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					            Higher Education Commission
                              Powering the Knowledge Economy




Prof. Dr. Javaid R. Laghari
Chairperson
Higher Education Commission
                         FUNCTI
   Development and Knowledge Economy
            ONS OF THE HEC
 World Bank identifies Education and Skilled Force, ICTs and

   Innovation as three of the four essential pillars of a Knowledge

   Economy.

 The World Economic Forum Global Competitiveness Report 2011-12

   identifies Higher Education & Training, Technology Readiness and

   Innovation as three of twelve pillars for Knowledge Economy.

 According to Richard Florida, the author of the creative class,

   “Wherever creativity goes, and by extension, wherever talent goes –

   innovation and economic growth are sure to follow”.
 Not only do higher education institutions help impart
the behavioral, cognitive, and technical skills that make
     workers effective in the labor market, they are
increasingly valued as the engines of research that can
  drive innovation, entrepreneurship, and productivity


     Putting Higher Education to Work: Skills and Research for Growth in East Asia
                                World Bank East Asia and Pacific Regional Report, 2012
The University of Today


 The modern university, with its mix of teaching, innovation and

  research, is different from the universities of yesteryears, which only

  served as teaching grounds.

 By introducing innovation, creativity and interdisciplinary research as

  a vital component of teaching, and with knowledge exchange

  programs, the university contributes more directly to the economy and

  the society than many other institutions in the country.
Tertiary Enrollment & GDP




           Pakistan
                                  Value Addition to Economy through Research (2010)
                             60


                                                                                                      Norway

                             50
                                                                                          USA
GDP (PPP) / Capita (000 $)




                             40                                                        Austrlia
                                                                                        canada        Sweden
                                                                               Germany                                         Finland
                                                                                       UK                            Iceland
                                                                               France
                                                                                                          Japan
                             30                                    Spain
                                                                                   N.zealand


                             20
                                                Argentina            Russia
                                      Malysia

                                              Turkey
                                                Iran
                             10           S.Africa
                                         Thailand China
                                        Indonesia
                                       India
                                       Pakistan
                              0
                                  0             1000        2000     3000         4000         5000        6000   7000         8000      9000
                                                                           Researchers per million
                           FUNCTI
Universities, Technology and Innovation
ONS OF THE HEC
 Research & Innovation leading to Entrepreneurship is the key to

   economic     development     Innovation    is     largely   carried   out   at

   universities & institutions of higher learning.

 Universities is an instrument in industrial countries for accelerating

   technology to enable them to stay ahead of competition.

 World War II was a boom for research and development at the

   universities: The jet engine, nuclear power, radar, computers, and

   many other technologies took root in the 1940s in the research labs

   of the universities.
 Technology Startups
    ONS OF THE HEC
 New small businesses are the ones creating jobs, according
  to a study by Kauffman Foundation.
 Since 1980, nearly all net job creation in the US occurred in
  firms less than 5 years old. Over the last 4 years, these young
  start-up created two-thirds of all new jobs.
 Apple startup 1976, valuation $ 508 b, annual sales $ 128 b,
  total of devices 200 m
 Pakistan startup 1947, GDP (ppp) is $480 b, exports are $ 30
  b, Population is 180 m
 Facebook startup 2004, , valuation $ 104 b, 900 m users
 Instagram startup Oct 2010, 13 employees, bought for $ 1 b in
  cash by Apple in April 2012
                  ONS OF THE HEC
Universities and Technology Parks in US


 Stanford University triggered the establishment of the Silicon Valley.

  HP was the first company to start in a garage in 1939.

 MIT and Harvard are responsible for over 1500 hi tech companies

  around Route 128 in Boston. An example of a success story:

  Companies established just by MIT have turnover exceeding         $11

  trillion, roughly the size of Korea's current GDP.

 North Carolina State University and Duke University initiated the

  Research Triangle (home to some of the largest R&D operations in

  the world).
Technology Parks and Europe


 The Cambridge Science Park, founded by Trinity College in 1970 is

  the oldest science park in the United Kingdom. It has strong links

  with the nearby University of Cambridge.

 Ireland is a modern knowledge economy. Since 1970, 17 Institutes of

  Technology have been established in Ireland. Today, in terms of GDP

  per capita, Ireland is ranked as one of the wealthiest countries in the

  OECD.
Recession and R&D


 Finland, despite a major banking crisis in 1993, loss of trade and high

  inflation, invested in R&D, and its economy grew.

 It ranks first in the number of researchers per 1000 population. With a

  population less than half that of Karachi, its one high tech company,

  Nokia, has more exports ($ 48 b) than all of Pakistan ($ 24 b)
Asian Tigers

 East Asian Tigers South Korea, Hong Kong, Singapore and Taiwan

  followed Japan’s example through the development of high tech

  universities, innovation & entrepreneurship in the 1960s and the 70s.

 The fruits are clear: Singapore’s economy grew 189 fold since

  becoming independent from Malaysia – its per capita rising from

  $512 in 1965 to $36,537.

 South Korea became an economic superpower in less than four

  decades, increasing its GDP from $3.9 billion in 1960 to over $264

  billion in 1990 to $ 1.5 trillion now.
Emerging Asian Knowledge Economies

 Turkey in the last 20 years has built over 43 technology parks attached to

  its universities

 The largest ones at METU, ITU and Bilkent University with over 700

  companies generate revenues of over $ 750 million.

 Turkey’s GDP has grown to over 10% this year, with exports exceeding $

  111 billion.

 In Malaysia, Educity in the Johor peninsula across from Singapore is

  building seven universities in a development zone three times the size of

  Singapore, expecting to attract over $100 billion investment in two

  decades
Gulf Countries and Knowledge Economy

 Saudi Arabia is building up world class universities.

 King Saud University is now ranked among leading Asian universities.

 King Abdullah University of Science and Technology was established

   with a $ 10 billion endowment. Facilities for research include the fastest

   supercomputer in the Middle East and one of the most powerful in the

   world, capable of 222 teraflops, or 222 trillion floating point operations

   per second.

 Qatar and UAE have their own knowledge cities

 Iran has excellent universities and an exponential increase in research. It

   plans over 50 Technology Parks by 2015
South Asia


 India is investing heavily in higher education. Over the next five years,

  it will establish 200 new universities.        Nine new IITs will be

  established, bringing the total number of IITs to 16.

 BanglaDesh to model their UGC along HEC Pakistan

 SriLanka after years of investing in school education have realized

  the importance of investing in higher education
Higher Education Commission
Serving as an Engine for the Socio-Economic
                   Development of Pakistan

                    Socio-
                   Economic
                     Uplift



      Research &
     Development


                       Human Resource
                        Development
Establishing Knowledge Capital Hubs in Pakistan
      Creation of Knowledge Hubs
      (2000 – 2011)
350




300
                                                                                                                                              295


                                                                                                                                 258
                                                                                                       246          249
250
                                                                                          229
                                                                             218

200                                                             192
                                                   182
                                      168

150                      136                                                                                                             134
                                                                                                   126         127          132
            116                                                          118          121
                                               107           110
                                  98
100
                     76                                                                                                   73           74
                                                                                                69           70
                                                                      62           65
           59                               56           5753           56           56           57           57           59           60
                               53             51
50                41             45
      37            35
       22


 0
      2000-01     2001-02      2002-03      2003-04      2004-05      2005-06      2006-07      2007-08      2008-09      2009-10      2010-11

                                      Public       Private       Total       Total Uni + Subcampuses
Production of Knowledge Workers
1200000

                                                                                                                    P
                                                                                                       1050175
1000000
                                                                                              948268

                                                                                     803507
800000
                                                                       738373

                                                             639597
600000
                                                      521473
                                           471964
                                423236
400000
                     331545
          276274

200000




     0


           2001-02    2002-03    2003-04    2004-05    2005-06   2006-07   2007-08    2008-09   2009-10   2010-11
Technology Drivers for Knowledge Exchange
    Quaid-e-Azam, Islamabad.
      (National Centre for Physics)




5 MV Tandem Accelerator (Scientific R&D)
      University of Engineering & Technology, Lahore




MTDC Centre          Architectural
                     Engineering




                                                         Female Student Service Centre
                 Site Development at Faisalabad Campus
Gearing up for Value Addition (PhDs/Year)

800


700


600


500

                      (1947-2002)                                         (2002-2012)
400
                           3281                                             3944

300


200


100


 0
                                                                             2012
  1947 1952 1957 1961 1965 1969 1973 1977 1981 1986 1991 1995 2000 2004 2008 2009


                                                              2002
  Creating New Knowledge through Research
7000
                                                                    6200
6000

                                                             4963
5000

                                                      3939
4000
                                               3425
3000                                    2836


2000                             1765
                          1316
             948   1044
1000   816


  0
       2002 2003 2004 2005 2006 2007 2008 2009 2010 2011
Pakistan’s Share of World Research
Pakistan’s Score on selected indicators on Global
Competitiveness Index


 3.1                                                                    2009-10
                                                                        2010-11
3.05                                                                    2011-12

  3

2.95

 2.9

2.85

 2.8

2.75

 2.7
       Higher Education   Technology   Innovation
         and Training      Readiness
                                                    Global Competitiveness Reports
                                                    World Economic Forum
         PAKISTAN: Finally Arriving on World Scene!
   According to QS Asian University Rankings 2012 Six Pakistani

    universities rank in top 300

    ◦   NUST (108-150), University of Karachi (191-200) , Aga Khan University

        (201-250), UET Lahore(201-250) , LUMS (251-300) , University of Lahore

        (251-300)

   According to QS World University Rankings 2011, two Pakistani

    Universities rank among the Top 300 Technology Universities of the World!

    ◦ NUST at 274 and UET Lahore at 281
Shifting Role of HEIs




                          Innovation &
                          Entrepreneurship
               Research

 Higher Education


  SOCIO-ECONOMIC TRANSFORMATION              28
Strategic Thrusts

            Excellence in Higher Education
                Technology Readiness
            Focus on Research & Innovation
              Spirit of Entrepreneurship
                  Global Perspective
                Socio-economic Impact




                                             29
 HEC’s New Initiatives
• Five Technology Incubators established in 5 universities
  (UAF, UET-P, UVAS, NUST and COMSATS).

• Seventeen ORICs have been established, 13 more to be
  established in next two years

• Three Centers of Advanced Study and Research (Energy,
  Food Security, Water) launched

• Six Incubators plus one Technology Parks (Islamabad) on
  the anvil.




                                                             30
  2011-15: HEC Strategic Focus




Universities   Universities    Universities
 Building        Building       Building
Economies      Communities     Leadership

   Socio-Economic Development of Pakistan
HEC’s Goal: Prosperity through Knowledge
                                Economy
 It’s high time we woke up to focus on
 investing in quality higher education,
         research, innovation and
     entrepreneurship, and create a
           knowledge economy,

                  or

Continue being left behind other nations

				
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