Mao's Great Leap Forward and Cultural Revolutions - It works_

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					Mao’s Great Leap Forward
 and Cultural Revolutions
• Mao wanted collective ownership of all
  farms and factories.
• Private ownership was eliminated and
  productions quotas were set for all
  agriculture and industry.
• 1958 – All farms would be large collectives
  where ALL ownership and decisions would
  be in the hands of the government.
• Mao’s program was known as the Great
  Leap Forward. He felt there would be
  great positive change for China.
• Many Chinese farmers didn’t like this new
• They were forced to give up their land, they no
  longer owned anything and had no reason to
  work hard.
• Many farmers were forced to go to work in
• There was a period of crop failure.
• Famine follow where thousands died.
• Mao began to see his idea of a classless society
  where everyone was equal slipping away.
•   Mao responded with the Cultural
    Revolution in 1966 –
    1. He urged students to leave school and make
       war on anything in Chinese society that
       encouraged class difference.
    2. He organized the Red Guard made up of
       young adults and children.
• The Red Guard was to –
  – Single out and report anyone who was
    preventing China from being a classless
• Business managers, college professors,
  government officials who did not follow
  the Cultural Revolution were put in prison
  or killed.
• The chaos in China came to an end in
  1976 after Mao’s death and the Cultural
  Revolution ended.
• 1980 Deng Xiaoping was named the new
  leader of China.
• He allowed farmers to own some land and
  make decisions on what they would
• He also allowed some private businesses
  to organize.
• He opened China to foreign trade.
         Tiananmen Square
• A student ran demonstration to protest for
  continued economic reform and liberation
  but later evolving in to a movement for
  political reforms and freedom of the press.
• The movement last for 7 weeks when
  martial law was declared (military comes
  in and takes over)
• The military troops came in and opened fire on
  the crowd to clear the square of the protestor.
• Several hundred civilians were killed.
• The Western governments responded by
  imposing economic sanctions and arms
• The Chinese government had a wide
  spread arrest of protestors.
• They cracked down on future protest.
• They banned foreign press from the
  county and had strict control of the
  Chinese press.
• This would delay further market reforms.

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