UNISDR by tangshuming



                    UNISDR – United Nations Office for
                    Disaster Risk Reduction

www.unisdr.org      “Pa vej mod den robusta kommunen”
                    6 September, 2012, Hoje-Taastrup, Denmark

                    Ms. Paola Albrito
                    Head UNISDR Regional Office for Europe

                 Vulnerability in Europe

                 2010 the biggest increase in disaster occurrence (+18.2%) compared to
                 the decade’s average;
                 Europe accounted for 14.3% of the global reported losses in 2010
                 accounting for more than US $ 15 billions;
                 The Global Assessment Report on Disaster Risk Reduction released in
                 2011 indicates that in OECD countries the risk of economic losses is now
                 growing faster than their average GDP growth;
                 Most of the damages are due to climatological and hydrometeorological
                        Reduced number of Human but High Economic Losses

                 Disasters are NOT natural

                 •Greater exposure to natural and human-induced
                 hazards, climate change and variability

                 •Socio-economic: poverty and unsustainable
                 development styles, unplanned urban growth and         HAZARDS +
                 migrations, lack of risk awareness and institutional   EXTREME EVENTS

                 •Physical: insufficient land use planning, housing &
                 critical infrastructure located in hazard prone
                 areas...                                               VULNERABILITY
                 •Environmental degradation: ecosystem and
                 natural resource depletion (coastal, watershed,

                 wetlands, forests…)

                 World Conference on Disaster Reduction
                 2nd WCDR, Kobe, Hyogo, Japan, 18-22 January 2005

                 Hyogo Framework for Action 2005-2015: Building the
                  resilience of nations and communities to disasters (HFA)

                                   3 Strategic goals
                                   5 Priorities for action
                                   Implementation and follow-up

                 Priority for Action:
                 1.Make Disaster Risk Reduction a Priority
                 2.Know the Risks and Take Action
                 3.Build Understanding and Awareness

                 4.Reduce Risk
                 5.Be Prepared and Ready to Act

                 Words Into Action:
                 A Guide for Implementing the Hyogo Framework

                 The Global Platform for Disaster Risk Reduction

                 •   The Global Platform for Disaster Reduction was established in 2007

                 •   Gathers cross-sectoral stakeholders working with reducing disaster
                     risk and building the resilience of communities and nations

                 •   Takes place every two years

                 •   The Fourth Session - 19-23 May 2013 in Geneva, Switzerland

                 HFA Focal Points and NPs in Europe Region

                 Out of 46 Countries:

                 38 have designated HFA Focal Points

                 Albania, Armenia, Austria, Azerbaijan, Bosnia & Herzegovina, Bulgaria, Croatia, Cyprus,
                 Czech Republic, Denmark, Finland, France, Georgia, Germany, Greece, Hungary,
                 Iceland, Italy, the former Yugoslav Republic of Macedonia, Malta, Moldova, Monaco,
                 Montenegro, The Netherlands, Norway, Poland, Portugal, Romania, Russian Federation,
                 Serbia, Slovakia, Slovenia, Spain, Sweden, Switzerland, Turkey, Ukraine, United

                 22 Countries have developed a National Platforms:

                 Armenia, Bulgaria, Czech Republic, Croatia, France, Finland, Germany, Greece,
                 Hungary, Italy, the former Yugoslav Republic of Macedonia, Monaco, Norway, Poland,
                 Portugal, Russian Federation, Spain, Sweden, Switzerland, The Netherlands, Turkey,

                 United Kingdom.

                 The European Forum for DRR (EFDRR)

                  Formally established in London in 2009, it includes all the
                   representatives from European National Platforms and HFA Focal

                  Objective: Create a safer Europe by reducing the impact of natural
                   hazards to reduce vulnerability, and increasing the ability to minimize
                   consequences of disasters and:

                         Contribute to the regional implementation of the HFA
                         Provide a space for exchanging DRR info and knowledge
                         Provide advocacy for effective actions to reduce disasters
                         Promote and support creation of new National Platforms

                  EFDRR: Skopje, FYR of Macedonia – 10-12 October 2011

                 •   Working Group III - focus on local level engagement

                 Monitoring the implementation of the HFA in Europe

                 • 2009 & 2011: European regional reports
                   of the implementation of the HFA:

                 •   Analysis of the HFA monitor reports of 22 European
                     countries and 6 Regional Organizations (EC, EUR-
                     OPA, RCC SEE, DPPI SEE, CEUDIP, A European
                     Network for National Platforms).
                 •   Useful guidance document in providing an overview of
                     the ongoing disaster risk reduction activities in Europe
                 •   Revealing of gaps in resource use and capacities,
                     pointing out of untapped potentials                         Available at:

                 •   Recommendations for European policy makers on how          http://www.unis
                     to make DRR investments more cost-effective.               dr.org/europe/p

                  Average Progress in Each Priority Area

                 Three significant findings emerge from analysis of
                 the country and regional reports.

                 - Countries with NPs or about to finalize their NPs,
                 report significant and ongoing reliance in
                 addressing DRR cross cutting issues, more than
                 doubles in most instances compared to those
                 countries without NPs. Cleary, NPs are having an
                 impact on mainstreaming DRR approaches.
                                                                        - The third significant finding
                 - While at a glance looks like countries have          concerns the effectiveness of
                                                                        regional organizations. The 2011
                 slightly reduced their advances in the set             HFA Europe report finds that the
                 indicators, a deeper analysis of the qualitative       European Commission and EU
                 information provided by the country and regional       (together with other regional

                 reports reveals an evolution from a mindset of         organizations) have been
                 crisis and response to one of proactive risk           responsive to the needs
                 reduction and safety.                                  identified in the 2009 report.

                 European Commission

                 •   The EU/EC has developed 2 Communications: “A community
                     approach on the prevention of natural and man-made disasters”;
                     “EU strategy for supporting DRR in developing countries”.
                 •   Based on these 2 communications the EC has embraced the DRR
                     topic within the EU member states countries, neighbouring countries
                     and developing countries.

                 Making Cities Resilient: My City is Getting Ready!
                 2010 – 2011 (2012-2015) World Disaster Reduction Campaign

                 • Launched in 2010 in Bonn

                 • Building on the previous
                   World Disaster Reduction
                   Campaign – Safer Schools
                   and Hospitals

                 Achieve resilient, sustainable
                 urban communities through
                 actions taken by local

                 governments to reduce disaster
                           Know More
                           Invest Wisely
                           Build More Safely

                 Making Cities Resilient: My City is Getting Ready!

                 Building an alliance of local governments with relevant actors -
                 community groups, academic institutions, business associations, NGOs
                 and CBOs to ensure participation in planning and decision-making for
                 risk reduction.

                  City associations/networks: UCLG, EMI, CityNet, Metropolis, ICLEI
                  National Associations of Local Governments
                  National Platforms and HFA focal points
                  International partner institutions (UN agencies such as UN-Habitat,
                 UNDP, ILO, WHO, World Bank, UNICEF and IFRC)
                  Civil society: Community-based organizations, NGOs, academic
                 institutions, business associations…

                  Some regions have a network, task force or platform focusing on
                 urban disaster risk reduction (e.g. Asia Task Force on Urban Risk)
                  Regional
                  Donors (ECHO, GFDRR)

                 Making Cities Resilient: My City is Getting Ready!
                 403 European cities have signed up. 1057 globally.

                 Armenia: Yerevan, Gyumri
                 Austria: 279 cities incl. Innsbruck, Lienz, etc.
                 Croatia: Town of Bjelovar, Dubrovnik, Zagreb
                 Denmark: Copenhagen
                 France: Nice, Sommières
                 Germany: Bonn
                 Greece: Patrass
                 Iceland: Arborg
                 Ireland: Dublin
                 Italy: 51 cities incl. Ancona, Venice, Rome, Florence
                 Kosovo*: Pristine
                 Portugal: Amadora, Cascais, Lisbon
                 Serbia: 50 cities including Nis
                 Spain: Bullas, Lugo, Madrid
                 Sweden: Karlstadt, Kristianstad, Gothenburg, Jonkoping
                 Switzerland: Davos

                 Tajikistan: Dushanbe
                 The former Yugoslav Republic of Macedonia: Strumica
                 Turkey: Antalya, Istanbul, Yalova
                 United Kingdon: Stoke-on-Trent
                 Ukraine: Ivano-Frankivsk ,Grabovets, Roslina, Yarblunka

                 European Champion: Mayor of Venice, Mr Giorgio Orsoni

                 Benefits for cities joining the Campaign

                 Participating cities will have access to campaign specific information
                 and knowledge:

                  Invitation to policy dialogues, learning workshops, and other campaign-
                 related events at the global and regional level.

                  Access to "Induction packages" for local governments on urban risk in
                 collaboration with training centres and academia, promoting capacity
                 development and learning opportunities for cities and local governments in
                 each region.

                  High-visibility media events and communication tools.

                  Local Government Self-Assessment Tool (LGSAT)

                  Mayors handbook

                  Information on Awards, e.g. Sasakawa Award
                 for Disaster Risk Reduction or Risk Award

                 Making Cities Resilient: My City is Getting Ready!
                 Ten-Point check list – Essentials for Making Cities Resilient

                 1. Put in place organization & coordination to clarify everyone’s roles & responsibilities.

                 2. Assign a budget & provide incentives for homeowners, low-income families, private sector
                 to invest in risk reduction.

                 3. Update data on hazards & vulnerabilities, prepare & share risk assessments.

                 4. Invest in & maintain critical infrastructure, such as storm drainage.

                 5. Assess the safety of all schools and health facilities & upgrade these as necessary
                 (1 million safe schools).

                 6. Enforce risk-compliant building regulations & land use planning principles, identify safe
                 land for low-income citizens.

                 7. Ensure education programmes & training on disaster risk reduction are in place in

                 schools and local communities.

                 8. Protect ecosystems & natural buffers to mitigate hazards, adapt to climate change.

                 9. Install early warning systems & emergency management capacities.

                 10. After any disaster, ensure that the needs of the affected population are at the centre of

                 The International Day for Disaster Reduction (IDDR) 12

                 The International Day for Disaster Reduction is a day to celebrate
                 how people and communities are reducing their risk to disasters
                 and raising awareness about the importance of DRR.

                 The theme for 2012 is "Women and Girls: the [in]Visible Force of

                 13 October 2012

                 WHAT WE DO

                 ⇒ CONNECT

                 We coordinate: (How Organise: GP, RP, NP) international efforts
                 disaster risk reduction and provide guidance for the implementation of
                 the HFA and monitor its implementation.

                 We advocate: (Encourage - Climate Change, Education, Gender,
                 MDG) for greater investment in disaster risk reduction actions to
                 protect people’s lives and assets.

                 We campaign: (Promote – Making Cities Resilient, Safe Schools and
                 Hospitals Sasakawa Award)

                 We inform: (Provide – GAR, HFA Report, Terminology,

                  Thank you
                 United Nations Office for Disaster Risk Reduction, UNISDR
                                                Regional Office for Europe
                                              UN House, 14 Rue Montoyer
                                                  1000, Brussels, Belgium
                                                      T: +32 (0) 22 902 588

                                                      F: +32 (0) 22 904 950


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