Docstoc

From a “Crusade Against Ignorance to a Crisis of Authenticity

Document Sample
From a “Crusade Against Ignorance to a Crisis of Authenticity Powered By Docstoc
					From a “Crusade Against Ignorance to a Crisis
  of Authenticity”: Cultivating Information
    Literacy for a 21st Century Democracy

                     Andrew Battista
        Information Literacy & Reference Librarian
                 University of Montevallo
       2012 LOEX Annual Conference, Columbus, OH
                      May 4-5, 2010
                             0
                                              Me                  #LOEX2012
                                            talking
                                              : 22
           Engag                            minut
             ed                                es
           discus
            sion:
             28
           minut
v Librarians should help students become sustainable learners, 
              es
  citizens who cultivate networks of information that compel 
  them to pursue fairness, equality, and human rights.

v Many prominent information literacy metrics do not 
  correspond with the challenges of living and learning in our 
  “swirling vortex of information.”

v Information literacy instruction that directs students to 
  curate content on social media platforms is an essential 
  component of a democracy-centered education in the 21st 
  century.
                                  #LOEX2012




Information literacy should be 
understood “as a new liberal art […] as 
essential to the mental framework of 
the information-age citizen as the 
trivium of basic liberal arts (grammar, 
logic, and rhetoric) was to the 
educated person in medieval society.”

Shapiro & Hughes (1996)
                                                #LOEX2012




“…strong emphasis on undergraduate liberal 
arts studies [designed for] intellectual and 
personal growth in the pursuit of meaningful 
employment and responsible, informed 
citizenship.”
                                                                                       #LOEX2012




“Preach, my dear Sir, a crusade against
ignorance; establish and improve the law for 
educating the common people.  Let our countrymen 
know that the people alone can protect us against 
these evils, and that the tax which will be paid for 
this purpose is not more than the thousandth part 
of what will be paid to kings, priests, & nobles who 
will rise up among us if we leave the people in 
ignorance.”

--Thomas Jefferson, “Letter to George Wythe 1786


                                                        Thomas Jefferson, Rembrant Peale, ca. 1800
                                                                                      #LOEX2012




                                                      “Over the past decade, we have seen a 
                                                      crisis of authenticity emerge.  We 
                                                      now live in a world where anyone can 
                                                      publish an opinion or perspective, 
                                                      whether true or not, and have that 
                                                      opinion amplified within the 
                                                      information marketplace. […] Our 
                                                      Nation’s educators and institutions of 
                                                      learning must be aware of—and adjust 
                                                      to—these new realities.”

                                                       Barack Obama, National Information 
                                                      Literacy Awareness Month, October 2009
Barack Obama, Hampton University Commencement, May 
9, 2010.  Source:  whitehouse YouTube channel
                                                                                                      #LOEX2012
     “Public education is a                     Since World War II,
     scheme dreamed up by the                   education has
     captains of industry to
                                                “increasingly been
     incubate servility and
     ultimately sabotage
                                                decoupled from the life
     anything like a real                       and practice of
     democracy”                                 democracy.”

     -- Erik Reece, “The Schools                --Benjamin Barber, A         “Despite their reputation of being
     We Need,” Orion                            Passion For Democracy        avid computer users who are fluent
     September/October 2011
                                                                             with new technologies, few students
                                                                             [use] a growing number of Web 2.0
                                                                             applications for collaborating on
                                                                             course research assignments.”

                                                                             Head and Eisenberg (2010), Project
                                                                             Information Literacy




                                    Colleges and universities, for
                                    all the benefits they bring,
                                    accomplish far less for their
                                    students than they should.”

                                    Derek Bok, quoted in                  The organizational structure and
Our great universities have “lost   Academically Adrift: Limited          operating principles that have
sigh of the essential purpose of    Learning on College Campuses          formed the foundation of higher
undergraduate education”            (Arum & Roksa 2011)                   education for more than two hundred
                                                                          years no longer function effectively.”
Harry Lewis, Excellence Without a
Soul
                                                                          --Mark Taylor, Crisis on Campus
                                         #LOEX2012




“Online, kids have to make choices among 
seemingly infinite possibilities.  There’s a 
mismatch between our national standards of 
testing and the way students are tested every 
time they sit by themselves in front of a 
computer screen.”

--Cathy N. Davidson, Now You See It:  How 
the Brain Science of Attention Will 
Transform the Way We Live, Work, and 
Learn
                                                                   #LOEX2012




v   Determine the extent of information needed
v   Access the needed information effectively and efficiently
v   Evaluate information and its sources critically
v   Incorporate selected information into one’s knowledge base
v   Use information effectively to accomplish a specific purpose
v   Understand the economic, legal, and social issues surround the 
    use of information and access and use information ethically and 
    legally

Phrases from ACRL Information Literacy Competency Standards 
for Higher Education
                                                                                        #LOEX2012




A Fresh Rhizome of Cimicifuga Racemosa
John Uri Lloyd and Curtis G. Lloyd, The Drugs and Medicines of North America, ca. 1884-87
                                                         #LOEX2012

Literally…

“Any point of a rhizome can be connected to anything other, 
and must be.”

“A rhizome may be broken, shattered at any given spot, 
but it will start up again on one of its old lines, or on new 
lines”

A rhizome may be broken, shattered at a given spot, but it 
will start up again on one of its old lines, or on new lines.”

Theoretically…

“A rhizome ceaselessly establishes connections between 
semiotic chains, organizations of power, and 
circumstances relative to the arts, sciences, and social 
struggles.”

 Deleuze & Guattari, A Thousand Plateaus:  Capitalism 
and Schizophrenia 
                                                                 #LOEX2012



 Why Use Social Media?
     Social Media               Social media create “framing 




1.
     destabilizes existing      mechanisms for how people understand 
     information hierarchies    politics” and allow students to “actually 
                                create a culture in which questions of 
     and allows students to 
                                dialogue, dissent, critical engagement, 
     make real changes in       [and] global responsibility can come into 
     the world.                 play.”

                                Henry Giroux, interview with Al 
                                Jazeera (October 8, 2011)
                                                                          #LOEX2012



 Why Use Social Media?
                                      “[E]very year, I become more and more
                                      convinced that having first-year students
                                      use peer-reviewed literature in their




2.
     Social Media encourages          research is a terrible idea that takes the
     students to integrate diverse    focus away from what is important for
     kinds of evidence into their     them to learn.”
     writing, especially evidence 
     that is publically important.    Meredith Farkas, Information Wants to be
                                      Free (blog)
                                                                 #LOEX2012



 Why Use Social Media?
                                     “Many large journal publishers 
                                     have made the scholarly 




3.
     Social media presents an        communication environment 
     alternative to sources of       fiscally unsustainable and 
                                     academically restrictive. [...] 
     information (i.e., scholarly    major periodical subscriptions, 
     communication contained         especially to electronic journals 
     on proprietary databases)       published by historically key 
     that are probably not           providers, cannot be sustained: 
     financially sustainable.        continuing these subscriptions on 
                                     their current footing is financially 
                                     untenable.”

                                     Harvard University memorandum 
                                     to Faculty Advisory Council, April 
                                     17, 2012
                                          #LOEX2012



 Why Use Social Media?


4.
     Social media allows students to 
     present themselves publically and 
     become engaged with discussions 
     that take place in the public 
     sphere.
                                                                #LOEX2012

    Assignment: Curate a Twitter List

Basic Elements

§    Curate a list over a semester
§    Establish the organizing principle of the list
§    Be prepared to talk about the logic of the list

Basic Learning Outcomes

§ Encourages students to organize information into 
meaningful categories and reign in the challenge of attention

§ Students evaluate the quality and source of information

§ The class is able to crowdsource knowledge and present 
information to others

§ We begin to understand that the process of information 
seeking is always ongoing and lasts even after the class ends
                                                                                             #LOEX2012




“This is the most extreme and long-term hope
Detroit offers us: the hope that we can reclaim
what we paved over and poisoned, that nature will
not punish us, that it will welcome us home—not
with the landscape that was here when we arrived,
perhaps, but with land that is alive, lush, and
varied all the same.”

- Rebecca Solnit, “Detroit Arcadia: Exploring the   James D. Griffioen, The Disappearing City ,“Feral Houses”
Post-American Landscape.”
#LOEX2012
                                                                                  #LOEX2012




                                              “...a school with a 90% graduation rate 
                                              and a 50% college acceptance rate for 
                                              its pregnant students sounds like a good 
                                              thing to me. Students are taught to grow 
                                              their own food, build, and they even have 
                                              farm animals which they have learned to 
                                              take care of. Instead of being praised for 
                                              their actions, the school is being shut down 
                                              entirely (it’s pretty sketchy if you read the 
Protests for Mary Catherine Ferguson School   whole article).

                                              - Lauren Tinchey, class blog
                                                                     #LOEX2012
        Task-based Information Seeking
Professor assigns project  and requires defined amount of sources.




                Student locates requires sources 
                and integrates them into project.




               Student turns in project, gets a grade, 
               and moves on with life.
     Fluid Information Discovery Facilitated by Social Media           #LOEX2012




Process of discovery
begins by reading                            Student writes and makes
curated sources. Twitter                     connections enabled by a Twitter
assignment supports                          account. Writing is motivated by
this goal.                                   the desire to essay and participate
                                             in public process of democracy.




Student starts curation of Twitter
feeds without a specific goal in             Student reads and learns about
mind, other than cultivating a               social problems in Detroit
useful network of information.               through class discussion.
                                                                                                #LOEX2012

                                         Selected References

Barber, B. (1998). A Passion for Democracy:  American Essays.  Princeton:  Princeton UP.

Bivens-Tatum, W. (2012).  Libraries and the Enlightenment.  Duluth, MN:  Library Juice Press.

Dabrinski E., Kumbier, A. & Accardi, M. (Eds.). (2010). Critical library instruction: theories and 
methods. Duluth, MN: Library Juice Press.

Davidson, C. (2011). Now You See It:  How the Brain Science of Attention Will Transform the Way We 
Live, Work, and Learn.  New York:  Viking.

“Information Literacy Competency Standards for Higher Education” (n.d.)  Association of College and 
Research Libraries. Retrieved from http://www.ala.org/acrl/standards/informationliteracycompetency

Jefferson, T. (n.d.). “A Crusade Against Ignorance”:  To George Wythe, Paris, August 13, 1786. Electronic 
Text Center, University of Virginia Library. Retrieved February 28, 2012, from 
http://etext.virginia.edu/etcbin/toccernew2?id=JefLett.sgm&images=images/modeng&data=/texts/en
glish/modeng/parsed&tag=public&part=47&division=div1

Kopp, B. M. & Olson-Kopp, K. (2010)  “Depositories of knowledge:  library instruction and the 
development of critical consciousness.”  In Dabrinski, E., Kumbier, A., & Accardi, M. (Eds.), Critical 
library instruction:  theories and methods.  Duluth, MN:  Library Juice Press.
                                                                                                #LOEX2012

Kvenild, C., & Calkins, K., Eds. (2011). Embedded librarians: Moving beyond one-shot instruction. 
Chicago:Association of College and Research Libraries. 

National Information Literacy Awareness Month, 2009 by the President of the United States of 
America:  A Proclamation. (n.d.). Retrieved from 
http://www.whitehouse.gov/assets/documents/2009literacy_prc_rel.pdf

Pawley, C. (2003). Information literacy:  a contradictory coupling. Library Quarterly, 73(4), 422-452.

Shapiro, J. & Hughes, S. (1996). Information literacy as a liberal art. Educom Review, 31. Retrieved 
fromhttp://net.educause.edu/apps/er/review/reviewArticles/31231.html

Solnit, R. (2007).  Detroit arcadia:  exploring the post-American landscape.  Harper’s Magazine.  July. 
65-73.

Tinchy, L. (2011, June 8). Michigan farming high school shutting down. ENG 230 Introduction to 
Literature.Retrieved November 4, 2011, from http://thepastoral.wordpress.com/2011/06/08/michigan-
farming-high-school-shutting-down

Zimmerman, J. (2011, June 8). Amazing urban farm school for teen moms will be shut down. Grist. 
RetrievedNovember 4, 2011, from http://www.grist.org/list/2011-06-08-amazing-urban-farm-school-
for-teen-moms-will-be-shut-down
                                                                 #LOEX2012


More Information

You can download a copy of this presentation and a draft of 
the essay, with the Twitter assignment attached.

http://tiny.cc/crusadeloex

http://tiny.cc/twitterassign 

An extended version of this essay is slated to be included in 
the forthcoming collection, Information Literacy and Social 
Justice:  Radical Professional Praxis, edited by Shana 
Higgins and Lua Gregory (Library Juice Press). 



Contact Information

Andrew Battista, Ph.D.
Information Literacy & Reference Librarian
University of Montevallo
E mail:  abattista@montevallo.edu
Twitter:  @rawdeal85
Hash tag:  #curationculture
                                                                        #LOEX2012

                             Questions

What are some ways that we’ve had success collaborating with 
teaching faculty to integrate social media tools into the narrative 
arcs of courses?

I think the advantages of social media are evident, but what are 
some of the challenges of bringing social media tools into 
information literacy instruction?

How can we can use social media tools to facilitate the discovery of 
traditional sources of information?

Is the issue of publicness something to be concerned about when 
we ask students to participate on social media networks?

Can social media tools work for “one shot” instruction contexts, or 
does the involvement of the librarian have to be much more 
substantial than that?

				
DOCUMENT INFO
Shared By:
Categories:
Tags:
Stats:
views:7
posted:6/8/2013
language:English
pages:25