Asia Regional Task Force on
Urban Risk Reduction
Yuki Matsuoka, UNISDR
14 August 2009
The Asia Regional Task Force on Urban
Risk Reduction (RTF-URR)
Currently represented by 16 members and open for expansion
(ADPC, ADRC, CITYNET, EMI, IRP secretariat, JICA, Kobe University , Kyoto
University, NSET, SEEDS, UNCRD, UNEP, UN-Habitat, UNISDR, UNU and
The Goals of the RTF as the ISDR regional thematic platform on URR:
Ø To enhance decisive actions to reduce risk and increase community
resilience in the urban areas in the Asia region.
The Objectives of the RTF:
ØTo act as an advocacy vehicle to major urban policy bodies;
ØTo provide a platform for collective information, knowledge development
and sharing ;
ØTo facilitate interactions and cooperation among related organizations and
stakeholders for collaborative efforts.
The RTF-URR was established in January 2008
Ø1st Meeting, January 2008, in Kobe,
Ø2nd meeting, February 2008, in Bkk,
Ø3rd meeting, May 2008, in Kobe,
Ø4th meeting, Dec 2008 in KL,
ØSide event on URR, Dec 2008 in KL,
Ø5th meeting, March 2009 in Bkk
ØSpecial Event on URR during GPDR, June 2009 in Geneva
ØThematic Session on Localizing HFA during LGA DRR in Incheon, 12
Ø (TBC) 6th meeting will be in January 2010 in Kobe
Workspace for the RTF-URR within PreventionWeb for interaction
and sharing information and documents
In line with HFA implementation, some concrete
initiatives within the RTF-URR:
Ø URR Status Report in Asia and Inventory of Urban Risk
Reduction Initiatives (input to the GAR process, and
publication was launched in the Global Platform on DRR,
Ø Production of the Guideline for the Implementation of the
Hyogo Framework for Action for local governments
Ø ‘RADIUS plus 10’ as the follow up project of the original
RADIUS (Assessment Report on Zigon city).
Ø Publication ‘City Profile: Climate and Disaster Resilience’
(launched February 2009) 4
Structure of the URR Status Report
Ø Status of Urban Risk in Asia
Ø HFA and Urban Risk Reduction
Ø Inventory of Urban Risk Reduction Initiatives in
Ø Way Forward
City Profile – climate and disaster resilience
Banda Aceh Hue
Dhaka San Fernando
Ho Chi Minh Suwon
CDRI Analysis: future/on-going activities
• Further analysis on cities:
Cities in South Asia, ASEAN, Indian Cities (coastal,
mountain and river-basin)
• Cluster of mega-cities: Metro Manila (17 cities)
• City based approach: Mumbai, Incheon, Kobe etc
A Guideline for the
implementation of the Hyogo
Framework for Action
by local governments
– Making “Words into Action” HFA implementation
guideline for local governments
– Local context based on demands, experiences &
sound practices: towns/cities
• Target audience
Local government policy makers and officials, key
representatives of local communities & institutions
Chapter 1. Introduction
Chapter 2. Getting started
Chapter 3. HFA-1: Making disaster risk reduction a priority
Chapter 4. HFA-2: Identity, assess and monitor disaster risks
and enhance early warning
Chapter 5. HFA-3: Use knowledge, innovation and education
to build a culture of safety and resilience at all levels
Chapter 6. HFA-4: Reduce the underlying risk factors
Chapter 7. HFA-5: Strengthening disaster preparedness for
effective response and recovery
According to HFA five priorities, Each Chapter 3-7 has:
i) Summary table of the tasks
iii) Examples (good practices/case study)
Chapter 2: Getting Started
4 pointers before undertaking tasks
Local/city-level DRR 20 Tasks (1)
• Local/city governance • Risk assessment and early warning
Task 1. Engage in multi-stakeholder Task 5. Establish an initiative for local risk
dialogue to establish foundations for assessment to combine with country
disaster risk reduction. assessments.
Task 2. Create or strengthen mechanisms Task 6. Review the availability of risk-related
for systematic coordination for DRR. information and the capacities for data
Task 3.Assess and develop the institutional collection and use.
basis for disaster risk reduction. Task 7. Assess capacities and strengthen early
Task 4.Prioritize disaster risk reduction and warning systems
allocate appropriate resources. Task 8. Develop communication and
dissemination mechanisms for disaster risk
information and early warning
Local/city-level DRR Tasks (2)
• Knowledge management Task 15. Structure: Strengthen mechanisms for
Task 9.Develop a programme to raise awareness improved building safety and protection of
of disaster risk reduction of DRR consistent critical facilities.
with that of the country. Task 16. Economic development: Stimulate
Task 10. Develop or utilize DRR training for DRR activities in production and service
key sectors based on identified priorities sectors.
Task 11. Enhance the compilation, Task 17. Financial/economic instruments:
dissemination and use of disaster risk Create opportunities for private sector
reduction information. involvement in DRR.
• Vulnerability reduction Task 18. Emergency and public safety; disaster
Task 12. Environment: Incorporate DRR in recovery: Develop a recovery planning
environmental management. process that incorporates DRR.
Task 13. Social needs: Establish mechanisms for • Disaster preparedness
increasing resilience of the poor and the most Task 19. Review disaster preparedness
vulnerable. capacities and mechanisms.
Task 14. Physical planning: Establish measures Task 20. Strengthen planning and
to incorporate disaster risk reduction in urban programming for disaster preparedness.
and land-use planning.
According to five priorities of HFA,
• Introduction, the Stakeholders, Indicators
• Summary table: tasks, local indicator/link
with national HFA monitor indicator,
• Cases and examples in highlight boxes
Chapter 3: HFA-1 Summary Table
Making risk reduction a national and local/city priority with a strong institutional basis for implementation
HFA Task Local indicator Guide questions
Engage in multi- A local/city multi-sectoral Are different stakeholders engaged in a continuing dialogue for disaster risk
stakeholder dialogue platform for disaster risk reduction?
to establish reduction is functioning Is there political consensus on importance of DRR?
foundations for Political commitment What is the degree of participation of civil society in DRR?
disaster risk reduction Is local/city government supportive of a community vision for DRR?
Create or strengthen Community participation Are community participation and decentralization ensured through the
mechanisms for and decentralized delegation of authority and resources to the local/city level?
systematic functions are ensured Is there an official policy and strategy to support community-based disaster risk
coordination for DRR throughout the local management in the city?
(Task 2) authority Are communities empowered to participate in disaster risk reduction? Are city
offices aware of their respective roles in
Are there committed and effective community outreach activities (DRR and
related services, e.g., healthcare)?
Chapter 3: HFA-1 Summary Table
HFA Task Local indicator Guide questions
Assess and Policy Is responsibility for DRR planning and implementation devolved to city government and
develop the instruments and communities?
institutional tools to support Are city government and communities equipped with human, financial, and organizational
basis for disaster national capacities/resources?
risk reduction institutional and Are city government DRR policies, strategies and implementation plans in place?
(Task 3) legal frameworks Are there relevant and enabling legislation (ordinance), regulations, building code, etc.
Legal and addressing and supporting DRR?
regulatory system Is DRR integrated into planning at the local/city level in key sectors such as agriculture, climate
change, education, environment, health, housing, poverty alleviation, and social welfare?
Are the roles and responsibilities for disaster risk reduction clearly designated?
Are there mechanisms for compliance and enforcement of laws, regulations, building codes, etc.,
and penalties for non-compliance defined by laws and regulations?
Is the legal and regulatory system underpinned by guarantees of relevant rights to safety, to
equitable assistance, to be listened to and consulted?
Are land use regulations, building codes, and other DRR-related laws and regulations enforced
Prioritize Dedicated and Are there institutional capacities for DRR at the local/city level?
disaster risk adequate Is budget allocated to local/city government and other local institutions adequate to enable DRR
reduction and resources are to be integrated into planning and actual activities?
allocate available to Are financial resources available to build partnerships with civil society for DRR?
appropriate implement Are there logistical, and other such resources allocated for disaster risk reduction?
resources disaster risk Does the government provide training in DRR to local/city officials and community leaders?
(Task 4) reduction Is a system of accountability in place? Is there transparency in the conduct of DRR, including use
activities within of funds?
the local authority
• Local/city multi-sectoral platform: A multi- • Focal point for disaster
sectoral platform for disaster risk reduction is risk reduction; resource
functioning in the city allocation
• Stakeholder engagement/ mechanisms:
Community participation and decentralized
functions are ensured throughout the city. dialogue
• Framework for disaster risk reduction: Policy • Disaster risk reduction
instruments and tools to support city’s framework and action
institutional and legal frameworks for disaster plan
risk reduction • Stakeholder
• Focal point and resource allocation for disaster engagement/coordination
risk reduction: Dedicated and adequate
resources are available to implement disaster
risk reduction activities within the city
• Risk reduction process (Yogyakarta, Indonesia)
• Risk reduction process in Metro (Manila, Philippines)
• Local-level platform (Nepal)
• Assessment tools for Earthquake Master Planning (Istanbul, Turkey) 19
Engage in multi-stakeholder dialogue to establish foundations
for disaster risk reduction (Task 1)
• A multi-stakeholder dialogue with
corporate sectors, civil societies
• Strong commitment from the Mayor
• Leadership role to incorporate DRR in city
development plan as well as regional
• Specific funding provision from city budget
• Feedback, comments & suggestions on the
consultation version (Questionnaire is available)
• Peer review by several experts
• Presenting to local government officials
• Finalization of the Guideline for the HFA
implementation by local governments
• Exploring utilization of the Guideline in existing
RTF-URR Planning for 2009 – 2010
On going activities and continued to the next phase:
- Finalization of the HFA Implemenataion Guideline for local
governments, pilot case cities, and traning opportunities
- Expansion of CDRI analysis
- Good Practice Publication on Urban Risk Reduction in Asia
- Contributing to the ISDR Global Campaing on Safer Cities
Planning for 2009 – 2010:
RTF-URR is commited to serve as a driver for the ISDR Global
Campain in Aisa.
Identified areas of contribution from RTF-URR partners to the ISDR
Global Campaign on Safer Cities 2010-2011
- Advocacy: Awareness raising to people, communities and decision
- Forum and Events: Campaign launching events, workshops,
conferences, public forum on specific issues of urban risk reduction
- Flagship Projects: Demonstrative projects on specific geographic
and thematic locations
- Tools and Guidelines: Development and implementation of tools
- Utilization of existing trainings: Training for local government
officials, exploration of specific courses and diploma programs related
to higher education in the related field
The Asia Regional Task Force on
Urban Risk Reduction
• Current 16 members:
ADPC, ADRC, CITYNET, EMI, IRP secretariat, JICA, Kobe University ,
Kyoto University, NSET, SEEDS, UNCRD, UNEP, UN-Habitat,
UNISDR, UNU and WHO
• Chair: Mr. Rajib Shaw, Kyoto University
• Vice-chair: Ms. Etsuko Tsunozaki, SEEDS Asia
• Coordinator: UNISDR Hyogo Office Ms. Yuki Matsuoka
Thank you very much 24