Institute of Technology, Nirma University
SEMESTER I & II
PHYSICS (Semester I)
Electric fields and magnetic fields, Electron Emission & Electron ballistics, Properties of Light, Interference, Diffraction
and Polarization of Light, Architectural Acoustics & Ultrasonic, Atomic Physics & Lasers, The structure of Solids,
CHEMISTRY (Semester II)
Colloids, Surface Chemistry, Water, Fuels, Lubricants and Greases, Polymers and Adhesives, Electrochemical
Systems, Corrosion, Chemistry of Materials, Selected topics in chemistry.
Differential Calculus, Partial Differentiation, Complex Numbers, Matrix Algebra, Introduction to Fuzzy Sets and Fuzzy
COMPUTER PROGRAMMING - I
Generations and Types of Computer, Number Systems, Overview of Components of a Computer, Overview of
Operating Systems, Compilers and Interpreters, Machine, Assembly and High level languages, Office Automation
Tools, Working on the Internet, C-Programming
WORK SHOP PRACTICE - I
Joining Process, Plumbing, Electroplating, Manufacturing of Plastic Products, Metal Machining, Fitting
ELEMENTS OF ELECTRICAL ENGINEERING & ELECTRONICS (Semester I)
D. C. Circuits, Work Power and Energy, Capacitor, Magnetic Circuits, Electromagnetic Induction, A. C.
Fundamentals, Single Phase A. C. Circuits, Poly Phase Circuits, Domestic Wiring, Semi Conductor Devices
ENGINEERING MECHANICS (Semester II)
Introduction to Engineering Mechanics, Statics, Friction, Kinematics, Kinetics, Simple Machines, Vibrations
ENGINEERING DRAWING – I
Introduction to Engineering Drawing, Engineering curves, Projection of Points, Projection of Lines, Projection of
Planes, Projection of solids, Sections of Solids, Standard Machinery Components & related Laboratory Work.
Natural Resources and Associated Problems, Forest Resources, Mineral Resources, Water Resources, Energy
Resources, Land Resources and, use of Resources for Sustainable Lifestyle, Ecosystems, Biodiversity and its
Conservation, Environmental Pollution, Social Issues And The Environment, Environment Ethics, Human Population
and the Environment.
SUPPLEMENTARY COURSE ENGLISH (Semester – I)
Remedial English, Oral Communication – Effective Presentation, Group Discussion, Active Listening, Reading Skills
and Vocabulary Building, Written Composition – Sentences, Paragraph, Short Composition, Technical Description of
Engineering Objects and Processes, Precis-writing, Letters and Applications, Translation.
Integral Calculus, Application of Integration, Reduction Formulae, Multiple Integrals, Differential Equations &
Modelling, Tracing of Curves, Infinite Series
COMPUTER PROGRAMMING II
Object Oriented Programming using C++, Object Oriented Concepts, development, Programming style and
languages, Class Abstraction, Constructors and Destructor, Overloading Operators and Functions, Polymorphism,
Inheritance, Virtual Classes, Templates, File Handling.
WORK SHOP PRACTICE II
Instruction/ demonstration is given for each of sheet metal work Metal cladding & painting, Carpentry/Pattern making,
Forgining and other hot working processes, Moulding and casting processes
ENGINEERING DRAWING – II
Development of surface, Interpenetration of Solids, Orthographic Projections, Isometric Projections, Computer Aided
Meaning of Process of Communication Kinesics, Oral Communication, Written Communication, Listening Skills,
Translations, Mechanics of language and vocabulary building.
SEMESTER - III
MATHEMATICS – III
Fourier series, Dirichlet’s conditions, harmonic analysis, Laplace transforms, ordinary differential equations, Cauchy’s
and Legendre forms, partial differential equations, Laplace equation, errors, solution of algebraic and transcendental
THERMAL AND HYDRAULIC PRIME MOVERS
Steam turbines, classification, condensers, diesel power plant, diesel plant efficiency and heat balance, gas turbines,
air compressors, condition for minimum power, advantages of multistage compressor, Pelton wheel, Francis turbine,
propeller and Kaplan turbine.
ELECTRONIC DEVICES AND CIRCUITS
Rectifiers, bipolar junction transistor, biasing of BJT, BJT modelling, BJT small signal analysis, FET and FET biasing,
FET small signal analysis, BJT & JFET frequency response, compound configuration, power amplifiers, feedback &
oscillator circuits, other devices: LED, photodiode, phototransistor.
NETWORK ANALYSIS & SYNTHESIS
Network topology, tie set & cut set schedule, mesh, node analysis, initial conditions, solution of circuit equations by
Laplace transform, waveform synthesis, Thevenin, Norton, Superposition theorem, Impedance functions, calculation
of network functions, two-port parameters, network synthesis
ELECTRICAL POWER SYSTEM – I
Generating stations, schematic arrangement, transmission & distribution systems, voltage drop and power loss
calculation, different type of towers, sag – tension calculations, overhead line insulators, cables, types of conductors,
line parameters, calculation of inductance and capacitance of a single-phase and three-phase.
ELECTRICAL MACHINES – I
Electromechanical energy conversion principles, D. C. generators & motor, e.m.f. equation, type of motors, torque
equation, transformer, construction and principle of single phase transformer, vector diagram, polyphase induction
motor, alternator, synchronous impedance.
SEMESTER – IV
VECTOR CALCULUS AND NUMERICAL TECHNIQUES
Vector calculus, functions of complex variables, finite differences and interpolation, numerical solutions of ordinary
and partial differential equations, solution of system of linear equation.
ENGINEERING ECONOMICS & BUSINESS MANAGEMENT
Basic economic concepts, market demand analysis, cost concepts, management, and human resource management
ANALOG INTEGRATED CIRCUITS
Differential and cascode amplifier, introduction to operational amplifier, opamp with negative feedback, general linear
applications of opamp, active filters & oscillators, comparators & converters, specialized IC applications, analog
ELECTRICAL ENGINEERING MATERIALS
Crystal geometry, crystal imperfections, introduction to electrical engineering materials, conducting materials,
insulating and dielectric materials, semiconduting materials, magnetic materials, super conducting materials
ELECTRICAL MEASUREMENT AND MEASURING INSTRUMENTS
Units and dimensions, measurement of resistance, potentiometers, measurement of inductance and capacitance,
magnetic measurement, instrument transformers, miscellaneous measurement, localization of cable faults
CONTROL SYSTEM ENGINEERING
Open and closed loop control systems, servomechanism, mathematical modelling of physical systems, synchros,
time response analysis, steady state error, concept of stability, Routh - Hurwitz criterion, root locus techniques,
frequency response analysis, bode plots, Nyquist stability criterion, state variable analysis.
MATLAB for control system, expression, working with matrices, input/output, basic plots, control system toolbox:
model definition, response of system-time response, root locus, frequency response: Bode plot, polar plot, Nyquist
plot, gain margin, phase margin. PSIM.
SEMESTER – V
Vector analysis, Coulomb’s law, Gauss’s law and divergence, energy & potential, Poisson’s and Laplace’s equations,
magnetic field, Faraday's laws, transmission lines of audio, radio and uhf frequencies.
ELECTRICAL POWER SYSTEM- II
Representation of power system components, power circle diagram, symmetrical fault analysis, symmetrical
components, unsymmetrical fault analysis, corona, neutral earthing, substation, components, lay out, busbar
arrangements, busbar design, layout of different schemes, insulation coordination and overvoltage protection.
Number system & codes, Boolean algebra and logic gates - introduction, logic operations, Karnaugh map & Quine-
Mcklesky, combinational circuits, flip flops & timing circuits, shift registers, counters, logic families, analog to digital &
digital to analog converters, memory architecture.
Polyphase induction motors, vector diagram, equivalent circuit, characteristics, circle diagram, speed control, single-
phase induction motor, types, a.c. commutator & a.c. series motor, universal and repulsion motors, polyphase
transformers, different connections, parallel operation, commissioning, installation & maintenance.
UTILIZATION OF ELECTRICAL ENERGY
Electric drives, selection of motors, economic aspects, load curve, types of tariffs, power factor improvement, electric
heating and welding, electrolytic process, illumination, filament lamp, halogen lamp, light control, direct, diffused and
mixed reflection, electric traction, speed-time curves.
POWER ELECTRONICS DEVICES & CIRCUITS
Introduction, characteristics, construction and symbol of power semiconductor devices & SCR, SCR rating &
protection, various triggering circuits for power devices, phase controlled converters, effect of free wheeling diode and
source inductance, step up & step down choppers, Jones & Morgen’s chopper, switching regulators.
SEMESTER - VI
Alternator, e.m.f. equation, distributed a.c. Windings, voltage regulation by synchronous impedance, mmf and ZPF
method, synchronous motor, ‘V’ curves and ‘O’ curve, circle diagram, auto synchronous motor, circle diagram, testing
of D.C. machines, efficiency, commissioning, installation and maintenance of above machines.
MICROPROCESSOR AND MICRO CONTROLLERS
History of microprocessors and microcontroller, block diagram of microcomputer, 8085 microprocessor architecture,
programming, timing diagram, interfacing memory & I/O Devices, interrupts, 8051 architecture, assembly language
programming, applications, interface micro controller system to A/D & D/A converter.
POWER SYSTEM OPERATION & CONTROL
Formation of network matrices, bus impedance admittance matrices, load flow study, stability study, equal area
criterion of stability, economic operation of power system, load frequency control, voltage control using shunt-series,
synchronous capacitors, tap changing and booster transformers.
HIGH VOLTAGE ENGINEERING
Breakdown in gases, liquid and solids, Generation and Measurement of High impulse, AC and DC voltages, High
voltage testing, over voltage and insulation coordination
A student is required to select an advanced topic relevant to any of the subjects. He/She will prepare seminar report
& will defend his/her work before the examiners at the time of final evaluation.
POWER SYSTEM SIMULATION & ANALYSIS
Modeling of power system components on ETAP, load flow study, load flow summary report, short circuit simulation,
unsymmetrical faults and symmetrical faults, transient stability, tie-line interconnection loss.
ELECTIVE – I
POWER SYSTEM DYNAMICS AND CONTROL
Power system stability, synchronous machine models, transient stability analysis of multi-machine systems, Dynamic
stability analysis, Different levels of power system control, generating unit controls, p-f and q-v loops and automatic
generation control, SCADA and computer control of power systems.
POWER ELECTRONICS APPLICATIONS TO POWER SYSTEM
Steady state and dynamic problems in AC systems, flexible AC transmission systems (FACTS), power quality
problems in distribution systems, harmonics creating loads, modelling, harmonic propagation, IEEE standards.
EXTRA HIGH VOLTAGE TRANSMISSION
Introduction to EHV transmission, calculation of line and ground parameters, corona effects, compensations, DC
transmission, analysis of HVDC converter, reactive power control, multi -terminals HVDC systems. power flow
analysis in AC/DC systems.
NON-CONVENTIONAL ENERGY SOURCES AND AUDITING
Conventional, non-conventional, renewable and non-renewable sources, wind, hydro turbines, biomass energy
converters and their characteristics, wind Energy, small hydro, wave energy, solar phototonic & biomass system,
electric energy conservation, energy audit, energy audit of different systems.
MODERN CONTROL SYSTEM
Introduction to computer based control, stability in the z-plane and the Jury stability criterion, sampling and data
reconstruction processes, state variable representation of continuous & discrete-time systems, concepts of
controllability and observability, state observers, nonlinear feedback control systems, Lyapunov stability.
INSTITUTE ELECTIVE – I
POWER SYSTEM PROTECTION AND SWITCHGEAR
Electromagnetic Relays, over current, directional, differential, distance, frequency relays, Numerical Protection, block
diagram of numerical relay, Generator, transformer, busbars, transmission lines protection, theory of initiation of arc,
methods of quenching arc, theory, various types of circuit breakers, testing of circuit breakers, fuses.
INDUSTRIAL INSTRUMENTATION AND AUTOMATION
Blocks of instrumentation system, weight, torque, displacement, thermometry, humidity and moisture sensing
elements and their measurement techniques, XY, strip chart and circular recorders, introduction to automation
system with block diagram, idea of LAN and SCADA, PLC and DCS used in automation system.
ELECTRICAL MACHINE DESIGN
General aspects, insulating materials, heating & cooling of transformers and rotating machines, design of inductors,
Design of 1-φ and 3-φ transformers, Induction motors, D.C. machines and synchronous machines, A.C. and D.C.
ELECTRIC DRIVE SYSTEMS
Fundamental of Electric Drives, characteristics and operating modes of drive, selection of motors and rating, DC
motor drives, induction motor drive, self controlled synchronous motor drive, stepper motor drives, commutatorless
D.C. motors, switched reluctance motor drives.
A student is required to carry out mini project work. The project may be either design and fabrication work or a
simulation of a problem on a computer. At the end of the semester student will be required to submit a detailed report
ELECTIVE – II
Overview of microcomputer structure, multi-user/multi-tasking operating system, 8086/8088 microprocessor
architecture, programming, timing diagrams, programmable timers, UASRT, DMA controller, study of 80186, 80286,
80486, Pentium architecture, 8096/80196 microcontroller and its applications.
ADVANCED APPLICATIONS IN POWER ELECTRONICS
Review of Solid State Devices & their characteristics, gating requirements, protection, triggering circuits, multilevel
inverters, resonant converter, unity power-factor rectifiers, current controlled voltage source inverters, SMPS, UPS;
on line, off line, High voltage DC transmission, static var compensator, Active filters.
COMPUTER AIDED DESIGN OF ELECTRICAL MACHINES
Basic design methodology and engineering considerations, output equations relating to dc and ac machines,
performance equations from design data, computerisation of design procedures, optimization techniques and their
application to design problems, Finite element method of design, CAD programming using MATLAB.
ADVANCED ELECTRICAL MACHINES
Permanent magnet material and magnetic circuits, permanent magnet machines, switched reluctance motor, linear
induction motors, induction generator, high performance energy efficient machines
DYNAMICS AND MODELLING OF ELECTRICAL MACHINES
Energy State Functions, modelling of D.C Machines, Synchronous Machines, Induction Machines, modelling and
simulation of single phase motors, PMBLDC Machines.
DIGITAL SIGNAL PROCESSING
Periodic, non-periodic, continuous, discrete-time signals, special functions, Fourier series analysis, linear continuous-
time systems, stability and causality, impulse response, convolution integral, Fourier transform and its properties, z –
transforms and its applications, discrete Fourier transform, design of IIR and FIR filters.
INSTITUTE ELECTIVE – II (For students of other Branches)
ENERGY MANAGEMENT AND AUDIT
Energy Scenario, basics of energy and its various forms, electricity basics, energy management and audit, energy
monitoring and targeting, energy efficiency in thermal utilities, energy efficiency in electrical utilities, energy efficiency
in electrical system, electric motors, compressed air system, fans and blowers, pumps and pumping system, lighting
system, energy saving potentials in each case, energy efficient technologies in electrical system, energy efficients
motors, electronic ballast, automatic power factor controllers, environmental Aspects of Energy and pollution Control,
energy performance assessment for equipment and utility systems.
A student is required to carry out elaborated project work. The project may be either design and fabrication work or a
simulation of a problem on a computer. At the end of the semester student will be required to submit a detailed report
of literature survey, design problem formulation, work plan and work done and will defend his/her work carried out
before the examiners at the time of final evaluation.