Inference by changcheng2

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									                            Inference

Goal: Students will strengthen and reinforce previously learned strategies aiding
in reading comprehension when specifically tasked to process written language
and respond accordingly.


Infer
Note what you know
Find the clues
Explore any supporting details
Return to the question
                  Inference
Inference: Drawing conclusions about a subject
based on your store of information, experience, your
knowledge of the creator’s background and biases,
and your analysis. Consider this making the implicit
explicit.

What’s the best answer based on the information you
already know?
       Note What You Know
•   Decide what is begin asked

2. Think about what info you already know
   about the question
           Find the Clues
Begin looking for evidence to support your
answer to the question. Sometimes, you will
find clue words that will point you in the
direction of the answer you’re looking for.
     Explore Any Supporting
             Details

Once you have found sufficient clues to
determine an answer, be sure to have enough
evidence to prove your answer.
      Return to the Question
You’ve done the following up to this point:

      1. Drawn a conclusion about the question being asked of you,
      2. Jotted down info that you already know about the subject of
         the question,
      3. Found clues in the text that indicate a reasonable answer, and
      4. Discovered additional details or evidence to help prove your
         answer.

Now, it’s time to return back to the question to make
sure you have answered it as closely and completely
as possible.
                   Practice Exercises
     Directions: Each item in this exercise describes a famous person. It's your
     job to infer the name of the person described.


A small-town lawyer from Illinois, tall and lanky with an Adam's apple that could
have gone down in the Guinness Book of Records had it existed in the nineteenth
century. Nevertheless, he changed the face of American history, steering it through
a civil war that left both sides bloody. Who knows what more he could have done
had an assassin's bullet not cut him down.


The person described is ____________________________
In drawing the correct inference, which piece of information is more useful:
a. He had a big Adam's apple.

b. b. He steered the nation through a civil war.

Explain your answer.
                    Practice Exercises
      Directions: Each item in this exercise describes a famous person. It's
      your job to infer the name of the person described.


Glittering and shaking to the strains of "Proud Mary," this lady ruled the stage in
the sixties, but Ike ruled the roost until she walked out the door. It took her almost
a decade to get back on top but she still remains one of pop's great divas. Closing
in on sixty, she can still belt out rock and roll with singers half her age, and
"Simply the Best" just may qualify as her own personal theme song.

The person described is _____________________________
In drawing the appropriate inference, which piece of information is more useful:
a.    She ruled the stage but Ike ruled the roost.

b.    b. She was a popular singer in the sixties.
Explain your answer.

								
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