sail again with Marshall Maritime Expeditions. 6. The ship’s crew members will be really good at lowering the life boats before the ship sinks in pitching seas, in the dark, and surrounded by panicked, aggressive, frightened people.
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