Cyprian Kumwaka,
HOD, Business Information Technology
  Rwanda Tourism University College
 A landlocked country
 Population of approximately 10 million people with 64% living
    below the poverty line.
   67% of the population is are youth under 25 years of age.
   Population growth stands at 2.9% with a literacy level of 48%
   Secondary school transition rate at 42% while the rate of
    admission in tertiary education at 1%.
   The rate of qualification of qualified teachers is 20%.
   Average GDP growth rate stands at 6.2%. Rwanda GDP per capita
    is US $220 Rwanda Vision 2020
   Sources:
     Rwanda Vision 2020
     Republic of Rwanda, Ministry of Public Service and Labour, Youth
      Internship Program (un)
Rwanda Vision 2020, ICT and Education
   One of the main pillars of the vision is Human
    Resource Development and creation of a Knowledge-
    based economy.
   Rwandan Vision 2020 states that by 2020 the
    population will be “endowed with professional skills
    …necessary for the exploitation of its capacities and to
    efficiently forge ahead towards the development of the
    country” and “it will be endowed with an educational
    system that is well adapted to the socio-economic
    problems of the country”.
Challenges Facing Higher Education
 Limited qualified staff
 Poor remuneration of academic staff
 Heavy workload
 Job insecurity
 Inadequate facilities
 Lack of policies strategies and guidelines
 Education systems not well tailored to the labour
  market needs
 High cost of education
Improving the Quality and
Accessibility of education in IHL
 Harmonization of salaries
 Reduction of teaching workload to 24hours per week
 Easy access to retirement and promotion information
 Clear and well defined vision, mission, objectives and
  strategic plans
 Financing of education –SFAR and FARG
 Provision of Adequate infrastructure
 Tailoring the educational system to the labor market
  needs of Rwanda
Improving the Quality and
Accessibility of education in IHL
 The Government of Rwanda with assistance form
  other stakeholders have taken tremendous steps to
  address these challenges.
 Rwanda Vision 2020
 The Education Sector Strategic Plan of 2006-20010
  (Rwanda Ministry of education, 2006) and of 2008-
  2012 (Rwanda Ministry of education, 2008).
Role of ICT in Improving the Quality
and Access of Education in IHL
 The Economic Development and Poverty Reduction
  Strategy (EDPRS) identifies science and technology
  and ICT in education as one of its main objectives in
  addition to access to education for all and improving
  the quality of education at all levels.
 The importance of ICT lies not only in the technology
  itself, but rather its ability to create greater access to
  information and communication and use of ICT as
  alternative channel of education provision through e-
Role of ICT in Improving the Quality
and Access of Education in IHL
 The Government of Rwanda has set a national goal
 that the country will achieve middle income status by
 2020 based on an information-rich, knowledge-based
 society and economy, achieved by modernising its key
 sectors using ICT.
NICI-2010 pillars
 ICT in education
 Human capacity development
 Infrastructure, equipment, and content
 Economic development
 Social development
 E-government and e-governance
 Private sector development
 Rural and community access
 Legal, regulatory, and institutional provisions and
 National security, law, and order
NICI-2010 Planned Actions
 Establish a national library network
 Develop new e-learning content
 Implement an educational management system (EMIS)
 Develop programmes to promote the acquisition of computer
  equipment by educational institutions
 Develop a national SchoolNet to provide access to the Internet
  for schools, facilitate sharing of learning resources, facilitate
  electronic distance education within the school system, and link
  Rwandan schools with schools internationally
 Develop a national computer curriculum for primary and
  secondary schools and coordinate its implementation
 Develop a national programme to speed up the deployment and
  use of ICTs in higher education institutions
NICI-2010 Planned Actions (Cont’)
 Develop a national electronic distance education and
  training programme that supplements and complements
  campus-based education at all levels, facilitates lifelong
  learning, and encourages in-service training in both the
  public and private sectors
 Develop special ICT-in-education initiatives for academic
  exchanges and twinning, implementation of the SMART
  schools concept, and penetration of ICT into rural schools
 Establish a regional information technology training and
  research institute to serve Rwanda and the sub-region
Leading by Example
 President Paul Kagame is leading by example
 Computerized Cabinet room at the president’s office.
 Parliament is nearly paperless
    Electronic voting
    Every MP has a laptop with internet connection
    Parliament has a website (www.parliament.gov.rw)
    Cabinet minutes posted online
 “The system of governance and technology in Rwanda
 makes our(Kenyan) parliament look Victorian and
 archaic.” –Billow Kerrow, Kenya Deputy House Speaker
 Many hurdles to overcome
 Rwanda is setting the pace in education within EA.
 All efforts centred in improving education and ICT use
 for socio-economic development.

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