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Foot _ Ankle

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					                Goniometry How To: Foot and Ankle
             Dorsiflexion                                    Inversion

   Patient sits on edge of table with knee      Patient sits on edge of table with knee
    flexed at 90 degree, foot has 0 degrees       flexed at 90 degree, foot has 0 degrees
    of movement                                   of movement
   Fulcrum: Midpoint of lateral malleolus       Fulcrum: Midpoint of the malleolus
   Stationary Arm: Mid line of the fibula       Stationary Arm: In line with tibia
   Moving Arm: in line with 5th metatarsal      Moving Arm: in line with 2nd metatarsal
   Action: Have patient dorsiflex foot          Action: Have patient invert foot,
    towards ceiling                               towards midline of the body
   Normal : 20 degrees                          Normal : 35 degrees


            Plantarflexion                                   Eversion

   Patient sits on edge of table with knee      Patient sits on edge of table with knee
    flexed at 90 degree, foot has 0 degrees       flexed at 90 degree, foot has 0 degrees
    of movement                                   of movement
   Fulcrum: Midpoint of lateral malleolus       Fulcrum: Midpoint of the malleolus
   Stationary Arm: Mid line of the fibula       Stationary Arm: In line with tibia
   Moving Arm: in line with 5th metatarsal      Moving Arm: in line with 2nd metatarsal
   Action: Have patient plantarflex foot        Action: Have patient evert foot, away
    towards floor                                 from the midline of the body
   Normal : 50 degrees                          Normal : 15 degrees

				
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posted:6/7/2013
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