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德愛中學學校架構

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德愛中學學校架構 Powered By Docstoc
					        Experience sharing:
        Experience sharing:
   “How can teachers sustain the
   “How can teachers sustain the
  enthusiasm of carrying out what
  enthusiasm of carrying out what
they have learnt in the ESL course?”
they have learnt in the ESL course?”

          7th January 2005

          By Ms. Debbi Tsang

                                  1
             Tips 1: Belief

         “ESL strategies can
        help students learn.”
                                 Group
                                  Group
               Concept
               Concept           writing
                                 writing
                 map
                 map
Structured
Structured                 Graphic
                           Graphic
 overview
  overview                  outline
                            outline
              Dictogloss
              Dictogloss
                                           2
                                                                Belief

                          Example
Sub-topic Content objectives      Language objectives      Strategies
Acid rain   Students are able to Students are able to      Writing:
            - understand the      - write the definition   Transform
              meaning of acid       in present tense       information
                                                           from a
              rain                 “Acid rain is …”        diagram into
            - identify the causes - write the causes of    paragraphs
              of acid rain          acid rain in           on Fig.5
            - know the impacts      paragraph using        Formation of
              of acid rain          connectives and        acid rain
                                    passive voice
                                   Then … After that …
                                  - write the impacts of
                                    acid rain using
                                    modals
                                                                   3
                                   “ Acid rain can …”
Tips 2: Don’t be too ambitious

      “Small task can also be
    very effective and helpful
          to students.”




                                 4
                                                           Don’t be too

                       Examples                             ambitious



                                          When a band of
                                           When a band of
Formation of a waterfall                  resistant rock lies across
                                           resistant rock voice
                                                Active lies across
                                                Active the river
                                          a river channel, voice
                                           a river channel, the river
                                          will erode the less
                                           will erode the less
                                          resistant rock on the
                                           resistant rock on the
                                          downstream side more
                                           downstream side more
                                          quickly by hydraulic
                                           quickly by hydraulic
                                                Passive voice
                                          action and abrasion. A
                                                Passive voice
                                           action and abrasion. A
                                          step or a fall of water
                                           step or a fall of water
                                          will develop.
                                           will develop.
    More resistant rock layer / Hard rock layer

    Less resistant rock layer / Soft rock layer                  5
                                     Don’t be too

             Examples                 ambitious




Use signposting words …


      Then
      Then

              After that
              After that

                           Finally
                           Finally


                                           6
                                                        Don’t be too

                       Examples                          ambitious




Use information gap …
                            A                                 B




A asks,                           B answers,
“What type of plate boundary is   “A constructive plate boundary
found between the Eurasian        is found between the Eurasian
Plate and the North American      Plate and the North American
Plate?”                           Plate.”                     7
                                                      Don’t be too

                        Examples                       ambitious




Use information gap …
                            A                               B




A answers,                      B asks,
“The two plates diverge.”       “How do plates move between
                                the Indo-Australian Plate and
                                the Antarctic Plate?”
                                                            8
                                   Don’t be too

                Examples            ambitious




“Having completed all the ESL
 “Having completed all the ESL
     workshops, you are well-
     workshops, you are well-
  equipped with knowledge and
  equipped with knowledge and
      skills. If you add some
      skills. If you add some
‘desire’, it becomes your habit
 ‘desire’, it becomes your habit
   – that guides ‘you’ along the
   – that guides ‘you’ along the
       path of excellence.”
        path of excellence.”



                                         9
Tips 3: Sharing among colleagues

   • Teaching materials
   • Ideas
   • Co-planning



                             10
                                               Sharing with

                  Example                       colleagues



Help students find out and express the relationship of
         the components within this diagram

Factors affecting the
  energy of a river




                                                    11
                                                   Sharing with

                     Example                        colleagues




Strategy: Part-Whole

a. Draw a line graph to show   b. Describe their relationship
   the relationship between       in two sentences.
   them.                                         negative
                                  There is a ___________
                                  relationship between
                                   volume of flow
                                  _____________ and
                                   rate of evapotranspiration
                                  ___________________.
                                                   evapo-
                                That means, when _____
                                  transpiration
                                ____________ increases,
                                the volume of flow decreases
                                ___________________.
                                                        12
            Tips 4: Quick reference
Speaking             Listening          Reading                 Writing
strategies           strategies         strategies              strategies
- Pair work          - Speak slowly     Pre-reading:            Pre-writing:
- Small group        - Repeat what      - Making use of the 3   - Structured
  discussion           you’ve said        cueing systems          overview
- Provide key        - Rephrase the     - Graphic outline
  words, phrases,      message          - Concept map           During writing:
  sentence           - Give visual      - Story map             - Group writing
  patterns, etc.       clues                                    - Dictogloss
- Let Ss verbalize   - Give facial
  single word, key                      During reading:
                       expression
  phrases or                            - Cloze (types?)        Post-writing:
                     - Pay attention
  ideas                to students’                             - Proof-reading
                       response         Post-reading:
                     - Let students     - Structured
                       ask questions      overview
                                                                               13
                     - Listen to gist
  Tips 5: School policy

• Compulsory programme
  plan for the year




                          14
                                                                      School policy

                                Example
        Development plan for the Geography Department, 2003-2004

Strategies /        Time        Success criteria                Method of
tasks               scale                                       evaluation
Application of      Training:   • 85% of the S1 students        Students need to
ESL strategies      Whole         should be able to make        meet the
to improve          year          sensible complete             requirement of
writing skills in                 sentences                     the writing tasks
the junior                      • 85% of the S2 students
forms                             should be able to write a
                                  short factual account,
                                  explaining and expressing
                                  reasons
                                • 85% of the S3 students
                                  should be able to explain a
                                  point of view, organise &
                                                                             15
                                  link ideas logically
                                                                 School policy

                             Example
       Development plan for the Geography Department, 2003-2004

Strategies /     Time        Success criteria               Method of
tasks            scale                                      evaluation
Application of   Training:   •CE students should be able    Students need to
ESL strategies   Whole        to make a structured          meet the
to improve       year         overview of every topic of    requirement of
both reading                  study                         the reading and
and writing                  •CE students should be able    writing tasks
skills in the                 to transfer information
senior forms                  (tables ßà paragraphs),
                              give explanatory accounts
                              of favourable/ unfavourable
                              factors
                             •AL students should be able
                              to write an argumentative
                              essay                                      16
    Tips 6: Attitude

“ Attitude is contagious.
  Pass it on!”




                            17
Thank you !




              18

				
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