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Puritanism in New England 1620-1730 Discussion Question The King is persecuting those people whose religious views do not match his own. You want to worship freely. You have two choices: – Stay in England and declare your religious freedom OR – Journey to the New World and create your own religious society What would you do? Puritan A broad term referring to a number of Protestant groups (Calvinists) that sought to “purify” the Church of England Wanted to return to a simpler form of worship Sought religious freedom Puritan vs. Pilgrim Puritan Pilgrims – Did not withdraw – Gave up hope in from the Church reforming the of England Church of – Wanted to England reform the – Withdrew from church from the church within – Known as Separatists Puritans on the Speedwell Landing of the Pilgrims Plymouth Rock—Yes, there was a rock. The Mayflower Compact Beliefs about Man All men are sinners. Two Groups: –The elect (saved) • Jesus died to save certain people. –The unregenerated (damned) First Sermon at Plymouth The New England Primer (A-M) Beliefs about Writing Purpose—to provide spiritual insight and instruction Purpose of journals and diaries— self-examination Focused on morality, sin, and redemption Considered fiction and drama sinful Writing Style The Plain Style (by their standards) – Everyday language – Direct statement – Simple sentence – Biblical references Reflects their desire to return to a simpler form of worship Types of Writing Theological studies Hymns Journals Biographies Autobiographies Histories Poetry Poetry Used as a vehicle of spiritual enlightenment More concerned about the message than the form Anne Bradstreet Reasons for the Decline Too Strict Severe Punishments – Public humiliation – Long imprisonments – Excommunication – Banishment – Hanging The Salem Witch Trials of 1692 The Great Awakening (1720) A series of religious revivals led by eloquent ministers Focused on God’s wrath Lasted about a decade Jonathan Edwards Plymouth Sound Today Literary Devices/ Techniques * Inversion- When a noun is shifted from its original postverbal position to one before the main verb of the senetence. Example: Think about how Yoda talks, “Named must your fear be before banish it you can.” Or “Size matters not, ... Look at me. Judge me by size, do you?” Not that hard, inversion is. Literary Device/ Techniques Biblical Allusion: A reference to the bible in a piece of literature. Ex from Moby Dick: "He was a remarkable Prime Minister with feet of clay“ (Melville) The reference here is to Daniel 2: 31-45, using the words 'feet of clay', which suggests the Prime Minister has roots with common people, with weaknesses just like all others.
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