“Within the span of 16 minutes, the
gunmen killed 13 people and wounded
21 others. A savage act of domestic
terrorism, their crime is the deadliest
school shooting in the history of the
Sheriff John P. Stone
Jefferson Co. Colorado
About School Shootings
Not a New Phenomenon
No Geographic Region is Excluded
On a national average 100,000 students carry
guns to school
Aug 1, 1966 Austin, TX 14 killed, 30 wounded
Jan 29, 1979 San Diego, CA 2 killed, 9 wounded
Jan 17, 1989 Stockton, CA 6 killed, 30 wounded
May 1, 1992 Olivehurst, CA 4 killed, 10 wounded
Feb 2, 1996 Moses Lake, WA 3 killed, 1 wounded
Feb 19, 1997 Bethel, AK 2 killed, 2 wounded
Oct 1, 1997 Pearl, MS 2 killed, 7 wounded
Dec 1, 1997 Paducah, KY 3 killed, 5 wounded
Mar 4, 1998 Jonesboro, AR 5 killed, 5 wounded
May 21, 1998 Springfield, OR 2 killed, 20 wounded
Apr 20, 1999 Littleton, CO 13 killed, 24 wounded
Sep 27, 2006 Bailey, CO 1 killed, 0 wounded
Apr 16, 2007 Virginia Tech 32 killed, 17 wounded
Feb 14, 2008 Northern Ill Univ. 6 killed, 16 wounded
April 6, 2011 OPELIKA, AL - One woman was killed and three others were
injured in a shooting on South Union State Community College's Opelika
campus Wednesday afternoon, according to police. Authorities are searching
for the alleged gunman, Thomas Franklin May III.
May 9, 2011 ARLINGTON, AZ. - A student who fatally shot his
psychologist's husband and then committed suicide on April 22 had
indicated to his friends that he might be suicidal. On the day of the shooting,
Antonio Garcia had learned he was being referred to the University of Texas
at Arlington's mental health services for behaving inappropriately toward the
May 11, 2011 SAN JOSE, CA - A gunman shot and killed two people in a
California State University, San Jose parking garage on Tuesday night. The
incident in which the shooter was also killed is being investigated as a
May 12, 2011 Rolla, MO There was a shooting this morning at the Missouri
University of Science and Technology. The school reported that the suspect,
a white male with sandy blonde hair, was to be considered dangerous and his
hand may be bleeding. Police recovered a firearm near McNutt Hall.
“The Enoch Brown School Massacre”
Franklin County, Pennsylvania
Four Delaware American Indian warriors
stormed a log schoolhouse of white settlers.
The warriors then began scalping the children,
Define the term “active shooter”
List measures that can be employed to
reduce the effectiveness of an active
Describe actions that can be expected
from responding law enforcement
Attacker’s activity is immediately causing death
or serious bodily injury. The activity is not
contained and there is immediate risk of
continuing death or serious injury to potential
Considered the greatest terrorist threat on
Incidents of targeted violence at schools
rarely were sudden, impulsive acts.
Most Attackers had no history of prior violent
or criminal behavior.
Desire is to kill and seriously injure without
concern for his safety or threat of capture
Normally has intended victims and will search
Accepts targets of opportunity while
searching for or after finding intended
Will continue to move throughout
building/area until stopped by law
enforcement, suicide, or other intervention
1. Protect the lives of students, faculty, staff
and visitors by IMMEDIATELY implementing
the active shooter protocol for which police
have been trained.
2. Activate the Crisis Management Plan and
3. Provide all follow-up support to the campus
community as dictated by the incident.
1. Capture or neutralize the suspect as soon as
2. Protect the lives and provide safety for
those in near proximity of the shooter.
3. Protect the lives and provide safety for
those in the general area.
4. Provide for the safety of police officers.
5. Containment of the situation.
6. After-event investigation and prosecution.
7. Assist return to normalcy.
Your actions will influence others
If you decide to flee, make sure you can do
it safely and have an escape route and plan
Call Police Services
at 678-HELP or 911
Get everyone to sit/lie down away from
windows of “Fields of Fire.”
Silence cell phones, close blinds, turn off
lights, stay on floor, and do not peek out
doors or windows.
Spread out, huddling together makes a
If in a hallway, look for unlocked room to
Running down hallways provides the shooter
with more targets and slows law enforcement
The shooters main goal is not escape, but
rather to kill as many people as possible.
Lock classroom doors if possible. If doors
cannot be locked, barricade with desks or
Donot pull fire alarms or evacuate rooms or
buildings…unless directed by emergency
Follow directions provided by emergency
This should be considered the very last
If there is absolutely no other opportunity
for escape or survival.
You must be committed to this action.
Where should I go if I evacuate the building?
In most active shooter cases, a building will
not be evacuated unless it actually contains
the shooter. In that situation, the evacuation
will not be a controlled evacuation like it
would be for a fire alarm. People will leave
the building and find a safe location on their
own. If a building is evacuated by emergency
responders, a location will be determined and
How should special needs and mobility
challenged individuals be handled during an
active shooter incident?
If the class occupants are told to remain in
the room, these individuals should be given
assistance to get on the floor or under
desks as directed. If an opportunity arises
that will enable students to leave the
building, the faculty member or another
student should assist individuals with
special needs to leave the building. If
emergency responders are present, they
may assist in getting individuals out of the
What should I do if my office/classroom has a
Secure the door, turn off the lights, close
blinds/shades and have students hide on the
floor against walls that may be out of sight
through the door or window(s).
What will happen to people who are
traumatized by this incident?
In the recovery process after the event, the
university will provide the necessary
counseling to every victim and person
involved or affected.
Where can I find additional emergency
procedures for active shooter situations?
The University of Memphis Crisis
Management Plan contains an Active Shooter
Appendix, you can access the online version
• It is difficult to predict a shooting incident.
• Assailants are not always students,
employees or associated with the
• Attacks may be carefully planned with
specific targets, however, the victims were
unaware they were targets, until attacked.
• Each emergency is different and may
require a different response.
Shelby L. Slater
Emergency Preparedness Coordinator