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					TEACHER EDUCATION FOR
   A QUALITY NATION

     Ester B. Ogena, Ph.D.
                 President
       Philippine Normal University
 The quality and respect for a
country depends of the quality of
          its people.
40-50 years ago:   US $1.00 = PHP 2.00
Now:               US $ 1.00 = PHP 42.00

30 years ago:      PHP 1.00 = THB 1.00
                   PHP 1.00 = TWD 1.00
Now:               PHP 1.34 = THB 1.00
                   PHP 1.41 = TWD 1.00
              Challenges in Asia
Mobility of                        Movement of
 students                          Capital and
                                   Investments

Capacity
                                   Changes in quality
Building                            and respect for
                                        nations,
                                    institutions and
                                         people
     Knowledge Economy – 4 Pillars
            Economic and
           Education                                             Innovation
         An educated and skilled
         population use knowledge                                  System
                                                                 A system of
         effectively.
                                                                 organizations that can
                                                                 tag into global
                                                                 knowledge to assimilate
                                                                 and adapt it as well as
                                                                 create knowledge.


                           Facilitates the effective
EIR provides               communication, processing,
incentives for             and dissemination of
the efficient              information
creation,
dissemination,               Information
and use of existing
knowledge                   Infrastructure

                      Institutional Regime
                            Source: World bank Institute. 2008
Philippines: Global Competitiveness Rankings
145
140
135
130
125
120
115
110
105
100
 95
 90
 85
 80                                                                        87
 75                                                                             85
 70
 65                            76               75               71                  75
 60                                     73             71
 55                                                                                       65
 50                    66
 45            61
 40
 35     48
 30
 25
 20
 15
 10
  5
  0
      2001 2002 2003 2004 2005 2006 2007 2008 2009 2010 2011 2012
       Source: Global Competitiveness Report, World Economic Forum (WEF)
    Competitiveness Index in Comparison with Other
          Asia Pacific Countries, 2012-2013
                                                                                                        RANK*
  Singapore                                                                                     5.67      2
 Hong Kong                                                                               5.41             9
       Japan                                                                             5.40            10
      Taiwan                                                                         5.28                13
        China                                                                        5.28                13
     S Korea                                                                      5.12                   19
    Australia                                                                     5.12                   20
New Zealand                                                                       5.09                   23
    Malaysia                                                                  5.06                       25
    Thailand                                                        4.52                                 38
   Indonesia                                                      4.40                                   50
         India                                                4.32                                       59
  Philippines                                                4.23                                        65
     Vietnam                                               4.11                                          75
  Cambodia                                             4.01                                              85
  East Timor                                 3.27                                                        136
                 0.00   1.00   2.00   3.00          4.00                   5.00                  6.00
                                                                                                         *Ranking based
                                                                                                        on 139 countries
Filipino Teachers Deployed by Country of Destination,
                     2003-2009
       Year            Number of                                Country of Destination
                       Deployed
                        Teachers             United          Saudi Arabia            Libya         Rest of the
                                             States                                                  World



      2003                        463                319                  31                   2           111
      2004                        542                268                  68                   2           204
      2005                        787                488                  47                   -           252
      2006                        890                521                  99                   1           269
      2007                      1,666                971                 143                   9           543
      2008                      1,677                865                 183                  51           578
      2009                      1,200                255                 188                 110           647

TOTAL for 2003-                 7,225              3,687                 759                 175         2,604
    2009
   % to Total                                    51.03%             10.50%               2.42%         36.04%

Source: Philippine Overseas Employment Administration (POEA) 2009 Overseas Employment Statistics
 Distribution of Migrant Teachers by Occupation and Country of
                  Destination, 1988 to 2001
Occupation          TOTAL         US       Canada     Australia     Japan     Germany   Others

• Elementary          4 257     3 308         378        378             44     33       116
  Teacher
• High School         2 480     1 789         281        258             33     29        90
  Teacher
• Supervisor/         1 729     1 212         261        189             12     13        42
  Principal
• Others              4 268     2 966         655        349             63     42       193

TOTAL                12 734     9 275       1 575       1 174        152        117      441



% to Total
                                72.8%       12.4%        9.2%       1.9%       0.9%     3.5%
Source: Commission on Filipino Overseas, in Labstat Updates, July 2003
(1) cheap solar energy,
(2) rural wireless
     communications,
(4) GM crops,
(5) rapid bioassays,
(6) filters and catalysts,
(8) cheap autonomous
     housing,
(9) green manufacturing,
(10) ubiquitous RFID tagging,
(11) hybrid vehicles,
Selected Tourism & Economic Indicators
           for ASEAN, 2011
                                                     Types of Jobs required
Mean task input as percentiles of the 1960 task
                  distribution




                                                        (Ref:Levy and Murnane)


                                                  Source: Andreas Schleicher (OECD, 2008)
TEDS-M Performance in Mathematics Content
   Knowledge by Country-Primary Level




                                 Source: Taiwan TEDS-M
                                         Report, 2010
TEDS-M Performance in Mathematics Content
Knowledge by Country-Lower Secondary Level




Source: Taiwan TEDS-M
Report, 2010
  TEDS-M Performance in Mathematics Pedagogical
  Content Knowledge by Country-Lower Primary Level




Source: Taiwan TEDS-M
Report, 2010
  TEDS-M Performance in Mathematics Pedagogical
Content Knowledge by Country-Lower Secondary Level




  Source: Taiwan TEDS-M
  Report, 2010
           Philippine Performance in TIMSS

              Field/Year                   1995        1999        2003

          Science
             Grade 4                                              23rd (25)
             Grade 8                      41st (42)   36th (38)   42nd (45)

          Mathematics
             Grade 4                                              23rd (25)
             Grade 8                      40th (42)   36th (38)   41st (45)

( ) – Number of participating countries
 Patent Applications for Selected Offices of
  Middle- & Low-Income Economies, 2010




Source: 2012 WIPO Intellectual Property Facts & Figures
Utility Model Applications for Selected Offices of
     Middle- & Low-Income Economies, 2010




 Source: 2012 WIPO Intellectual Property Facts & Figures
 Traditional vs Knowledge-Based Companies

                                        New
                                     knowledge-
                                       based
                                      economy




                                      Tradi onal
                                       economy




R&D           Manufacturing   Promotion

           Spending pa ern
Teacher Education is the foundation of the the
         country’s human resources


                    Post-
                  Graduate       Specialization Level


                  Graduate

                                    Feeder System
                Undergraduate       Level 2
                                         Feeder System
               Basic Education           Level 1

                  TEACHERS
                                   National Passing Rate,
100%
                                Licensure Exam for Teachers
90%
                                         2007-2012
80%
70%
60%
50%
40%
30%
20%
10%
 0%
       2007 August 2008 April   2008 Sept.   2009 April   2009 Oct.   2010 April   2010 Sept.   2011 April   2011 Sept. 2012 March

                                     Elementary Teachers               Secondary Teachers
        Why is teacher education important?

     • It is vital for improving teacher quality1
     • It is crucial for student outcomes1
     • It is invaluable in the production of quality
       human resource and manpower for national
       development
1Musset, P. (2010), “Initial Teacher Education and Continuing Training Policies in a Comparative Perspective:
Current Practices in OECD Countries and a Literature Review on Potential Effects”, OECD Education Working Papers,
No. 48, OECD Publishing. http://dx.doi.org/10.1787/5kmbphh7s47h-en
   The National Network of Normal
            Schools (3NS)
• Response to the challenge of teacher
  education:
  – Developing a foresight for future requirements of
    K-12 program
  – Catalyzing the development of teacher education
    by developing models and best practices
  – Providing a platform for discussing important
    issues in both teacher education and basic
    education
What we need to do


 PLAN                ACT


         Foresight
        Strategize
          Monitor
WHERE                                                      WHERE
WE ARE                                                      WE
 NOW                                                       WANT
                                                           TO GO

                    Academic Programs
         K-10 PROGRAM                    K-12 PROGRAM



         BACHELORS PROGRAM        BACHELORS PROGRAM
         BS/BA=4 Years                   BS/BA=3 Years
         Engg=5 years                      Engg=4 years
         T.Ed.=4 Years                  T.Ed.=3+1 Years



         Masters Degree: MA/MS    Masters and Doctorate:
         Doctorate: PhD/EdD           Practioner Degree
                                  Masters and Doctorate:
                                        Research Degree
The Scholarship of Research

The Scholarship of Teaching

 The Scholarship of Service
            The Equation
 Quality                   Respect for
               Quality
 Teacher                     People
               Nation
Education
THANK YOU!

				
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