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                             May | June 2013
                           Feed focus - POULTRY

Grain & Feed Milling Technology is published six times a year by Perendale Publishers Ltd of the United Kingdom.
All data is published in good faith, based on information received, and while every care is taken to prevent inaccuracies,
the publishers accept no liability for any errors or omissions or for the consequences of action taken on the basis of
information published.
©Copyright 2013 Perendale Publishers Ltd. All rights reserved. No part of this publication may be reproduced in any form
or by any means without prior permission of the copyright owner. Printed by Perendale Publishers Ltd. ISSN: 1466-3872




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                                                                                                                                    Feed focus


                                                POULTRY
            DDGS:
                                                            play a vital role in this high grain price situation   Metabolizable energy content
                                                            to formulate the least cost diets for poultry.              Several studies provide estimates of the
                                                            DDGS is a co-product of ethanol production             metabolizable energy (ME) content of DDGS
                                                            plants that use corn for manufacturing.                for poultry. Lumpkins et al. (2004) reported
                                                                During the yeast fermentation in ethanol           that the TMEn content of a single DDGS
                                                            plants, corn is ground, mixed with water,              sample was 2,905 kcal/kg. In a later study, the
                                                            cooked and the liquefied starch from this              same group determined the TMEn content
                                                            process is hydrolyzed and fermented to                 of 17 different DDGS samples representing
            cheap and nutritious                            produce ethanol and CO2. As a result, the
                                                            non-fermentable components of this process
                                                                                                                   products from six different ethanol plants.
                                                                                                                   They determined that the TMEn contents

                food for poultry                            which are rich in essential nutrients such as
                                                            protein, fat, fibre, vitamins and minerals are
                                                                                                                   ranged from 2,490 to 3,190 kcal/kg with a
                                                                                                                   mean value of 2,820 kcal/kg and an associated
                                                            recovered in a highly concentrated form as             coefficient of variation of 6.4% (Batal and
            by Hossan MD Salim PhD,                         distillers dried grains with solubles.                 Dale, 2006).
              Upazila livestock officer,                        Although distillers dried grains have been              Fastinger et al. (2006) concluded that the
                DLS, Bangladesh and                         used by the poultry industry for some time,            TMEn content of DDGS averaged 2,871 kcal/
               University of Manitoba,                      recently a renaissance in the use of DDGS has          kg and had considerable variation among the
                               Canada                       been observed in the USA and also around the           samples. Furthermore, a large variation in TMEn
                                                            world. This is due to the rapid escalation in its      values of DDGS were also reported by Parsons
                                                            production as well as its improved quality when        et al. (2006), who determined the mean TMEn
                                                            derived from the new generation ethanol plants.        value of 20 DDGS at 2,863 kcal/kg ± 224 kcal/kg.


         T
                he world grain price is increasing day      Therefore, in the light of the large production of     It was hypothesized that energy in corn DDGS
                by day and the industry is facing several   corn DDGS entering the USA, and other over-            would not vary if samples were derived from
                challenges to produce good quality          seas markets, the aim of this topic is to provide      ethanol plants using similar production technolo-
         animal products with a reasonable price for        a compendium of information to the people              gies and corn that is grown in a proximate geo-
         consumers. Similarly, the poultry industry         involved with the industry regarding nutritional       graphical location. Therefore, nutritionists should
         in Bangladesh is also fighting with high           value of corn DDGS for poultry.                        be cautious of the fiber content and sources of
         grain prices to maintain its production with                                                              data for DDGS ME values, as well as energy vari-
         marginal profit. Small and medium poultry          Nutrient contents and availability                     ability when formulating diets for poultry.
         farm owners are mainly affected and losing         of DDGS for poultry
         their capital investment in this sector.               Corn DDGS contain all the nutrients from           Amino acid content
                                                            grain in a concentrated form except for the                Dale and Batal (2005) reported that CP
              The increased cost and the limited supply     majority of the starch, which has been utilized        content of corn DDGS can vary from 24
         of conventional grains have made it necessary      in the fermentation process. Therefore, it can         percent to 29 percent. In our laboratory we
         to focus research and extend efforts towards       be a rich source of crude protein (CP), amino          assessed CP content on 395 corn DDGS
         the potential utilization of energy and proteins   acids, P and other nutrients in poultry diets.         samples imported to Korea from the USA,
         from several grain by-products which are           Reliable values for the nutrient content of            and the average CP content was 27.15%
         cheaper with high nutritive values. Corn dis-      feed constituents are essential to create more         (23.87-30.41) with 3.72% coefficient of vari-
         tillers dried grains with solubles (DDGS) can      precise diet formulations for poultry.                 ation. Batal and Dale (2006) found that CP

         26 | may - June 2013                                                                                                Grain  &feed millinG technoloGy
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                                                                                                                                                      POULTRY
content of DDGS ranged between 23 per-                   concentration of
cent and 32 percent. Spiehs et al. (2002) have           carotene and xan-
evaluated nutrient level of DDGS originating             thophylls was 8.58
from ten new ethanol plants in Minnesota and
South Dakota, and also found that the CP
                                                         and 36.72 ppm,
                                                         respectively. Since
                                                                                              Hydronix Moisture Sensors
                                                                                                     Save You Money
accounted for 30.2%, and lysine and methio-              the typical corn
nine for 0.85% and 0.55%, respectively. The              and soybean-based
high variability among DDGS sources was                  commercial poultry
found mainly for the two limiting amino acids            diet does not sup-
for poultry, lysine and methionine.                      ply the necessary                      Hydronix digital, microwave moisture sensors provide
    Reese and Lewis (1989) showed that corn              amount and type                        accurate and cost effective moisture measurement n feed
produced in Nebraska in 1988 varied in CP                of xanthophylls to                     meals and pellets, grain, cereal and pulses.
from 7.8 to 10%, and 0.22 to 0.32% in lysine             produce the deep
content. Differences in production technology            yellow color in
provide almost as much variation within one              the egg yolk and                              Hydro-Probe XT
source of corn as there is between different             skin, DDGS can be
plants. Parsons et al. (1983) conducted five             a good source of
trials that aimed to evaluate the protein qual-          these pigments as
ity of DDGS and concluded that when DDGS                 long as they have
is fed to growing chicks as the sole source of           not been over-
dietary protein, tryptophan closely followed             heated during the
by arginine are the second and third limiting            production process.
amino acids respectively, after lysine. Although
DDGS was limiting in tryptophan and arginine             Other
it was found that the overall protein quality of         nutrients
DDGS could be improved greatly by lysine                     DDGS is not
supplementation for growing chicks.                      only a good source
                                                         of energy, amino
Mineral composition                                      acids and minerals
    A laboratory analysis of corn DDGS from the          but also, can be a
                                                                                                 Our sensors are successfully used in many applications to
US showed that DDGS can be a good source of              rich source of water
P (0.76 %), Zn (57.26 ppm), K (0.91 ppm), and            soluble vitamins and                    ensure product quality, maximise yield and save energy.
other minerals. Phosphorus content in DDGS               other nutrients that                    Typical uses include:
has been reported at 0.72% and varies widely             are present in the
from 0.48 to 0.91%. Similarly, Spiehs et al. (2002)      corn used for the                       •    Controlling the moisture in the grain drying process to
reported the P variation in DDGS ranged from             ethanol      produc-                         save energy and ensure quality
0.59 to 0.95 %. This large difference in P content       tion. D’Ercole et al.                   •    Optimising the efficiency of expensive additives such
derives partially from its variation in corn grain and   (1939) reported                              as mould inhibitors
amount of starch residue in DDGS.                        that DDGS is a                          •    Controlling moisture content during the pelleting
    However, the technological process of                good source of ribo-                         process
ethanol production can also significantly con-           flavin and thiamine.
tribute to its content and variation. It has             DDGS also contain
been suggested that the total P content may              some biologically
be even higher than 0.72% in some sources                active substances                                                                  Hydro-Mix VII
of DDGS if produced in new ethanol plants.               such as nucleotides,
Moreover, the rate of addition of solubles to            mannan oligosach-
the wet grains prior to drying affects the P             arides, β-1, 3 or 1,
content, because the solubles contain more               6 glucan, inositol,
than three times as much P as do the wet                 glutamine and nucle-
grains.                                                  ic acids, which have
                                                         a beneficial effect on
Pigment content                                          immune responses
   Corn grain contains about 20 ppm of                   and the health of
xanthophylls and it is expected that corn                animals. Therefore,
DDGS may by a good source of xantho-                     to reduce the feed
phylls pigment, due to the concentration of              cost and to make
the pigment during the production process.               a balanced diet for
However, the actual xanthophylls content                 poultry,       DDGS                     Hydronix sensors are:
may be lower in DDGS because of heat                     would be a viable                       •    Suitable for chutes, silos, mixers or conveyors
destruction during drying. Roberson et al.               alternative energy
(2005) analysed two DDGS samples and                     grain source for                        •    Not affected by dust or colour
observed 29.75 ppm of xanthophylls in                    the feed industry in                    •    Temperature stable
one of the samples, but only 3.48 ppm in                 Bangladesh.
another, dark colored sample
which was considered to be
heat damaged.                    This article was originally published on
   By analysing 16 samples
of DDGS deriving from                                                                       enquiries@hydronix.com
US in our laboratory, we                                                                    www.hydronix.com
showed that the average

Grain  &feed millinG technoloGy                                                   GFMT half page vertical 90 x 270 plus 3mm bleed not left.indd 1
                                                                                                                                                    may - June 2013 | 27
                                                                                                                                                                  30/11/2012 13:44:07
 Amino acid
 sparing for efficiency
  and the environment
             by Murray Hyden
        CBiol, MSB director of
      biosecurity, Anpario plc,
              United Kingdom



A
       nimals do not have a crude protein
       requirement, they have a require-
       ment for amino acids and it is
the responsibility of the nutritionist to
get the ratios correct. Amino acids from
feed are the building blocks of proteins
and there are twenty-two of them
used in the building of animal protein.
Although poultry can synthesise some,
there are some serious ‘essential’ amino
acids that can become limiting.
                                                  raw material. Yet raw material amino acid           achieved there will be performance implica-
    Supplementation with these ‘essential’        content is a big issue this year, especially        tions. Simply adding more supplementary
amino acids is now common place and               with wheat and soya, due to variations in           amino acids can lead to other problems, as
incorrect supplementation will result in          weather, location, variety and fertiliser use.      surplus amino acids in the gut are a threat to
either a shortfall of one, or a surplus of sev-   We can only use the algorithms we have and          health and the environment.
eral. This problem has become more acute          try to ensure that the amino acid profiles of
since the reduction of animal protein in diets    complete feeds are optimised.                       Non-nutritional problems
and a reliance on soya and other vegetable            Indeed, it is often better to reduce            associated with amino acids
protein sources with a poorer match to            protein levels and increase fibre levels if in          Surplus amino acids can result in two
animal amino acid requirements.                   doubt. Dr Peter Scott, senior research fellow       different problems:
    While soya is a good source of protein        at the University of Melbourne, Australia,           1. When energy levels are limiting,
when combined with corn, this combina-            calls for more attention on nutrition and gut            bacterial growth in the hindgut by
tion is limiting in the essential amino acids     health, such as fibre levels in feed. “It’s there        commensal microflora will stop
such as lysine, methionine, threonine and         in black and white: If you maintain adequate             allowing proteolitic pathogens such as
tryptophan. However, there is often a lack of     fibre levels in your feed, you’ll achieve better         Clostridium to flourish.
data on the precise amino acid composition        coccidiosis control and by default, better               Clostridia exist in all chickens. The
of the raw materials being used.                  necrotic enteritis control,” he argues.                  growth of Clostridia is however only a
    It is unrealistic to analyse every batch of       If a correct balance of amino acids is not           problem following coccidial or bacterial
                                                                                                           infection where blood and damaged
                                                                                                           tissue prevail in the intestine.
                                                                                                           The faster growth rates in modern
                                                                                                           poultry may exaccerbate the problem
                                                                                                           further because the rate of proteolyis
                                                                                                           in the stomach may be insufficient to
                                                                                                           release all the amino acids from the
                                                                                                           proteins resulting in more protein in the
                                                                                                           hindgut.
                                                                                                       2. If proteins are not deaminated in the
                                                                                                           gut then they are excreted and will
                                                                                                           contribute to the ‘greenhouse gas’ load
                                                                                                           associated with livestock production.
                                                                                                           The problem of hindgut deamination is
                                                                                                           the release of ammonia or nitrous oxide
                                                                                                           (N2O) in the faeces with the the FAO
                                                                                                           stating that atmospheric emissions of
                                                                                                           ammonia (NH3), nitrous oxide (N2O)
                                                                                                           and methane (CH4) associated with
                                                                                                           animal waste are a worldwide problem
        Adding one tonne of lysine allows a reduction in soya and slightly increase in                     and may contribute to a detrimental
                                    maize without affecting the nutritional balance.
                                                                                                           impact on the environment. High

28 | may - June 2013                                                                                           Grain  &feed millinG technoloGy
                                                                                                                                 POULTRY
                                                                                                    than adults. Males utilise amino acids more
                                                                                                    efficiently than females and extraneous die-
                                                                                                    tary factors such as fibre and phytase induce
                                                                                                    digestive stress, hampering protein utilisation.

                                                                                                    The effect of weather
                                                                                                        When all these points are taken into
                                                                                                    consideration there are other factors that
                                                                                                    impact on performance. Adverse weather
                                                                                                    conditions both pre and post-harvest result
                                                                                                    in higher than normal levels of mycotoxins.
                                                                                                        Mould activity during storage depletes
                                                                                                    amino acids in both raw materials and
                                                                                                    finished feeds. In artificially moistened feeds
                                                                                                    between 1-3 percent lysine and 19-26 per-
                                                                                                    cent methionine could be lost to fungal activ-
                                                                                                    ity alone (Dr Olayinka Akine 2012). Indeed,
                                                                                                    Kiotechagil Mycostat can effectively stop
                                                                                                    mould growth in raw materials and feeds.
       ammonia levels in poultry housing also          Other protein sources are also being             In storage, moulds like Aspergillus pro-
       directly impacts performance.               used such as rapeseed and rapeseed meal,         duce mycotoxins that alter amino acid uti-
                                                   sunflower meal, cottonseed meal and more         lisation at the intestinal and cellular level,
   Saving the environment                          exotic ingredients such as palm kernel meal      especially the sulphur containing amino acids.
      Both these problems could be resolved by     and copra meal. Each of these protein                Birds fed 2-4 ppm Aflatoxin or Ochratoxin
   careful adjustment of the amino acid balance.   sources has a different amino acid profile,      A had a 51-133 percent reduction in pro-
   Such attention to detail would have consider-   different digestibility and would require dif-   tein efficiency but when both toxins were
   able cost benefits by reducing land usage       ferent supplementation.                          present at 1-4 ppm, protein efficiency was
   requirements. Ajinomoto, the Japanese food          Amino acids such as methionine, lysine       depressed by 79-127 percent. These effects
   and chemical corporation, has determined        and threonine are among the most expen-          are due to suppression of enzymatic activity,
   that correct supplementation of lysine to       sive nutrients in the feed ration and wasting    disruption to intestinal transport, attenuation
   maize/soya based rations could mean that for    them has economic costs and biological           of cellular protein synthesis and modification
   every tonne of lysine used there could be a     consequences.                                    to gut functionalities.
   saving of 12 hectares of land that could be         Also remember that young animals                 Amino acids, including tryptophan and
   rechanneled to alternative production.          metabolise amino acids at higher efficiency      arginine, are required to feed into the




        innOVaTiOn DisTinguishes BeTween a leaDer anD a FOllOwer.
                                                                                                                             —Steve Jobs

                                                         How are you going to navigate the ever-changing dietary landscape?
                                                         Today’s dietary demands are literally all over the board. While some
                                                         consumers are demanding nutritious foods that are quick and easy to
                                                         prepare, others desire protein-rich food that fits a low-carb or vegetar-
                                                         ian lifestyle. Still others are simply looking for enough affordable food
                                                         to feed a growing population. At Wenger, we partner with food compa-
                                                         nies to develop the processes and products they require to meet world
                                                         consumer’s specific nutrition demands. Within our world-renowned
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          &feed millinG technoloGy
Wenger12_FOOD-GPS_190x132.indd 1
    Grain                                                                                                                                 2013 4:42
                                                                                                                               may - June 5/30/13| 29 PM
     FEATURE
                                                                   acid production will result            40 kg/t.
                                                                   in less pepsin activity, lead-      - Molecular weight of calcium carbonate
                                                                   ing to protein escape to               (CaCO3) = 100.09
                                                                   the hind gut. Clostridia can        - 1 mole = 100.09 g so 40 kg = 399.64
                                                                   utilise unused protein in the          moles.
                                                                   hind gut in the absence of          - If we then use formic acid to neutralise
                                                                   fermentable carbohydrate               this
                                                                   by deamination leading to           - Molecular weight of formic acid
                                                                   necrotic enteritis.                    (HCOOH) = 46.03
                                                                                                       - 1 mole = 46.03 g therefore to supply
                                                                   Balancing the gut                      399.64 moles you would need:
                                                                   microflora can help                 - 399.64 x 46.03 = 18395 g or 18.395
                                                                       There are several aspects          kg/t of 100% formic acid
                                                                   of digestive function to con-         It is clear that we must rely on a com-
                                                                   sider that can help resolve       bination of natural acid secretions in the
                                                                   the effects of dysbiosis but it   stomach and a fully supportive feed acidifier,
                                                                   is obvious that a multifunc-      like Kiotechagil Salkil, to boost the bacterial
                                                                   tional approach is essential.     contribution from carbohydrate fermenta-
                                                                       Direct incorporation of       tion in the gut.
                                                                   acids in the ration and into
                                                                   the foregut will help over-       Natural fermentation in the
            Effect of pH on the specific growth rate of B.         come the effects of highly        intestine is vital
         fibrisolvens Ce51 at 38.5°C with glucose as the           buffered feeds, but that is            Gastric bacterial fermentation contributes
    substrate. (O) chemostat culture. (●) batch culture            not enough. This will be          significantly to maintaining a low gastric pH.
                                                                   especially important when         This can be supported by the use Salkil
                                                                   the feed is highly buffered,      to provide suitable ‘platforms’ for bacterial
                                                                   typically with something          colonisation allowing acidophilic species to
                                                                   like calcium carbonate as         predominate in the gut.
                                                                   used in poultry breeder and            In older animals lactic acid represents
                                                                   layer diets. The added cal-       only 50 percent of the total organic acid
                                                                   cium carbonate neutralises        content in the gut. The remaining acids will
                                                                   stomach acid, increasing the      be produced by cellulolytic species such
                                                                   risk of pathogens passing         as Butyrivibrio and Roseburia that ferment
                                                                   through proventriculus.           cellulose to acetic and butyric acids provided
                                                                       By reducing free acid in      the environment remains acidic.
                                                                   the proventriculus the con-            Butyric acid is a vital component of the
                                                                   version of pepsinogen to          hindgut. It is a colonocyte nutrient that will
                                                                   pepsin will be reduced. This      assist in villus development in young animals
                                                                   will result in reduced pro-       and will help regrowth after disease.
                                                                   tein digestion in the stom-            This is especially important after coccidia
                                                                   ach and a greater reliance        or enteric pathogens such as Salmonella or
                                                                   of the proteolytic trypsin        Escherichia that damage the gut lining, erode
               Lactic acid bacteria colonising the acidified       found in the duodenum and         villi and result in bleeding from the intestinal
                        silica platform in Kiotechagil Salkil      the peptidases. However           wall.
                                                                   pepsin works best at the               Blood in the intestine from pathogen
                                                                   N-terminal of aromatic            attack is the perfect nutrient for proteolytic
immune system and mycotoxins will disturb amino acids such as phenylalanine and tyro-                species like Clostridia.
their metabolism where they help generate sine. It will not cleave at bonds containing                    For the gut to recover faster it requires
cytokines. An increase in cytokine production valine, alanine or glycine. Pepsin digests 10          a readily available energy source, butyric
can unbalance amino acids levels in the gut.       - 15% of dietary protein before it is inacti-     acid, produced by cellulose digestion in the
    The use of an effective and broad spec- vated in the small intestine. Whilst trypsin             hindgut. Butyric acid has been reported
trum toxin binder like Kiotechagil Neutox predominantly cleaves peptide chains at the                to increase the density and length of villi,
to absorb mycotoxins without hindering gut carboxyl side of the amino acids lysine and               enlarging the adsorption surface of the intes-
performance is essential. Mineral binders arginine, except when either is followed                   tine (Galfi and Bokori 1990). The bacteria
with high cation exchange capacities (CEC) by proline. Therefore the loss of activity of             responsible for butyric acid production in the
will trap cations and disrupt mineral nutri- pepsin cannot be fully compensated for by               gut, Butyrivibrio and Roseburia for example,
tion, or reduce phytase activity in formulated other proteolytic enzymes further down                have narrow ranges of pH tolerance and if
feeds. Selection of the correct toxin binder the gut.                                                their activity decreases, so does the butyric
will benefit amino acid utilisation.                   By adding an acidified carrier matrix it is   acid production in the gut.
                                                   possible to overcome some of the buffering             Adding a protected butyric acid source is
Unbalanced rations                                 power of the feed, however this will require      an effective means of helping villus structure
    Surplus amino acids in the hind gut, espe- free acid and not a salt such as the calcium          to recover, whilst supporting the acidophilic
cially in an energy limited diet, can result in a and sodium salts of organic acids, as they         microflora such as the cellulose digesters
Clostridial infection because this proteolytic have no net acid contribution.                        and members of the Lactobacillaceae family
organism, unlike the commensal microflora,             Even with pure acids it is not possible to    (Galfi 1990).
is capable of obtaining energy from deamina- provide sufficient acid to directly alter feed
tion of amino acids, peptides and proteins.        pH and you can work this out easily because       Feeding the commensals
    The use of highly buffered feed or stress we know that 1 mole calcium carbonate will                Fructo-oligosaccharides (FOS), such as
conditions can lead to a reduced produc- require 1 mole of acid to neutralise it.                    inulin, have a direct effect on the gut
tion of acid in the proventriculus. Reduced          - Add calcium carbonate (limestone) at          microflora. Inulin is a complex sugar. Most

30 | may - June 2013                                                                                           Grain &feed millinG technoloGy
                                                                                                                                          FEATURE
                                                                                                                                        POULTRY
     gut bacteria preferentially metabolise simple      4. A unique carrier that
          But it goes further than that. Risk man- designer tool, the graphical labels are created plement feeds matching their homegrown
     sugars allowing the inulin to reach the hind-         promotes colonisation                                             About the author
     agement, which means having the right raw during the formulation, allowing for a last or local ingredients. Only the best end
     gut. Inulin in the hind gut allows bacteria,          by lactic acid bacteria to                                             Murray Hyden trained at
     materials available at the right moment in the minute change on the label when needed.                result is good enough and the modern
     typically fibre digesters like Butyrivibrio and       establish the necessary                                           Imperial College London in
     correct production location, has become the           In most cases however, the formulation feed plants nowadays are equipped for
     Roseburia, as well as the bacteriocin pro-            healthy gut microflora                                            Food and Dairy Microbiology
     key challenge for every purchase manager. software cannot create the label completely, these quick changes. Vervaet says, “More
     ducing Bifidobacteria, to grow and exclude            to achieve genetic                                                and Industrial Microbiology.
     Today’s techniques allow a Multiblend based as information such as batch number or pro- complex ‘multilevel-level’ compounds can
     Clostridia. The inclusion of a FOS in a ration        potential.                                                             He worked for ICI Plc,
     upon live raw material contract figures from duction date is not available at the moment be defined with more detailed constraints
     formulation will therefore have a direct                                                                                Agricultural Division as a Research
     the ERP. The full ingredient position from of the creation. Software designer Adifo at all levels. This leads to direct profits,
     effect on the microbial colonisation of the References                                                                  Microbiologist for 16 years spe-
     ERP is downloaded into the BESTMIX® feed has created an
     hind gut.                                        The XXIII Worlds Poultry                                               cialising in ruminant nutrition and
     formulation database and using Multiblend, add-on solu-
         By restricting Clostridial activity with                                                                            poultry health. During his time
                                                                                                      Software as a service and
                                                        Congress offered new insights
     the most optimal allocation of these con- tion on top of
     butyric acid and by providing the commensal        for      managing        necrotic                                    there he worked on the interac-
     tracts in time and place is calculated. These Dynamics AX.
     microflora with a valuable energy source           enteritis and coccidiosis. www.                                      tions of intestinal microflora in
     allocations are then sent back to the ERP The content
     that is unavailable to Clostridia, any surplus     thepoultrysite.com
     where the position monitor for raw materi- of the labels                                     cloud computing are today’srelation to the diet specification.
     amino acids can be incorporated into the Ammonia Emissions from Animal                    In 1985 he joined Agil Ltd, a privately owned British com-
     als is instantly updated and purchase deci- is supplied by
     microbial biomass in the gut rather wasteful
     deamination.
                                                        Waste FAO 2012
     sions can be made or changed with these BESTMIX® and
                                                      Lysine and other amino acids
                                                                                                      buzzwords. And the feed
                                                                                            pany manufacturing and distributing feed additive products to
                                                                                            several European countries. Murray has been involved in all
     updated figures.                                 the Dynamics
         Products like Kiotechagil Prefect are
     designed to optimise gut performance to
                                                      AX
                                                        for feed: production and
                                                                 add-on
                                                        contribution to protein utilisation
                                                                                                    industry is not left behind.
                                                                                            stages of product development and has overseen the launch of
                                                                                            the entire range of feed additives since 1987. His microbiological
       Advanced labeling essential                    generates the
     help prevent the effects of amino acid imbal-      in animal feeding – Yasuhiko        approach to find alternatives to antibiotics in animal feeding has
          In the last couple of years, labeling leg- labels, combin-
     ance. Prefect supplies:                            Toride in Protein Sources for       lead to the launch of a unique range of products that are now
     islation has changed constantly. Having a ing relevant for-
       1. Organic acids to maintain acidity in          the animal feed industry FAO        used around the world.
     flexible labeling solution that allows users mulation and production information on the as all includes are optimised. The price
          the proventriculus thereby maximising         document repository.                   In 2004 Murray was promoted to managing director of Agil
     to anticipate these changes is of the highest label. As such, the business content stays the of the mean compound is kept as low
          protein utilisation in the foregut.         Dr Olayinka Akine All About Feed.     and then Kiotechagil after an acquisition.
     importance. Any modern feed formulation responsibility of the formulation department, as possible. This also means that the
       2. Fructo-oligosaccharides (inulin) to inhibit   net Vol 20 No7 2012 p18 - 20           He has presented his work at international conferences in
     software is expected to offer a labeling where it should be, whilst the complete label included compounds can be changed
          clostridia and other enteropathogens        Galfi P and Bokori J Acta             countries such as Sweden, Mexico, Argentina, Brazil, France,
     solution.                                        can still be created in an automated process. more often.
          whilst promoting a strong cellulolytic gut    Vet Hung 1990: 38(1-                Philippines, Thailand, Japan, China and Australia.
          In BESTMIX® for instance, all European                                                               “This increased functionality enables the
          microflora to maintain healthy butyric        2):3-17                                He has helped in the development of biosecurity control
     and US legislation on declaration is imple- Best end result needed for a                              management of a larger number of specifica-
          acid levels.                                                                      programmes for poultry and pig breeding companies around
     mented in a user friendly way. All compo- demanding market                                            tions, compounds and products. BESTMIX®
       3. Additional butyric acid to provide an                                             the world.
     nents of the label; composition, guaranteed           Farmers have a growing understanding Feed Formulation Software stores all data
          instant energy source for villi mucosa                                               Following more recent acquisitions by the company, Murray
     analysis values, conditional texts, health and More inforMation:
                                                      of nutrient requirements and digestibility in powerful databases, where they can be
          to help overcome irritation and                                                   has returned to his primary interest and is now director of
     safety information, barcodes and so on, systems www.anpario.com                                       organised, managed, secured and archived
                                                       Website: and always require the best feed. for Anpario Group.
          necrosis resulting from Clostridial or                                            biosecurity
     are set up separately. With an easy to use They ask for special concentrates or com- for many years.”
          coccidial attack.



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DOCUMENT INFO
Description: The world grain price is increasing day by day and the industry is facing several challenges to produce good quality animal products with reasonable price for consumers. Similarly, the poultry industry in Bangladesh is also fighting with high grain prices to maintain its production with marginal profit. Small and medium poultry farm owners are mainly affected and losing their capital investment in this sector.