Gabon Africa

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					GABON
Address/Contact details of the Indian Mission (s) {The Embassy of India at Luanda is concurrently accredited to Gabon} Chancery: 18A, Rua Marques Das Minas Caixa Postal 6040, Macuusso Luanda (Angola) Telephone: 00-244-2-392281, 371089 (PABX) Fax: 00-244-2-371094 E-Mail: indembluanda@ebonet.net

BASIC FACTS ABOUT COUNTRY
Country name Capital Independence National Holiday Name of Head of State Name of Prime Minister Minister of External Relations Minister of Finance Minister of Defence Population Population growth Nationality Literacy Currency Language Time Area Land Area Republic of Gabon Liberville August 17, 1960 March 12, 968 President: El Hadj Omar Bongo Ondimba

Jean-Francois Ntoutoume Emane Jean Ping Paul Toungui Ali Bongo Ondimba 1355246 2.5 per cent Gabonese 63.2 per cent CFA Franc French (official) 4:30 hours - IST 267,667 sq. km. 257,667 sq. km.

Geographic coordinates Coastline Climate Membership of major multilateral and regional organizations Industries

1 00 S, 11 45 E 885 Kms. tropical; always hot, humid Gabon is a member of the African Union. petroleum extraction and refining; manganese, and gold mining; chemicals; ship repair; food and beverage; textile; lumbering and plywood; cement cocoa, coffee, sugar, palm oil, rubber; cattle; okoume (a tropical softwood); fish The earliest humans in Gabon were believed to be the Babinga, or Pygmies, dating back to 7000 B.C., who were later followed by Bantu groups from southern and eastern Africa. Gabon was first explored by the Portuguese navigator Diego Cam in the 15th century. In 1472 the Portuguese explorers encountered the mouth of the Como River, and named it “Rio de Gabao”, river of Gabon, which later became the name of the country. The Dutch began arriving in 1593, and the French in 1630. In 1830 the French founded their first settlement on the left bank of the Gabon estuary and gradually occupied the hinterland during the second half of the 19th century. The land became a French territory in 1888, an autonomous republic within the French Union after World War II, and an independent republic on Auguat 17, 1960. Gabon is a member of the French community. After conversion to Islam in 1973, President Bongo changed his given name, Albert Bernard, to Omar. He has been reelected every five years since 1967. In December 1998, President Bongo was elected for an additional seven years. December 2001 (legislative) and December 1998 (presidential); next elections due in December 2006 (legislative) and December 2005 (presidential). Adopted on 14 March 1991 Circle of Liberal Reformers or CLR [General Jean Boniface ASSELE];Democratic and Republican Alliance or ADERE [Divungui-di-Ndinge DIDJOB]; Gabonese Democratic Party or PDG, former sole party [Simplice Nguedet MANZELA]; Gabonese Party for Progress or PGP [Pierre-Louis AGONDJO-OKAWE]; National Rally of Woodcutters-Rally for Gabon or RNB-RPG (Bucherons) [Fr. Paul M'BA-ABESSOLE]; People's

Agriculture products History

National elections

Constitution Political parties

Unity Party or PUP [Louis Gaston MAYILA]; Rally for Democracy and Progress or RDP [Pierre EMBONI]; Social Democratic Party or PSD [Pierre Claver MAGANGA-MOUSSAVOU] Legislative The National Assembly (the lower chamber) has 120 members, who are elected for five years by universal adult suffrage; the Senate (the upper chamber) has 91 members, who are elected for six years by municipal and regional councilors. It is based on French civil law system and customary law; judicial review of legislative acts in Constitutional Chamber of the Supreme Court; has not accepted compulsory ICJ jurisdiction. 18 years of age. Gabon is rich in oil, with production at 252000 barrels per day. Gabon’s total Exports and Imports in 2003 were US$ 2891 and US$ 1079 million. The main items of export are crude oil, timber, manganese and uranium while the imports mainly consist of machinery and equipment, food stuff, chemicals and construction material. The main destinations of exports from Gabon are USA, France and China and major exporters to Gabon are France, USA and The Netherlands. Gabon enjoys a per capita income four times that of most of sub-Saharan African nations. Gabon depended on timber and manganese until oil was discovered offshore in the early 1970s. The oil sector now accounts for 50% of GDP. Gabon continues to face fluctuating prices for its oil, timber, and manganese exports. In 1997, an IMF mission to Gabon criticized the government for overspending on off-budget items, overborrowing from the central bank, and slipping on its schedule for privatization and administrative reform. The rebound of oil prices in 1999-2000 helped growth, but drops in production hampered Gabon from fully realizing potential gains. In December 2000, Gabon signed a new agreement with the Paris Club to reschedule its official debt. Gabon signed a 14 month Stand-By Arrangement with the IMF in May 2004, and received Paris Club debt rescheduling later that year.

Judiciary

Sufferage Economic Situation

INDIA-GABON RELATIONS
India and Gabon have enjoyed all along warm and friendly relations dating back to pre-independence era of Gabon (prior to 1960). Embassy of India, Luanda is concurrently accredited to the Republic of Gabon. India has appointed Mr. John Rupchandani as its Honorary Consul General in Gabon. His coordinates are: Mr. John Rupchandani Honorary Consul General of India B.P.6111, Libreville, Gabon Tel: 00 241 764307 Fax: 00 241 744626 Mobile: 00 241 07 285555 Email: indcongab@yahoo.fr Bilateral Agreements: Nil Bilateral visits: There has not been any exchange of high level visits between the two countries except the one visit by the President of Gabon to India in October 1974 (incidentally, the present President has been continuing since 1967) and the occasional meetings between the leaders of the two countries at some of the international for a such as UN, NAM etc. In May 2005 Oil India Limited delegation visited Gabon and carried out a preliminary evaluation of two onshore oil blocks. Indian ships or foreign ships having Indian crew members call at Libreville port occasionally. Some Ministerial level visits from Gabon to India are on the anvil. Commercial & Economic Relations: The total trade between India and Gabon is given below. The principle items of exports from India to Gabon are meat and meat products, pharmaceuticals, cotton, iron and steel and imports from Gabon are wood and articles of wood, ores, slag and ash. Period 2000-2001 2001-2002 2002-2003 2003-2004 Figures in US $ Million EXPORTS IMPORTS 4.96 5.53 17.67 8.37

14.52 10.25 21.02 13.39

Relations in S&T, Railways, Space, IT etc: Nil Chairs in Universities on Indian Studies: Nil ITEC Assistance and programmes: Gabon is utilizing the courses offered under the ITEC Programme of the Ministry of External Affairs. Indian Credit Lines: Nil Cultural Troupes: Nil

Student Exchange Programme: Nil Sister City relations with India: Nil Important streets, public places named after Indian leaders: Nil Air Links: Nil Indian Banks: Nil Indian Cultural Centre: Nil Indian Community: The Indian community is highly limited in Gabon. June 2005


				
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Description: Gabon in Africa has a small population and significant oil reserves. This has helped make Gabon one of the more prosperous African nations. The 17th season of Survivor will take place in this country.
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