UNISDR_ Report by Urban Task Force_ Ms. Yuki

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UNISDR_ Report by Urban Task Force_ Ms. Yuki Powered By Docstoc
					                 Asia Regional Task Force on
                    Urban Risk Reduction

                       Yuki Matsuoka, UNISDR

                          14 August 2009

                       The Asia Regional Task Force on Urban
                            Risk Reduction (RTF-URR)
                 Currently represented by 16 members and open for expansion
                 (ADPC, ADRC, CITYNET, EMI, IRP secretariat, JICA, Kobe University , Kyoto
                 University, NSET, SEEDS, UNCRD, UNEP, UN-Habitat, UNISDR, UNU and
                 The Goals of the RTF as the ISDR regional thematic platform on URR:
                 Ø To enhance decisive actions to reduce risk and increase community
                 resilience in the urban areas in the Asia region.
                 The Objectives of the RTF:
                 ØTo act as an advocacy vehicle to major urban policy bodies;

                 ØTo provide a platform for collective information, knowledge development
                 and sharing ;
                 ØTo facilitate interactions and cooperation among related organizations and
                 stakeholders for collaborative efforts.
                 The RTF-URR was established in January 2008
                 Ø1st Meeting, January 2008, in Kobe,
                 Ø2nd meeting, February 2008, in Bkk,
                 Ø3rd meeting, May 2008, in Kobe,
                 Ø4th meeting, Dec 2008 in KL,
                 ØSide event on URR, Dec 2008 in KL,
                 Ø5th meeting, March 2009 in Bkk
                 ØSpecial Event on URR during GPDR, June 2009 in Geneva
                 ØThematic Session on Localizing HFA during LGA DRR in Incheon, 12
                 August 2009
                 Ø (TBC) 6th meeting will be in January 2010 in Kobe

                 Workspace for the RTF-URR within PreventionWeb for interaction
                 and sharing information and documents
                 In line with HFA implementation, some concrete
                          initiatives within the RTF-URR:
                  Ø URR Status Report in Asia and Inventory of Urban Risk
                    Reduction Initiatives (input to the GAR process, and
                    publication was launched in the Global Platform on DRR,
                    June 2009)

                  Ø Production of the Guideline for the Implementation of the
                    Hyogo Framework for Action for local governments

                  Ø ‘RADIUS plus 10’ as the follow up project of the original

                    RADIUS (Assessment Report on Zigon city).

                  Ø Publication ‘City Profile: Climate and Disaster Resilience’
                    (launched February 2009)                                      4

                     Structure of the URR Status Report

                 Ø Introduction
                 Ø Status of Urban Risk in Asia
                 Ø HFA and Urban Risk Reduction
                 Ø Inventory of Urban Risk Reduction Initiatives in
                 Ø Way Forward

                 City Profile – climate and disaster resilience

                 Banda Aceh    Hue
                 Bangkok       Iloilo
                 Colombo       Makati

                 Danang        Mumbai
                 Dhaka         San Fernando
                 Hanoi         Sukabumi
                 Ho Chi Minh   Suwon

                       CDRI Analysis: future/on-going activities

                 • Further analysis on cities:
                   Cities in South Asia, ASEAN, Indian Cities (coastal,
                   mountain and river-basin)

                 • Cluster of mega-cities: Metro Manila (17 cities)

                 • City based approach: Mumbai, Incheon, Kobe etc

                     A Guideline for the
                 implementation of the Hyogo
                   Framework for Action
                    by local governments

                 • What
                   – Making “Words into Action” HFA implementation
                     guideline for local governments
                   – Local context based on demands, experiences &
                     sound practices: towns/cities

                 • Target audience
                    Local government policy makers and officials, key

                     representatives of local communities & institutions

                 Chapter 1. Introduction
                 Chapter 2. Getting started
                 Chapter 3. HFA-1: Making disaster risk reduction a priority
                 Chapter 4. HFA-2: Identity, assess and monitor disaster risks
                             and enhance early warning
                 Chapter 5. HFA-3: Use knowledge, innovation and education
                             to build a culture of safety and resilience at all levels
                 Chapter 6. HFA-4: Reduce the underlying risk factors
                 Chapter 7. HFA-5: Strengthening disaster preparedness for
                             effective response and recovery

                 According to HFA five priorities, Each Chapter 3-7 has:
                  i) Summary table of the tasks
                 ii) Tools
                 iii) Examples (good practices/case study)
                 Chapter 2: Getting Started
                     4 pointers before undertaking tasks

                 Local/city-level DRR 20 Tasks (1)
                 • Local/city governance                         • Risk assessment and early warning
                 Task 1. Engage in multi-stakeholder             Task 5. Establish an initiative for local risk
                    dialogue to establish foundations for           assessment to combine with country
                    disaster risk reduction.                        assessments.
                 Task 2. Create or strengthen mechanisms         Task 6. Review the availability of risk-related
                    for systematic coordination for DRR.            information and the capacities for data
                 Task 3.Assess and develop the institutional        collection and use.
                    basis for disaster risk reduction.           Task 7. Assess capacities and strengthen early
                 Task 4.Prioritize disaster risk reduction and      warning systems
                    allocate appropriate resources.              Task 8. Develop communication and
                                                                    dissemination mechanisms for disaster risk
                                                                    information and early warning

                      Local/city-level DRR Tasks (2)
                 • Knowledge management                               Task 15. Structure: Strengthen mechanisms for
                 Task 9.Develop a programme to raise awareness           improved building safety and protection of
                    of disaster risk reduction of DRR consistent         critical facilities.
                    with that of the country.                         Task 16. Economic development: Stimulate
                 Task 10. Develop or utilize DRR training for            DRR activities in production and service
                    key sectors based on identified priorities           sectors.
                 Task 11. Enhance the compilation,                    Task 17. Financial/economic instruments:
                    dissemination and use of disaster risk               Create opportunities for private sector
                    reduction information.                               involvement in DRR.
                 • Vulnerability reduction                            Task 18. Emergency and public safety; disaster
                 Task 12. Environment: Incorporate DRR in                recovery: Develop a recovery planning
                    environmental management.                            process that incorporates DRR.
                 Task 13. Social needs: Establish mechanisms for      • Disaster preparedness

                    increasing resilience of the poor and the most    Task 19. Review disaster preparedness
                    vulnerable.                                          capacities and mechanisms.
                 Task 14. Physical planning: Establish measures       Task 20. Strengthen planning and
                    to incorporate disaster risk reduction in urban      programming for disaster preparedness.
                    and land-use planning.
                            Chapter 3-7
                 According to five priorities of HFA,

                 • Introduction, the Stakeholders, Indicators
                 • Summary table: tasks, local indicator/link
                   with national HFA monitor indicator,
                   guide questions
                 • Tools
                 • Cases and examples in highlight boxes

                 Chapter 3: HFA-1 Summary Table
                 Making risk reduction a national and local/city priority with a strong institutional basis for implementation

                 HFA Task                  Local indicator                Guide questions

                 Engage in multi-          A local/city multi-sectoral   Are different stakeholders engaged in a continuing dialogue for disaster risk
                 stakeholder dialogue      platform for disaster risk     reduction?
                 to establish              reduction is functioning       Is there political consensus on importance of DRR?
                 foundations for           Political commitment          What is the degree of participation of civil society in DRR?
                 disaster risk reduction                                  Is local/city government supportive of a community vision for DRR?
                  (Task 1)

                 Create or strengthen      Community participation       Are community participation and decentralization ensured through the
                 mechanisms for            and decentralized              delegation of authority and resources to the local/city level?
                 systematic                functions are ensured          Is there an official policy and strategy to support community-based disaster risk
                 coordination for DRR      throughout the local           management in the city?
                 (Task 2)                  authority                      Are communities empowered to participate in disaster risk reduction? Are city
                                                                          offices aware of their respective roles in
                                                                          Are there committed and effective community outreach activities (DRR and
                                                                          related services, e.g., healthcare)?

                 Chapter 3: HFA-1 Summary Table
                 HFA Task             Local indicator       Guide questions
                 Assess and           Policy               Is responsibility for DRR planning and implementation devolved to city government and
                 develop the          instruments and       communities?
                 institutional        tools to support      Are city government and communities equipped with human, financial, and organizational
                 basis for disaster   national              capacities/resources?
                 risk reduction       institutional and     Are city government DRR policies, strategies and implementation plans in place?
                 (Task 3)             legal frameworks      Are there relevant and enabling legislation (ordinance), regulations, building code, etc.
                                      Legal and            addressing and supporting DRR?
                                      regulatory system     Is DRR integrated into planning at the local/city level in key sectors such as agriculture, climate
                                                            change, education, environment, health, housing, poverty alleviation, and social welfare?
                                                            Are the roles and responsibilities for disaster risk reduction clearly designated?
                                                            Are there mechanisms for compliance and enforcement of laws, regulations, building codes, etc.,
                                                            and penalties for non-compliance defined by laws and regulations?
                                                            Is the legal and regulatory system underpinned by guarantees of relevant rights to safety, to
                                                            equitable assistance, to be listened to and consulted?
                                                            Are land use regulations, building codes, and other DRR-related laws and regulations enforced

                 Prioritize           Dedicated and        Are there institutional capacities for DRR at the local/city level?
                 disaster risk        adequate              Is budget allocated to local/city government and other local institutions adequate to enable DRR
                 reduction and        resources are         to be integrated into planning and actual activities?

                 allocate             available to          Are financial resources available to build partnerships with civil society for DRR?
                 appropriate          implement             Are there logistical, and other such resources allocated for disaster risk reduction?
                 resources            disaster risk         Does the government provide training in DRR to local/city officials and community leaders?
                 (Task 4)             reduction             Is a system of accountability in place? Is there transparency in the conduct of DRR, including use
                                      activities within     of funds?
                                      the local authority

                                           HFA-1 Examples
                         Indicators                                              Tools
                 •         Local/city multi-sectoral platform: A multi-       • Focal point for disaster
                           sectoral platform for disaster risk reduction is     risk reduction; resource
                           functioning in the city                              allocation
                 •         Stakeholder engagement/ mechanisms:
                                                                              • Multi-stakeholder
                           Community participation and decentralized
                           functions are ensured throughout the city.           dialogue
                 •         Framework for disaster risk reduction: Policy      • Disaster risk reduction
                           instruments and tools to support city’s              framework and action
                           institutional and legal frameworks for disaster      plan
                           risk reduction                                     • Stakeholder
                 •         Focal point and resource allocation for disaster     engagement/coordination
                           risk reduction: Dedicated and adequate
                           resources are available to implement disaster
                           risk reduction activities within the city

                     •    Risk reduction process (Yogyakarta, Indonesia)
                     •    Risk reduction process in Metro (Manila, Philippines)
                     •    Local-level platform (Nepal)
                     •    Assessment tools for Earthquake Master Planning (Istanbul, Turkey)               19
                           Example: Makati
                 Engage in multi-stakeholder dialogue to establish foundations
                              for disaster risk reduction (Task 1)

          • A multi-stakeholder dialogue with
            corporate sectors, civil societies
          • Strong commitment from the Mayor
          • Leadership role to incorporate DRR in city
            development plan as well as regional

          • Specific funding provision from city budget

                                  Next Steps
                 • Feedback, comments & suggestions on the
                   consultation version (Questionnaire is available)
                 • Peer review by several experts
                 • Presenting to local government officials
                 • Finalization of the Guideline for the HFA
                   implementation by local governments

                 • Exploring utilization of the Guideline in existing
                   training programmes

                         RTF-URR Planning for 2009 – 2010

                 On going activities and continued to the next phase:

                 - Finalization of the HFA Implemenataion Guideline for local
                 governments, pilot case cities, and traning opportunities
                 - Expansion of CDRI analysis
                 - Good Practice Publication on Urban Risk Reduction in Asia

                 - Contributing to the ISDR Global Campaing on Safer Cities

                                 Planning for 2009 – 2010:

                 RTF-URR is commited to serve as a driver for the ISDR Global
                 Campain in Aisa.
                 Identified areas of contribution from RTF-URR partners to the ISDR
                 Global Campaign on Safer Cities 2010-2011
                 - Advocacy: Awareness raising to people, communities and decision
                 - Forum and Events: Campaign launching events, workshops,
                 conferences, public forum on specific issues of urban risk reduction
                 - Flagship Projects: Demonstrative projects on specific geographic
                 and thematic locations
                 - Tools and Guidelines: Development and implementation of tools
                 and guidelines

                 - Utilization of existing trainings: Training for local government
                 officials, exploration of specific courses and diploma programs related
                 to higher education in the related field

                                    The Asia Regional Task Force on
                                         Urban Risk Reduction

                 • Current 16 members:
                 ADPC, ADRC, CITYNET, EMI, IRP secretariat, JICA, Kobe University ,
                 Kyoto University, NSET, SEEDS, UNCRD, UNEP, UN-Habitat,
                 UNISDR, UNU and WHO
                 • Chair: Mr. Rajib Shaw, Kyoto University
                 • Vice-chair: Ms. Etsuko Tsunozaki, SEEDS Asia

                 • Coordinator: UNISDR Hyogo Office Ms. Yuki Matsuoka

                           Thank you very much                                        24

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