Yasuo Tanaka _Kobe University_

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					             Human Resource Development and Organizational Reform
                       - Challenges by Kobe University -

                               Yasuo Tanaka, Professor
                                        Team Leader
                         International Assistance Project Team
                   Office for the Promotion of International Exchange
                                     Kobe University


  Brief introduction of Office for the Promotion of International Exchange
Aiming to become a globally outstanding and advanced academic institution, Kobe
University (KU) launched the "Office for the Promotion of International Exchange"
(OPIE-KU) on July 1, 2005. Since its establishment, OPIE-KU has been promoting
international activities at KU strategically in accordance with regional and research
demands, while seeking effective international exchanges and enhancing human
resources both qualitatively and quantitatively.
A Strategy Project Team (SPT), consisting of fourteen professors, nine administrative
staff and two International Exchange Coordinators under the guidance of a Director
and two Deputy Directors, is undertaking various international initiatives. These
include the formulation of strategies on international research and student exchanges,
as well as the selection of important partner universities. The SPT is also undertaking
the promotion for activities for “EUIJ-Kansai”, “Kobe University Week” projects and the
management of joint offices with important partner universities.

   Objectives of OPIE-KU
There are two important objectives aimed at international coordination for research and
1. Organizational reform to promote international coordination
   OPIE-KU has introduced the following system, which has influenced other sections
   to change some of their system:
    -   Recruitment of external staff
    -   External advisor system
    -   Annual wage system

    -   System for recruitment of internal staff
2. Efficient operations and improvement of human resources in both quality and
   In order to achieve this objective, OIPE-KU has improved existing staff training to
   develop human resources more effectively in cooperation with HR section.
   Furthermore, OPIE-KU is now in the process of establishing a career planning post
   to foster a specialist from the internal staff.

   Issues for the next step
Having achieved a part of our main objectives, there remain still several issues on
development of human resources and organizational reform. Special aim is focused on
establishing a cooperative organization between academic and administrative staff,
“Faculty Development” is a key point in this organizational reform. Moreover,
improvement of staff training is also one of the priorities in human resource
development. A new training system is now being developed, together with the support
system offered to the sections, efficient staffing and career system will be implemented
following training.

        Human Resource Development
                                                                                                               Introduction of Kobe University
                                                                                                                Structure of OPIE-KU
           Organizational Reform
                                                                                                                 Challenges by OPIE-KU
                                    Yasuo Tanaka, Professor
                                                                                                                 Human Resource
                                   Team Leader
                      International Assistance Project Team                                                      Administrative Staff Training
                Office for the Promotion of International Exchange
                                                                                                                 Career Planning
                                  Kobe University                                                                Prospect and Issues for next 3 years
                                            2 February 2007
                        University Administrators Workshop at Kyoto University

                             Historical Chart                                                                              Organization
      Founded in 1902                                                                                  Faculties and Schools             Graduate Schools
                                                                                                     (Undergraduate Programs)           (Master’s , Doctoral and
      1902 Kobe Higher Commercial School                     Himeji High School                                                     Professional Degree Programs)
                                                              Himeji High School
      1929 Kobe University of Commerce                       (1923~)
                                                             Hyogo Prefectural Normal School
                                                             Hyogo Prefectural Normal School
      1944 Kobe University of Economics                      (1874~)
                                                             (1874~)                                   Humanities
                                                             Hyogo Junior Normal School
                                                             Hyogo Junior Normal School                1 Letters
                                                                                                       2 Cross-Cultural Studies    Humanities
                                                               1919~                                                               1 Letters
                                                                                                                                   1 Letters
                                                             Kobe Technical College
                                                              Kobe Technical College                   3 Human Development         2 Cultural Studies and Human
                                                                                                                                   2 Cultural Studies and Human
                                                               1921~                                   Social Science                  Science
                                                                                                       4 Law                       3 Humanities and Social Sciences
                                                                                                                                   3 Humanities and Social Sciences
        1949 Kobe University                                                                           5 Economics
                                                                                                       6 Business Administration
                                                                                                         Business Administration   Social Science
                                                                                                                                   Social Science
                                                                                                                                   4 Law
                                                                                                                                   4 Law
                 1964           1966          1967          1967             2003                                                  5 Economics
                                                                                                                                   5 Economics
                                                                                     April 1, 2004     Natural Science and Life    6 Business Administration
                                                                                                                                   6 Business Administration
         Hyogo           Hyogo         Affiliated    Hyogo
                                                     Hyogo           Kobe
                                                                                                       Science                     7 International Cooperation Studies
                                                                                                                                   7 International Cooperation Studies
                         Hyogo         Affiliated                    Kobe              National        7 Science
         Prefectural     Prefectural
                         Prefectural   Hospital
                                       Hospital      Prefectural
                                                     Prefectural     University of
                                                                     University of                     8 Medicine                  Natural Science and Life Science
                                                                                      University                                   Natural
         School of
         School of       School of
                         School of     Hyogo
                                       Hyogo         Female Health
                                                     Female Health   Merchantile
                                                                     Merchantile                       9 Engineering
                                                                                                          Engineering              8 Medicine
                                                                                                                                   8 Medicine
         Medicine        Agriculture
                         Agriculture   Prefectural
                                       Prefectural   Science
                                                     Science         Marine
                                                                     Marine          Corporation       10 Agriculture              9 Science and Technology
                                                                                                                                   9 Science
                                       School of     College
                                                                                                       11 Maritime Sciences
                                       School of
                          (1949~)                                       (1917~)
                                       Medicine         (1949~)
                               Organization                                                                      Number of Students,
          Research Centers and Common-Use Facilities
                                                                                         Faculty and Administrative Staff                                         As of May 1, 2006
      Research Center for Environmental Genomics
      Biosignal Research Center                                                         Students 19,456                       (*International Students 765
      Research Center for Inland Seas
      Research Center for Urban Safety and Security                                     Undergraduate Students 12,613 (International Students 98
      Molecular Photoscience Research Center
                                                                                        Graduate Students 4,772 (International Students 667
      Center for Supports to Research and Education Activities
      Center for Environmental Management                                               Affiliated Elementary and Junior High Schools 2,071
      Information Science and Technology Center
      Headquarters for Innovative Cooperation and Development                           *Total Number of International Students: 945
      International Student Center                                                       (Degree-seeking Students 765, Research Students 134, Exchange Students 55)
      School of Languages and Communication
      Institute for Promotion of Higher Education
                                                                                        Faculty and Administrative Members 2,902
      Research Institute for Economics and Business Administration
                                                                                        Teaching Staff 1,537
         Kobe University Libraries           University Hospital
                                                                                        Administrative Staff 1,365 Including Nurses and Technical Staff

                                                                                               Academic Exchange Agreements
             The “21st Century COE Program”                                                        with Foreign Institutions
          “Signaling Mechanisms by Protein Modification Reactions”                       181 overseas universities/institutions are under the
                                                      Biosignal Research Center          Academic Exchange Agreements with Kobe University
                                                                                                                                                                         Number of international
          “Center of Excellence for Signal Transudation Disease: Diabetes Mellitus as                                                                                    students based on the
          Model”                                                                        Changes in Number of Academic Exchange Agreements                                Exchange Agreements
                                                      Graduate School of Medicine
          “Origin and Evolution of Planetary Systems”                                                                                                                     Incoming
                                       Graduate School of Science and Technology
                                                                                                                                                                           2001   28 students
          “Design Strategy towards Safety and Symbiosis of Urban Space”
                                                                                                                                                                           2002   37 students
                                      Graduate School of Science and Technology                                                                                            2003   51 students
          “Research Center for Dynamic Legal Processes of Advanced Market                                                                                                  2004   61 students
          Societies”                                                                                                                                                       2005   64 students
                                                            Graduate school of Law
          “Research and Education Center of New Japanese Economic Paradigm”                                                                                               Outgoing
                                                    Graduate School of Economics                                                                                           2001    38   students
          “Research, Development and Education Center for Advanced Business                                                                                                2002    40   students
          System”                                                                                                                                                          2003    41   students
                                                                                               Asia    Oceania   North America South America   Europe   Africa, Middle     2004    33   students
                                       Graduate School of Business administration                                                                            East
                                                                                                                                                                           2005    45   students
        Academic Exchange Agreements                                                                          International Students
        with Foreign Institutions                                                     Kobe University has about 1,000 international students from more than 60
                                                                                      countries. The number of international students Is ranked at 9th among
      Listed below are some of the institutions with which Kobe                       Japanese National Corporation Universities.
      University has concluded an Inter-University agreement.                      Number of Students            Changes in Number of International Students
       Fudan University, Peking University, Shangdong University,
       Xi’an Jiaotong University, Sun Yat-Sen University

       University of Indonesia, Syiah Kuala University

       Hanyang University, Sungkyunkwan University

       National University of Laos

       Taiwan University

       Thammasat University
       For more detailed Information:

                                                                                                                   Institute of Promoting International
                                                                                                                   Institute of Promoting International
                                                                                                                            Exchange Programs
                                                                                                                            Exchange Programs
                     International Students                                          Institute of Promoting
                                                                                     Institute of Promoting
                                                                                                                            Head of Institute
                                                                                                                            Head of Institute               Institute for Promotions
                                                                                                                                                            Institute for Promotions
                                                                                      Academic Research
                                                                                       Academic Research                     Director, Vice
                                                                                                                              Director, Vice                  of Higher Education
                                                                                                                                                              of Higher Education
                                                                                            Programs                          President
                                                                                                        Structure of OPIE-KU   President                        Head of Institute
                                                                                                                                                                Head of Institute
               About 80% are from Asia                                             Head of Institute Director,
                                                                                   Head of Institute Director,
                                                             •About 70% are                                                                                       Director, Vice
                                                                                                                                                                   Director, Vice
                                                                                        Vice President
                                                                                         Vice President                  Office for the Promotion of
      50% are from China and 10% are form Korea                                                                    International Exchange (OPIE-KU)                President
                                                             Graduate Students
                                                                                                                    Director, 2 Deputy Directors
                                                                                                                     25 Strategy Project Team Members        International Student
                                                                                                                                                             International Student
             Total 954   as of May 1, 2006                                                 Headquarters for                                                         Center
                                                                                                                            Strategy Project Team
                                                            The Top 10                       Innovative             International Alliance Project Team
                                                            (Number of students)           Cooperation and        (5 professors)                              School of Languages
                                                                                                                    International Education Exchange          School of Languages
                                                                                            Development           Project Team (4 professors)                 and Communication
                                                                                                                                                              and Communication
                         Asia                                                                                       International Assistance Project Team          (SOLAC)
                                                             China: 439                                                                                            (SOLAC)
                                                                                                                  (5 professors)
                                                             Korea: 89                Information Science and
                                                                                      Information Science and
                                                                                         Technology Center
                                                                                         Technology Center        According to issues, 9 administrative       EU Institute of Japan,
                                                             Taiwan: 43                                           staff and 2 International Exchange                 Kansai
                                                                                                                  Coordinators participate in above
                                                             Vietnam: 41                                          teams.                                        Kobe University
                                                                                                                                                              (managing university
                                                             Indonesia: 40                                                                                      Kwansei Gakuin
                                                  Oceania                                                                            Committee of
                                                                                                                                     Committee of
                                                             Malaysia: 23                                                                                          University
                                                                                                                                 International Affairs
                                                                                                                                 International Affairs
                                                                                    Structure of                                                                Osaka University
                       North                                 Laos: 21
            South                                                                                                                Kobe University EUIJ,
                                                                                                                                 Kobe University EUIJ,
                      America                Africa          Mongolia: 19            OPIE-KU                                        Kansai Steering
                                                                                                                                    Kansai Steering
           America              Europe
                                                             Bangladesh: 17                                                           Committee
                                                             Thailand: 16                                                         Faculties, Graduate
                                                                                                                                  Faculties, Graduate
                                                                                                                                  Schools and Centers
                                                                                                                                  Schools and Centers
                                                                                                         Organizational Reform
                                                                                                          To Promote Flexible
                  Initiatives taken by OPIE-KU for promotion of                                              International
                           international coordination for
                                                                                                                      Reform of Human Resource System by OPIE-KU
                  Organizational Reform                     Efficient Operations and
                 To Promote International                   Improvement of Human                     Recruitment of external        External Advisory        Annual wage system                                         System for
                                                                                                             staff                       System                                                                       recruitment of
                      Coordination                                 Resources                                                                                             (International                                internal staff
                                                                                                     (OPIE-KU International         Staff of overseas                      Exchange
                                                                                                        Student Section)              Universities                       Coordinator)
               Establishment of a cooperative               Increase the number of                                                 Executive staff of
               organization between academic                human resources in                                                   domestic/international
                                                            administrating international                                             corporations
               and administrative staff
         Review and reform business operations             Specialist training by external staff
             Establishment of the system for                 Establishment of partnerships
             recruitment of internal staff and               with other institutions in Japan                 Influence to other sections (Career examination for Section Head,
             their career planning                           and overseas (National
                                                             University of Singapore, Taiwan                                       annual wage system, etc)
           Recruitment of experienced staff                  University, University of New
                 External advisory system                    South Wales, etc)

        Efficient Operations and
        Improvement of Human
                                                                                                                               Career Planning for internal staff
               Resources                Staff Training                                                         Basic Training

               (planned and operated by OPIE-KU in cooperation with HR
                                                       Professional Training                              Faculties/Schools
             Basic Training         Improvement of                                                                                          Staff
                                                                                                         General        Academic
                                      common understanding                                               Affairs         Affairs            Exchange
             (Participants: 26)       for internationalization of         (Participants: 6)              Section         Section            with external
                                      the university and                                              (Responsible    (Responsible          organizations
        Basic language training and   providing necessary            Improvement of language           for Foreign         for
      knowledge required for          knowledge by holding                                              academic      international         including

                                                                    proficiency                           staff)
      international affairs           lectures/trainings                                                                students            trainings in
                                                                      Improvement of understanding                                          Japan and
       Raise awareness in dealing          Participation                                                                                    overseas
      with international affairs                                    in international affairs
                                        in international                                                                                     International

                                                                                                        International Affairs               organizations
       Promotion of understanding       activities
      among faculties/sections                                                                              Department                      and overseas
                                                                                                                                                                    Post opening
                                                                                                                                                                                             International Exchange

                                         Providing guidance                Presentation               International   International
                 Short                before/after the                                                Affairs         Student
              Presentation            training and issue for                                          Planning        Exchange
                                                                                                                                                              (selected by examination)

                                      presentation by                                                 Division        Division                                                                  Internal
                                                                                                                                                                                                                             responsible for international

                                      academic staff of                       TOEIC
                                                                                                                                                                                                                            To each faculty/section as staff

                                      SOLAC                                                                                                                                                       Staff
                                                                         Further training in
                                      165 administration            international organizations
                                      staffs have registered         and overseas institutions                                                                                            Plus 2 points on top of the
         To Professional Training                                                                           Professional Training                                                         current wage, which will continue
                                      in the CALL System in                                                                                                                               after completing this position

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