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CH. 7 How do laws and regulations affect you? Changes •Laws today in our society have changed since the 1950’s and they have changed for the better. •We have more laws passed by the local government which are called bylaws. Different cities and different towns have different bylaws. • Three ways where bylaws have affected our daily lives are: 1) Cleaning up after our pets 2) Going to school 3) Separating your waste (recycling/compost) City and Town bylaws • Laws and Regulations: 1) Manitoba controls basics, clothes, buying food, and getting to consume alcohol and cigarettes. 2) Rules for school 3) Every family and classroom may have different values and beliefs 4) According to the law you must enter school or be schooled at home from ages 7- 16 5) However if you have permission from a guardian you can quit school at age 15 6) There are certain regulations set by your school such as dress code and attitude 7) A person with physical disabilities are able to attend school, theatres, and other facilities without obstacles. City and town Bylaws Continued • Whatever community you live in makes laws passed by the local government. • Most peoples daily lives are effected by bylaws. • For example: 1) Level of noise coming from radio or garage band 2) Parking 3) Zoning (how land can be used) Pet Bylaws • Pet bylaws are made for people to enjoy community parks and sidewalks. •Some communities made laws required to other people, for example: 1) Pets must be leashed outdoors in some areas 2) Picking up after your pet’s waste • Pit bulls were banned from Winnipeg for safety and because people weren’t having the right education to take care of their pets. Manitoba Human Rights Code • Guarantees certain rights and protection for the young and old. • Everyone has equal rights and opportunities for jobs, housing and services in provincial law. • The main goal is to prevent discrimination and harassment, based on things such as ethnic origin, age, and physical/mental disabilities. Political Spectrum • Based upon supporting and disagreeing with laws. • Your rights may clash with a large want, for example: 1) You have the right to express yourself, but if you are offending a large number of people, that right is taken away. • If there is a large conflict, the government resolves. They use a method of what a reasonable person would do. Right Wing/Left Wing • This is a method of describing values and beliefs •Your opinions and beliefs determine your place on the political spectrum. Conservatives hover on the right side (agree with laws). • Liberals stay near the left side (disagree). •The concept of right wing/left wing dates back to the French revolution. It had the Conservatives sit on the right side of the speaker, while the Liberals sat on the left. Provincial and Territorial Laws and Regulations • The province of Manitoba prevents you from buying cigarettes and consuming alcohol. • There are also strict laws about who gets their drivers licence. • Manitoba government promises full access to French. • Manitoba and New Brunswick were the first two provinces in Canada to ban smoking in public areas as a health conscious act towards their citizens Canadian Charter of Rights and Freedoms • Everyone has the right to be secure against unreasonable and search and seizure. •This means that you and all your belongings cannot be taken and searched until police officers have verified evidence/search warrant • At the federal level , rights are protected by the Canadian Charter of Rights and Freedoms. Equality Rights • Every individual is equal before and under the law and has the right to equal protection and equal benefit of the law without discrimination and, in particular, without discrimination based on race, national or ethnic origin, color, religion, sex, age or mental or physical disability • All provincial and territorial human rights codes are subject to terms if the senate. The Canadian Copyright Act •When songs/videos are played on radio or TV stations, musicians, composers, artists and music companies are paid a royalty fee for their creative work.
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