dec2012 by mrnsisong

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									Nigerian History and Cu
                                                          April
                                          Origination, Informa
                                          Current Ministers as
                                          Top Officials in Gov
                                          States Data and Gove
                                          Addresses of Federal
                                          Addresses of State L
                                          Past and Present Lea
                                          Foreign Leaders 1921
                                          Natural Resources
                                          Tourist Attractions
                                          Exchange Rate Histor
                                          Memorable events -
                                          Political Parties
                                          Map of Nigeria
                            Compilation   Addresses of Federal
                                 by       Government Websites
                                          Local Government Are
                    www.promong.com
                                          Tertiary Institution
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                                          Important Abbreviati
                                          Sports Info
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                             download     Traditional Ruler Ti
                                          Civil War Events
                                          Memorable Dates
                                          Brief Biography of N
                                          Web Diary
                                          General Knowledge
                                          Quiz
                                                   Downloadable from


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                                                                                                      2

Contents

Nigeria          Origination, Information and Statistics………………..……

States and Their Natural Resources...................…………

Tourist          Attraction ……………………………………………………………………………………………………

Anthem, Pledge, Coat of Arms and National Flag……………………………

Senate         Presidents,Foreign Leaders, Premiers of the 1st Re

Inec Chairmen, Govenors of the 2nd Republic.…………………………………

Historical             value of the Us dollar to the Naira……………………………

Civil War Events…………………………………………………………….. ………………………………………

Vice Presidents, Speakers (House of Reps),…..……CBN11 Govenors,

Nigeria          Tertiary Institutions and year founded            ……………………

Nigeria          Leaders 1960 – 2012………………………………………………………………………………

Top       Officials in the Current Government…….………………………………………

Ministers of the Federal Republic of Nigeria…………………………………

State Capitals and Governors……………………………………………………………………………

Important            Abbreviations……………………………………………..………………………………………22

Lagos        State Commissioners……………………………………………………………………………………

Political Parties In Nigeria……………………………………………………………………………

Historical             Records………………………………………………………………………………………………………

Sport Events………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………

Memorable            Dates (Plane Crashes, Assassinations)…………………………

Military Ranks…………………………………………………………………………………………………………………

Local        Government Areas in Nigeria………………………………………………………………

Useful Nigerian Websites ……………………………………………………………………………………

Addresses            of Federal Ministries …………………………………………………………………

Addresses            of State Liaison Offices……………………………………………………………


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                                                                                         Nigeria Ori, Information a                                                                                                4


Government and Political Area                                                                                              Border Countri:Onwtheestby the Republic of Beni
                                                                                                                                         east, Cameroun 1,690km,northbyNiger 1,497k
    - Conventional Long Form: Federal Republic of Nigeria



    - Conventional Short Form: Nigeria                                                                                                                                             ChadsouthRepublicsbytheAtlantic80km,
    - Data Code : NI                                                                                                       Maritime :Claims
    -                  Flag: Three equal vertical bands of Green (hoist side)

                                                                                                                                -    Continental Shelf: 200m depth or to
                                                                                 White and Green                                  -                 Exclusive Economic Zone: 200NM
                                                                                                                                  - Territory Sea: 12NM
Capital:Abuja
    - Administrative:36DivisionsStates and 1 Federal Capital
                                                                                                                           Climate:Varies; Equatorial in the South,
                                                                                st                                                                             in the North.
    - Independence:1October 1960 ( From the UK )
    - Constitution:NA 1999 New Constitution was adopted
                                                                                                                                                               Terrain:Southern Lowlands merges into Cent
    - Legal System:Based on English Common Law, Islamic

                                        and Tribal laws.                                                                                                         Mountains in South-East, P
    -                  Suffarge:18 years of age universalNatural Resources:Petroleum, Tin, Columbite, I
    -   Cabinent:Federal Executive Council                                                                                                                                                               Limestone, Zinc, Natural G
    - Legislative: BiBranch-Cameral National Assembly :
                                                                                                                            Land :UseArable Land: 33%, Permanent Crops
                                                                                                                      Senate and House of Representatives                                                    Pastures: 44%, Forests
    - Judicial :BranchSupreme Court, Federal High Court,
                                                                                                                                                                                                              Irrigated Land, 9,570 s
                                                                 Federal Court of Appeal, High Court,
                                                            Magistrate Court, Customary Court.
                                                                       Major Cities
    Geography                                                          - Lagos, Abuja, PortHacourt, Kano, Kadu
    Location: Western Africa bordering on the Gulf of Guinea
                                                                   between Benin and Cameroun
                                                                       Geopolitical Zones : 6
            Boarders: South (Atlantic Ocean) -                                                                                                                                          North (Niger Republic)
                                                                                                                            North Central States   :                                                              Benue, Platea
                                                                                                   East ( Cameroun)                                                                                  -      West (Benin Republic)
                                    Major Rivers :                                                                              River Niger and River Benue
                                                                                                                            North Eastern States : Borno, Yobe, B
                                    Largest State : Niger (76,363 square kilometers)
                                    Smallest State : Lagos (3,345 square kilometers)
                                                                                                                            North Western States:                                                                      Sokoto, Kebbi,

                                                                                                                            South Eastern States :                                                              Anambra, Imo,
    Overall Area
    -   Total Area: 923,768 Sq km                                                                                           South Western States:                                                                           Ekiti, Ogun,
    - Land Area: 910,768 Sq km
    -                  Water: 13,000 Sq km                                                                                  South Southern States:                                                               Cross River,
    -                  Coastline: 853 km

                                                                                              Democratic              Institution                      -1
   Area Comparat:Slightlyve more than twice                                                                  thesize of               California        Presidentin he United States of Americ

   Land Boundaries:4,047 km all together.                                                     - 36 Governors
Population                                                                                                                 - 109 Senators
    -                  167million people
                                                                                                                           -      360 Members, House of Representatives
    -                  Africa’s most populated country having over 250 tribes
                                                                                                                           -      774 Local Government Chairmen
Official Language
                                                                                                                                      - 1205 State Assembly Legislators
     - English
                                                                                                                                      - 8540 Elected Councilors
    Currency
                                                                                                                           Environmental-International Agreements:
    -   Naira and Kobo                                                                                                     Party to Biodiversity, Climate Change,
                                                                                                                           Species, Hazardous Wastes, Law of the S
    Time
                                                                                                                           Marine Life Conservation, Nuclear Test
    -   GMT + 1
                                                                                                                           Wetlands.

                                                                                                                           Membership
                                                                                                                           Nigeria is a member of the following:
                                                                                                                           ACP,AFDB,AU,CCC,ECA,ECOWAS,FAO,G-15,G-1
                                                                                                                           IBRD,ICAO,ICC,ICRM,IDA,IFAD,IFC,IFRCS,I
                                                                                                                           INMARSAT,INTELSAT,INTERPOL,ITU,MINURSO,
                                                                                                                           PCA,UN,UNCTAD,UNESCO,UNHCR,UNIDO,UNIKOM
                                                                                                                           UNMIK,UNMOP,UNMOT,UNU,UPU,WCL,WFTU,WHO,
                                                                                                                           WTRO.




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                                                   Tourist Attraction
LOCATION           ATTRACTION                                           LOCATION                            ATTRACTION
Abia          Arochukwu Caves,ArochukwuKano                              Hadejia Wetland
Abia          War Museum, Umuahia                         Kano           Kano City Walls
Abia          Azumini Blue Rivers                         Kano           Kano Tourist Camp
Abia          Museum of Colonial History,Kano AbaKano Zoological Garden
Abia          Akwete Weaving Centre                       Kano           Kofar Mata Dyeing Pits

Adamawa          Sukur/UNESCO World HeritKagetsinaSiteGoborau Minaret
Adamawa          Three Sisters Rock
Adamawa          Koma Hills                                  Lagos            Badagry Beach
                                                             Lagos            First Storey Building in                         Nigeria (
Akwa           IbomIbeno Sand Beach                          Lagos            Ibeshe Beach
Akwa IbomBlue River                                          Lagos            Lagos Bar Beach
Akwa IbomOron Museum                                         Lagos            Lekki Peninsula
                                                             Lagos            Murtala Mohammed Botanical                        Garden
Anambra Ogbunike Caves                                       Lagos            National Museum, Onikan
                                                             Lagos            Relics of Slavery, Badagry
Bauchi           Yankari National Park                       Lagos            Tafawa Balewa Square
Bauchi           Wikki Warm Spring, YankoLagos                                Takwa Bay
                                                             Lagos            The National Theatre, Iganmu
Bayelsa Olobiri Oil Museum                                   Lagos            Whispering Palms, Badagry

Benue         Ushango Hills                                   Niger           Kainji Lake National Park

Borno         Lake Chad Sanctuary                             Ogun            Olumo Rock
Borno         Jaffy Falls
Borno         Chad Basin National ParkOndo                                    Idanre Hills

C/River Cable Car                                             Osun            Osun Shrine
C/River Obudu Cattle Ranch
C/River Cross River National ParkOyo                                          Ibadan Trans Amusement Park
C/River Kwa Falls
C/River Tinapa Business Resort                                Plateau Assop Water Falls
                                                              Plateau Jos Museum
Delta         Source of Ethiope RiverPlateau Jos Wildlife Park
Delta         Chief Nana’s Palace                              Plateau Jos Zoo
                                                               Plateau Kura Water Falls
Ebonyi        Salt Lake                                        Plateau Mando Tourist Village
                                                               Plateau Museum of Traditional Architecture
Edo           Okomu National Park                              Plateau Shere Hills
Edo           Ogba Zoo, Ogba Village
Edo           Okada Wonderland                                 Rivers         Isaac Boro Park
Edo           Ososo Hills                                      Rivers         Isaka Holiday Resort

Ekiti         Ikogosi Warm Spring & ErintaSokotoFallsTomb of Usman Dan Fodio, Sokoto
                                                           Sokoto       Sultan’s Palace
Enugu         Nike Lake Holiday ResortSokoto                            Sokoto Museum

FCT           Abuja        Amusement Park, WuseTaraba                        Marmara                      Crocodile Pond
FCT           Abuja        Zoological Garden,TarGarkiba Barup Water Falls
FCT           Aso Rock, Asokoro                               Taraba         Akwana Salt Village
                                                              Taraba         Gashaka Gumti National Park (Wildl
Gombe         Tula Highland Hills
                                                              Yobe           Nguru Wetland/Bird Sanctuary
Imo           Nekede Botanical GardensYobe                                   Gujba Forest Reserve, Gujba
Imo           Oguta Lake Resort
                                                              Zamfara Kakile Hippopotamus Pond, Dan Guld
Jigawa        Hadejia/Nguru Wetlands                          &ZamfaraBirds KanomaSantuaryHills, Kanoma
Jigawa        Baturiya Birds SantuaryZamfara Kwta Kwash Rock/Water Spring

Kaduna        Jakaranda Pottery
Kano          Palm Beach Tourist Village
Kano          Bagauda Lake and Tiga Dam
Kano          Birmin Kudu Rock Paintings
Kano          Falgore Game Reserve




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                                                                                                                      22

8.   Sarah Akuben PaneSpcial Development
9.   Mrs. Sarah JibrilEthics and Values 10.Tunji OlagunjuNEPAD


11.Senator Joy EmordiNat onal Assembly Matters 12.Dr. O. Pius OlakunleInternational

relations 13.Professor Dan AdSpebciyial Duties


14.Mrs. Asma’u AbdulkabirGenderIssues 15.Nze S.
AkachukwuTechnicalNwakpo Matters
16.Prof. Nwanze OkidChiefgbeEconomic Adviser
17.Prof. SylvesterPerformanceMonye Monitoring and Evaluation




                                              Ministers of the Federal Republic of Nig

                            Name of Minister                             Ministry


     1. Mr. Chinedu Nebo                                   Minister of Power


     2.    Hajiya Zainab Ibrahim KuchiMinster of State - Power


     3.    Prof. Sheikh Ahmed AbdullahFederal Ministry of Agriculture and Natural


     4.    Alhaji Bukar Tijani    Minister of State – Agriculture and Natural


     5. Mr. John Ogar Odey                                  Minister of Environment


     6.    Mrs. Stella Oduah-OgiemwonyiFederal Ministry of Aviation


     7.    Sen. Bala Muhammed Federal Ministry of the Federal Capital Ter


     8.    Mrs. Olajumoke Akinjide Minister of State - Federal Capital Territor


     9.    Dr. Olusegun Aganga       Ministry of Trade and Investment


     10.Dr. Samuel Ioraer Ortom Minister of State for Trade and Investment


     11.                                                    Federal             Ministry of Defense


     12.Erelu Olusola Obada                                 Minister of State, Defense


     13.Alhaji Bolaji Abdullahi Federal                                         Ministry of Youth Development


     14.Chief Edem Duke                                     Federal             Ministry of Culture, Tourism and Na


     15.Prof. (Mrs) Ruqayyatu A.FederalRufai                                    Ministry of Education


     16.Chief Nyesom Wike                                  Minister of State - Education


     17.Mr. Mike Onolememen                                 Federal             Ministry of Works




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                                                                                                                           23

18.Amb. Bashir Yuguda                                  Minister of State - Federal Ministry of Wor


19.Dr. Ngozi Okonjo-Iweala Federal Ministry of Finance


20.Dr. Yerima Lawal Ngama Minister of State - Finance


21.Ambassador Gbenga AshiruFederal Ministry of Foreign Affairs


22.Prof.(Mrs.) Viola OnwuliriMinister of State I - Foreign Affairs


23.Hajiya Salamatu SuleimanMinister of State II - Foreign Affairs


24.Professor Onyebuchi ChukwuFederal Ministry of Health


25.Alh. Suleiman Bello                                 Minister of State, Health


26.Mr. Kabiru Turaki                                   Minister of Special                       Duties


27.Mr. Labaran Maku                                    Federal Minister of                       Information and Communi


28.Mr. Chukwuemeka Wogu                                Federal Ministry of                       Labour and Productivity


29.Alhaji Suleman Yusuf                               Minister/Chairman, National Sports Commissio


30.Justice Mohammed Bello AdokFederal,SANMinistry of                                             Justice - Attorney Gene


31.Navy Capt. Earnest OlubolaFederal(Rtd)Ministry of Police Affairs


32.Mrs. Deizani Alison-MaduekeMinistry of Petroleum Resources


33.Hon. Nduese Essien                                  Ministry of Lands, Housing & Urban Developm


34.Alhaji Mohammed Musa SadaFederal Ministry of Mines and Steel Develop


35.Prof. Ita Ekong Bassey EwaFederal Ministry of Science and Technology


36.Senator Idris A. Umar Federal Ministry of Transport


37.Hajia Zainab Maina                                  Federal Ministry of Women Affairs


38.Dr. Shamsudeen Usman         National Planning Commission


39.Elder Peter Godsday OrubebeMinistry of Niger Delta Affairs


40.Mr. Darius Dickson IshakuMinister of State, Niger Delta Affairs


41.Mrs. Omobola Johnson        Minister of Communication Technology


42.Comrade Abba Moro                                 Minister of Interior




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                                                                 State Information, Demography and Statistics
    STATE                CAPITAL                         LOCAL GOVTS                           CREATED               AREA                                POPULATION           SLOGAN                              WEBSITE                                             GOVERNOR-ELE

1   Abia               Umuahia                      17                              27 Aug 1991                   52,437sq/km                       2,833,999                   God’s Own State                                            www.abiastate.gov.ng

2   Adamawa              Yola                      21                          27 Aug 1991                        36,917sq/km                       3,168,101                  Highest Peak of                    the Nation                          www.adamawastate.go

3   Akwa-Ibom               Uyo                    31                               23 Sep 1987                   7,018sq/km                        3,920,208                   Land of Promise                                             www.akwaibomstate.gov.ng

4   Anambra               Awka                 21                                3 Feb 1976                       4,416sq/km                        4,182,032                   Home for all                                             www.anambrastate.gov.ng

5   Bauchi                Bauchi                        20                          3 Feb 1976                     45,837sq/km                         4,076,465                    Pearl of Tourism                                   www.bauchistate.gov.ng

6   Bayelsa                Yenogoa                       8                           1 Oct 1996                                  10,773sq/km            1,703,358                    Pride of the Nation                                              www.bayelsastate.gov

7   Benue               Makurdi                     23                             3 Feb 1976                     34,059sq/km                         4,291,244                    Food Basket of the Nation                                          www.benuestate.gov

8   Borno                 Maiduguri                          27                              3 Feb 1976                            70,898sq/km            4,151,193                     Home of Peace                                          www.bornostate.gov.ng

9   Cross River                     Calabar                         18                    27 May1967                               17,802sq/km             2,888,966                    People’s Paradise                                             www.crossriverstate.

1   Delta                Asaba                     25                              27 Aug 1991                    17,698sq/km                       4,098,391                   The Big Heart                                   www.deltastate.gov.ng

1   Ebonyi                Abakaliki                          13                             1 Oct 1996                                 5,530sq/km           2,173,501                    The Salt of the Nation                                    www.ebonyistate.

1   Edo               Benin City                         18                       27 Aug 1991                      17,802sq/km                        3,218,332                     Heartbeat of the Nation                                           www.edostate.gov.ng

1   Ekiti                 Ado-Ekiti                           16                            1 Oct 1996                     6,353sq/km                       2,384,212                    Fountain of Knowledge                                        www.ekitistate.gov

1   Enugu               Enugu                  17                             27 Aug 1991                         7,161sq/km                        3,257,298                 Coal City State                                              www.enugustate.gov.ng

1   Gombe              Gombe                  11                                  1 Oct 1996                      18,768sq/km                       2,353,879                    Jewel in the Savannah                                                www.gombestate.gov.ng

1   Imo               Owerri                   27                                  3 Feb 1976                     5,768sq/km                        3,934,899                    Eastern Heartland                                   www.imostate.gov.ng

1   Jigawa                Dutse                     27                              27 Aug 1991                   23,184sq/km                       4,348,649                    The New World                                 www.jigawastate.gov.ng

1   Kaduna               Kaduna                     23                              27 May1967                    46,053sq/km                       6,066,562                  Liberal State                                             www.kadunastate.gov.ng

1   Kano               Kano                   44                             27 May1967                    20,131sq/km                                  9,383,682           Center of Commerce                                 www.kanostate.gov.ng

2   Kastina                 Kastina                          34                    23 Sep 1987                                   24,192sq/km            5,792,578                    Home of Hospitality                                              www.kastinastate.gov.

2   Kebbi               Birnin Kebbi                               21                        27 Aug 1991                 36,800sq/km                       3,238,628                                   Land of Equity                                 www.kebbistate.gov.ng

2   Kogi               Lokoja                      21                               27 Aug 1991                29,833sq/km                                      3,278,487       The Confluence State                                   www.kogistate.gov.ng

2   Kwara               Iiorin                      16                               27 May1967                36,825sq/km                                      2,371,089       State of Harmony                                            www.kwarastate.gov.ng

2   Lagos               Ikeja                       20                              27 May1967                3,577sq/km                                   9,013,534          Center of Excellence                                            www.lagosstate.gov.ng

2   Nasarawa                Lafia                       13                                   1 Oct 1996                           27,117sq/km             1,863,275                    Home of Solid Minerals                                         www.nasarawastate.

2   Niger               Minna                      25                               3 Feb 1976                    34,059sq/km                         3,950,249                    The Power State                                            www.nigerstate.gov.ng

2   Ogun               Abeokuta                     20                               3 Feb 1976                     16,226sq/km                         3,728,098                    The Gateway State                                  www.ogunstate.gov.ng

2   Ondo               Akure                  18                                  3 Feb 1976                     14,606sq/km                         3,441,024                   The Sunshine State                                            www.ondostate.gov.ng

2   Osun               Oshobo                  30                             27 Aug 1991                     9,251sq/km                                   3,423,535          State of the Living Spring                                              www.osunstate.gov.n

3   Oyo               Ibadan                   33                                  3 Feb 1976                    27,249sq/km                         5,591,589                    The Pacesetters                                            www.oyostate.gov.ng

3   Plateau                Jos                     17                                3 Feb 1976                    30,553sq/km                         3,178,712                    Home of Peace and Tourism                                         www.plateaustate.g

3   Rivers                  PortHarcourt                                23                27 May1967                     11,077sq/km                        5,185,400                    Treasure Base of the Nation                                                       www.riversstat

3   Sokoto               Sokoto                     23                                3 Feb 1976                    25,973sq/km                         3,696,999                     Seat of the Caliphate                                           www.sokotostate.gov

3   Taraba               Jalingo                         16                       27 Aug 1991                      54,473sq/km                         2,300,736                    Nature’s Gift of the Nation                                                      www.tarabastate.

3   Yobe               Damaturu                     17                              27 Aug 1991                 34,059sq/km                         2,321,591                    The Young shall Grow                                  www.yobestate.gov.ng

3   Zamfara                Gusau                    14                               1 Oct 1996                                  39,762sq/km            3,259,846                    Home of Agric Product                                            www.zamfarastate.gov

              Abuja                                          6                     3rd Feb. 1976                                  7,315sq/km             1,405,201                                     Center of Unity                         www.fct.gov.ng
Important Abbreviations
NLC           Nigeria Labour Congress                             NAF                Nigeria Airforce

IMF           International Monetary Fund NA                                      Nigeria Army
ICJ            International Court of JusticeNN                                   Nigerian Navy

WASSCE          West Africa Senior School CertificateNPANigeriaExaminationPortsAuthority

CAN          Christian Association of NigeriaNAMA                                                             Nigeria Airspace Management A

GSM          Global System of Mobile TelecommunicationNPFNigeria Police Force

EFCC           Economic Financial Crime CommissionNANS National Association of Nige

GCE          General Certificate of EducationNASU                                    Non-Academic Staff Union
SAP           Structural Adjustment ProgramNDIC                                                                   Nigeria Deposit Insurance Co

UN          United Nations                                        NDDC               Niger Delta Development Comm
AU          African Union                                         NHRC               National Human Rights Commis

FIFA                                                          Federation of InternationalNICONFootball NationalAssciationInsurance Corporati

NUPENG                                                         National Union of PetroleumNIPOSTandNaturalNigeriaGas Postal Services and
UNICEF           United Nations InternationalNDA ChildrenNigeriaEducationalDefence FundAcademy

          United Nations Educational ScientificNIIA                                                                 Nigeria Institute of Interna
UNESCO
          and Cultural Organization                               NURTW              National Union of Road and T

WWW         World Wide Web                                        NGC              Nigeria Gas Company
INEC           Independent National ElectoralNGO CommissionNon-Governmental Organization

NSC          National Sports Commission                           NSCDC                                            Nigeria Security and Civil D
NCC          Nigerian Communication CommissionNLNG                                   Nigeria Liquified Natural Ga

NNPC          Nigerian National Petroleum NUTCorporationNational Union of Teachers

SARS           Severe Acute Respiratory SyndromeNACA                                 Nigerian                             Action Committee on
SARS           Special Anti Robbery Squad ASUU                                       Academic Staff Union of Univ

AIDS           Acquired Immune Deficiency NAFDACSyndrome       National Agency for Food an
          Independent Corrupt Practice &NBAOther                                   Nigerian Bar Association
ICPC
          Related Offenses Commission                             VON              Voice of Nigeria
SMS          Short Message Service                                NDLEA                                        National Drug Law Enforcemen

HIV           Human Immunodeficiency VirusUNO                                      United Nations Organization

SIM           Subscriber Identification ModuleWHO                                 World Health Organization

OAU          Organization of African UnityOPEC                                        Organization of Petroleum Ex
SAN          Senior Avocate of Nigeria                            PRC                Provisional Ruling Council

ICAN           Institute of Chartered AccountantWAEC ofWestNigeriaAfrican Examination Cou
ECOMOG         Ecowas Monitoring Group                            MDGs               Millennium Development Goals

ECOWAS         Economic Community of West FHAAfrican                               StatesFederal Housing Authority
FRSC           Federal Road Safety CommissionAMCON                                   Asset Management Corporation
NAPIMS                                                 National Petroleum InvestmentSEC ManagementSecuritiesServiceand Exchange Comm

NYSC          National Youth Service CorpsSWAN                                       Sports Writers Association o

NUJ           Nigerian Union of JournalistNSE                                        Nigerian Stock Exchange

NUC          National Universities CommissionNMA                                  Nigerian Medical Association

NIREC           Nigeria Inter-Religious CouncilNAPEP                                  National                               Poverty   Eradicati
                                                                  NEPAD                                           New Partnership for Africa’s
                                                                                                                                  38

                                           Ag                    Kat                  Maga                     Mash
                                           Agwara                Kontagora            Mariga                   Mokwa
                                           Bida                  Lapai                Rijau                    Muya
Niger ( 25 )                    Minna      Borgu                 Lavun                Shiroro                  Pailoro
                                           Bosso                 Rafi                 Suleja                   Tafa
                                           Chanchaga             Gbako                Gurara                   Wushishi
                                           Edati

                                           Abeokut            Ijeb                  Ipo                        Ogun Wa
                                           Abeokuta                SouthIjebu North Obafemi-OwodeOdeda
Ogun ( 20 )                     AbeokutaAdo-Odo/Ota           Ijebu North           IkenneEast                 Odogbolu
                                           Egbado NorthIjebu Ode                    Imeko-Afon                 Remo North
                                           Egbado SouthIfo                            Ewekoro                  Shagamu

                                           Akoko    No           Akure                Ir                       Okit
                                           Akoko    NorthAkureWest South              Odigbo                   Ondo East
Ondo ( 18 )                     Akure      Akoko    SouthIdanreWest                   Ile-Oluji                Ondo
                                           Akure    East Ilaje                        Oke-Igbo                 Ose
                                           Akoko    SouthOwoWest                                               Ifedore


                                           Aiye                 Eji                   Ifel                     Iw
                                           Aiyedire             Ife Central           Ila                      Obokun
                                           Atakumosa            EastIfe East          Ilesha         East      Odo-Otin
                                           Atakumosa            WestIfe North         Ilesha         West      Ola-Oluwa
Osun ( 30 )                     Oshogbo
                                           Boluwaduro           Ife South             Irewole                  Olorunda
                                           Boripe               Ifedayo               Isokan                   Osogbo
                                           Ede North            Irepodun                 Egbedore              Orolu
                                           Ede South            Oriade

                                           Af                   Ibadan S              Lag                  Ore
                                           Akinyele             Ibadan       SouthOgbomoshoWest          NorthOri Ire
                                           Atiba                Ibarapa        CentralOgbmosho SouthOyo East
                                           Atigbo               Olorunsogo            Ogo Oluwa            Oyo West
Oyo ( 33 )                      Ibadan     Egbeda               Oluyole               Iwajowa              Saki East
                                           Ibadan CentrOnal-Ara                       Irepo                Saki West
                                           Ibadan EastNorItesiwajuh                   Iseyin               Surulere
                                           Ibadan SouthIbarapaWest EastKajola                                Ido
                                           Ibarapa North

                                           Barik                 Kan                  Man                       Mik
                                           Bassa                 Kanke                Shendam                   Pankshin
Plateau ( 17                 )Jos          Bokkos                Langtang            NorthWase                  Qua'an Pan
                                           Jos East              Jos North            Langtang            SouthRiyom
                                           Jos South

                                           Abua/                Bon                   Ogu/                     Omum
                                           Ahoada              EastDegema             Okrika                   Opobo/Nkoro
                              Port         Ahoada              WestEmohua             Ikwerre                  Oyigbo
Rivers ( 23 )
                HarcourtAkuku Toru                              Eleme                 Khana                    Port-Harcourt
                                           Andoni               Etche                 Ogba/Egbema/NdoniTai
                                           Asari-Toru           Obia/Akpor              Gokana

                                           Bi                    Kwa                  Sabon                    Tqng
                                           Bodinga               kebbe                Shagari                  Tureta
Sokoto ( 23                  ) Sokoto      Dange-shnsiRabah                           Tambuwal                 Wamako
                                           Gada                  Silame               Sokoto SouthWurno
                                           Goronyo               Sokoto NorthIsa                               Yabo
                                           Gudu                  Illela               Gawabawa

                                           Ar ko                 Jal                  La                       Wuk
                                           Bali                  Karin-LamidoUssa                              Yorro
Taraba ( 16)                    Jalingo
                                           Donga                 Sardauna             Kurmi                    Zing
                                           Gashaka               Takum                Ibi                      Cassol

                                          Ba                     Guj                  Nang                   Tar
                                          Bursari                Gulani               Nguru PotiskumYunusari
Yobe ( 17 )                     DamaturuDamaturu                 Jakusko              Karasuwa               Machina
                                          Fika                   Geidam               Karawa                 Yusufari
                                          Fune

                                           An                    Gum                  Gu a                     Shi
Zamfara ( 14                 )Gussau       Bakura                Tsafe                Kaura-Nmoda              Talata Mafara
                                           Bukkuyum              Zurmi                Maru                     Bungudu
                                           Kiyawa                Maradun


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                                                                                                                                               41

Brief History of the Naira
                                            st
The naira note was introduced1ofJan., 1973replacingonthe the British Pound at two Naira t last State to abandon the British currency system.
The50kobo,currency1, denomina5,10 naira and ½,coins1,5,10of and. 25kobo

            th
On the11 February,a 1977new bank note denomination20nairawasof theissuedvalue.Thenof N20 note was
                                st

denomination andcurrencyalsotheto1 bear the portrait of a Nigerian citizen – th
          nd
On the2 of July, new1979currency notes of N1,N5three anddenominationswereN10introduced–
In1991, both50ktheandN1notes were coined.
InDecember ,1999November ,2000April 2001andOctober ,2005N100,N200,N500 andwereN1000introduced
respectively.
           th
On the of28 FebruaryN50,N202007,N10,N5,N1,50kwerereissued with a new design,N2 coinwhilewas n introduced.




                                                              Federal Ministries
Federal Capital Territory                              FederalMinistryMinistr                                Federal Ministr
Capital Road, Area II, Garki,Old Federal Scretari                                                            Affairs & S
P.M.B 25, Abuja                                        Area 1,                                               New Federal Secret
Tel: 08073536633                                       P.M.B. 7007,                                          Annexe
                                                                                                             Shehu Shag, Maitama
Federal Ministry of AgricultuFederal& Ministr                                                                Dist
Water Resources                                    Justice Hea                                               P.M.B. 229,
Federal Capital DevelopmentOp.AuthorityBayelsa House (Izon                                                   Wari),
Secretariat Complex, BlockOffA, Shehu Shagari Way
                                                                                                             Federal Ministr
Area II, Garki, Abuja                              P.M.B. 192,
                                                                                                             Housing & Ur
Tel: 08034582025
                                                                                                             Mabushi
                                                   Federal Ministry o
                                                                                                             P.M.B. 111,
Federal Ministry of AviationProduct
Federal Secretariat ComplexFederal                                 Scretariat
                                                                                                             Federal Ministr
Shehu Shagari Way, MaitamaShehuDistrict,Shagari Way,
                                                                                                             Develop
P.M.B. 5012, Wuse, Abuja                           P.M.B. 4, G
                                                                                                             Head of Service B
www.aviationng.org                                 Tel: 0803
                                                                                                             Federal Secreta
                                                                                                             Phas
Federal Ministry of CommerceFederal&IndustryMinistry of
                                                                                                             Shehu gari Way, Maitama
Old Federal Secretariat Complex,Develop
                                                                                                             Dist
Block G&H,                                           2, Luanda Crescent, O
                                                                                                             Abu
Area 1, Garki, Abuja                                 Off Adetokunbo Ademola
                                                                                                             www.a -ng.org
www.commerce.gov.ng                                  P.M.B. 107,
                                                     wwwmsmd.gov.ng
Federal Ministry of Defence
Defence Headquarters                                 Federal Ministry of N
Olusegun Obasanjo Way,                               Federal Secretariat
Opp. Agura Hotel, Area 7, Sheh hagari Way, Maitama                                                           District, Abuja
P.M.B. 196, Garki, Abuja
                                                     Federal Ministry of Pet
Federal Ministry of EducationNNPC To
Federal Secretariat Complex,HerbertPhaseMacaulayIII,                                         Way,
Shehu Shagari Way, MaitamaDistDistrict,
P.M.B. 146, Garki, Abuja                             P.M.B.           449,

Federal Ministry of EnvironmentFederal Ministry o
Mabushi Hills,                                     Federal Secretariat
P.M.B. 111, Garki, Abuja                           Shehu Shag, Maitama District,
                                                   P.M.B. 41, G
Federal Ministry of Finance
Federal Ministry of FinanceFederalComplexMinist
Ahmadu Bello Way, Central FederalBusinessSecretariatDisrict,
P.M.B.14, Garki, Abuja                             (Anne
www.fmf.gov.ng                                     Shehu Shagari Way,
Tel: 08033354909
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 Seychelles                             Victoria                       29 June, 1976                             James Michel                            UK
 Sierra Leone                               Freetown                    27th April,1961                             Tijan Kabbah                              UK
 Somalia                            Mogadishu                     26th June, 1960                            Yusuf Ahmed                            UK
 South Africa                               Pretoria                             31st may, 1961                    Jacob Zuma                            UK
 South Sudan                            Juba                              9th July, 2011                     Salva Kiir Mayardit                                    Por
 Sudan                                 Khartoum               1st Jan, 1956                             Omar           Bashor                   Egypt/UK
 Swaziland                             Mbabane                            6th Sept, 1968                    Aweti II                              UK
 Tanzania                            Dodoma                    9th Dec, 1961                            Jakaya kikwete                              UK
 Togo                            Lome                    27th April, 1960                              Faure Eyadema                           France
 Tunisia                                 Tunis                  20th march, 1956                            Ben All                             France
 Uganda                                Kampala                9th Oct, 1962                             Y. Museveni                            UK
 Western Sahara                             El Aalun                             26th Feb, 1976                     Abdulaziz                                  Spain
 Zambia                            Lusaka                     24th Oct, 1964                            Rupia Banda                            UK
 Zimbabwe                               Harare                           18th April, 1980                    Robert Mugabe                             UK



 WORLD OLDEST UNIVERSITIES
 NAME                                               COUNTRY                             YEAR
 University of Al-Karaoouine                                                  Fes, Morocco                                 859AD
 Al-Azhar university                                                 Cairo, Egypt                                  988AD
 University of Bologna                                                Bolongna, Italy                                    1088AD
 University of Paris                                                  Paris, France                                    1150AD
 University of Oxford                                                 Oxford England                                   1167AD
 University of Modena                                               Modena, Italy                                   1175AD
 University of Cambridge                                                Cambridge, England                                 1209AD
 University of Valladolid                                                   Valldolid, Spain                                    1212AD
 University of Salamanca                                                Salamanca, Spain                                 1218AD
 University of Montpellier                                                  Montpellier, France                                    1220AD


Important World Records
                                               th
1. World bank was foundedof Decon.the194527 in Switzerland.
2.   1848 Mary sleasor stopped killing of twins in Nigeria. She died in 191
3.   The largest library in the world is the united state library of congre

4.   The first female president in the world is Isabela Porte of Argentina
5.   The youngest pope was Benedict IX at age 11-12 in 1032 AD.

6.   The estimated age of the earth is 4.6 billion years.

7.   The highest mountain in the world is mount Everest about 8848m high.
8.   The largest stadium in the world is maracana stadium Brazil with about
9.   The youngest professor is Colin Mclaurin in mathematics at age of 19. 10.The first man to travel to space is Yuri Gagarin in April 1961-Russia. 11.The first

man to walk on the moon is Neli Armstrong July 1969- USA. 12.The largest desert in the world is Sahara desert in North Africa. 13.The coolest place in the world

is Plateau Station Anterctica.




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                                                                                                                                                 54

14.The driest place in the world is Atacama desert Chile.
15.The largest ocean in the world is Pacific ocean about 64,000sq. mile. 16.The largest continent is Asia and Oceania the smallest.


             st
17.On 21may, 1904. FIFA was formed.
18.The first African female president is Mrs. Ellen Johnson from Liberia.
                                                                                th
19.The first African country to gainJuly,independent1847. is Liberia on 26 20.The smallest independent country in the world is Vatican City.

                                                       th
21.The first Eclipse of July,thesun1947was. on 20
22.The longest river in the world is River Nile. About 6,825km.
                    th
23.On Sept .200111 world trade centre was bombed in America, Osama Bin laden
                         th
24.On March,2003. Golf war between Iraq and America and Sadam                       Hussein wa
25.The first country to lose national team in plane crash is Zambia 1993.
                                                  th
26.The first coup in GhanaFebruary,was on196629.
                                             th
27.The first coup in TogoJanuarywas 1963on13.
             th
28.On 12Aug,1989. Sam Oparaji died on the field while playing for Nigeria
       rd
29. On 3Dec, 2001 the Attorney General of the federation Bola Ige was ass
                                                                               st
30.The first execution of arm robbersApriln Nigeria1971. took place on 1
                                                                                      st
31. The first execution of drug traffickersApril1986in NigeratKirikiriatook. plLagosce .on 1
             th
32.ON 16Aug, 2003. IDi Amin of Uganda died in Exile.
             th
33.On 13Dec, 2003 Sadam Hussein was capture by American forces.
             th
34.On 16of Jan, 2006 Mrs. Ellen Johnson Saleaf become the president of Li 35.The largest international organization is FIFA, with 208 nations.


36.The largest country by population is China, with 1.32 billion people. 37.The smallest country by population is Vatican City, with 786.


38.The first country to allow woman to vote is New Zealand in 1893. 39.The first country to allow women stand for election is Finland, 1905.



40.The oldest parliament person to win an election is Senator Storm Thurm America in 1995.

                                                                                                                     th
41.The longest serving head of state is king BhumibolJuneAdulyadej1946. of Thaila
42.The longest serving head of state ever is Pharaoh Papi II of Egypt, fr
                                                                                                                          nd
43.The shortest reigning Monarch is Lous-Antonio, DukeAugof, Angouleme,1830. appr
44.The oldest serving president of a country is Ratu Josefa Hoilo Uluivud
45.The longest monarchy by age is king Louis XIV at age 5, rule lasted 72 46.The largest empire is British Empire, 37 million km2 (1912).



47.The largest air battle is Battle of Britain in 1940. 48.The largest tank battle is the Battle of Kurst in 1943.


                                                                                           st
49.The first radio news program: 8MK inAug,Detriot,Michinga,1920. USA on 31
                                                                                                          nd
50.The longest continuously operating televisionNov,channel1936. is BBC One, star 51.The largest audience for a TV series is Baywatch, 1.1 billion viewers.

52.The longest movie is The Cure for Insomnia, 5220 minutes (87 hours).


53.The highest paid actor are; Chris Tuker, Will Smith, Tom Cruise, all $

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                                                                                                                                                           55

54.The highest paid are; Julia Robert and meryi streep all estimated $100 55.The largest film studio is Son Ramoji Film City in Hyderabed, Indian; 56.The best

selling male artist; under dispute Michael Jackson.


57.The best selling Female artist; under dispute Celine Dion, Madonna or 58.The best selling rap/hip-hop artist under dispute 2pac or Eminem. (Bot 59.The best

selling album; Thriller by Michael Jackson. (104 million copi 60.The best selling history; Michael Jackson.( 18 million, 16 million) 61.The best selling remix album;

blood on the dance floor-Michael Jackson 62.The best selling album by a female; Shania Twain-Come On Over.




63.The best selling gospel album; The preacher’s wife soundtrack- Whitney 64.The best selling non-English album; Billo De Ghar -Abr-ul-haq. (16 mil 65.The

highest earning entertainer of all time is Michael Jackson.


66.The largest recording contract- Michael Jackson. ( Sony music $890 mil 67.Highest earning female singer of all time: Madonna.



68.The longest music video: Ghost by Micheal Jackson. (35 min).
69.The most awarded recording artist: Michael Jackson with 538 awards. 70.The most awarded female artist: Whitney Houston, with 411 awards. 71.The most

expensive music video ever: Scream by Michael Jackson and Jan 72.The highest number of song sung by a person. Lata mangeshkar, 30,000 s 73.The language

with most number of speakers. Manderin Chinese. (1.08 bil 74.The language isolated with most number of speakers: Esperantor (betwee 75.The most wide

spread spoken language: English (73 countries and territ 76.The country with most number of languages: Indian, at least 800 differ 77.The country with most

numbers of official languages, Indian with total




Web Diary

     Nigeria Kilometre Chart (approx.wwwdistance.nigeriasitetravelling.com/distancechartbycar)-.ht
     Nigeria BankingwwwDirectory.cibng.org/bankdir-.asp
     Nigerian Embassies and HighwwwCommissions.onlinenigeriaAbroad.com/embassies/-
     Addresses of Foreign Embassies and Internationalwww.onlinenigeriaAgencies.com/embassiesInNigeri
         Cheap        Hotel/       Flights/     Restaurantwww.tripadvisorRates(W.ldcomWide)                     -        International
         Electricitywww.kroplaVoltage.com/electric2Chart–.htm
     Foremost Nigerian Social–www.nairalandNetwork.com

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                                    Simply 777textwith tothe:Transfermesage 07060818770 150 1234. Alternatively, log on 'mtntotheshare-
                     MTNthenwebsiteproceduresell'to usedchckin transferrin


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