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					   Puritanism
in New England
   1620-1730
Discussion Question
 The King is persecuting those people
 whose religious views do not match his
 own. You want to worship freely.
 You have two choices:
 – Stay in England and declare your
   religious freedom OR
 – Journey to the New World and create
   your own religious society
 What would you do?
Puritan
 A broad term referring to a number of
 Protestant groups (Calvinists) that
 sought to “purify” the Church of
 England
 Wanted to return to a simpler form of
 worship
 Sought religious freedom
Puritan vs. Pilgrim
 Puritan               Pilgrims
  – Did not withdraw   – Gave up hope in
    from the Church      reforming the
    of England           Church of
  – Wanted to            England
    reform the         – Withdrew from
    church from          the church
    within             – Known as
                         Separatists
Puritans on the Speedwell
Landing of the Pilgrims
Plymouth Rock—Yes, there was a rock.
The Mayflower Compact
Beliefs about Man
 All men are sinners.
 Two Groups:
 –The elect (saved)
   • Jesus died to save certain people.
 –The unregenerated (damned)
First Sermon at Plymouth
The New England Primer (A-M)
Beliefs about Writing
 Purpose—to provide spiritual insight
 and instruction
 Purpose of journals and diaries—
 self-examination
 Focused on morality, sin, and
 redemption
 Considered fiction and drama sinful
Writing Style
The Plain Style (by their standards)
 – Everyday language
 – Direct statement
 – Simple sentence
 – Biblical references
Reflects their desire to return to a
simpler form of worship
Types of Writing
 Theological studies
 Hymns
 Journals
 Biographies
 Autobiographies
 Histories
 Poetry
Poetry
Used as a vehicle of
spiritual
enlightenment
More concerned
about the message
than the form


Anne Bradstreet
Reasons for the Decline
Too Strict
Severe Punishments
 – Public humiliation
 – Long imprisonments
 – Excommunication
 – Banishment
 – Hanging
The Salem Witch Trials of 1692
The Great Awakening (1720)
                   A series of religious
                   revivals led by
                   eloquent ministers
                   Focused on God’s
                   wrath
                   Lasted about a
                   decade
Jonathan Edwards
Plymouth Sound Today
Literary Devices/ Techniques
* Inversion- When a noun is shifted
from its original postverbal position to
one before the main verb of the
senetence.
Example: Think about how Yoda talks,
“Named must your fear be before banish
it you can.” Or “Size matters not, ...
Look at me. Judge me by size, do you?”
Not that hard, inversion is.
Literary Device/ Techniques

Biblical Allusion: A reference to the bible in
a piece of literature.

Ex from Moby Dick: "He was a remarkable
Prime Minister with feet of clay“ (Melville)

The reference here is to Daniel 2: 31-45,
using the words 'feet of clay', which suggests
the Prime Minister has roots with common
people, with weaknesses just like all others.

				
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posted:6/20/2013
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